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who are often men of no learning, or, what is as fearful of doing what may look singular in the bud, of vo kaowledge. I shall not enlarge upon company where he is engaged. He falls in w.ti thi hint; but, if you think any thing can be made ibe torrent, and lets himself go to every actio e or it, I shall set about it with all the pains and discoure, however un justitiable in itself, so it so *pplication that so theful a work deserves. in vogue among the preseot party. This, thong • I am ever,

one of the most common, is one of the most ndo Most worthy sie, &c.' lon di-positions in human nature, that men shor ADDISON.

not be ashamed of speaking or acting in a diet or irrational manner, but that one who is in the company should be ashamed of governing búir".

by the principles of reason and virtne. N° 458. FRIDAY, AUGUST 15, 1712. in the second place, we are to coosider fans

modesty, as it restrains a man from doing what Aula; nayeen

good and laudable. My reader's own thougsts. HES.

sugge-! to himn many instances and eram; le groupe Pudor mal

this head. I shall only duell upon one reflects HOR

which I cannot make without a secret cober False modesty.

We have in England a particular bashfulness

every thing that regards religion. A well-by. I Corld Bot but smile at the account that was ves. man is obliged to conceal any serious seatinente terday guen me of a modest young gentleman, this nature, and very often to appear a great wbo, being invited to an entertainment, though he libertine than be is, that be may keep bimseti was not used to drink, had not the confidence to countenance anong the men of mode. Orreras refuse his glas in his turn, when on a sudden be of mode ty makes us shame-faced in ali ne is. grew so tlustered, that he took all the talk of the ercises of piety and devotion. This humour pa. table into his own hands, abused every one of the vaibs upon us daily; insomuch that, at many of company, and thung a bottle at the gentleman's bred tables, the master of the boue is so very bead who treated him. This has given me occasion dest a man, that he has not the confidence to say to reflect mpon the ill effects of a vicious modests, grace at bis own table: a custom which is not on and to reinember the saying of Brutus, as it is practised by all the nations about us, but was nese quoted by Plutarcb, that the person has had but omitted by the heathens themselves. English noun an ill education, who has not been taught to deny temen, wbo travel into Roman-catholic coup3 any thing.' This false kind of modesty has, per. are not a little surprised to meet with people haps, betraved both sexes into as many vices as the best quality kneeling in their charcho S. the most abandoned impudence; and is the more engaged in their private devotions, though it inexcusable to reason, because it acts to gratify not at the hour of public wor bip. An offices others rather than itself, and is punished with a the army, or a man of wit and pleasure, in thox kind of remorse, not only like other vicious habits countries, would be afraid of passing Dot only is when the crime is over, but even at the very time an irreligious, but an ill-bred man, sbould be bene that it is committed.

seen to go to bed, or sit down at table, wita" Nothing is more admirable than true modesty, offering up his devotions on such occaras

. Ir and nothing is more contemptible than the false. same show of religion appears in all the foresThe one guards virtue, the other betrays it. True frformed churches, and enters so much into the modesty is ashamed to do any thing that is repug- ordinary conversation, that an Englishınan is apo nant to the rule of right reason: false modesty is to term tbem hypocritical and precise. ashamed to do any thing that is opposite to the This little appearance of a religious deportm*** humour of the company. True modesty avoids in our nation, inay proceed in some measure true every thing that is criminal, false modesty every that modesty which is natural to us; but the gfet' thing that is unfashionable. The latter is only a occasion of it is certainly tbis. Those swares : general undetermined instinct ; the former is that sectaries that overran the nation in the time of the instinct, limited and circumscribed by the rules of great rebellion, carried their bypocrisy so high prudence and religion.

