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Fergusson moved, in the committee of supply, for a grant of 5000l. for Capt. Ross, for his services.-After some discussion, in which the House generally agreed that Capt. Ross should be rewarded, Lord Sandon hoped the whole subject would be referred to a committee, with the view that justice should be done to all the parties concerned in the Arctic expedition.—Mr. C. Fergusson, finding the feeling of the House with him, said he should take the earliest opportunity of moving for a committee for the purpose, as mentioned by his Lordship.

March 18.-Mr. Harvey's motion for an address to the crown, for a revision of the Pension List, was fixed for the 5th of May.-On the motion of Sir R. Inglis, a committee was appointed to inquire into the origin, &c., of the Glasgow Lottery.-On the motion of the Solicitor-General, a select committee was appointed to consider the present state of the law of libel. —Lord Sandon, in the absence of Mr. Ĉ. Fergusson, moved for the appointment of a select committee to inquire into the circumstances of the expedition to the Arctic Seas, commanded by Captain John Ross, and to consider whether any and what reward was fitting to be bestowed upon him for the services rendered on that occasion.-The motion was agreed to, and the committee appointed.

March 19.-Mr. Ewart presented a petition from Liverpool for free trade, to begin with a free trade in corn. The petition led to a long debate, which was adjourned.-Mr. O'Connell postponed the second reading of his bill for securing the liberty of the press to April the 17th.-The Liverpool Disfranchisement Bill was read a third time and passed.

March 20.-Mr. Bish postponed, till the 29th of April, his motion for an Address to the King, praying his Majesty to hold his Court and Parliament occasionally in Ireland.-Mr. Crawford gave notice, that, on an early day, he would move for the appointment of a select committee to inquire whether an equalised duty should not be imposed upon tea, instead of a fluctuating duty; and on the motion of the same Honourable Member, returns were ordered of the quantity of tea sold at the quarterly sales at the East India House for the years 1829, 1830, 1831, 1832, and 1833, stating the number of pounds, the qualities of the tea, the prices at which it was sold, and the duties levied upon it.

March 21.-Mr. Maberly brought forward the Ordnance estimates in a Committee of Supply. The saving on this year's estimates was 80,000l. It would appear to be 295,000l.; but that was occasioned by the transfer of certain charges to the army estimates. The actual saving, however, on these estimates since the present Ministers had been in office, was 335,000l. He concluded with moving for a grant of 70,5627. to defray the salaries of the Master-General of the Ordnance and the establishment in Pall-mall.-Lord Dudley Stuart asked Lord Palmerston if the British Government had received any communication from the Court of Russia, requesting that the Government would not receive or give protection to the Polish exiles.Lord Palmerston replied that no such communication had been made by the Court of Russia to his Majesty's Government.-On the motion of Mr. Hume, a return was ordered of the number of prosecutions for libel instituted by Government since the accession of his present Majesty; also a return of the number of persons committed for publishing and selling unstamped publications; and a return of the number of persons tried for political and other libels, in continuation of former returns.


The third session of the General Assembly of Newfoundland was opened on the 29th of January by a speech from the Governor, which contained

nothing remarkable, except the statement that the fisheries had been unsuccessful; and in Labrador particularly, where many individuals depended entirely upon it for subsistence, it had totally failed. His Excellency also recommended the formation of a local militia, to be called out to the assistance of the civil authorities when occasion should require.



The following is stated to be an outline of the Constitution about to be granted to Spain, whereby it will be seen that it is proposed to establish a representative government, although the Crown reserves to itself a great power over the Cortes. It is proposed first, that the chamber shall meet at least once in two years, and oftener if expedient. The King shall have the power of convoking, proroguing, and dissolving the Cortes. Secondly, the Upper Chamber shall, in the first instance, be composed of twenty grandees of Spain, ten bishops or archbishops, ten titulatos of Castile, and about fifty other persons distinguished for their talents and fortune. Thirdly, the Second Chamber shall be elected by the people, each parish nominating one or several electors according to its population, which electors shall form a committee resembling the electoral colleges of France, and shall choose the deputies. The number of deputies shall be in the proportion of three for every 200,000 inhabitants, and shall be regulated according to the last census. Fourthly, the budget of receipts and expenses shall be submitted to the Chambers. The debates shall be free and unfettered. The Crown shall have a veto without restriction on the sanction of the laws. The Crown alone shall have the privilege of presenting laws to the chambers. Fifthly, one of the first laws presented to the chambers shall be that which excludes Don Carlos and his descendants from the throne of Spain.


