Cartesian Meditations: An Introduction to Phenomenology

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Springer Science & Business Media, Nov 11, 2013 - Philosophy - 157 pages
{Sect} 1. Descartes' Meditations as the prototype of philosophical reflection. I have partieular reason for being glad that I may talk about transeendental phenomenology in this, the most venerable abode of Freneh seienee.l Franee's greatest thinker, Rene Deseartes, gave transeendental phenomenology new impulses through his Meditations; their study aeted quite direetly on the transfor mation of an already developing phenomenology into a new kind of transeendental philosophy. Aeeordingly one might almost eall transeendental phenomenology a neo-Cartesianism, even though it is obliged-and preeisely by its radieal development of Cartesian motifs - to rejeet nearly all the well-known doe trinal eontent of the Cartesian philosophy. That being the situation, I ean already be assured of your interest if I start with those motifs in the M editationes de prima philosophia that have, so I believe, an eternal signifieanee and go on to eharaeterize the transformations, and the novel for mations, in whieh the method and problems of transeendental phenomenology originate. Every beginner in philosophy knows the remarkable train of thoughts eontained in the Meditations. Let us reeall its guiding idea. The aim of the Meditations is a eomplete reforming of philosophy into a scienee grounded on an absolute foundation.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
FIRST MEDITATION THE WAY TO THE TRANSCENDENTAL
7
The evidence for the factual existence of the world
17
The psychological and the transcendental Ego
25
The stream of cogitationes Cogito and cogitatum
31
Necessary beginning of both transcen
37
The twosidedness of inquiry into consciousness
39
The peculiar nature of intentional analysis
46
FOURTH MEDITATION DEVELOPMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION
65
Excursus into eidetic internal psychology
72
39 Association as a principle of passive genesis
80
FIFTH MEDITATION UNCOVERING OF THE SPHERE
89
45 The transcendental ego and selfapperception as
99
48 The transcendency of the Objective world as
105
Pairing as an associatively constitutive component
112
Constitution of higher levels of intermonadic com
128

The idea of the universal unity comprising
53
26 Actuality as the correlate of evident varification
59
61 The traditional problems of psychological origins
141
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