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David engageth ovith, CHAP. xvii. and slayeth Goliath. 253

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by him, saying. What shall be done to the

man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh awaythe reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God? 27 And the people answered him after this manner, sayi f So shall it be done to the man that to. h him. 28's And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why camest thou down hither 2 and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness 2 I know thy pride, and themaughtiness of thineheart; for thou art comedownthat thou mightestseethebattle. 29 And David said: What have I now done? Is there not a cause 2 30 And he turned from him toward another, and spake after the same manmer: and the people answered him again after the former manner. 31 And when the words were heard which David spake, they rehearsed them Saul: and he sent for him. 32 T And David said to Saul, Let no man's heart fail because of him; thy serwant will go and fight with this Philistine. 33 And Saul said to David, Thou art of able to go against this Philistine to fight with him : for thou art but a youth, and he a man of war from his youth. 34 And David said unto Saul, Thy serwant kept his father's sheep, and there came a lion, and a bear, and took a lamb out of the flock: .35 And I went out after him, and smote him, and delivered it out of his mouth: onlyhenhearose againstrue, I caught him by hisbeard, and smote him, and slew him. 36 Thy servant slew both the lion and the bear: and this uncircumcised Philisthe shall be as one of them, seeing he hath defici the armies of the living God.”

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37 David said moreover, The Lord that delivered me out of the paw of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear, he will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine. And Saul said unto David, Go, and the Lord be with thee. 38 || And Saul armed David with his armour, and he put an helmet of brass upon his head ; he armed him with a coat of mail. 39 And David girded his sword upon his armour, and he assayed to go ; for he had not proved it. And David said unto Saul, I cannot go with these, for I have oved them. And David put them llin. 40 And he took his staffin his hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in a shepherd's bag which he had, even in a scrip; and his sling was in his hand : and he drew near

to the Philistine.

41 And the Philistine came on, and drew near unto David; and the man that bare the shield went before him. 42 And when the Philistine looked about, and saw David, he disdained him : for he was but a youth, and ruddy, and of a fair Countenance. 43 And the Philistine said unto David, -Am I a dog, that thou comest to me with staves 2 and the Philistine cursed David by his gods. 44 And the Philistine said to David, Come to me, and I will give thy flesh unto the fowls of the air, and to the beasts of the field. 45 Then said David to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield : but I come to thee in the name of the Lord of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied. 46 This day will the Lord deliver thee into mine hand ; and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and I will §: the carcasses of the host of the Phiistines this day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel. 47 And all this assembly shall know that the Lord saveth not with sword and spear: for the battle is the LoRD's, and he will give you into our hands. 48 And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came and drew nigh to meet David, that David hasted, and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine. 49 And David put his hand in his bag, and took thence a stone, and slang it, and, smote the Philistine in his forehead, that the stone sunk into his forehead; and he fell upon his face to the earth. 50SoDavid prevailedover the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and smote 254 Jonathan loveth David:

the Philistine, and slew him ; but there avas no sword in the hand of David. 51 Therefore David ran and stood upon the Philistine, and took his sword, and drew it out of the sheath thereof, and slew him, and cut off his head thcrewith. And when the Philistines saw their champion was dead, they fled. 52 And the men of Israel and of Judah arose, and shouted, and pursued the Philistines, until thou come to the valley, and to the gates of Ekron. And the wounded of the Philistines fell down by the way to Shaaraim, even unto Gath, and unto Ekron. 53 And the children of Israel returned from chasing after the Philistines, and they spoiled their tents. 54 And David took the head of the Philistine, and brought it to Jerusalem; but he put his armour in his tent. 55 T And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said unto Abner the captain of the host, Abner, whose son is this youth 2 and Abner said, As thy soul liveth, O king, I cannot tell. 56 And the king said, Inquire thou whose son the stripling is. 57 And as David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him, and brought him before Saul with the head of the Philistine in his hand. 58 And Saul said to him, Whose son art thou, thou young man? And David answered, I am the son of thy servant Jesse the Beth-lehemite. CHAP. XVIII. 1 Jonathan loveth David. 5 Saul envieth his fraise, 10 seeketh to kill him in his fury, 12 feareth him for his good success. 17. He offereth him his daughters for a snare. A” it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul, that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul. 2 And Saul took him that day, and would let him go no more home to his father's house. 3 Then Jonathan and David made a * because he loved him as his own

soul. 4 And Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that was upon him, and gave it to David, and his garments, even to his sword, and to his bow, and to his girdle. 5 T And David went out withersoever Saul sent him, and behaved himself wisely: and Saul set him over the men of war, and he was accepted in the sight of all the people, and . in the sight of Saul's servants. 6 And it came to passasthey came, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, that the women came out

