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insinuations. The author of the following letter a statue of his merry rnonarch in Stocks-market *, carries the matter so high, as to intimate that the and did the crown many and great services; and liberties of England have been at the mercy of a it was owing to this humour of the king, that his prince merely as he was of this pleasant character. family had so great a fortune shut up in the exche.

quer of their pleasant sovereign. The many good. MR. SPECTATOR,

natured condescensions of this prince are vulgarly “There is no one passion which all mankiud so known; and it is excellently said of hiin by a naturally give into as pride, nor any other passion great hand + which writ his character, that he was which appears in such different disguises. It is to not a king a quarter of an hour together in his be found in all habits and complexions. Is it not whole reign. He would receive visits even from a question, whether it does more harm or good in fools and half madmen; and at times I have met the world ; and if there be not such a thing as what with people who have boxed, fought at back-sword, we may call a virtuous avd laudable pride? and taken poison, before King Charles II.

'It is this passion alone, when misapplied, that word, he was so pleasant a man, that no one could lays us so open to flatterers; and he who can agree- be sorrowful under his government. This made ably condescend to sooth our humour or tenper, in capable of bafiling, with the greatest ease imafinds always an open avenue to our soul; especially ginable, all suggestions of jealousy; and the peoif the flatterer happen to be our superior.

ple could not entertain notions of any thing terOne might give many instances of this in a late rible in him whom they saw every way agreeable. English monarch, under the title of “ The Gaieties This scrap of the familiar part of that prince's hisof King Charles II.” This prince was by nature tory I thought tit to send you, in compliance to the extremely familiar, of very easy access, and much request you lately made to your correspondents. delighted to see and be seen; and this happy tem

'I , SIR, per, which in the highest degree gratified his

"Your most humble servant.' people's vanity, did him more service with his lov

STEELE.

T. ing subjects than all his other virtues, though it must be confessed the bad many. He delighted, though a mighty king, to give and take a jest, as

N° 463. THURSDAY, AUGUST 21, 1712. they say: and a prince of this fortunate disposition, who were inclined to make an ill use of his

Omnia que sensu rolvuntur vota diurno, power, may have any thin; of his people, be it

Pectore sopito reddit amica quies. never so much to their prejudice. But this good Venator defesyn loro cum membru reponit, king made generally a very innocent use, as to the

Mens tanen at sylvas et sua lustra redil: public, of this insnaring temper; for, it is well

Judicibus lites, auriga somnia currus,

Vannyue nocturnis meta cauetur cquis. known, he pursued pleasnre more than ambition.

Me quoquc Musarum studium sub nocte silenti He seemed to glory in being the first man at cock- Artibus assuctis sollicitare solet.

CLAUD. matches, horse-races, balls, and plays: he appeared highly delighted on those occasions, and never In sleep, when fancy is let loose to play, failed to warm and gladden the heart of every

Our dreams repeat the wishes of the day.

Though further toil his tired limbs refuse, spectator. He more than once dined with his good

The dreamning hunter still the chase pursues. citizens of London on their lord-mayor's day, and The judge a bed dispenses still the laws, did so the year that Sir Robert Viner was mayor. Sir

And sleeps again o'er the unfinish'd cause.

The dozing racer bears his chariot roll, Robert was a very loyal man, and, if you will al

Smacks the vain-whip, and shuns the fancy'd goal. low the expression, very fond of his sovereign ; Me too the Moses, in the silent night, but, what with the joy he felt at heart for the ho- With wonted chines of jingling verse delight. pour done bim by bis prince, and through the warmth he was in with continual toasting healths

I was lately entertaining myself with comparing

Homer's balance, in which Jupiter is represented to the royal family, his lordship grew a little fond of his majesty, and entered into a familiarity not

as weighing the fates of Hector and Achilles, with altogether so graceful in so public a place. The

a passage of Virgil, wherein that deity is intro. king understood very well how to extricate himself duced as weighing the fates of Turnus and Æneas. in all kinds of difficulties, and, with an lint to the prevailed in the eastern parts of the world, as in