On the 13th of December Santa Anna, the President of the Mexican Republic, published an address to his fellow-citizens, announcing that he had, on account of the fatigues of the last two years, applied to and obtained from the National Congress leave to proceed for six months to his retreat in the country. The address states that only a spark of the rebellious spirit still exists in a corner of the Republic (Chilapa), and that prompt measures are taking to extinguish it in the most effectual manner. Ġeneral Bravo has published a proclamation in Chicualko, invoking the people to rise against the existing Government, and holding forth the plan of a National Assembly, to be invested with the sovereign character during the period of its existence. Bravo invites all parties to join him, and promises a general amnesty. His proposed National Assembly is to consist of four members-an officer of the rank of captain or upwards, a parish priest, a lawyer, and a landowner-from each state and territory, chosen by lot.



M. Louis Anthony Fauvelet de Bourienne, Ex-Secretary to General Buonaparte for the Army of Italy and in Egypt, Ex-Secretary of the First Consul, Counsellor of State in the year X. of the Republic, Ex-Minister of the Emperor Napoleon at Hamburgh, Member of the Chamber of Deputies of 1815, and Minister of State under the reigns of Louis XVIII. and Charles X., was born at Sens, on the 9th of July, 1769. Brought up at the military

school of Brienne with Buonaparte, he was long on terms of the greatest intimacy with that favoured child of destiny. However, being intended for a diplomatic life, he was sent to the University of Leipsic to acquire the necessary qualifications. In 1792, he was appointed secretary of legation at Stutgard; an embassy from which he was recalled on the breaking out of the German war. Soon afterwards, he retired to Leipsic, where he married. Suspected of carrying on a correspondence with French emissaries, he was arrested, with an agent of the French republic, by order of the Court of Dresden; and, after a detention of seventy days, he was commanded to quit the electorate.

In 1797, Buonaparte invited him to join him, and appointed him his secretary when he commanded the army on the other side of the Alps; he was consequently with him in all his Italian campaigns, and also in Egypt. It may be mentioned, too, that, in conjunction with General Clarke, he drew up the memorable treaty of Campo Formio.

When Buonaparte was elected to the consulate, M. de Bourienne was appointed a counsellor of state; and, subsequently, he was named chargé d'affaires to Hamburgh, and envoy extraordinary at the circle of Lower Saxony.

M. de Bourienne continued to reside at Hamburgh till the fall of Buonaparte, when he returned to Paris. On the 3d of April, 1814, the provisional government appointed him director general of posts. In the course of the same year he published a pamphlet, under the title of "A History of Buonaparte, by a Man who has not quitted him for Fifteen Years."

His great work, the "Memoirs of Napoleon," is almost as extensively known in England as in France. There is little doubt that the earlier portions of the volumes are full of " truth, and nothing but truth." It is, however, pretty certain that the publication was spun out by the introduction of matter with which M. Bourienne had nothing to do, and by inventions of which the ex-secretary was altogether innocent.

When Louis XVIII. returned to Paris, M. de Bourienne was removed from the office of director-general of posts, which was given to M. Ferrand. However, on the 12th of March, 1815, the King appointed him to the prefecture of police, in the hope of retrieving, or at least of remedying, the evils which had crept into that department. On the 18th, he ordered Fouché to be arrested; but the order was not promptly obeyed; and the return of Buonaparte compelled him to flee to Ghent with the King. He was in Paris again in the month of July, and was restored to his employments. He was retained as minister of state under the reign of Charles X.

The glorious revolution of the "Three Days," combined with the loss of his fortune, is said to have deprived M. de Bourienne of his reason; and he passed the latter part of his life at a maison de santé in Normandy. He died at Caen, of apoplexy, on the 7th of February.


