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Letter to Louis Bonaparte-Jerome Bonaparte -Abolition of the Tribunate-Napoleon in Council--Care of the Children of deceased Officers and Soldiers - Far-sighted PolicyReport of the Minister of the Interior ... 275

CHAPTER XXXVIII.

NAPOLEON IN COUNCIL.

Untiring Industry of Napoleon-Letter to the Minister of the Interior-The SecretaryMeeting of the Institute-Expenditures for the Improvement of the City of Paris-The Code Napoleon-The Writings of the Emperor The Painting by David-Plans for establishing a Democratic Aristocracy-Calumniations of Napoleon-Goldsmith's Life of the Emperor

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CHAPTER XXXIX.

SCENES IN PARIS.

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281

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Vigilance at the Canal of Languedoc-Renewed Threatenings of Austria-Interview with Metternich-Influence of the Monks in Spain-Insurrection in Spain and PortugalTrying Position of Joseph Bonaparte-The Bulls and Bears Page 308

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CHAPTER XLIII.

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England renews Assistance to Spain-Address of Napoleon to the French Legislature-Proclamation to the Army-Untiring Efforts of the Emperor The French at Vittoria, Burgos, Espinosa Storming the Pass of SomisierraNapoleon's Clemency to the People of Madrid -Interview with General Morla-Surrender of the City-Testimony of Lamartine-Wild Passes of the Guadarrama-Conduct of the English Soldiery-Reception of Despatches at Astorga 821

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Retreat of Sir John Moore-Dreadful Condition of Spain-Siege of Saragossa-Perilous Position of the Emperor-Austrian Alliance with England-Views of Alexander -Vigorous Preparations of the French-The Emperor and Empress leave Paris...

CHAPTER XLVI.

ECKMUHL.

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328

Napoleon and Washington compared-The Archduke crosses the Inn-Error of Berthier-Spirited Despatches-The Emperor's BivouacBattle of Eckmuhl-General Cervoni-Retreat of the Anstrians-Napoleon Wounded-Extraordinary Achievements

CHAPTER XLVII.

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DESCENDING THE DANUBE.

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335

The Travelling-carriage of Napoleon-Address to the Army at Ratisbon-The Syrian Soldier -Napoleon repairs Ratisbon-Bridge of Ebersberg-Dierstein-Vienna summoned to Surrender-Maria Louisa-Andreossi, Governor of Vienna-Conversation with Savary-Letter to Eugène-The disgraced Surgeon 338

CHAPTER XLVIII.

ISLAND OF LOBAU.

Preparations of the Emperor-Essling and Aspern-Rising of the Danube-Loss of the Bridge-Death of Lannes-The French retire to Lobau-Lofty Character of NapoleonCouncil of War-New Bridge, and the Manner of its Construction-Narrow Escape of the Emperor and Oudinot ... Page 346

CHAPTER XLIX.

WAGRAM.

The Archduke unconscious of Danger-Macdonald's Charge-Bessières Wounded-The Battle-field of Wagram-Testimony of Savary -Descent of the English on the Belgian Coast-The Emperor Francis seeks PeaceInterview between Napoleon and M. BubnaFourth Treaty with Austria-The young Assassin-Coolness of Alexander-Defeat of the French at Talavera-Proclamation to Hungary -War in Spain-Want of Discipline of the English Soldiers in Spain-Letter to the Pope -Hostility of the Papal Court-Rome annexed to France-Expenditures in Italy... 353

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Assembling of the Privy Council-Noble Reply to the Wishes of Alexander-Napoleon's Overtures at the Austrian Court accepted-The Marriage solemnized at Vienna-Celebration of the Civil Marriage in Paris-Letters from Josephine-Unavailing Efforts for Peace with England-Correspondence of the Emperor and the King of Holland-Von der Sulhn-Baron Kolli-Birth of the King of Rome-Letter of Josephine-Note of the Emperor-Letter of Josephine after seeing the Child-Testimony of Baron Meneval-Anecdote Justice of the Emperor... ... 369

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CHAPTER LII.

THE RUSSIAN WAR.

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Testimony of Napier to the Character of Napoleon-Remarks of Hazlitt-Admissions of Castlereagh, Scott, and Lockhart-Nature of the Strife-Napoleon's Application to his Allies -Hostile Movements of Alexander-Rendezvous at Dresden-Confidence of the Emperor -Testimony of Savary-Reluctance of Napoleon's Generals-Mission of the Abbé de

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The Approach of Winter-The Snow-Preparations for retiring to Poland-Duty of the Rearguard-Eugène's Conflict with the Russians -The Pass at Kalouga-The Retreat commenced-Dreadful Anxiety of the EmperorAlarm of the Russians-Aspect of BorodinoViasma-Marshal Ney in command of the Rear-guard-The Midnight Storm-Arrival at Smolensk-Alarming News from France-Adventures of Eugène-Krasnoe-Adventures of Ney-Passage of the Beresina-Smorgoni -Interview with the Abbé de Pradt-Return to Paris-Heroism of Ney ... ...

CHAPTER LV.

LUTZEN AND BAUTZEN.

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Report of the Minister of the Interior-Testimony of Enemies-Noble Devotion of Napo leon's Allies-New Coalition-Confession of Metternich-Death of Bessières Battle of Lutzen--Entering Dresden-Battle of Bautzen-Death of Duroc-Armistice-Renewal of Hostilities-Caulaincourt's Interview with the Emperor-Striking Remarks of Napoleon ... 418

CHAPTER LVI. RETROSPECT.

Testimony of Alison-Napoleon not responsible for the Wars which succeeded the French Revolution-Napoleon not a Usurper-State of the French Republic-The Consular Throne -The Imperial Throne-Political Views of Sir Walter Scott-Napoleon not a TyrantProof of the Love of the People-Admissions of Sir Walter Scott-Testimony of the Abbé de Pradt-Honesty of the Elections-State of Europe now 430

CHAPTER LVII.

TRIUMPHS AT DRESDEN. Exultation of the Allies-March to the Elbe-The Attack of the Allies upon Dresden-Sanguinary Battle-Scene at a Battery-Gloomy Night-The Fall of Moreau-Testimony of

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