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nor did we ever know that a joke was spared by the orthodox, when they could get one. As to sensuality, we all know how many con trivances they put in practice, by the help of their butchers and wine-merchants, to enjoy it without scandal. The circulation of the blood does not stand still with them.

« Whate'er the subiect of debate.' movie bahan dan men*

'Twas larded still with sceptic prate;
Begin whatever theme you will,
In unbelief he lands you still.
The good, with shame I speak it, feel

Not half this proselyting zeal ;
Line 's While cold their Master's cause to own, bir : LT

Content to go to Heaven alones 15 watter gutor

The infidel in liberal trim, x!

Would carry all the world with him; W K ST .: Would treat his wife, friend, kindred, nation, stress

'Mankind with what ?-Annihilation.” Well said, but not true. It does not follow that a man must believe in annihilation, because he disbelieves in hell-fire ; though if he did, the disbelief is a great deal better, and more creditable to God, than the belief. But the confession about “ the good" who are " content to go to heaven alone,” is edifying. Miss More, at all events, is not one of them; but she need not be alarmed, nor reproach herself (as we think she sometimes must do) for having attained such a healthy and happy old age, and thinking so comfortably of going to heaven, while millions of her fellow creatures are going a different road. Wherever she finds herself, there will be a world of company; and an infidel will not be the less there, because he does not think he shall. What! Shall a child not be taken to see his father, and to receive kindness at his hands, purely because never having seen him, he has got a notion that he does not exist ?

We must now bring our extracts to a conclusion. There are some agreeable specimens of Miss Baillie; an admirable ballad on the Wind, attributed to Mr Wordsworth's sister ; and some pieces by Miss Landon and Mrs Hemans, two popular writers, who would bring their pearls to greater perfection if they would concentrate their faculties a little, and be content not to manufacture so many of them. The passages from Miss Landon, we should guess, are not so favourably extracted as those from Mrs Hemans, who has

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some noble verses 'on the Sea. The former of these ladies (to judge from their effusions, for we have not the pleasure of knowing either of them) is too indolent to také pains; and affects a thousand grave thoughts, for which she cares less than the trouble of writing them. The latter is too grand and gorgeous on all occasions; brings every one of her fancies out into the same prominence; and seems to think simplicity itself worth nothing but to make a show with. She stirs her tea with a sceptre; and sits among her domesticities, crowned. Yet she has both feeling and dignity; and Miss Landon ought to have been a very charming writer on the side of the pleasurable, instead of falling upon shallow admirers who fancied they understood her, and who have a natural instinct for the encouragement of wordiness and common-place. Both these ladies should take dozens of their poems at a time, and melt them down into single ones each ; taking care to avoid that tendency to dancing measures and the modern Troubadour tone, which is a great encourager of rhyme for rhyme's sake, and beguiles effort into idleness by the complacency of its music. We beg pardon for taking this liberty of advice, which we do as friends and real admirers; being too great advocates of their sex in general, not to be struck, as we ought, with whatever is likely to exalt it in the particular

TO CORRESPONDENTS. A number of the Glasgow Free Press has been handed us, containing an article which has touched us on the score of our efforts and real wishes, beyond anything of the kind. We reserve the more particular expression of our feelings about it, for an occasion when the notice can be of greater use.

LONDON: Published by Hunt and Clarke, York street, Covent garden ; and sold by all

Booksellers and Newsvenders in town and country.-Price 4d.

PRINTED BY C. N. REYNELL, BROAD STREET, GOLDEN SQUARE.

THE COMPANION.

No. XXVIII. WEDNESDAY, JULY 16, 1828.

“ Something alone yet not alone, to be wished, and only to be found, in a friend."-Sir William TEMPLE.

A BATTLE OF ANTS.-DESIRABLENESS OF DRAWING · A DISTINCTION BETWEEN POWERS COMMON TO

OTHER ANIMALS, AND THOSE PECULIAR TO MAN. Taking up, the other day, the last number of the Edinburgh Journal of Science, we met with the following account of a battle of ants. It is contained in the notice of a memoir by M. Hanhart, who describes the battle as having taken place between two species of these insects; "one the formica rufa, and the other a little black ant, which he does not name (probably the fofusca.)" In other respects, as the reviewer observes, the subject is not new, the celebrated Huber having described a battle of this kind before; but as natural history lies out of the way of many readers (though calculated to please them all, if they are genuine readers of anything), and as it has suggested to us a few remarks, which mạy further the objects we have in writing, the account shall be here repeated.