Of pulmonary consumption, at his house in Bedford-street, Mr. L. T. Ventouillac, late Professor of the French Language and Literature in King's College. His death may be considered as occasioning a vacancy that it will not be easy to supply; since his extraordinary command of the English language, and his critical acquaintance with our classical writers, enabled him to communicate in English the delicacies of his own tongue with peculiar facility and grace. With Shakspeare, who was, indeed, the "god of his idolatry," he became early and intimately conversant; so much so, that he himself attributed, in a great measure, his rapid progress in the study of English to the delight which he experienced in the works of our immortal bard. Nor was this altogether a blind admiration; for his quick ear and lively fancy enabled him to detect, with all the readiness of a native, the puns, clinches, quiddits, and conceits which occasionally figure even in Shakspeare's happiest passages.

Mr. Ventouillac wrote a neat, idiomatic English style. He spoke our language with vernacular fluency; and could address, extempore, even a polished assembly, in a manner very pleasing to his hearers. His behaviour and conversation were amiable and unaffected, though the latter had frequently an epigrammatic smartness that was, however, not the offspring of study, but the result of unpremeditated promptitude. Mr. Ventouillac was born at Calais, in March, 1798, arrived in this country in 1816, and was appointed professor at King's College in 1830; he has been cut off, therefore, at the early age of thirty-six.

Though Mr. Ventouillac's literary labours were confined chiefly to elementary works, yet his masterly translation into French of Bishop Watson's "Apology," with several of his English prefaces and introductions, indicate abilities of a superior order. Soon after his arrival in England, he embraced the Protestant faith; and he died, with exemplary fortitude and complacency, in the communion of the English church.


The once popular and celebrated-or, as some would say, notorious-John Thelwall, who died at Bath, after an illness of only a few hours, was a native of London. He was born in the year 1766, in Chandos-street, Covent-garden; and he was educated in private schools, at Lambeth, and afterwards at Highgate. His youthful fancy first led him to become a student at the Royal Academy; subsequently he was employed in an attorney's office; and, at a still later period, he devoted himself to the study of medicine. During these periods he became known in the debating societies which then abounded in the metropolis. So early as 1787, he published" A Legendary Tale," and, in 1790, two volumes of poetry. Intoxicated with the pernicious French doctrines of the day, he "assisted" extensively in several popular meetings; and, in 1792, he commenced a series of extemporaneous lectures on political subjects. Night after night, his inflammatory harangues drew crowded audiences. At length, political lecturing was interdicted by Act of Parliament. In the interim, however, Mr. Thelwall was included in an indictment for constructive treason, with eleven other members of certain associations for the ostensible object of obtaining a reform in Parliament; but, after a trial of three days, he was acquitted, and borne to his house on the shoulders of an excited mob.

To evade the Act of Parliament alluded to, he professed to lecture upon ancient history; but, notwithstanding the facilities he thus enjoyed of disseminating seditious principles, his orations bore an aspect somewhat too classical for the out-and-out reformers of the time, and consequently proved less lucrative than before. He therefore undertook a lecturing tour of England; but, as the schoolmaster was not so much abroad as now, and as the "Diffusion Society" had not paved the way for his regenerating efforts, he found the sound, honest, loyal feelings of the provinces against him.

Seeking retirement and respectability in a country life, he took a small farm near Hay, in Brecknockshire. Unsuccessful in the pursuit of an occupation, of the practical part of which he was ignorant, he adopted the scheme of lecturing throughout the country on elocution, unmixed with politics. In this he was more fortunate; and, after an itinerant course of some years, he re-settled in London-first in Bedford-place, and afterwards in Lincoln'sInn-fields, taking pupils afflicted with impediments of speech, in the cure of which he is understood to have been eminently successful. For several years he was thus enabled to keep a carriage and a respectable establishment.

In 1818, however, he again figured at political meetings; he also conducted a weekly paper, supporting the cause of Parliamentary Reform with considerable ability. Since that period, he had, at different times, been the editor of two or three other periodicals; but those speculations were not favourable to his interest.

Some years ago he settled at Brixton, near London, received pupils, and

lectured on elocution, the drama, &c., at numerous public institutions; more recently, he adopted a similar course at Bath. With considerable talent, and much quackery, he was greatly admired by many. Few, perhaps, ever succeeded to so great an extent as he did in overcoming the difficulties opposed by nature. His voice was originally feeble and husky; yet, by perseverance and art, he acquired an extraordinary distinctness of articulation, and, even in the open air, could make himself heard at a great distance.

Though violent and ultra in his political views, Mr. Thelwall has always been held consistent and honest; and, in private life, of conduct unimpeachable.

