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confronts as

of peace. It is our agreements today.

superstitions, it has little mean- danger whioh confronts us ing, and should have no influ- to-day. The Germans, comende at all upon our agreements pletely defeated, are like the of peace. It is a thing which drowning man who will oatoh we are not permitted to argue hold of any plank that preabout. We must accept it sents itself. They want raw as it is given to us, and “no materials, and they will join questions asked." But not one any league which will provide of its ohampions has yet tried them with what they want. to explain how the laws passed They will take all they oan, by the League of Nations are and will give nothing. And to be enforoed. Many speeches our sentimentalists will welhave been made by Viscount come them, like erring Grey of Fallodon and others, brothers, to a warm embrace. and they amount precisely to Viscount Grey's strongest nothing. We hear a vast argument is, of course, his deal about “an economio boy- very proper hatred of war. oott,” and we know that if He thinks that the suffering Viscount Grey of Fallodon has caused by the present war, his way, there will be Free and an understanding of the Trade all round. Again, we horrors which may overtake are told that after the war us in the future, will convince there will be disarmament, and the world that a repetition of Visoount Grey, with his san- it must be avoided at all costs. guine tempor, suggests that So far, we are in complete Germany will be the first agreement with Viscount Grey. power asked to disarm. But, We must avoid a repetition we ask in honest simplicity, of the war, and we oan avoid how shall you compel Ger. it best by keeping intact our many to disarm ? When present alliances and by rePrussia lay at the feet of solving that never again sball Napoleon, he insisted that we fall behind the Germans Prassia should disarm. And in our armaments. The polioy Prussia took his warning so is clear, and may easily be nearly to heart, that she pre- carried out. But it does not tended to disarm in 1806, and, satisfy Viscount Grey. Before as we have said, in 1813 had & practical method of defence an army large enough to win he prefers the foolish dream the battle of Leipzig. The of a league, whioh will never Allies are not so strong and beoome a useful reality, and are not so vigilant as Napoleon, which will prove, in the hands How, therefore, shall they keep of foolish politicians, a mere an efficient ohook upon the instrument of tyranny. As growing foroes of Germany? Viscount Grey calls his league

A greater contrast to Gen- & league of free nations, we eral von Freytag oould not be may take it for granted that found than Visoount Grey. he wishes to impose what is The German is a stern realist; known as “demooraoy” upon the Englishman is a tepid the whole world. Even if idealist. And the English- the demooratio prinoiple were man's idealism is the greatest generally aoknowledged as a

thing beyond dispute, even if how the avenging nations shall we all believed that the use the foroes at their disposal ballot-box was the beginning or how they shall invade the and the end of wisdom, rooaloitrant country. That Viscount Grey's pretension country will assuredly take would be absurd. There may good oare to arm itself before lurk somewhere in Europe & it breaks the covenant, and may nation which does not desire have as good a chance 88 to be wise or free. And what Germany thought she had in right has Visoount Grey or 1914 of dominating the world. another to inflict wisdom or How, then, should we be in a freedom upon those who do better position to make an end not desire it?

of war with a League of However, Viscount Grey is Nations than without it? convinced that thero must be But Viscount Grey would no more wars, and he thinks not limit the duties of his inthat this conviotion will supply ternational force to punishing “the motive-power which will unruly countries. He aspires make the League of Nations to be the policeman of the work.” Again we are unable nations, and to turn his dark to agree with him. The League lantern upon all those who of Nations will “work” by dare to infringe the laws of foroe of arms. To enforce peace demooraoy. “I do not see,” we must oondemp ourselves to says he, “why the League of be perpetually at war. We Nations, onde formed, should must guard all the frontiers necessarily be idle.” Indeed, and keep a watohful eye upon it would never be idle. “I do all oountries. And about this not see why it should not huge army, whioh would be the arrange for an authority, and first necessity of our League, an international force at its Viscount Grey says little or disposal, which should act as nothing. A single paragraph police aot in individual counseems to him enough to explain tries.” What a terrible prosthe duties and purposes of the peot! Instead of making an international police. “Suppos- end of all wars we should see ing the League onoo formed,” to it that peace was never he said, “the treaty signed, the signed, and should ensure for treaty binding the nations com- this unhappy world a perpetual posing the League to settle any state of war. And the League of disputes that may arise be- Nations will not only keep the tween them by some method peace—it will arrange also the other than that of war, and domestio policies of the nations. each of them undertaking an Viscount Grey agrees with obligation that if any nation President Wilson that each doos break the covenant, they nation belonging to the League will use all the foroes at their should settle its own fiscal disposal against that nation policy, whiob is truly a vast which has so broken it." The concession. But, and here is a grammar is unoertain, and the vast exception,“having settled meaning is not very clear. it, it must apply it to all the Visoount Grey does not explain members of the League without

