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Q.7 2. What is justifying faith?
A. Justifying faith is a saving gracei, wrought in the heart of a finner by the Spirit k, and word of Godl, whereby he, being convinced of his sin and misery, and of the disability in himself and all other creatures to recover him out of his lost condition m, not only assenteth to the truth of the promise of the gospel n, but receiveth and resteth upon Christ and his righteousness therein held forth, for pardon of fin o, and for the accepting and accounting of his person righteous in the fight of God for salvation p.
72. i Heb. 1. 39. But we are not A&s xvi. 30. And brought them of them who draw back unto perdi- out, and said, firs, what must I do tion; but of them that believe to to be saved ? John xvi. 2. And when the saving of the soul.
he is come, he will reprove the world k 2 Cor. iv, 13. We having the of fin, and of righteousness, and of same spirit of faith, according as it judgment:v.9. Offin, because they is written, I believed, and therefore believe not in me. Rom. v. 6. For have I spoken : we also believe, and when we were yet without strength, therefore fpeak. Eph. i. 17. That in due time Christ died for the unthe God of our Lord Jesus Christ, godly. Eph. ii. 1. And you hath he the Father of glory, may give unto quickened, who were dead in tresyou the spirit of wisdom and reve- passes and sins. Acts iv. 12. Neither lation, in the knowledge of him: v. is there salvation in any other; for 18. The eyes of your understand- there is none other name under heaing being enlightened; that ye may ven given among men whereby we know what is the hope of his cal- must be saved. ling; and what the riches of the glo- » Heb. i. 13. In whom ye also ry of his inheritance in the saints: truited after that ye heard the word. v. 19. And what is the exceeding of truth, the gospel of your salvatigreatness of his power to us-ward, on, in whom also after that yc bewho believe, according to the work- lieved, ye were sealed with that Hoing of his mighty power.
ly Spirit of promise. i Rom, x. 14. How then shall they John i. 12. But as many as recall on him in whom they have not ceived him, to them gave he power believed ? and how fhall they be- to become the fons of God, even to lieve in him of whom they have not them that believe on his name. Acts heard? and how thall they hear xvi. 31. And they said, believe on without a preacher? * v. 17. So the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt then, faith cometh by hearing, and be faved, and thy house. Acts x. 43. hearing by the word of God. To him gave all the prophets wit
m Acts ii. 37. Now when they ness, That through his name whoheard this, they were pricked in foever believeth in him, shall receive their hearts, and said unto Peter, remission of fins. and to the rest of the apostles, Men p Phil. iii. 9. And be found in and brechren, what shall we do? him, not having mine own righte
Q.73. How doth faith justify a finner in the sight of God?
A. Faith justifies a finner in the light of God, not because of those other graces which do always accompany it, or of good works that are the fruits of itq; nor as if the grace of faith, or any act thereof, were imputed to him for his justificationr; but only as it is an instrument, by which he receiveth and applieth Christ and his righteousnesss.
Q. 74. What is adoption?
A. Adoption is an act of the free grace of Godt, in and for his only Son Jesus Christ v, whereby all those that are justified are received into the number of his children w, have his name put upon them x, the Spirit of his Son given to
them, ousness, which is of the law, but that ii. 16. Knowing that a man is not which is through the faith of Christ, justified by the works of the law, but the righteousness which is of God by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we by faith. Acts xv. 11. But we be. have believed in Jesus Christ, that lieve that through the grace of our we might be justified by the faith of Lord Jesus Christ we shall be saved Christ, and not by the works of the even as they.
law: for by the works of the law 73. g Gal. iii. 11. But that no shall no felh be justified. man is justified by the law in the
74. * John iii. 1. Behold, what fight of God, it is evident: for, The manner of love the Father hath bejust shall live by faith. Rom. iii. 28. stowed upon us, that we should be Therefore we conclude, that a man called the sons of God. is jukified by faith without the deeds v Eph. i. 5. Having predestinatof the law.
ed us to the adoption of children, by Rom. iv. 5. But to him that Jesus Christ to himself, according to worketh not, but believeth on him the good pleasure of his will. Gal. that justifieth the ungodly, his faith iv. 4. But when the fulness of the is counted for righteousness. Com-' time was come, God sent forth his pared with Rom. X. 10. For with Son, made of a woman, made under the heart man believeth unto righ- the law, v. 5. to redeem them that teousness, and with the mouth con- were under the law, that we might fession is made unto salvation. receive the adoption of sons.
