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absolute units acceleration action applied axis balance bearing body called centre of gravity circle compression consequently consider constant continue couple denote described determined direction distance draw effect energy equal equation equilibrium exactly exerted expended fall feet fixed fluid forces acting friction give given Hence horizontal inch inclined increased instant iron length machine mass matter means measured mercury minute moment moments motion move observed obtained opposite oscillation parallel passes plane position pound pressure produced proportional question radius raised reaction regard relation resistance respectively rest resultant right angles round shown sides slide smooth specific gravity square student suppose surface taken thread true turn uniform velocity vertical vessel weight whole
Page 187 - Whatever draws or presses another is as much drawn or pressed by that other. If you press a stone with your finger, the finger is also pressed by the stone. If a horse draws a stone tied to a rope, the horse (if I may so say) will be equally drawn back towards the stone...
Page 187 - Change of momentum is proportional to the impressed moving force, and takes place along the straight line in which that force is impressed.
Page 110 - Each wagon contains two and a quarter cubic yards. The result is, that each man has to lift nearly twenty tons weight of earth on a shovel over his head into a wagon. The height of the lifting is about six feet. This is taking it at fourteen sets a day ; but the navvies sometimes contrive to get through sixteen sets, and there are some men who will accomplish that astonishing quantity of work by three or four o'clock in the afternoon — a result, I believe, which is not nearly equalled by the workmen...
Page 160 - ... the resultant velocity will be represented in magnitude and direction by the diagonal, drawn from that point, of the parallelogram constructed on the two straight lines as adjacent sides.
Page 50 - ... the sum of the moments of the forces which tend to turn the body in one direction must be equal to the sum of the moments of those which tend to turn it in the opposite direction about the same axis.
Page 187 - To every action there is always opposed an equal reaction; or, the mutual actions of two bodies on each other are always equal and directed to contrary parts.
Page 92 - Every engineer knows that the work done by a force has to be measured by multiplying together the force and the distance through which its point of application moves forward.
Page 3 - The ratio of the mass of any quantity of a substance to the mass of an equal volume of some standard substance. In the case of solids and liquids the latter is chosen as water at 4° C.
Page 110 - set is a number of wagons — in fact, a train. There are two men to a wagon. If the wagon goes out fourteen times, each man has to fill seven wagons in the course of the day. Each wagon contains two and a quarter cubic yards. The result is, that each man has to lift nearly twenty tons weight of earth on a CHAP, shovel over his head into a wagon.