internatios and enough coragraphe disposternational authoritid not

disorimination.” If these words necessary. We have but to mean anything, they mean that guard our own alliances, and England, having chosen Free to take care that Germany Trade, must not make bargains does not arm herself again

many and France must have whole problem can be solved equal privileges and equal ad. by exaoting large indemnities. vantages. If we permit our We are constantly told that Frenoh friends to send over it is useless to exaot them, their commodities duty-free, because Germany cannot pay we must give the same per- them. Was ever a more foolmission to our German enemies. ish argument advanced? Of Wbioh is absurd. And that is course Germany oannot pay all not the worst: we must saori. that will be demanded of her fice all that we have of patriot- on the nail. But she oan pay ism and national character; the interest on her debt, and we must beoome frankly inter- she can create a sinking fund. national, without hope and Only a year before this war without pride. And if we dare broke out, certain towns in to assert ourselves, to boast Germany paid the last instalthat we are compatriots with ment that was owing of the Shakespeare and Milton, Ger- sums demanded by Napoleon many, as leader of the League, & hundred years ago. If in will land an army at Dover, the year 2018 the Germans and maroh upon London, the have not yet paid off their more effectively to ohasten our capital debt to France and arrogance.

Belgium and England, we need However, the League of not complain. We shall have Nations will probably remain taken care that the interest is & pious aspiration. When duly paid. peace is signed the Allies There is another reason, bewill feel so strong a oonfi- sides the inherent folly of the denoe in themselves that they League of Nations, why we dewill not ask for mischievous plore Visoount Grey's sudden safeguards. They will place interposition in affairs. He is Germany in such a state that a discredited politician, and she will not be able to make if we are over again to enjoy war, even if she wishes it. the benefits of sound governAnd for themselves, they have ment, we must punish our had enough of fighting. They politicians for their misdeeds. fought to save oivilisation, As it stands at present, politios and they have saved it. is the only trade which pays What more is there for them no penalty for failure. The to do? They must be strong Radioals, who by refusing to enough to keep the wild beasts place the country in a proper of Europe properly oaged, and state of defence made war oerstern enough to prevent those tain, are showing a feverish wild beasts coming back from desire to oall attention to themtheir cage to parley with selves. An election is immi. respeotable oitizens. But to nent, and they must perforoe achieve this no League is advertise themselves and their merits to their constituents. treasure bis memory. A man They are all of them busy whose zest for life was always making speeches. Lord Hal. keen, he was cut off from the dane oannot keep silence. Mr sights and sounds which Asquith bas delivered him of a should have been his endurnoble set of eloquent platitudes. ing pleasure. So deaf was And now Viscount Grey has he that his friends could conattempted to explain what he verse with him only on means by a League of Nations. paper. And yet bis courThe explanation is not remark. age never faltered; he never able; it is remarkable that it yielded to depression. Hamshould have been made at all; pered 88 he was, he was and we can only advise our always of a stoat and cheerreaders to turn to the revela- ful heart. Suffering from such tions of Prince Liohnowsky, affliotions as would have overand ask themselves whether whelmed the most of men, he the politician who surrendered preserved unto the end & 80 many British interests to the praiseworthy aspeot of pride, Germans is entitled to a hearing even of arrogance. As we look on any subjeot even remotely baok upon him, and recall the oonnected with foreign affairs. many hours we have spent

with him in vigorous talk, we We regret to record the forget that the sense of hear. death of Mr Clifton Collins, ing was denied him, and rean old and faithful con- member only his quick arga. tributor to 'Blackwood's ment and eloquent discourse. Magazine.' He wrote on many Educated at Oxford, he chose subjects, and always with dis. Cambridge in his riper years, tinotion. He discoursed of the and was a loyal friend to the Pytohley Country and of University, which be had Cookery, of the Cambridge adopted as his own. So soruApostles and Holland House ; pulous was he in preserving and in whatever he wrote his anonymity, that he rehe displayed a profound know. frained from signing his excel. ledge of history and a keen lent artioles, and left no other sense of style. A sound proof of his scholarship behind scholar, he devoted himself him than two little books on to the study of Greek; and Plato and Sophocles. It is, we have it, on the authority therefore, all the more our of one of the most erudite genuine pleasure and our men of our generation, that bounden duty to record in the Clifton Collins had no rival Magazine, 'in which he always in the exposition of Plato. professed the liveliest interest, And yet it is for what he our respeot for his learning, was rather than for what he and our admiration of his wrote that we shall always character.

Printed by William Blackwood and Sons.

This is the Original Edition printed in Edinburgh and issued in America

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