that they had converted our wbole language into a We may conclude that modesty to be false and jargon of enthusiasm ; insomuch that, upon the vicious which engages a man to do any thing that storation, men thought they could not recede la is ill or indiscreet, or which restrains him from far from the behaviour and practice of those per doing any thing that is of a contrary nature. How sons who had made religion a cloak to so many many men, in the common concerns of life, lend villanies. This led them into the other extreme; sumns of money which they are not able to spare, every appearance of devotion was looked upar are bound for persons whom they have but little as puritanical, and falling into the hands of friendship for, give recommendatory characters of ridiculers' who tlourished in that reiga, and almen whom they are not acquainted with, bestow tacked every thing that was serious, it has not places on those whom they do not esteem, live in since been out of countenance among as such manner as they themselves do not approve, means we are gradually fallen into that vicios and all this merely because they have not the con- modesty, which has in some measure a orn out from fidence to resist solicitation, importunity, or ex. among us the appearance of Christianity is er ample:

nary life and conversation, and which disdieguisto Nor does this false modesty expose us only to us from all our neighbours. such actions as are indiscreet, but very often to Hypocrisy cannot indeed be too much detestad, such as are highly criminal. When Xenophanes but at the same time is to be preferred to opet was called timorous, because he would not venture impiety. They are both equally destructive to the his inoney in a game at dice; 'I confess,' said he, person who is possessed with them; but, in regari * that I am exceeding timorous, for I dare not do to others, hypocrisy is not so pernicious as bar any ill thing. On the contrary, a man of vicious faced irreligion. The due mean to be observed a modesty complies with every thing, and is only to be sincerely virtuous, and at the same tax :*


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let the world see we are so.' I do not know a , Supreme Being, more endearing notions of one more dreadful menace in the holy writings, than another, and a truer state of ourselves, both in rethat which is pronounced against those who have gard to the grandeur and vileness of our natures. this perverted modesty, to be ashamed before men Fourthly, By showing us the blackness and dein a particular of such unspeakable importance. formity of vice, which in the Christian system is ADDISON.


so very great, that he who is possessed of all per-
fection, and the sovereign judge of it, is represented
by several of our divines as bating sin to the same

degree that he loves the sacred person who was N° 459. SATURDAY, AUGUST 16, 1712.

made the propitiation of it.

Fiftbly, In being the ordinary and prescribed
Quicquid dignum sapientc bonoque est. method of makiog morality effectual to salvation,

HOR. Ep. 4. 1. 1. ver. 5. I have only touched on these several heads,
What befits the wise and good.

which every one who is conversant in discourses of

this nature will easily enlarge upon in his own

thoughts, and draw conclusions from them which Religion may be considered under two general may be useful to him in the conduct of his life. heads. The first comprehends what we are to be. One I am sure is so obvious, that he cannot miss it, lieve, the other what we are to practise. By those namely, that a man cannot be perfect in his scheme

things which we are to believe, I mean whatever of morality, who does not strengthen and support for is revealed to us in the holy writings, and which it with that of the Christian faith. 7 we could not have obtained the knowledge of by Besides this, I shall lay down two or three other

the light of nature; by the things which we are to maxims which I think we may deduce from what het practise, I mean all those duties to which we are has been said.

directed by reason or natural religion The first First, That we should be particularly cautious of of these I shall distinguish by the name of faith, making any thing an article of faith, which does the second by that of morality.

not contribute to the confirmation or improvement If we look into the more serious part of man- of morality. kind, we hnd many who lay so great a stress upon Secondly, That no article of faith can be true faith, that they neglect morality; and many who and authentic, which weakens or subverts the build so much upon morality, that they do not pay practical part of religion, or what I have hitherto a due regard to faith. The perfect man should be called morality. defective in neither of these particulars, as will be Thirdly, That the greatest friend of morality or very evident to those who consider the benefits natural religion, cannot possibly apprehend any which arise from each of them, and which I shall danger from embracing Christianity, as it is premake the subject of this day's paper.

served pure and uncorrupt in the doctrines of our Notwithstanding this general division of Christian national church. duty into morality and faith, and that they have There is likewise another maxim which I think both their peculiar excellencies, the first has the may be drawn from the foregoing considerations, pre-eminence in several respects.

which is this, that we should, in all dubious points, First, Because the greatest part of morality (as consider any ill consequences that may arise from I have stated the notion of it) is of a fixed eternal them, supposing they should be erroneous, before nature, and will endure when faith shall fail, and we give up our assent to thein. be lost in conviction.

