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hearkned more unto men than unto God.

Albeit we made solema publick professjon before the world, of our unfeigned desires to be humbled before the Lord for our own sins, and the sins of these kingdoms especially for our undervaluing of the inestimable benefit of the gospel, and that we have not laboured for the power thereof, and received Christ into our hearts, and walked worthy of him in our lives; and of our true and unfeigned purpose, desire and endeavour for ourselves, and all others under our power and charge, both in publick and private, in all the duties which we owe to God and man, to amend our lives, and each one to go before another in the example of a real reformation, that the Lord might turn away his wrath and heavy indignation, and establish these kirks and kingdoms in truth and peace: yet we have refused to be reformed, and have walked proudly and obstinately against the Lord, not valuing his gospel, nor submitting ourselves unto the obedience thereof; not seeking after Chrift, nor studying to honour him in the ex. cellency of his person, nor employ him in the virtue of his offices; nor making conscience of publick ordinances, nor private nor secret duties; nor studying to edify one another in love. Ignorance of God, and of his Son Jesus Christ, prevails exceedingly in the land; the greatest part of masters of families, amongst noblemer, barons, gentlemen, burgefles and commons, neglect to seek God in their families, and to endeavour the reformation thereof; and albeit ic hath been much pressed, yet few of our nobles and great ones, ever to this day, could be perswaded to perform family.ducies themselves, and in their own persons; which makes so necessary and useful a duty to be misregarded by others of inferior rank: nay, many of the nobility, gentry and burrows, who should have been examples of godliness and sober walking unto Qthers, have been ringleaders of excess and rioting. Albeit we be the Lord's people, engaged to him in a solemn way; yet, to this day, we have not made it our study, that judicatories


and armies should consist of, and places of power and trust be filled with men of a blameless and Christian conversation, and of known integrity, and approven fidelity, affection and zeal unto the cause of God; but not only those who have been neutral and indifferent, but disaffected and malignant, and others who have been profane and scandalous, have been intrusted: by which it hath come to pass, that judicatories have been the seats of injustice and iniquity; and many in our armies, by their miscarriages, have become our plague, unto the great prejudice of the cause of God, the great scandal of the gospel, and the great increase of looseness and profanity throughout all the land. It were impossible to reckon up all the abominations that are in the land; but the blaspheming of the name of God, swearing by the creatures, profanation of the Lord's day, uncleanness, drunkenness, excess and rioting, vanity of apparel, lying and deceit, railing and cursing, arbitrary and uncontrouled oppression, and grinding of the faces of the poor by landlords, and others in place and power; are become ordinary and common fins: and, besides all these things, there be many other transgressions, whereof the lands wherein we live are guilty. All which we defire to acknowledge and to be humbled for, that the world may bear witness with us, that righteousness belongeth unto God, and shame and confusion of face unto us, as appears this day.

And because it is needful for those who find mercy, not only to confess, but also to forsake their fin; therefore, that the reality and sincerity of our repentance may appear, we do resolve and solemnly engage ourselves, before the Lord, carcfully to avoid for the time to come all these offences, whereof we have now made solemn publick acknowledgment, and all the fnares and tentations which tend thereunto: and to teftify the integrity of our resolution herein, and that we may be the better enabled in the power of the Lord's strength to perform the same, we do again renew our solemn league and covenant, promising hereafter to make conscience of all the

duties, duties, whereuntó we are obliged, in all the heads and ara ticles thereof, particularly of these that follow.

1. Because religion is of all things the most excellent and precious, the advancing and promoting the power thereof, a. gainst all ungodliness and profanity, the securing and preserving the purity thereof against all error, heresy and schism; and namely, independency, anabaptism, antinomianism, arminianism, and socinianism, familism, libertinism, scepticism, and erastianism, and the carrying on the work of uniformity shall be studied and endeavoured by us before all worldly interests, whether concerning the king, ourselves, or any other whatsomever. 2. Because many have of late laboured to fupplant the liberties of the kirk, we shall maintain and defend the kirk of Scotland, in all her liberties and privileges, against all who shall oppose or undermine the fame, or encroach thereupon, under any pretext whatsomever. 3 We shall pindicate and maintain the liberties of the fubjects, in all these things which concern their consciences, persons and eftates. 4. We shall carefully maintain and defend the union berwixt the kingdoms, and avoid every thing that may weaken the same, or involve us in any measure of accession unto the guilt of those who have invaded the kingdom of England. 5. As we have been always loyal to our king, so we shall still endeavour to give unto God that which is God's, and to Cefar the things which are Cesar's. 6. We shall be so far from conniving at, complying with, or countenancing of malignancy, injustice, iniquity, profanity and impiety, that we shall not only avoid and discountenance those things, and cherish and encourage these persons who are zealous for the cause of God, and walk according to the gospel; but also shall take a more effe&ual course than heretofore, in our respective places and callings, for punishing and suppressing these evils; and faithfully endeavour, that the best and fittest remedies may be applied for taking away the causes thereof, and advancing the knowledge of God, and holiness and righteousness in the land.


And therefore, in the last place, as we shall earnestly pray unto God, that he would give us · able men, fearing God, • men of truth, and hating covetousness,' to judge and bear charge among his people; so we shall, according to our places and callings, endeavour that judicatories, and all places of power and trust boch in kirk and state, may consist of, and be filled with, such men as are of known good affection to the cause of God, and of a blameless and Christian conversation.

And, because there be many, who heretofore have not made conscience of the oath of God, but fome through fear, others by persuasion and upon base ends and human interests, have entered thereinto, who have afterwards discovered themselves to have dealt deceitfully with the Lord, in swearing fally by his name; Therefore we, who do now renew our covenant, in reference to these duties, and all other duties contained therein, do, in the light of him, who is the Searcher of hearts, folemnly profess, that it is not upon any politick advantage, or private interest or by-end, or because of

any terror or persuasion from men, or hypocritically and deceitfully, that we do again take upon us the oath of God, but honestly and sincerely, and from the sense of our duty; and that therefore, denying ourselves and our own things, and laying aside all self-interest and ends, we shall above all things seek the honour of God, the good of his cause, and the wealth of his people; and that forsaking the counsels of fleshi and blood, and not leaning upon carnal confidences, we shall depend upon the Lord, walk by the rule of his word, and hearken to the voice of his servants. In all which, profesling our own weakness, we do earnestly pray to God, who is the Father of mercies, through his Son Jesus Christ, to be merciful unto us, and to enable us by the power of his might, that we may do our duty, unto the praise of his grace in the churches. Amen.


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