s John i. 12. But as many as re- w Johni. 12. But as many as received him, to them gave he power ceived him, to them gave he power to become the fons of God, even to to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name. Phil. them that believe on his name. iii. 9. And be found in him, not hav- * 2 Cor. vi. 18. And will be a Faing mine otvn righteousness, which ther anto you, and ye shall be my is of the law, but that which is thro' sons and daughters, faith the Lord the faith of Christ, the righteouf- almighty. Rev. iii. 12. Him that onefs which is of God by faith. Gal. vercometh, will I make a pillar in
themy, are under his fatherly care and dispensations z, admitted to all the liberties and privileges of the fons of God, made heirs of all the promises, and fellow.heirs with Christ in glorya.
Q: 75. What is fanétification ?
A. San&tification is a work of God's grace, whereby they whom God hath before the foundation of the world chosen to be holy, are in time, through the powerful operation of his Spirit b, applying the death and resurrection of Christ unto theinc, renewed in their whole man after the image of Godd; having the seeds of repentance unto life, and all other
sav. the temple of my God, and he shall should be holy, and without blame go no more out: and I will write before him in love. I Cor. vi. ll. upon hiin the name of my God, and And such were some of you: but ye the name of the city of my God, are washed, but ye are sanctified, but which is new Jerusalem, which com- ye are justified in the name of the e.h down out of heaven from my Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God: and I will write upon him my God. 2 Thess. ii. 13. But we are new name,
bound to give thanks to God alway y Gal. iv. 6. And because ye are for you, brethren, beloved of the fons, God hath sent forth the Spirit Lord, because God hath from the of his Son into your hearts, crying, beginning chosen you to falvation, Abba, Father.
through fanctification of the Spirit, z Pfal. ciii. 13. Like as a father and belief of the truth. pitieth his children: fo the Lord pi- c Rom. vi. 4. Therefore we are tieth them that fear him. Prov.xiv. buried with him by baptism into 26. In the fear of the Lord is strong death: that like as Christ was raisconfidence: and his children thalled up from the dead by the glory of have a place of refuge. Mat, vi. 32. the Father, even fo we also should -For your heavenly Father know. walk in newness of life. v. 5. For if eth that ye have need of all these we have been planted together in things.
the likeness of his death: we shall be a Heb. vi. 12. That ye be not also in the likeness of his resurrecdothful, but followers of the n, who tion: v. 6. Knowing this, that our through faith and patience inherit old man is crucified with him, that the promises. Rom. viii. 17. And if the body of fin might be destroyed, children, then heirs; heirs of God, that henceforth we should not ferve and joint-heirs with Christ: if so be fin. that we suffer with him, that we d Eph. iv. 23. And be rencwed in may be allo glorified together. the spirit of your mind; v. 24. and
75.6 Eph. i. 4. According as he that ye put on the new man, which hath chosen us in him, before the after God is created in righteous, foundation of the world, that we nels, and true holiness.
saving graces, put into their heartse, and those graces so ftit! red up, increased and strengthenedf, as that they more and more die unto sin, and rise unto newness of liteg.
Q.76. What is repentance unto life?
A. Repentance unto life is a saving grace h; wrought in the heart of a singer by the Spiriti and word of Godk, where
« Aets ri. 18. When they heard joyfulness. these things, they held their peace,
& Rom. vi,
Therefore we are and glorified God, saying, Then buried with him by baptisin inio hath God also to the Gentiles grant- death : that like as Christ was rai'ed ed repentance unto life. 1 John iii. up from the dead by the glory of the 9. Whosoever is born of God doth Father, even so we also thсuld walk not commit fin; for his feed remain in newness of life. v. 6. Knowing eth in him; and he cannot fin, be. this, that our old man is crucified cause he is born of God.