For example, In that disputable point of proseSecondly, because a person may be qualified to cuting men for conscience sake, besides the imbit. do greater good to mankind, and become more tering their minds with batred, indignation, and beneficial to the world, by morality without faith, all the vehemence of resentment, and insnaring than by faith without morality.

them to profess what they do not believe; we cut Thirdly, Because morality

gives a greater per- them off from the pleasures and advantages of sofection to human nature, by quieting the mind, ciety, afflict their bodies, distress their fortunes, moderating the passions, and advancing the happi- hurt their reputations, ruin their families, make ness of every man in bis private capacity. their lives painful, or put an end to them. Sure Fourthly, Because the rule of morality is much when I see such dreadful consequences rising from more certain than that of faith, all the civilized a principle, I would be as fully convinced of the nations of the world agreeing in the great points truth of it, as of a mathematical demonstration, of morality, as much as they differ in those of before I would venture to act upon it, or make it faith.

a part of my religion. Fifthly, Because infidelity is not of so malignant In this case the injury done our neighbour is a nature as immorality; or, to put the same reason plain and evident; the principle that puts us upon in another light, because it is generally owned, doing it, of a dubious and disputable nature. Mo

may be salvation for a virtuous ipfidel (par-rality seems highly violated by the one; and wheticularly in the case of invincible ignorance), but ther or no a zeal for what a man thinks the true none for a vicious believer.

system of faith may justify it, is very uncertain. I Sixthly, Because faith seems to draw its princi- cannot but think, if our religion produces charity pal, if not all its excellency, from the influence it as well as zeal, it will not be for showing itself by bas upon morality; as we shall see more at large, such cruel instances. But to conclude with the if we consider wherein consists the excellency of words of an excellent author *, * We have just faith, or the belief of revealed religion ; and this enough religion to make us bate but not enough to

make us love one another.' First

, in explaining, and carrying to greater beights, several points of morality.

C Secondly, Io furnishing new and stronger motives to enforce the practice of morality:

* Supposed to be Archbishop Tillotson. Thirdly, in giving us more amiable ideas of the

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I think is,




Kamil gone, and they

the sky to which he pointed, and observed a the por dete it, that at least he must be Ill-manners. mores blue prospect, which cleared as mountains in a

As dichted and despised by all, he was driven ledgm N° 460. MONDAY, AUGUST 18, 1712.

summer morning when the mists go of, and the pt

es her abusing people of merit and figure; and I been lace of Vanity appeared to sight.

walirudy resolved, that he should be used no lation

The foundation hardly seemed a foundation, berabereter they met with him hereafter.
Decipimur specie recti-

HOR. Ars Poet, ver. 95.
a set of curling clouds, which it stood upou by :

het already seen the meaning of most part of not bu

gical contrivance. The way by which we ascenes ming which he bad given, and was consi- palter Deluded by a seeming excellence. ROSCOMMON. was painted like a rainbow; and as wcwest

, te na kow ide latter words should be fulfilled,

breeze that played about us bewitched the con i sighty poise was heard without, and the the ex Our defects and follies are too often unknown to The walls were gilded all for show; the lowes ra blackened by a numerous train of har- upon i us ; nay, they are so far from being kuown to us, of pillars were of the slight tine Corinthian orto

teeding in apon us. Folly and Broken-cre. accou that they pass for demonstrations of our worth. and the top of the building being rounded, bete *spp tien in the house before they entered. dresse This makes us easy in the midst of thein, fond to far the resemblance of a bubble.