Amongst numerous productions, political, literary, and scientific, may be mentioned "An Essay towards a Definition of Animal Vitality," in which several of the opinions of John Hunter are examined and controverted; "The Vestibule of Eloquence;" "A Letter to Mr. Cline, on Defective Development of the Faculties;" "Illustrations of Rhythms;" "Results of Experience on Deficiency in the Roof of the Mouth," &c.


Married.]-At Kensington, the Rev. J. P. Gurney, of Great Canfield, Essex, to Anne, daughter of the late J. Langton, Esq., Farnham, Bucks.

At Brighton, P. Stewart, Esq., Bombay Civil Service, to Matilda, daughter of the late W. Dawson, Esq., of St. Leonard's-hill, Berks.

Captain Henry, of the 72d Highlanders, to Mary Frances, daughter of John Norris, Esq. of Hughendon House, Bucks.

At Fulham church, James Wright, Esq., (late of Magdalen Hall, Oxford,) of Montagueplace, Hammersmith, to Alicia, widow of the late Wm. Bell, Esq., of Portland-place.

By the Lord Bishop of London, the Rev. J. E. Tyler, Rector of St. Giles's-in-the-Fields, to Jane, only daughter of Divie Robertson, Esq., of Bedford-square.

At St. Pancras church, Sidney Smith, Esq., of Burton-crescent, to Sarah, second daughter of the late Thomas Palmer, Esq., of Russellplace, Fitzroy-square.

At Great Malvern, P. V. Onslow, Esq., to Lucy, daughter of the late W. M. Moseley, Esq., of Winterdine, Worcestershire.

At Upper Chelsea, Ashburnham Bulley, Esq., to Frances, only chi of the late Captain Nep

tune Blood.

At St. Michael's Church, Cambridge, Frederick A. Catty, Esq., to Ann, daughter of James Edwards, Esq., of Downing College.

At Sydney, E. D. Thompson, Esq., to Ann, daughter of Major-General Bourke, Governor of New South Wales.

At Glasgow, on the 18th inst., C. Atherton, Esq., civil engineer, Glasgow, late of Queen's College, Cambridge, to Christina, only daughter of Robert Ferrie, Esq., of Blairtummock, Lanarkshire.

At the parish church, Brighton, on the 15th inst., by the Rev. Henry Dawson, rector of Hopton, Suffolk, Philip Stewart, Esq., of the Bombay Civil Service, to Matilda, Frances, youngest daughter of the late William Dawson, of St. Leonard's-hill, Berks.

Died.]-In Dublin, Mrs. Bunn, wife of Captain Bunn, and mother of the lessee of the royal theatres.

At Geraldine, Queen's County, Captain J. Fitzgerald, formerly of the 7th Fusileers.

At Longparish, Hants, in his 80th year, R. Leech, Esq.

In Pall Mall, A. Adair, Esq., of Flixton-hall, Suffolk, the army agent.

In Devonshire-street, Mrs. Morier, relict of the late Isaac Morier, Esq., Consul at Con. stantinople.

At Lymington, C. Stanter, Esq., late Lieut.. Col. R.M.

At Plymouth, Captain J. Weaver, R.N.

At his Lordship's residence in Cavendishsquare, Maria, Viscountess Duncannon. Her Ladyship was third daughter of the Earl of Westmorland, and has left a numerous family.

At Rome, the Rev. A. W. Hare, late Fellow of New College, and Rector of Alton Barnes.

At Florence, Robert Plampin, Esq., ViceAdmiral of the White, aged 72.

Isabella, relict of the late Dr. Hamilton, Bishop of Ossory, aged 84.

At Freshford, near Bath, Admiral M. Robin


At Dinagepore, East Indies, J. F. Ellerton, Esq., Judge and Registrar in the Hon. East India Company's service.

On the 14th ult. in Portman-square, the Right Hon. Lord Teignmouth, in his 83d year.

In October last, at Bellary, East Indies,
Captain Julius Wm. Brockman, 56th regiment.
At Paris, Jacob Ricardo, Esq., aged 54.
John Bennet, Esq., Secretary to Lloyd's.
At his seat, Davenport House, Shropshire,
aged 84, Wm. Yelverton Davenport, Esq.

At Cheshunt, in her 90th year, Mrs. Susan Cromwell. She was the last of that name, and the great great grand-daughter of the Protector, Oliver Cromwell.

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