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of all the cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet king Saul, with tabrets, with joy, and with instruments of musick. 7 And the women answered one another as they played, and said, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands. 8. And Saul was very wroth, and the saying displeased him; and he said, They have ascribed unto David ten thousands, and to me they have ascribed but thousands: and what can he have more but the kingdom 2 9 And Saul eyed David from that day and forward. 10 " And it came to pass on the morrow, that the evil spirit from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied in the midst of the house: and David played with his hand, as at other times: and there was a javelin in Saul's hand. 11 And Saul cast the javelin; for he said, I will smite David even to the wall with it. And David avoided out of his presence twice. 12 || And Saul was afraid of David, Because the Lord was with him, and was departed from Saul. 13 Therefore Saul removed him from him, and made him his captain over a thousand ; and he went out and came in before the people. 14 And David behaved himself wisel in all his ways; and the LoRD was wi him. 15 Wherefore when Saul saw that he behaved himself very wisely, he was afraid of him. 16 But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he went out and came in before them. 17 || And Saul said to David, Behold, my elder daughter Merab, her will I give thee to wife : only be thou valiant forme, and fight the Lorp's battles. For Saul said, Let not mine hand be upon him, but let the hand of the Philistines be u him. 18 And David said unto Saul, Who am I? and what is my life, or my father's family in Israel, that I should be son-inlaw to the king 2 19 But it came to pass at the time when Merab Saul's daughter should have been iven to David, that she was given unto §. the Meholathite,to wife. 20 And Michal Saul's daughter loved David : and they told Saul, and the thing pleased him. 21 And Saul said, I will give him her, that she may be a snare to him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him. Wherefore Saul said to David, ul shalt this day be my son-in-law, in the one of the twain. 22 || And Saul commanded his servants,

saying, Commune with David secretly, .

David marrieth Michal:

and say, Behold, the king hath delight in thee, and all his servants love thee: now therefore be the king's son-in-law. 23 And Saul's servants spake those words in the ears of David. And David said, Seemeth it to you a light thing to be aking's son-in-law, seeing that I am a poor man, and lightly esteemed 2 24 And the servants of Saul told him, saying. On this manner spake David. 25 And Saul said, Thus shall ye say to David, The king desireth not any dowry, but anhundred foreskins of the Philistines, to be avenged of the king's enemies. But Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines. 26 And when his servants told David these words, it pleased David well to be the king's son-in-law: and the days were not expired. 27 Wherefore David arose and went, he and his men, and slew of the Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full tale to the king, that he might be the king's son-in-law. And Saul gave him Michal his daughter to wife. 28 And Saul saw and knew that the LoRD was with David, and that Michal Saul's daughter loved him. 3 And Saul was yet the more afraid of David; and Saul became David's enemy continually. 3. Then the princes of the Philistines wentforth: and it came to pass, after they went forth, that David behaved himself more wisely than all the servants of Saul; so that his name was much set by. CHAP. XIX. 1%mathan discloseth his father's surfiose to kill David. 4 He persuadeth his Jother to reconciliation. 8 Saul’s malitious rage breaketh out again. 12 Mithose fratagem to save 1)avid. A\o Saul jo: to Jonathan his son, and to his servants, that they should kill David. 2. But Jonathan Saul's son delighted much in David : and Jonathan told David, : Saul my father seeketh to kill thee: ow therefore, I pray thee, Take heed to *self until the morning, and abide in a *ret face, and laide thyself: : And I will go out and stand beside my er in the field where thou art, and will commune with my father of thee; *nd what I see, that I will tell thee. .** And Jonathan spake good of Da§ unto Saul his father, and said unto * Let not the king sin against his seront, against David; because he hath not *ned against thee, and because his works * bron to thee-ward very : * For he did put his life in his hand, *d slew the Philistine, and the Lord "rought a great salvation for afi Israel :