#Shame, Infamy, Scorn, and Poverty, cult to show them, fond to improve in them, and to be

At the gate the rravellers neither met wild a po sa ap the rear. Vanity, with her Cupid and a mira esteemed for them. Then it is that a thousand un- ter, nor waited till one should appear; cum, disappeared ; her subjects ran into holes vice c accountable conceits, gay inventions, and extra- thought his merits a sufficient passport, and prodaliers; but many of them were found and dertak vagant actions, must afford us pleasures, and display forward. In the hall we met with several part of las I was told by one who stood near and 10 us to others in the colours which we ourselves take toms, that roved amongst us, and ranged the consider ta prisons or cellars, solitude or little it. W a fancy to glory in. Indeed there is something so pany according to their sentiments. These 3, the mean arts or the viler crafts of life, mano amusing for the time in this state of vanity and decreasing Honour, that had nothing to stop and is the added he with a disdainful air, are of the ill-grounded satisfaction, that even

the wiser but an oid coat of his ancestor's achievement and would fondly live here, when their merits be me world has chosen an exalted word to describe its There was Ostentation, that made himself ben mebed the Instre of the place, nor their Allow enchantments, and called it, The Paradise of constant subject, and Gallantry strutting upon serpenses

. We have seen such scenes as may n Fools.'


At the upper end of the bill you se ne vrare row ; the glory you saw will all return sent p Perhaps the latter part of this reflection may throne, whose canopy glittered with other han de bury is over. ' I thanked him for his seem a false thought of some, and bear another riches that Gaiety could contrive to da vida en la maison, and believing him so incorrigible lasing on none of my business to look after it, who ain going in the peacock's feathers, and acknowledge is ad to the door

, and overtook some fen

; to confess chat I have been lately amongst them in anotlier Venus by her votaries. The boy who won conegh they would not hearken som platna a vision.

beside her for a Cupid, and who made the As, Tere now terrified to good purpose by the Methought I was transported to a hill, green, to bow efore her, was called Self-conceil.

He of others. Dat when they had touched flowery, and of an easy ascent, Upon the broad eyes had every now and then a cast ioward to raid, it was a strange shock to them to top of it resided squint-eyed Error, and Popu- neglect of all objects about biin; and the one lar Opinion with many heads; two that dealt in which he inade use of for conques, verbetering served the building to hang af dete ubetyg

N° sorcery, and were famous for bewitching people from those against whom he had a desi bou any real foundations de vie with the love of themselves. To these repaired a

arrow which he shot at the soldier, was leping but a desperate leap remained for us, multitude from every side, by two different paths from his own plume of feathers; the dart hepala Desand times blamed my unmeaning co. which lead towards each of them. Some who had rected against the man of wit, was winged in het had brought me into so much danger. the most assuming air, went directly of themselves the quills be writ with; and that which he sala de began to sink lower in their own minds, to Error, without expecting a conductor; others of against those who presumed upoo their riches the palace sunk along with us, till they from whepce, as she influenced and engaged them nets for statesınen from their own contrivaton have for themselves; then the part of the ro a softer nature went first to Popular Opinion, headed with gold out of their treasuries. He akored at the dye point of esteem which they FOR with their own praises, she delivered them over to be took fire from the eyes of ladies, with wbic regia which they stood touched the earth, lish cc his government.

melted their hearts; and lightning from the 100.000 de departing out, it retired from our eyes. lettere summit where Opinion abode, we found her enter- glories. At the foot of the throne sat three las duis descent, I cannot tell; it was then upon

When we had ascended to an open part of the of the eloquent, to intlame them with their est
taiping several who had arrived before iis.
one : every one thought he heard of something that plied themselves to secure the conquests which fes following the suggestions of Vanity*.
spoke. She seemed to have a tongue for every changing the posture of her clothes. Tie tot dies life to reflect upon the fatal conse-day b
voice was pleasing ; she breathed odours as she with a mirror to practise at, and Fashian ne

shall was valuable in himself, and expected a paradise conceit had gotten, and bad cach of them then

which she promised as the reward of his merit. particular polities. Flattery gave new colossal
bring us where it was to be bestowed : and it was appearances, which, as she said, were not sugalla certains enormity, which is chiefly in
Thus were we drawn to follow her, till she should complexions to all things; Affectation des ainud
was either praising themselves for their qualifica- and added some foreign external beauties
observable, that all the way we went, the company and Fashion both concealed some home delas
tions, or one another for those qualitications which
the took to be conspicuous in their own charac-voice in the crowd bemoaning the condition