I then considered how the same way of thinking company to avoid ceremony, stole off and made those noble passages of scripture, wherein we are towards' bis coach, which stood ready for him in Guildhall-yard. But the mayor liked his company

told that the great king of Babylon, the day before $0 well, and was grown so intimate, that he pur

* This equestrian statue was originally made for John Sosued him hastily, and catching him fast by the bieski, King of Poland, but by some accident it had been hand, cried out with a veheinent oath and accent, left on the workman's hands. To save time and expense, the “. Sir, you shall stay and take t'other bottle.” The Polander was converted into a Britain, and the Turk under

neath his horse into Oliver Cromwell, to complete the comairy monarch looked kindly at him over his shoul- pliment. Unfortunately, the turban on the Turk's head was der, and with a sinile and graceful air (for I saw overlooked, and left an undeniable proof of this story. See liin at the time, and do now) repeated this line of Stow's Survey, &c. ed. 1755, vol. I. p. 517. This statue,

formed of white marble, was erected on a neat conduit, in
1675; but when, in 1735, the city-council fixed on Stocks.

market for the site of a house of residence for the lord-mayors " He that is drunk is as great as a king,”

of London, the statue was removed, to make way for the

Mansion-bouse: the first stone of which was laid October 25, and immediately returned back and complied with

1739, by Micajah Perry, Esq. then lord-mayor.-On the 28th
of May, 1779, Robert Viner, Esq. applied to the court of

common council to have this statue (which had been erected * I give you this story, Mr. Spectator, because, by his ancestor) delivered to him for his use; and the court as I said, I saw the passage ; and I assure you it complied will the request. Where it is now, we do not

very true, and yet no common one; and when I tell you the sequel, you will say I have a better

+ Sheffield, Duke of Buckingham, said, that on pre

meditation Charles IL could not act the part of a king for a reason for it. This very mayor afterwards erected moment.'

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the old song,

his landlord.

is

a ver

his death, had been weighed in the balance, and seeing a little glittering weight lie by me, I threw so raising one of the weights, I saw the fondne been found wanting. In other places of the holy it accidentally into the other scale, wher, to my ta 'TEL *engraven on it in capital letters. dle con writings, the Alinighty is described as weighing the great surprise, it proved so exact a counterpoise, al clay olher experiments; and, though I impro mountains in scales, making the weight for the that it kept the balance in an equilibrium. This a se races for them all in this day's specula- it is i winds, knowing the balancings of the clouds; and little glittering weight was inscribed upon the ale perhaps reserve them for another. I knowl in others, as weighing the actions of men, and lay- edges of it with the word ' vanity, I found there non add thai, upon my awaking, I was sorry Agur ing their calamities together in a balance. Milton, were several other weights which were equally ikatooden scalas vanished; but resolved for it is i ils I have observed in a former paperi, had an heavy, and exact counterpoises to one another: 8 me to learn this lesson from them, not to requir eye to several of these foregoing instances in that few of them I tried, as avarice and poverty, riches meer vulae any things for their appearances, Remo beautiful description, wherein he represents the and content, with some others,

antigdale my esteem and passions towards neithe archangel and the evil spirit as addressing them- There were likewise several weights that were aandag tu their real and intrinsic value. venier selves for the combat, but parted by the balance of the same figure, and seemed to correspond

c. say, V which appeared in the heavens, and weighed the with each otber, but were entirely different when

and ta consequences of such a battle. thrown into the scales: as religion and hypocrisy,

Is! pedantry and learning, wit and vivacity, supersti

144. FRIDAY, AUGUST 22, 1712. • Tb'Eternal, to prevent such borrid fray, tion and devotion, gravity and wisdom, with many

play Hung forth in Heav'nı his golden scales, yet scen others.

seems Betwixt Astrea and the Scorpion sign; Wherein all things created first he weigh',

I observed one particular weight lettered on cutan quisquis mediocritatem

stw care chaoleti

thoug The pendulous round earth, with balanc'd air, both sicies; and, upon applying myself to the read

deci, care incidenda

discou In counterpoise, now ponders all events,

ing of it, I found on one side written, 'In the

Strius aula.

and p Battles and realms; in these he put to weights, The sequel each of parting and of tight. dialect of men,' and underneath it, ' Calamities:

HOR. Od. x. 1.2 ver. 5.