Chap. xix. Her stratagem to save him. 255

thou sawest it, and didst rejoice: wherefore then wilt thou sin against innocent blood, to slay David without a cause? 6 And Saul hearkened unto the voice of Jonathan : and Saul sware, As the LoRD liveth, he shall not be slain. 7 And Jonathan called David, and Jonathan shewed him all those things. d Jonathan brought David to Saul, a was in his presence, as in times past. 8 || And there was war again: and David went out, and fought with the Philistines, and slew them with a great slaughter; and they fled from him. 9 And the evil spirit from the Lorn was upon Saul, as he satin his house with his javelin in his hand : and David played with his hand. 10 And Saul sought to smite David even to the wall with the javelin; but he slipped away out of Saul's presence, and he smote the javelin into the wall : and David fled, and escaped that night. . 11 Saul also sent messengers unto David's house, to watch him, and to slay him in the morning: and Michal David's wife told him, saying, If thou save not thy life to-night, to-morrow thou shalt be slain. 12 So Michallet David downthrough a window : and he went, and fled, and escaped. 13 And Michal took an image, and laid it in the bed, and put a pillow of goats hair for his bolster, and covered it with a cloth. 14 And when Saul sent messengers to take David, she said, He is sick. 15 And Saul sent the messengers again to see David, saying, Bring him up to me in the bed, that I may slay him. 16 And when the messengers were come in, behold, there was an image in the bed, with a pillar of goats hair for his bolster. 17And Saul said unto Michal, Why hast thou deceived me so, and sent away-mine enemy, that he is escaped? And Michal answered Saul, He said unto me, Let me go; why should I kill thee * 18 || So David fled, and escaped, and came to Samuel to Ramah, and told him all that Saul had done to him. And he and Samuel went and dwelt in Naioth. 19 And it was told Saul, saying, Behold, David is at Naioth in Ramah. 20 And Saul sent messengers to take David: and when they saw the company of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as appointed over them, the Spirit of God was upon the messengers of Saul, and they also prophesied. 21 And when it was told Saul, he sent other messengers, and they prophesied likewise. And Saul sent messengers again the third thme, and they prophesied also

256 David and Jonathan consult. I. SAMUEL. Jonathan's kindness to David.

22 Then went he also to Ramah, and came to a great well that is in Sechu: and he asked and said, Where are Samuel and David P. And one said, Behold, they be at Naioth in Ramah. 23 And he went thither to Naioth in Ramah: And the Spirit of God was upon him also, and he went on, and prophesied, until he came to Naioth in Ramah. 24 And he stripped off his clothes also, and prophesied !. Samuel in like manner, and lay down naked all that day and all that night. Wherefore they say, Is Saul also among the prophets? §§ X. 1 David consulteth rvith Jonathan for his safety. 11 Their covenant renewed by oath. 24 Saul missing David, sceketh to kill Jonatham. NI) I)avid fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonatuan, What have I done 2 what is mine iniquity ? and what is my sin before thy #. that he seeketh my life 2 2 Acd he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die : behold, my father will do nothing either, great or small, but that he will shew it me : and why should my father hide this thing from me 2 it is not so. 3.And David sware moreover, and said, Thy father certainly knoweth that I have found grace in thine eyes; and he saith, Let not Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved: But truly as the Lord liveth, and as thy soul liveth, there is but a step between me and death. 4 Then said Jonathan unto David, Whatsoeverthy soul desireth, I will even do it for thee. 5 And David said unto Jonathan, Behold, to-morrow is the new-moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat; but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field unto the third day at even. 6 If thy father at all miss me, then say, David earnestly asked leave of me, that he might run to Beth-lehem his city; for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family. 7 If he say thus, It is well ; thy servant shall have peace: but if he be very wroth, then be sure that evil is determined by him. 8 ‘roore thou shalt deal kindly with thy servant; for thou hast brought thy servant into a covenant of the Lord wi thee : notwithstanding, if there be in me iniquity, slay methyself; for why shouldest thou bring me to thy father? 9 And Jonathan said, Far be it from thee: for if I knew certainly that evil were determined by my father to come upon thee, then would not I tell it thee * 19 Then said David to Jonathan, Who