As I was reflecting upon what I saw, I heardo
ters, or dispraising oihers for wanting theirs, or
vying in the degrees of them,

Opinion, deluded by Error, fired by Self-cours. yeh y atterly inconsistent with the duty humor

"Per of our entering into those religious partie of which Error was scated. The trees were thick Vanity, till Scorn or Poverty come to At last we approached a bower, at the entrance and given up to be trained in all the course

These expressions were no sooner handed about proper behaviour in theatres, may be You woven, and the place where he sat artfully con. trived to darken him a little. He was disguised but I immediately saw a general disonder, tult in a whitish robe, which he had put on, that he last there was a parting in one place, and a gran Inight appear to us with a nearer resemblance to old man, decent and resolute, was led forward

a of the first quality, of the nearest tion, Truth: and as she has a light whereby she mani, be punished for the words he had ultered. He

bet koowing as it were, and unknown, tator adorers, so he had provided hiinself with a magical but I could not observe that all one køle fests the beauties of nature to the eyes of ber peared inclined to have spoken in his one deles, wand, that he might do something in imitation of to hear him. Vanity cast a scorufalstnil z tko,

Autoring their minds more suitably and lished it, and please with delusions. This he lifted so-Self-conceit was angry; Flattery, who kati lemnly, and muttering to himself, bid the glories for Plain dealing, put on a wizard, and leri which he kept under enchantment to appear before away ; Affectation tossed ber fan, made nos


erle ther they who stayed in the palace were occas

is that they were not. However it pieces A ti trenu broke up at it, and has given me day's

Her graces ; Flattery with a shell of paint; Afectation

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FLETI to you to desire, that you would again +

Be be politer and better-bred part of man-
Niezan tae ceremonies, bows, curtsies, wbis- \ • You

eleswinks, nods, with other familiar while Alkalion, which take up in our churches

persus better employed, and whilst


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mankind, which is thus managed by the beats

The resemblance which this bears to mour,

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Le state of its incongruity in the above-men- all yo en la Roman Catholic churches and ceive

stored, I myself bave observed, more than that - ad intimatest acquaintance, passing by we ha a little notice of each other, that it


yester Ns. Imediately we cast our eyes on that part of and called him Eavy or Slinder; and I

Aurtea by Dr. Parnell. See also No 01.



would have it, that at least he must be Ill-manners. / more solemnly engaged ; at least it was an acknow. Thus slighted and despised by all, he was driven ledgment that they ought to have been so. I have out for abusing people of merit and figure; and I been told the same even of the Mahometans, with reheard it firmly resolved, that he should be used no lation to the propriety of their demeanour in the better wherever they met with him hereafter. conventions of their erroneous worship : and I can

I had already seen the meaning of most part of not but think either of them sufficient and laudable that warning which he bad given, and was consi- patterns of our imitation in this particular. dering how the latter words should be fulfilled, I cannot help, upon this occasion, remarking on when a mighty noise was heard without, and the the excellent memories of those devotionists, who, door was blackened by a numerous train of har. upon returning from church, shall give a particular pies crowding in upon us. Folly and Broken-cre- account how two or three hundred people were dit were seen in the house before they entered. dresseil : a thing, by reason of its variety, so diffiTrouble, Shame, Infamy, Scorn, and Poverty, cult to be digested and fixed in the head, that it is brought up the rear. Vanity, with her Cupid and a miracle to me bow two poor hours of divine ser. Graces, disappeared ; her subjects ran into holes vice can be time sufficient for so elaborate an unand corners; but many of them were found and dertaking, the duty of the place too being jointly, carried off (as I was told by one who stood near and no doubt oft pathetically, performed along with me) either to prisons or cellars, solitude or little it. Where it is said i 1 sacred writ, that“ the wocompany, the mean arts or the viler crafts of life. man ought to have a covering on her head because * But these,' added he with a disdainful air, ' are of the angels,” that last word is by some thought to such who would fondly live here, when their merits be metaphorically used, and to signify young men. neither matched the lustre of the place, nor their Allowing this interpretation to be right, the text riches its expenses.