Ch The latter quick up fiew, and kick'd the beam:

on the other side was written, In the language of

The mean, as she's too nice to dwell

and Which Gavriel spying, thus bespake the fiend :

Leck the ruins of a filtby cell,

the gods,' and underneath, Blessings.' 1 fsond "Satan, I know thy strength, and thou know'st mine: Neither our own, but giv'n. What folly then

the intrinsic value of this weight to be much greate

a sus the eary of a prineely seat.

upon To boast what arins can do, since thine no more than I imagined, for it overpowered Health,

NORRIS Than Heav'n permits; nor mine, though doubled now

Wealth, Good-fortune, and many other weights

, 'To trample thee as mirel for proof look up, And read thy lot in yon celestial sign,

which were much more ponderous in my hand thu

kim old Greek or Latin author, that is follor Where thou art weigh'd. and shown low light, how weak,

the other.

er spor, and which I have never met with by his If thou resist." The fiend look'd up, and knew

There is a saying among the Scotch, that ar
His mounted scale aloft ; nor more; but fied
Murm'ring, and with him fled the shades of night.'

ounce of mother-wit is worth a pound of clergy

, I was sensible of the truth of this saying, when I

poverty;' or, to give it in the verbal traps when These several amusing thoughts, having taken Paris, and that of Learning. The observatione

saw the difference between the weight of Natural possession of my mind some time before I went to ,

me a new field of discoveries; for, notwithstand to concealed by poverty. Every man's Jupit of vision. I was, methought, replaced in my study, and seated in my elbow-chair, where I had indulged the foregoing speculations, with my lamp | I put Learning into the same scale with it. I re; and, I think, we cannot find a more much

than that of Learning, I observed that it weighed

an hundred times heavier than it did before, whethed, if not entirely hidden, by means of condi Whilst I was bere medi- made the same observation upon Faith and Me vices, as

years

Ssbandesty withal as great,

some

first temp

a vederfully pleased when I meet with any peara

saimn. Of this kind is a beautiful saying of rie reça: Vice is covered by wealth, and vir- house

Leong then there are some who have their soon

some ideas, raised

in my imagination a very odd

probare sercral faults and defects that are and l

cating on several subjects of morality, and consi- rating sa Por, notwithstanding the later consentono
materials for those discourses with which it daily there raditional weight from its conjunction would
golden
scales hanging by a chain of the same metal phenomenon showed itself in other parties

en

in Wit and Judgment, Philosophy and Religios

facription of a poor man, whose merits his he

a bois poverty, than that in the words of tered RIB: 'There was a little city, and few da it; and there came a great king against woma

seged it, and built great bulwarks against have se late was found in it a poor wise man, and from

ha visdom, delivered the city: yet no man made Le is better than Sireogth; nevertheless, the repre eh wisdora is despised, and his words are driver

de condition seems to be the most ad- that petelt situated for the gaining of wisdom. suppl too our thoughts too much

upon

the tror wants, and riches upon our enjoying likew

er and, as Cowley has said in another which the lo hard for a man to keep a steady eye their

As a dream seldorn fails of dashing serioides

crous nature, by one of which I found that an a

over the table that stood before me; when, on a sudden, there were great heaps of weights thrown Justice and Humanity, Zeal and Charity, depth of feed that same poor man. Then said I, on the down on each side of them. I found, upon exa- Sense and perspicuity of Style, with insureradle mining these weights, they showed the value of other particulars too long to be mentioned in the every thing that is in esteem among men,

I inade an essay of them, by puttiog the weight of wisdom paper.

and in one scale, and that of riches in another; upon with impertinence, mirth with gravity, metbuat which the latter, to show its comparative lightness, I made several other experiments of a more ladie immediately flew up, and kicked the beam.

