The Electrical Researches of the Honourable Henry Cavendish, R.F.S., Written Between 1771 and 1781

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Cambridge University Press, 1879 - Electricity - 454 pages
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Contents

First experiment 291
li
Experiments in 1776 and 1777 on salt solutions 689
lxi
Pressure of electric fluid against a surface
21
Charge of a thin flat plate independent of its thickness
31
Cor 2
35
Effect of an overcharged body
41
Molecular constitution of
43
On the cases in which bodies receive electricity from or part with
51
ARTICLES
61
PAGE OF
83
Cantons and Franklins experiments
85
188
91
Four hypotheses
99
Effect of an overcharged body
102
Fig PAGB
104
Theory of the experiment
110
Advantages of the method 246
115
Trial Plate
116
New apparatus for the comparison of capacities Fig 20 295
120
Allowance for connecting wire 647
137
Fig 1 If the fluid uniformly spread on a circular plate
140
Insulators of waxed glass 124
144
Repulsion of two columns
146
The trial plate 297
147
Fig 4 Charge of two equal cylinders at a finite distance
152
Fig 7 Concave plate compared with flat one
158
Slit coatings
159
540
162
Density increasing towards the circumference
164
On the Leyden vial
168
Fig 10 Penetration of glass by fluid
170
Effect of heat on glass To face p
180
544
186
Double plate 1 75 x 285 tried with small sliding trial plate
219
Double plate
223
comparison with Art 455
232
Increase of charge by induction 652
240
The gauge electrometer
248
PAGE OF Ms ARTICLES
250
The bodies to be tested were chosen of nearly equal capacity
254
Leakage of the Leyden vials
260
Six different arrangements
266
Whether charge of Leyden vial bears the same proportion
269
Effect of the thickness of a plate on its capacity
272
Charge of compound plate of glass and rosin
275
Bearing on the theory
278
Double plates A and B and plate air 39 x 7 95
280
Oblong plate
284
Intention of the experiments
289
MEASURES
298
Advantage of the second method
299
Charge of 1st battery of Nairne
300
These methods abandoned
305
Charge of glass plates is many times greater than it ought to be by
332
To find what power of the velocity the resistance is proportional to 629
336
Hypothesis about the relative effect of surrounding bodies on the capa
338
Results 646
343
Experiment to determine whether the air between the plates is charged
344
H 658
349
First hypothesis Electricity penetrates into the glass to a certain depth
350
208
354
Table of glass plates 673
355
Comparison of the plate D with the circle of 36 inches diameter with
356
Water with different quantities of salt in it 696
361
Comparison of the results
362
Table of results at different temperatures
368
Table of the charges of plates of other substances
371
Canals of incompressible fluid
375
Difference between thick plates and thin ones
377
Charges of two parallel disks close together
378
Infinite body
379
Molecular constitution of air
380
Zero of potential
382
Table of results with cylindric vials
383
Electromotive force required to produce a spark
386
Two circular disks
387
The Leyden jars
389
Capacity of a long narrow cylinder
393
Walshs experiments on the Torpedo 395
395
Two cylinders
400
Conditions requisite for a spark and for attraction and repulsion 401408
401
Glass as a dielectric
402
Theory of this method 582
403
The two flat conductors between which the plate of air lies or in modern
404
Theory of the experiment with trial plates
406
Artificial Torpedo
409
Early form of Cavendishs Theory of Electricity
411
Shocks in air and under salt water Law of divided currents 415420
415
Experiment of the globe and hemispheres
417
Interpretation of the result
418
Torpedo in a basket in sand shock through wet shoes and through net 421424
421
Capacity of a disk of sensible thickness
423
Experimental rosin 678
425
Square
426
Three parallel plates
427
Capacity as affected by walls of room
429
Tin cylinder c
430
Comparison of measurements of dielectric capacity
432
On Electrical Fishes
433
Why the Torpedo gives no spark 423_435
435
Excess of redundant fluid on positive side above deficient fluid on negative side
437
Pump water rain water salt in 1000 sea water 684
443
Salt and fresh water 34 Other saline solutions 415
448
555
449
494
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