We have seen such sceney as may not appear to be wholly foreign to our prethese before now; the glory you saw will all return sent purpose. when the burry is over.' I thanked him for his • When you are in a disposition proper for writ. information, and believing him so incorrigible as ing on such a subject, I earnestly recommend this that he would stay till it was his turn to be taken, to you; and am, I made off to the door, and overtook some few, who, though they would not hearken to Plain

. Your very humble servant.' dealing, were now terrified to good purpose by the

T. exanple of others. But when they had touched the tbreshold, it was a strange shock to them to find that the delusion of Error was gone, and they plainly discerned the building to hang a little up in

N° 461. TUESDAY, AUGUST 19, 1712. the air without any real foundation. At first we daw nothing but a desperate leap remained for us, Sed non ego credulus illis. and I a thousand times blamed my unmeaning cu.

VIRG. Ecl. ix. ver. 34 riosity that had brought me into so much danger. But I discern their flatı'ry from their praise. But as they began to sink lower in their own minds,

DRYDEN. methought the palace sunk along with us, till they were arrived ai the due point of esteem which they For want of time to substitute something else in ought to have for themselves; then the part of the room of them, I am at present obliged to pubthe building in which they stood touched the earth, lish compliments above my desert in the following and we departing out, it retired from our eyes. letters. It is no sinall satisfaction to have given Now, whether they who stayed in the palace were occasion to ingenious men to employ their thoughts sensible of this descent, I cannot tell; it was then upon sacred subjects from the approbation of such my opinion that they were


However it pieces of poetry as they have seen in my Saturbe, my dream broke up at it, and has given me day's papers. I shall never publish verse on that occasion all my life to reflect upon the fatal conse- day but what is written by the same hand *; yet quences of following the suggestions of Vanity*. shall I not accompany those writings with eulo.

giums, but leave them to speak for themselves. * MR. SPECTATOR, I WRITE to you to desire, that you would again +

FOR THE SPECTATOR. louch upon a certai, enormity, which is chiefly in He among the politer and better-bred part of man- MR. SPECTATOR, kind; I mean the ceremonies, bows, curtsies, whis- | · You very much promote the interests of virtue, perings, smiles, winks, nods, with other familiar while you reform the taste of a profane age; and arts of salutation, which take up in our churches persuade us to be entertained with divine poems, so much time, that might be better employed, and whilst we are disting ished by so many thousand which seem so utterly inconsistent with the duty humours, and split into so many different sects and and true intent of our entering into those religious parties ; set persons of every party, sect, and byeinblies. The resemblance which this bears to

mour, are fond of conforming their taste to yours. our indeed proper behaviour in theatres, may be You can transfuse your own relish of a poem into some instance of its incongruity in the above-men- all your readers, according to their capacity to retioned places. In Roman catholic churches and ceive; and when you recommend the pious passion chapels abroad, I myself have observed, more than that reigns in the verse, we seem to feel the desconce, persons of the first quality, of the nearest tion, and grow proud and pleased inwardly, that relation, and intimatest acquaintance, passing by we have so als capable of relishing what the Specone another unknowing as it were, and unknown, tator approves. and with so little notice of each other, that it

. Upon reading the hymns that you have pub looked like having their minds more suitably and lished in some late papers, I had it inind to try

yesterday whether I could write one. The cxivih * This vision was written by Dr. Parnell. See also N° 501. + See No 259.