sup- nienc But, before I proceed, I must inform my reader, lish octavo was very often heavier than a Freach that these weights did not exert their natural gra- folio; and, by another, that an old Greek or Latis vity, till they were laid in the golden balance, in- , author weighed down a whole library of moderna

kbo always in a battle, or a tri servit Fomuch that I could not guess which was light or Seeing one of my Spectators lying by me, I laid it

tad poverty and wealth, as they are for b

and i heavy, whilst I held them in iny hand. This I found into one of the scales, and flung a two-penny piece by several instances; for, upon my laying a weight into the other. The reader will not inquire in in one of the scales, which was inscribed by the the event, if he remembers the first trial whid! word ' eternity,' though I threw in that of time, have recorded in this paper, I afterwards three prosperity, affliction, wealth, poverty, interest, both the sexes into the balance; but, as it is say success, with many other weights, which in my for my interest band seemed very ponderous, they were not able desire to be excused from telling the result of the to stir the opposite balance; nor could they have experiment, Having an opportunity of this earlie

lots of the rich, On the con- gods, prevailed, though assisted with the weight of the in my hands, I could not forbear throwing inte Upon emptying the scales, I laid several titles

one scale tbe principles of a tery, and into the
other those of a whig; but as I bave all along to

a. Paches expose a man to pride and Weights of the like nature, in one of them; and desire to be silent under this head alo, tag

clared this to be a neutral paper, I shall likeris

wa chation of heart, and too great a men

great

disoblige either of there, I waz!

Price virtues or vices in the mind of inan, Chrei
Retre that there is a set of each of these resto

poverty, quite different from that veyer Sen but of wealth. Humility and patience, faino

emperance, are very often the good this v SK pour inan. Humanity and good to ma

Anity and a sense of honour, are as one 1 atly in spi to betray a man into envy, time! **Tupance; poverty is too often attended undes

compliance, repining, murmur, dents,

sun, the stars, and the earth.
and honours, with pomps, triumphs, and many

• No 321,

• See N° 459.

la Daniel, v.

fices;

who

upon examining one of the weights, I saw the fondness for the present world. In short, the midword “ TEKEL * 'engraven on it in capital letters. dle condition is most eligible to the man who would

I made many other experiments; and, though I improve himself in virtue, as I have before shown have not room for them all in this day's specula- it is the most advantageous for the gaining of tion, I may perhaps reserve them for another. I knowledge. It was upon this consideration that shall only add that, upon any awaking, I was sorry | Agur founded his prayer, which for the wisdorn of to find my golden scales vanished; but resolved for it is recorded in holy writ: 'Two things have I the future to learn this lesson from them, not to required of thee; deny me them not before I die. de pise or value any things for their appearances, Remove far from me vanity and lies; give me bet to regulate my esteem and passions towards neither poverty nor riches; feed me with food conthem according to their real and intrinsic value. venient for me: Jest I be full and deny thee, and ADDISON.

c.

say, Who is the Lord? or lest I be poor and steal, and take the name of iny God in vain.'

I shall fill the remaining part of my paper with N 461. FRIDAY, AUGUST 22, 1712.

a very pretty allegory, which is wrought into a play by Aristophanes, the Greek comedian. It

seems originally designed as a satire upon the rich, Auream quisquis mediocritatem

though, in some parts of it, it is, like the foregoing Diligit, lulus curet obsolili sordihustecti, care incidenda

discourse, a kind of comparison between wealth Sobrius aula.

and poverty.
HOR. Od. x. 1. 2. ver. 5. Chremylus, who was an old and a good man,
The golden mean, as she's too nice to dwell and withal exceeding poor, being desirous to leave
Among the ruins of a filthy cell,

some riches to his son, consults the oracle of Apollo
So is her modesty withal as great,
To balk the envy of a princely seat.

upon the subject. The oracle bids him follow the NORRIS.

