The Relations Between the Ec and International Organizations: Legal Theory and Practice
In November 1991 the EC acceded as a member of the FAO. On January 1, 1995 the EC became an original member to the WTO. This study deals with the interaction of two legal systems, namely between the legal system of the Community and that of other IOs. The more powers the Community gains, the more important it becomes to enable the Community to exercise these powers within the framework of relevant IOs. In particular, where the subject concerned comes under the Community's exclusive competence, the Member States have transferred their powers to the Community and thus the competent actor is the Community itself. The subject of participation by the Community in other IOs is not as yet well regulated either under Community law or under international institutional law. Furthermore, it has not been extensively treated in the literature to date. Hence, this study offers a theoretical analysis of the subject as well as an examination of daily practice in three case-studies on the relations of the EC with the FAO, the ILO and Fisheries Organizations, in particular the NAFO.
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Table of Cases
accede accession adopted amendments applied Article 113 EC Article 116 Article 228 Article 235 Chapter Committee common action common commercial policy common position Community institutions Community law Community powers Community's competence Community's external conclude Conference coordination Council decision Council of Europe Court of Justice delegation division of powers duty of cooperation EC Commission economic EEC Treaty ERTA established Euratom European Community European Energy Charter European Union example exclusive Community competence exercise external competence external relations FAO Constitution FAO meetings fisheries organizations framework ILO Convention implementation implied powers international agreements International Labour Conference international law international legal personality international organizations joint competence legal basis member nations Member Organization membership missions mixed competence NAFO negotiations non-member o.c. note objectives obligations observer status organization concerned practice principle privileges and immunities procedure proposal question ratification regard regulated REIO representatives rules Schermers scope session Single European Act target organization Treaty provisions UNCTAD