554 psalm appears to me an admirable ode, and 1, lewdness, and debauchery, are not now quisca. eating. The author of the following letter | a stat began to turn it into our language. As I was tions; and a man may be a very fine gentlema,

Cota de oatter so high, as to intimate that the and d

benepist of England have been at the mercy of a it was describing the journey of Israel from Egypt, and though he is neither a keeper, nor an inidel. added the divine presence ainongst them, I per- I would have you tell the town the story of the fazterely as he was of this pleasant character. familceived a beauty in this psalın, which was entirely Sibyls, if they deny giving you two-pence. 1.4


natur new to me, and which I was going to lose ; and thein know, that those sacred papers were said that is, that the poet utterly conceals the jisesence at the same rate after two-thirds of them were de fogas i na one pas-ion which all mankind so know

stalls give into as pride, nor any other passion great of God in the beginning of it, and rather lets' a stroyed, as when there was the whole set. There possessive pronoun go without a substantive, than are so many of us who will give you your own ter appears in such different disguises. It is to not 22 he will so much as mention any thing of divinity price, that you nay acquaint your non-conformist realia all dabits and complexions. Is it not whold


, wherber it does more harm or good in fools there.. “ Judah was bis sanctuary, and Israel his readers, that they shall not have it, except they

und; and if there he not such a thing as what with dominion, or kingdom." The reason now seems come in within such a day, under three-pence. ! evident, and this conduct necessary: for, if God do not know but you might bring in the Date olen ray call a virtuous and landable pride? and had appeared before, there could be no wonder lum Belisario with a good grace. The willing ' is this passion alone, when misapplied, that word why the mountains should leap, and the sea re- come in clusters to two or three coffee houses uu bila 18 y apen to datterers; and he who can agree. be se tire; therefore that this convulsion of nature may have left you off'; and I hope you will enake Binsdeccal to sooth our bumour or tenper, hinc be brought in with due surprise, his name is not who fine to your wit, merry with their characten Eluat an open avenue to our soul; especially ginalinentioned till afterward, and then with a very who stand out against it.

{ se kterer bappen to be our superior. plec agrecable turn of thought God is introduced at

'I am your most humble servant.

ile night give inany instances of this in a late rible

getarch, under the title of " The Gaieties This once in all his majesty. This is what I have at. tempted to imitate in a translation without para- P. S. I have lately got the ingenious authors el Le Carles II.". This prince was by nature cory phrase, and to preserve what I could of the spirit blacking for shoes, powder for colouring the hair care familiar, of very easy access, and much requ of the sacred author.

and to see and be seen; and this happy tempomatum for the hands, cosmetic for the face, b:

r. sich in the highest degree gratified his If the following essay be not too incorrigible, be your constant customers ; so that your adverize bestow upon it a few brightenings from your ge- ments will as much adorn the nutward man, as your ryti vanits, did him more service with his lovnius, that I may learn how to write better, or to

1 tees than all his other virtues, though it

paper does the inward,' write no more.


aux de confessed the bad many. He delighted, STEELE. 'Your daily admirer and

mighty king, to give and take a jest, as humble servant, &c.'

: and a prince of this foriunate disposi-


i sta were inclined to make an ill use of his N° 462. WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 20, 1712.

psy, may have any thinof his people, be it PSALM CXIV.

to a mach to their prejudice. But this good

Smile generally a very innocent use, as to the “When Israel, frced from Pharaoh's hand, Left the proud tyrant and his land,

af fais insaaring temper; for, it is well The tribes with cheerful homage own

2. te pursord pleasnre more than ambition. Their king, and Judah was his tlirone.

kened to glory in being the first man at cockAcross the deep their journey lay,

2:30, borx-ruces, balls, and plays: he appeared The deep divides to make them way;

PEOPLE are not aware of the very great forte delighted on those occasions, and never The streams of Jordan saw, and fied

which pleasantry in company has upon all the otan and gladden the heart of every With backward current to their head.