first man he should see upon his going out of the

temple. The person he chanced to see was to apAll wonderfully pleased when I meet with any pearance an old sordid blind man; but upon his assage in an old Greek or Latin author, that is following him from place to place, be at last found, o blown upon, and which I have never met with by his own contession, that he was Plutus, the god 1 a quotation. Of this kind is a beautiful saying of riches, and that he was just come out of the 1 Theognis: * Vice is covered by wealth, and vir- house of a miser. Plutus further told him, that se by poverty;' or, to give it in the verbal trans. when he was a boy, he used to declare, that as ition, Among men there are some who have their soon as he came to age he would distribute wealth ices concealed by wealth, and others who have to none but virtuous and just men; upon which teir virtues concealed by poverty.' Every man's Jupiter, considering the pernicious consequences bservation will supply him with instances of rich of such a resolution, took his sight away from him, ben, who have several faults and defects that are and left him to stroll about the world in the blind verlooked, if not entirely hidden, by means of condition wherein Chremylus beheld him., With veir riches; and, I think, we cannot find a more much ado Chremylas prevailed upon him to go to atural description of a poor man, whose merits his house, where he met an old woman in a tate re lost in his poverty, than that in the words of tered raiment, who had been his guest for many de wise man: 'There was a little city, and few years, and whose nane was Poverty. The old en within it; and there came a great king against woman refusing to turn out so easily as he would , and besieged it, and built great bulwarks against have her, he threatened to baoish her not only • Now there was found in it a poor wise man, and from his own house, but out of all Greece, if she e, by his wisdom, delivered the city: yet no man made any more words upon the matter. Poverty emembered that same poor man. Then said I, on this occasion pleads her cause very notably, and isdom is better than strength; nevertheless, the represents to her old landlord, that should she be vor man's wisdom is despised, and his words are driven out of the country, all their trades, arts, ot heard.'

and sciences, would be driven out with her; and The middle condition seems to be the most ad- that if every one was rich, they would never be antageously situated for the gaining of wisdom. supplied with those pomps, ornaments, and conve. overty turns our thoughts too much upon the sup- niencies of life, which made riches desirable, She lying of our wants, and riches upon our enjoying likewise represented to him the several advantages perfluities; and, as Cowley has said in another which she bestowed upon her votaries in regard to we, ' It is hard for a man to keep a steady eye their shape, their health, and their activity, by pre

on truth, who is always in a battle, or a tri- serving them from gouts, dropsies, unwieldiness, ph.'

and intemperance. But whatever she had to say if we regard poverty and wealth, as they are for herself, she was at last forced to troop off. pt to produce virtues or vices in the mind of man, Chremylus immediately considered how he might e may observe that there is a set of each of these restore Plutus to his sight; and, in order to it, conowing out of poverty, quite different from that veyed him to the temple of Esculapius, who was ich arises out of wealth.” Humility and patience, fainous for cures and iniracles of this nature. By dustry and temperance, are very often the good this means the deity recovered his eyes, and began kalities of a poor man. Humanity and good to make a right use of them, by enriching every Afure, magnanimity and a sense of honour, are as one that was distinguished by piety towards the cea the qualifications of the rich. On the con- gods, and justice towards men; and at the same wy, poverty is apt to betray a man into envy, time by taking away his gifts from the impious and coes into arrogance; poverty is too often attended undeserving. This produces several inerry inci. en fraud, vicious compliance, repining, murmur, dents, till in the last act Mercury descends with ad discontent. Riches expose a man to pride and great complaints from the gods, that since the good zury, a foolish elation of beart, and too great a men were grown rich, they had received po sacri.

fices; which is confirmed by a priest of Jupiter, • See Daniel, v. 27.

who enters with a remonstrance, that since the late

ADDISON,

to cl

mak

and hints

innovation he was reduced to a starving condition, , This venerable old man, knowing how his abilicia sa svay rea:onable man, who sees the im- , featt and could not live upon his office. Chremylus, who were impaired by age, and that it was impon. bre divine power and wisdom in every from in the beginning of the play was religious in his for him to recollect all those reasons whics

to modich be casts his eye. The Supreme pass poverty, concludes it with a proposal, which was directed him in the choice of bi, religion, lehen made the best argoments for his own As a relished by all the good men who were now grown companions, who were in the full posesion of tesis the fonnation of the heavens and the tatia rich as well as himself, that they should carry parts and learning, to batile and confound dzielnd these are arguments which a man of time Plutus in a solemo procession to the temple, and antagonists by tlie force of reioen. As for home forbear attending 10, who is out of dang instal him in the place of Jupiter. This allegory self, he only repeated to his adversaries the use as barry of human aliais. Aristotle all instructed the Athenians in two points: first, as it cles in which he firmly believe?, and ia the paper i sold a nan live urder ground, and raise vindicated the conduct of Providence in its ordi.fession of which he was determined to die. light with works of art and mechanism, are nary distributions of wealth; and in the next place, in this manner that the cathematician proses desteld ofterwards be brought up into the imp as it showed the great tendency of riches to cor- upon propositions which he has once demonstrated