shall tell me? or what if thy father answer thce roughly 2 11 "I And Jonathan said unto David, Come, and let us go out into the field. §§ they went out be h of them into the ClOl. 12 And Jonathan said unto David, O LoRD God of Israel, when I have sounded my father about to-morrow any time, or the third day, and behold, if there be good toward David, and I then send not unto thee, and shew it thee; 13 The Lord do so and much more to Jonathan : ,but if it please my father to do thee evil, then I will shew it thee, and send thee away, that thou mayest go in peace: and the LoRD be with thee, as he hath been with my father. 14 And thou shalt not only while yet I live shew me the kindness of the LöRD, that I die not: 15 But also thou shalt not cut off thy kindness from my house for ever : no, not when the Lor D hath cut off the enemies of David every one from the face of the earth. 16 So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, Let the Lord even require it at the hand of David's enennics. 17 And Jonathan caused David to swear again, because he loved him : for he lowed him as he loved his own soul. 18 Then Jonathan said to David, Tomorrow is the new-moon: and thou shalt be missed, because thy seat will be empty. 19 And when thou hast stayed three days, then thou shalt go down, quickly, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself when the business was in hand, and shalt remain by the stone Ezel. 20 And I will shoot three arrows on the side thereof, as though I shot at a mark. 21 And behold, I will send a lad, saying, Go, finil out the arrows. If I expressly say unto the lad, Behold, the arrows are on this side of thee, take them; then come thou: for there is peace to thee, and no hurt; as the Lorn liveth. 22 But if I say thus unto the young man, Behold, the arrows are beyond thee; go thy way: for the LoRD hath sent thee away. 23 And as touching the matter which thou and I have spoken of, behold, the LoRD be between thee and me for ever. 24 || So David hid himself in the field: and when the new-moon was come, the king sat him down to eat meat. 25. And the king sat upon his seat, as at other times, even upon a seat by the wall: and Jonathan arose, and Abner sat by Saul's side, and David's place was empty. 26 Nevertheless Saul spake not any thing that day: for he thought, Some

Saul seeketh to kill Jonathan.

thing hath befallen him, he to not clean ; surely he is not clean. 27 And it came to pass on the morrow, which was the second day of the month, that David's place was empty: and Saul said unto Jonathan his son, Wherefore cometh not the son of Jesse to meat, neither yesterday, nor to-day 2 .28 And Jonathan answered Saul, David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Beth-lehem : 29 Andhe said, Let mego, I pray thee; for our family hath a sacrifice in the city; and my brother he hath commanded me to be there; and now if I have found favour in thine eyes, let me get away, I pray and see my brethren. Therefore he cometh not unto the king's table. 30 Then Saul's anger was kindled af. Jonathan, and he said unto him, son of the perverse rebellious womon, do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own confusion, and unto he confusion of thy mother's ess : 31 For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the ground, thou shalt not be established, northy kingdom. Wherefore now send and fetch him unto me, for he shall Surely die. 32 And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him, Wherefore shall he be slain P what hath he done? 33 And Saul cast a javelin at him to Smite him: whereby Jonathan knew that rt ". determined of his father to slay 2. 34 So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and did eat no meat the second day of the month : for he was griev£d for David, because his father had done shame. 35 And it came to passin the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field at the time appointed with David, and a little lad with him. 36 And he said unto his lad, Run, find out now the arrows which I shoot. And as the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him. 37 And when the lad was come to the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried after the lad, and said, Is not the arrow bevond thee? 38 And Jonathan cried after the lad, Make o haste, stay not. And Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows, and came to his master. 39 But the lad knew notany thing: only Jonathan and David knew the matter. 40 And Jonathan gave his artillery unto his lad, and said unto him, Go, carry them to the city. 41 I-dnd as soon as the lad was gone, vid arose out of a filace toward the south, and fell on his face to the ground,

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kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded. 42 And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the Lord, saying, The Lord be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed for ever. And he arose and departed: and Jonathan went into the city. * CHAP. XXI. 1 David at JVob obtaineth of Mhimelech hallowed bread. 8 He taketh Goliath's sword, 10 and at Gath feigneth himwelfmad. HEN came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee * 2 And David said unto Ahimelech the priest, The king hath commanded me a business, and hath said unto me, Let no man know any thing of the business whereabout I send thee, and what I have commanded thee: and I have appointed my servants to such and such a place. 3 Now therefore what is under thine hand? give me five loaves of breadin mine hand, or what there is present. 4 And the priest answered David, and said, There is no common bread under mine hand, but there is hallowed bread: if the young men have kept themselves at least from women. 5 And David answered the priest, and said unto him, Of a truth women have been kept from us about these three days, since I came out, and the vessels of the young men are holy, and the bread is in a manner common, yea, o it were sanctified this day in the vessel. 6 So the priest gave him hallowed bread : for there was no bread there but the shew-bread, that was taken from before the Lord, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away. 7 Now a certain man of the servants of Sanl was there that day, detained before the Lord ; and his name was Doeg, an Edomite, the chiefest of the herdmen that belonged to Saul. 8 is And David said unto Ahimelech, And is there not here under thine hand spear or sword? for I have o: my sword nor my weapons with me, because the king's §. required haste. 9 And the priest said, The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom thou slewest in the valley of Elah, behold, it is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod : if thou wilt take that, take it : for there is no other save that here. And David said, There is none like that; give it me. 10 || And David arose, and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish

and bowed himself thro times: and they

the king of Gath.

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