“ M. Hanhart saw these insects approach in armies composed of their respective swarms, and advancing towards each other in the greatest VOL. 1,

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order. The Formica rufa marched with one in front, on a line from nine to twelve feet in length, flanked by several corps in square masses, composed of from twenty to sixty individuals.

The second species (little blacks), forming an army much more numerous, marched to meet the enemy on a very extended line, and from one to three individuals abreast. They left a detachment at the foot of their hillock to defend it against any unlooked for attack. The rest of the army marched to battle, with its right wing supported by a solid corps of several hundred individuals, and the left wing supported by a similar body of more than a thousand. These groups advanced in the greatest order, and without changing their positions. The two lateral corps took no part in the principal action. That of the right wing made a halt and formed an army of reserve; whilst the corps which marched in column on the left wing maneuvred só as to turn the hostile army, and advanced with a hurried march to the hillock of the Formica rufa, and took it by assault. *** The two armies attacked each other and fought for a long time without breaking their lines. At length disorder appeared in various points, and the combat was maintained in detached groups; and after a bloody battle, which continued from three to four hours, the Formica rufa were put to flight, and forced to abandon their two hillocks and go off to establish themselves at some other point with the remains of their army. .

“ The most interesting part of this exhibition, says M. Hanhart, was to see these insects reciprocally making prisoners, and transporting their own wounded to their hillocks. Their devotedness to the wounded was carried so far, that the Formica rufa, in conveying them to their nests, allowed themselves to be killed by the little blacks without any resistance, rather than abandon their precious charge. ..... ..

*** From the observations of M. Huber, it is known that when an ant hillock is taken by the enemy, the vanquished are reduced to slavery, and employed in the interior labours of their habitation.”'Bull. Univ. Mai 1826. 11:6 ; . t i

s' *} $p!? *'**

* There is no sort of reason, observe, to mistrust these accounts. The “ lords of creation ” may be slow in admitting the approaches of other animals to a participation of what they consider eminently human and skilful; but ants, in some of their habits, have a great resemblance to bees; and after what is now universally known

respecting the polity and behaviour of the bees, the doubt will rather be, whether a share in the arts" of war and government is not disposed among a far greater number of beings than 'we have yet-discovered. : - ... ov .

.it Here-then, among a set of little creatures not bigger than grains of rice, is war in its regular human shape; war, not only in its violence, but its patriotism or fellow-feeling; and not only in its patriotism (which in our summary mode of settling all creatures' affections - but our own, might be referred to instinct), but war in its science and battle array! The red ants make their advance in a line from 'nine to twelve feet in length; flanked by several corps in square masses"; the « little blacks," möre numerous, come up three abreast, leaving a detachment at the foot of their hillock, to defend it against unlooked-for attack. There are wings, right and left; they halt; they form an army of reserve; one side manoeuvres so as to turn the other; the hillock is taken by assault; the lines are broken; and in fine, after a “ bloody battle of three or four hours, the red ants are put to flighta i ;Dist? om su v ! - What is there different in all this from a battle of Waterloo or Malplaquet? We look down upon these little energetic and skilful creatures, as beings of a similar disproportion might look' upon 'us; and do we not laugh then? We may for an instant, thinking of the little Wellingtons and Napoleons that may have led them ; but such laughter is wrong on reflexion, and we leave it to those who do not reflect at all,, and who would be the first to resent laughter against themselves. . . .

. . . . .' - What then do we do? Are we to go into a corner, and effemia nately weep over the miseries of the formican, as well as the human, race ? saying how short is the life of ant! and Fourmis cometh up, and is cut down like a Frenchman? By no means. But we may contribute, by our reflections, an atom to the sum of human advancement; and if men advance, all the creatures of this world, for aught we know, may advance with them, or the places in which evil is found be diminished. . . . . . · A little before we read this account of the battle of the ants, we

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