, eco, ed see the several glories of the heaven there rupt the morals of those who possessed them. and, ihough the demonstration may have slipped by be would immediately pronounce thein acro

C. out of his memor, he builds upon the truth of such a bring us we define God to be. thini

cause he knows it was demonstrated. This related bas very beutiful strokes of poetry Such

absolutely necessary for weaker minds, and in 2 paspose, is that exalted strain : The hea had N° 465. SATURDAY, AUGUST 23, 1712.

measure for men of the greatest abilities; tenue the glory of God; and the firmament thro these last I would propose, in the secoad patiekady work. One day telleth another; his that they should lay ap in their memories, and

and certibeth another. There is neither very Qua rationc qucas traducere lenitor arum;

ways keep by them in readiness, those areas of language; but their voices are heard writ Ncle semper inops agilct tereyue cupido; Nc paror et rerum mediocriter utiliui spes.

which appear to them of the greatest stretceter. Their sound is gone out into all be a HON. Ep. xviii. l. 1. ver. 97. which cannot be got over by all the doubtitle and their words into the cads of the world, and How thun may'st live, bow spend thine age in peace,

cavils of infidelity.

sa bald and sublime manner of thinking ligibLest avarice, still poor, disturb thine case :

But, in the third place, there is nothing stery noble matter for an ode, the reader rage Or tears should shake, or cares thy mind abuse, strengthens faith more than morality. Faita apa inrought into the following one : the Or ardent hope for things of little use. CREECH. morality naturally produce each other. A 2230

the quickly convinced of the truth of religier, the

plea Having endeavoured in my last Saturday's paper* finds it is not against his interest that it beid to show the great excellency of faith, ishall here be true. The pleasure he receives at presente

pror consider what are the proper means of strengthen the happiness which he promises himself from ing and contirming it in the mind of man. Those hereafter, will both dispose hin very powerfall

publishes to every land who delight in reading books of controversy, which to give credit to it, according to the ordinary are written on both sides of the question on points serxation, that we are easy to believe what of faith, do very seldom arrive at a fixed and settled wish. I' is very certain, that a man of sound an

perfi habit of it. They are one day entirely convinced son cannot forbear closing with religion opus 3

have of its important truths, and the next meet with impartial examination of it; but at the same

lenc something that shakes and disturbs them. The it is certain, that faith is kept alive in die doubt which was laid revives again, and shows it-gathers strength from practice more than 10

coul self in new difficulties, and that generally for this speculation.

displ reason, because the mind, which is perpetually

There is still another method, which is more pour tossed in controversies and disputes, is apt to forget suasive than any of the former; and that is a mano

1

ther be disquieted with any former perplexity, when it constant acts of mental worship, as in order appears in a new shape, or is started by a dillerent foring. The devout man does not only beliecie

The hand. As nothing is more laudable than an inquiry feels there is a Deity. He has actual senatico

tura after truth, so nothing is more irrational than to pass away our whole lives, without determining sees him more and more in all his interiores

C. are of the last importance to us. There are indeed in conviction. ourselves one way or other in those points which with him, and even in this life almost lose is many things from which we may withhold our assent; but in cases by which we are to regulate our lives, it is the greatest absurdity to be wavering

The games frinament on high,

De bu eilinical sky,
park heavens, a shining frame,

prest Onginal proclaim:
Sacun, fr a day to day,

faut pour display, ixtures of an alanighty hand.

then ag shade prevail, Cats op the wondrous tale,

cates to the list'eing earth 2. Pas the story of ber birth:

the stars that round her burn,
Malthe planets in the turn,

vite dig as they roll,
anca, the truth froni pole to pule.
Fretech, in solemn silence, all

the dark terrestrial ball?
Streal voice nur sound

radiant orbs be found!
ma's mar they all rejoice,

Det fintha glorious voice,
theran z. as they shine,
la 21 lat made us is divide."