with him, that the body of sin inight f Jude 20. But ye beloved, build- be destroyed, that henceforth se ing up yourselves on your moit holy Thould not serve fin. v, 14. For lia faith, praying in the Holy Ghost. Thall not have dominion over you: Heb. vi. 11. And we desire that e. for.ye are not under the law, but very one of you do fhew the same under grace. Gal. v. 24. And they diligence, to the full assurance of that are Christ's have crucified the hope unto the end: v. 12. That ye flesh, with the affections and luits. be not flothful, but followers of them, 76. h 2 Tim. ii. 25. In meekness who thro' faith and patience inherit instructing those that oppole themthe promises. Eph. iii. 16. That he felves; if God peradventure will give would grant you, according to the them repentance tothe acknowledgriches of his glory, to be strength- ing of the truth. cned with might, by his Spirit in the i Zech. xii. 10. And I will pour inner-man; v. 17. that Christ may upon the house of David, and upon dwell in your hearts by faith; that the inhabitants of Jeru alem, the ye being rooted and grounded in spirit of grace and of supplications; love, v. 18. may be able to compre- and they shall look upon me whoin hend with all faints, what is the they have pierced, and they thall breadth and length, and depth, and mourn for him, as one mourneth for height, v. 19. and to know the love his only fon, and shall be in bitter. of Christ, which palseth knowledge, nefs for him, as one that is in bitthat ye might be filled with all the terness for his first-born. fulness of God. Col. i. 10. That ye k Acts xi, 18. When they heard might walk worthy of the Lord, these things, they held their peace, , unto all pleasing, being fruitful in and glorified God, faying, Then every good work, and increasing hath God also to the Gentiles grantin the knowledge of God; v. 11. ed repentance unto life. v. 20. And Strengthened with all might accor- some of them were men of Cyprus ding to his glorious power, unto all and Cyrene, who when they were patience and long-suffering with come to Antioch, spake unto the
by out of the fight and sense, not only of the danger 1, but alfo of the filthiness and odiousness of his sins m, and upon the apprehenlion of God's mercy in Christ, to such as are penitentn, he fo grieves for o, and hates his sinsp, as that he turns from them all to God q, purposing and endeavouring con
stantly Grecians, preaching the Lord Je- your abominations. Ifa. txx.22. Ye fus. v. 21. And the hand of the ihall defile also the covering of thy Lord was with them: and a great graven images of silver, and the sumber believed, and turned unto . ornament of thy moiten images of the Lord.
gold: thou shalt cast them away as | Ezek. xviii. 28. Because he con- a menstruous cloth; thou thalt lay fidereth and turneth away from all unto it, Get thee hence. his tranfgressions that he hath com. Joel ii. 32. Therefore also now, mitted, he shall surely live, he shall faith the Lord, Turn ye even to me Dot die. v.30. Therefore I will judge with all your heart, and with fastyou, O house of Israel, every one acing, and with weeping, and with cording to his ways, faith the Lord mourning. v. 13. And rent your God: repent, and turn yourselves heart and not your garments, and from all your transgressions; so ini- turn unto the Lord your God: for quity shall not be your ruin, v. 33. he is gracious and merciful, flow to For í have no pleasure in the death anger, and of great kindness, and reof him that dieth, faith the Lord penteth him of the evil. God, wherefore turn yourselves, and Jer. xxxi. 18. I have surely heard live ye. Luke xv. 17. And when he Ephraim bemoaning hi:nself thus, came to himself, he said, How ma- Thou hast chastised me, and I was ny hired servants of my father's have chastised, as a bullock unaccustombread enough, and to spare, and I ed to the yoke: Turn thou me, and perish with hunger ! v. 18. I will a- I shall be turned; for thou art the rise, and go to my father, and will Lord my God. v. 19. Surely after say unto him, Father, I have sinned that I was turned, I repented; and against heaven, and before thee. after that I was infructed, I smote Hof, ii. 6. Therefore behold, I will upon my thigh: I was alhamed, yea, hedge up thy way with thorns, and even confounded, because I did bear make a wall, that she shall not find the reproach of my youth. her paths. v.7. And the shall follow 2 Cor. vii. 11. For behold, this after her lovers, but she shall not self-fame thing that ye sorrowed af. overtake them; and she shall seek tér a godly fort, what carefulness it them, but shall not find them: then wrought in you, yea, what clearing fhall she say, I will go and return to of yourselves, yea, what indignatimy first husband, for then was it on, yea, what fear, yea, what vehebetter with me than now.
ment desire, yea, what zeal, yea, m Eżek. xxxvi. 31. Then shall ye, what revenge: in all things ye have remember your own evil ways, and approved yourselves to be clear in your doings that were not good, and this matter. Iball lothe yourselves in your own 9 Ads xxvi. 18. To open their fight, for your iniquities, and for eyes, and to turn them from dark.