with whom a man of that talent converses HS The mountains shook like frighted sheep,

faults are generally overlooked by all his acaan of London on their lord-mayor's day, and Like lambs the little hillocks leap; Not Sinai on her base could stand,

tance, and a certain carelessness, that contas!! Conscious of sov'reign pow'r at hand.

attends all his actions, carries him on with greater What power could make the deep divide ?

success, than diligerce and assiduity dor: ale Make Jordan backward roll his tide?

breaks his word upon all occasions, both the lin by his prince, and through the

who have no share of this endowment. Dacinta
Why did ye leap, ye little bills?
And whence the right that Sinai feels?

und important; and, when he is sufficiently in the was in with continual toasting health Let ev'ry mountain, ev'ry flood,

at for that abominable
Retire, and kllow th'approaching God,
him end with. After all, he is a very pleasant fer

as The King of Israel. See him here:

low.' Dacinthus is an ill-natured husband, 25 graceful in 50 public a place. The Tremble thou earth, adore, and fear.

yet the very women end their freedom of discoted very well bow to extricate himself He thunders--and all nature mourns:

I th
The rock 10 standing pools he turns.

sant company.' Dacinthus is De ther, in paire
des to avoid ceremony, stole off and made

pret Flints spring with fountains at his word,

thos And fires and seas confess their Lord *."


Nil cgo pratulerim jucundo sinus amico.

HOR. Sat. v. II. ra. #
Nothing so grateful as a pleasant friend.

tan. He more than once diged with his good

wig te vear that Sir Robert Viner was mayor. Sir LET: W2; 2 very loyal man, and, if you will ala the expre:ion, very fonil of his sovereign;

what with the joy he felt at heart for the ho

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al family, his lordsnip grew a little for:d s objets, and entered into a familiarity not

Iw Ho!

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pat ads of difficulties, and, with au hint to the

ар duce

upon this subject, ‘But, after all, he is very plea
honour, civility, good-breeding, nor good-catur,
unexceptionable ; and yet all is answered, " Ia
he is a very pleasant fellow. When this quality s
conspicuous in a man who has, to accoop2 *,

za bis couch, which stood ready for him in beradi-yard. But the mayor liked his company as and was grown so intimate, that he purel on bastils, and catching him fast by the bies erind out with a veheinent oath and accent,

leita hall stay and take t'other bottle." The

Pola search looked kindly at him over his shoulsed with a simile and graceful air (for I saw

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plum at the time, and do now) repeated this line of Stone

forne 1675



MR. SPECTATOR, THERE are those who take the advantage of your manly and virtuous sentiments, there cannot putting a halfpenny value upon yourself above the tainly be any thing wbich can give so pleasing rest of our daily writers, to defaine you in public gratification as the gaiety of such a person: conversation, and strive to make you unpopular when it is alone, and serves only to gild a cual upon the account of this said halfpenny. But, if of ill qualities, there is no man so much to I were you, I would insist upon that small acknow avoided as your pleasant fellow, A very please ledgment for the superior merit of yours, as being fellow sball turn your good name to a jest, a a work of invertion. Give me leave, therefore, your character contemptible, debauch your wife cannot yourself, which is, that your writings have world with welcome wherever he appears. to do you justice, and say in your behalf, what you or daughter, and yet be received by the rest of the made learning a more recessary part of good- very ordinary with those of this character ta & breeding than it was before yoll appeared: that attentive only to their own satisfactions, and are tuudesty has become fashionable, and inpudence "very little bowels for the concerus of somas stands in need of some wit, since you have put other vien; bay, they are capable of parke them both in their proper liglits.

Profaneness, their own pleasures at the expense of ginap:
• By Dr. Watts,

to others. But they who do not consider the soft
meu thus carefully, are irresistibly erect to the

of Mani

la bat in drunk is as great as a king," ezzediately returned back and complied with

cut ve yaa this story, Mr. Spectator, because, by be

you ante, and yet no common one; and when I

de sequel, you will say I have a better

ان 17

telew the passage ; and I assure



it. This very mayor afterwards erected


med mon

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