torte

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himn; his experience concurs with his rea62; *

The last method which I shall mestion for it giving life to a man's faith, is frequent retiroast from the world, accompanied with religious Eats

TA

by the MONDAY, AUGUST 25, 1712

DOP

Won -Poe tacerit patuit den.

to and unsettled, without closing with that side which tation. When a man thinks of any thing is appears the most safe and the most probable. The darkness of the night, whatever deep impre

be that when by reading or discourse we find ourselves first rule, therefore, which I shall lay down, is this, it may make in his mind, they are apt to tas

that thoroughly convinced of the truth of any article,

soon as the day breaks about him. The literal and of the reasonableness of our belief in it, we

noise of the day, which are perpetually slice

bis senses, and calling of his attention, should never after sudler ourselves to call it into of his mind the thoughts that imprinted them in which occasioned our conviction; but we ought to darkness of the night. A man fods that question. We may perhaps forget the arguments in it, with so much streagth, during the sileos

al 31 any young woman dressed and remember the strength they had with us, and thereference as to himself in a crowd and in a mister she were following the sport and fore still to retain the conviction which they once

10 any other way einployed, accord- gent

the mind is stunned and dazzled and te every common art or science; nor is it possible to produced. This is no more than what we do in riety of objects which press upon ber is

city. She cannot apply herelf to the coorder

ter, he saw no such person as she and act otherwise, considering the weakness and liini- of those things which are of the utmod core ! tation of our intellectual faculties. It was thus her. The cares or pleasures of the world

with every thought, and a multitude of rice to introduced the reformation in England, behaved amples give a kind of justification to oer i naged between the most learned anong the pro- serious. In courts and cities we are ofert

In our retireinents every thing disposes testants and papists in the reign of Queen Mary, with the works of men; in the country, it

act bighest exertion, every limb and of God. One is the prorince of art, the adhere! nature. Faith and devotion naturally grue is the

Ving. Æn. I. ver. 409. abou asl vals the queeu o love is known. DRYDEX.

sery freas, the hero of Virgil, is lost in the my

* a perácet stranger in the place on which tell stort bien les accosted by a lady in an habit elev het. She izquires of him, whether he has This

22an of hemtrees Tic hero answers and

et de to the beautiful appearance tice

Latimer, one of the glorious army of martyrs, who himself in that great conference which was ma

*** bet laticates that he knows her to was berlin, and desires she would conduct a latel

hier barn from her first appearance ma. I ca me të bote than mortal; but, though she was et a middess, the poet does not make out;

) B: the goddess of beauty till she strog Le charts of an agreeable person

• No 459.

S

He gives

in mind of every reasonable man, who sees the im- | feature appears with its respective grace. It is ... pressions of divine power and wisdom in every from this observation that I cannot lielp being so

object on which he casts his eye. The Supreme passionate an admirer as I am of good dancing *. Being has made the best arguments for his own As all art is an imitation of nature, this is an imiexistence, in the formation of the heavens and the tation of nature in its highest excellence, and at a earth: and these are arguments which a man of time when she is most agreeable. The business of sense cannot forbear attending to, who is out of dancing is to display beauty; and for that reason the noise and hurry of human affairs. Aristotle all distortions and mimicries, as such, are what says, that should a inan live under ground, and raise aversion instead of pleasure: but things that there converse with works of art and mechanism, are in themselves excellent, are ever attended with and should afterwards be brought up into the imposture and false imitation. Thus, as in poetry, open day, and see the several glories of the heaven there are labouring fools who write anagrams and and earth, he would immediately pronounce them acrostics, there are pretenders in dancing, who the works of such a being as we define God to be. think merely to do what others cannot, is to excel. The Psalmist has very bezutiful strokes of poetry Such creatures should be rewarded like him who to this purpose, in that exalted strain : ' The hea- had acquired a knack of throwing a grain of corn yens declare the glory of God; and the firmament through the eye of a needle, with a bushel to keep floweth his handy work. One day telleth another; his hands in use. The dancers on our stages are and one night certifieth another. There is neither very faulty in this kind; and what they mean by ipeech nor language; but their voices are heard writhing themselves into such postures, as it would among them. Their sound is gone out into all be a pain for any of the spectators to stand in, lands; and their words into the ends of the world.' and yet hope to please those spectators, is unintelAs such a bold and sublime manner of thinking ligible. Mr, Prince has a genius, if he were encoufurnishes very noble matter for an ode, the reader raged, would prompt him to better things. In all may see it wrought into the following one: the dances he invents, you see he keeps close to

