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polition, and promote the same, according t8 our power, dgainst all lets and impediments whatsoever; and, what we are not able ourselves to suppress or overcome, we shall reveal and make known, that it may be timely prevented or removed: all which we shall do as in the sight of God.

And, because these kingdoms are guilty of many fins, and provocations against God, and his Son Jesus Christ, as is too manifest by,our present distresses and dangers, the fruits thereof; We profess and declare, before God and the world, our unfeigned desire to be humbled for our own fins, and for the sins of these kingdoms: especially that we have not as we ought, valued the inestimable benefit of the gospel, that we have not Jaboured for the purity and power thereof, and that we have not endeavoured to receive Christ in our hearts, nor to walk worthy of him in our lives: which are the causes of other fins and transgressions so much abounding amongst us: and our true and unfeigned purpose, defire and endeavour for ourselves, and all others under our power and charge, both in publick and in private, in all duties we owe to God and man, to amend our lives, and each one to go before another in the example of a real reformation; that the Lord may turn away his wrath and heavy indignation, and establish these churches and kingdoms in truth and peace. And this covenant we make in the presence of ALMIGHTY GOD, the searcher of all hearts, with a true intention to perform the same, as we thall answer at that great day, when the secrets of all hearts shall be disclosed; most humbly beseeching the Lord to strengthen us by his Holy Spirit for this end; and to bless our desires and proceedings with such success, as may be deliverance and safety to his people, and encouragement to other Christian churches, groning under, or in danger of the yoke of antichristian tyranny, to join in the same, or like association and covenant, to the glory of God, the 'enlargement of the kingdom of Jesus Christ, and the peace and tranquility of Christian kingdoms and common-wealths,

F, I NI S.

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Those which do in a more special Way relate unto the Dan.

GERS of these Times.


The Ad of the Commission of the General Assembly 1648, and Alt of

Parliament 1649, for Renewing the League and Covenant,

I i

The Act of the Commission of the General Assembly, for renewing

Edinburgh, October 6, 1648.


HE commiflion of the general assembly considering, that a great

breaches of the Solemn League and Covenant; and that the hands of many are grown flack in following and pursuing the duties contained therein; and that many, who not being come to sufficient age when it was first sworn and subscribed, have not hitherto been received into the same: Do, upon there, and other grave and important considerations, appoint and ordain the Solemn League and Covenant, to be renewed throughout all the congregations of this kingdom. And, because it is a duty of great weight and consequence, ministers, after the fight hereof, would be careful to take pains, in their doctrine and otherwise, that their people may be made sensible of these things wherein they have broken the Covenant, and be prepared for the renewing thereof with suitable affections and dispositions: and, that these things may be the better performed, we have thought it necessary to condescend upon a Solemn Acknowledgment of publick lins and breaches of the Covenant, and a Solemn Engagement to all the duties contained therein, namely, those which do in a more special way relate unto the dangers of these times; and this Solemn Acknowle igment and Engagement, sent herewith, Ball be made use of, and the League and Covenant shall be renewed in such manner as follows. First, There shall be intimation of a folemn publick humiliation and fait the second sabbath of December, to be kept upon the next Thurfday, and the Lord's day thereafter; at which intimation, the League and Covenant, and the publick Acknowledgment of fins, and Engagement unto duties, are to be publickly read by the minister, in the audience of all the people; and they are to be exhorted to get copies thereof, that they may be made acquainted therewith; and the humiliation and fast is to be kept the next Thursday thereafter, in reference to the breaches of the covenant, contained in the folemn publick acknowledgment, as the causes thereof; and the next Lord's day thereafter which is also to be spent in publick humiliation and fasting, immediately after the fermon, which is to be applied to the business of that day, the publick Acknowledgments and Engagement is again to be publickly read; and thereafter prayer is to be made, containing the confession of the breaches mentioned therein, and begging mercy for these fins, and strength of God for renewing the Covenant in sincerity and truth; after which prayer, the Solemn League and Covenant is to be read by the minister, and then to be sworn by him and all the people, who are to engage themselves for performance of all the duties contained therein; namely, these which are mentioned in the publick acknowledgment and engagement, and are opposite unto the fins therein confessed: and the action is to be closed with prayer to God, that his people may be enabled, in the power of his

strength, ftrength, to do their duty, according to their oath, now renewed in fa solemn a way. It is also hereby provided, That all those who renew the League and Covenant, shall again subscribe the same; and that none bø admitted to the renewing or subscribing thereof, who are excluded by the other act and direction fent herewith.


The Act of the Committee of Estates of Parliament, for Renewing the


Edinburgh, O&ober 14. 1648.

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HE Committee of Estates, being very sensible of the grievous backLeague and Covenant, made and sworn to the most high God; do therefore unanimously and heartily approve the seasonable

and pious Refolution of the Commission of the General Assembly, for a solemn Acknowledgment of Publick Sins and Provocations, especially the Breaches of the Covenant, and a folemn Engagement to a more confcionable performance of the Duties therein contained, and for renewing the Solemn League and Covenant; and do require and ordain, That the Directions of the faid Commission of Assembly, in their Act of the Sixth of this Month, for a publick Acknowledgment of Sins and Engagement to Duties, be carefully followed; that the Fast and Humiliation, appointed by them, be religiously observed; and that the Solemn League and Covenant be sincere. Jy and cordially renewed and subscribed, in the Manner they have pre(cribed in their faid Act. Extraflum.




Solemn AckOWLEDGMENT of Publick Sins,

and Breaches of the COVENANT;


Solemn ENGAGEMENT to all the DUTIES

concained therein, namely those which do in a more special Way relate unto the Dangers of these Times.


E noblemen, barons, gentlemen, burgeffes, ministers of

che gofpel, and commons of all sorts within this kingdom, by the good hand of God upon us, taking into serious consideration the many sad allictions and deep distresses wherewith we have been exercised for a long time past; and that the land, after it hath been fore wasted with the sword and the pestilence, and threatned with famine; and thar fhame and contempt hath been poured out from the Lord against many thousands of our nation, who did in a sinful way make war upon the kingdom of England, contrary to the testimony of his servants, and desires of his people; and that the remnants of that army, returning to this land, have spoiled and oppressed many of our brethren; and that the malignant party is still numerous, and, retaining their former principles, wait for an opportunity to raise a new and dangerous war, not only unto the rending of the bowels of this kingdom, but unto the dividing us from England, and overturning of the work of God in all the three kingdoms: and considering also, that a cloud of calamities doth still hang over our heads, and threaten us with fad things to come, we cannot but look upon

these things as from the Lord, who is righteous in all his ways,


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