the characters he represents.

He does not hope to “The spacious firmament on high, With all the blue ethercal sky,

please by making his performers inove in a manner And spangled heavens, a shining frame,

in which no one else ever did, but by motions Their great Original proclaim:

proper to the characters he represents. Th' unwearied sun, from day to day,

to clowns and lubbards clumsy graces; that is, he Does his Creator's power display, And publishes to every land

makes them practise what they would think graces: The works of an almighty band.

and I have seen dances of his, which might give

hints that would be useful to a comic writer. These Soon as the ev'ning shades prevail, The moon takes up the wondrous tale,

performances have pleased the taste of such as And nightly to the list'ning earth

have not reflection enough to know their excel. Repeats the story of her birth:

lence, because they are in nature; and the disWhilst all the stars that round her burn,

torted motions of others have offended those who And all the planets in their turn, Confirm the tidings as they roll,

could not form reasons to themselves for their And spread the truth from pole to pole.

displeasure, from their being a contradiction to

nature.
What though, in solemn silence, all

When ove considers the inexpressible advantage
Move round the dark terrestrial ball?
What though nor real voice nor sound

there is in arriving at some excellence in this art, Amid their radiant orbs be found!

it is monstrous to behold it so much neglected. In reason's ear they all rejoice,

The following letter has in it something very na-
And utter forth a glorious voice,
For ever singing, as they shine,

tural on this subject.
The hand that made us is divine."

C.

MR. SPECTATOR, 6.ADDISON.

I am a widower with but one daughter : she was

by nature much inclined to be a romp; and I had N° 466. MONDAY, AUGUST 25, 1712. no way of educating her, but commanding a young

woman, whom I entertained to take care of ber, Vera incessu patuit den.

to be very watchful in her care and attendance VIRG. Æn. i. ver. 409.

about her. I am a man of business, and obliged to

be much abroad. The neighbours have told me, And by her graceful walk the queen of love is known.

that in my absence our maid has let in the spruce DRYDEN.

servants in the neighbourhood to junketings, while When Æneas, the hero of Virgil, is lost in the my girl played and romped even in the street. To Wood, and a perfect stranger in the place on which tell you the plain truth, I catched her once, at he is landed, he is accosted by a lady in an habit eleven years old, at chuck-Farthing among the boys. for the chase. She inquires of him, whether he has This put me upon few thoughts about my child, seen pass by that way any young woman dressed and I determined to place her at a boarding school: 28 she was i whether she were following the sport and at the same time gave a very discreet young in the wood, or any other way einployed, accord- gentlewoman her maintenance at the same place ing to the custom of huntresses? The hero answers and rate, to be her companion. I took little nowith the respect due to the beautiful appearance tice of my girl from time to time, but saw her now the made; tells her, he saw no such person as she and then in good liealth, out of harm's way, and inquired for; but intimates that he knows her to was satisfied. But by much importunity, I was be of the deities, and desires she would conduct a lately prevailed with to go to one of their balls. stranger. Her form froin her first appearance ma- I cannot express to you the anxiety my silly heart nifested she was more than mortal; but, though she was in, when I saw my roinp, now fifteen, taken was certainly a goddess, the poet does not make out: I never felt the pangs of a father upon me so her known to be the goddess of beauty till she strongly in my whole life before; and I could not moved. All the charms of an agreeable person are then in their highest exertion, every limb and See Nos. 66, 67,334, 370, and 376. Tat. Nos. 34 and 68.

siihen

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