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A. The kingdom of God comes not with Luke 7. observation; neither shall they fay, Lo 20, 21. here, or Lo there; for behold, the kingdom of God is within you.


II. I.

Concerning Faith, Justification and Works.

Quest.-WHAT is faith?

A. Faith is the substance of things hoped Heb. for, and the evidence of things not seen.

Q. Is faith of absolute necesity?

A. Without faith it is impossible to please Heb. him, for he that cometh to God must be- 11. 6. Jieve that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him.

Q. Are we justified by faith?

A. Wherefore the law was our school. Gal. master to bring us unto Christ, that we 3. 24. might be justified by faith.

Q. What is the nature of this faith that availeth to justification ?

A. For in Jesus Christ, neither circum- Gal. cision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision, 5. 6. but faith which worketh by love.

Q. Are works then necessary to justification, as well as faith?

A. But wilt thou know, O vain man, sam. 2. that faith without works is dead. Was not 10 to 24.


Rom. 3. 20.

Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar? Seest thou how faith wrought with his works? and by works was faith made perfect; and the scripture was fulfilled, which faith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed to him for righteousness; and he was called the friend of God. 'Ye fee then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only.

Q. If then both be equally required in jus. tification, what are these works which the apostle excludes so much.

A. By the deeds of the law there fhall no fleth be justified in his fight.

Q. But though we be not justified by the deeds of the law, is not this to exclude boasting, that the grace of God may be exalied?

A. For by grace are ye saved, through faith, and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God; not of works, lest any man ihould boast, for we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works.

Q. Are even the works which are perform. ed by grace excluded ? Are we never faid to be saved or justified by them?

A. Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the wafhing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost, which he fhed on us abundantly, through


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Jesus Christ our Saviour; that being juftified by his grace, we should be made heirs, according to the hope of eternal life

Q. I perceive then, that to be justified by grace, is to be justified or saved by regeneration, which cannot exclude the works wrought by grace and by the spirit; how doth the apostle add in the next verse, for the maintaining this against those that cavil about the law?

A. This is a faithful saying, and these Tit. 3; things I will that thou affirm constantly, 8. 9. that they which have believed in God, might be careful to maintain good works: these things are good and profitable unto men. But avoid foolish questions, and genealogies, and contentions, and strivings about the law, for they are unprofitable and vain.

Q. Doth the apostle Paul, that is so much against justification by the works of the law, Speak any where else of being justified by the Spirit?

A. But ye are washed, but ye are fancti- Cor. fied, but ye are justified in the name of the 6. II, Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.

Q. But fince the law gives not power nor ability to obey, and so falls short of justifacation ; is there no power under the gospel, by which the righteousness of the law comes to be fulfilled inwardly?

A. For

Rom 8. 3,


A. For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of finful flesh, and for fin, condemned sin in the flesh : that the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the spirit.

Q. Seeing then there is power in the spirit, is not works through it a condition upon which life is proposed under the new covenant ?

A. For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall 8. 13 die; but if ye through the spirit do mortify

the deeds of the body, ye shall live.

Q. Do not the apostles then frequently propole life to people, upon condition of repentance and other works?

A. Repent ye therefore, and be convert3. 19. ed, that your sins may be blotted out.

And if children, then heirs ; heirs of 8. 19. God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be

that we suffer with him, that we also may be glorified together.

It is a faithful saying: for if we be dead P. II, with him, we shall also live with him : if

we suffer, we shall also reign with him. If a man therefore purge himself from these, he shall be a yeffel unto honour, fanctified and meet for the master's use, and prepared unto every good work.

Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do the first




2 Tim.

12. 21.

Rev. 2. S.

works, or else I will come unto thee quickİy, and remove thy candlestick out of his place, except thou repent.

Q. It appears clearly by these passages, that the apostle excludes only our righteousness, which he elsewhere explains, as being the righteousness of the law, from being necessary to justification; and not such works as the law of the spirit of life leads to, and are not so much ours as Christ in us. Are not such good works rewarded, though they require no absolute merit, as being the fruits of free grace; yet doth not God judge according to them, and may they not be said to have a reward?

A. But if a man be just, and do that Ezek. which is lawful and right, and hath not eaten upon the mountains, neither hath lift up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, neither hath defiled his neighbour's wife, neither hath come near to a menstru. ous woman; and hath not oppressed any, but hath restored to the debtor his pledge, hath spoiled none by violence, hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered . the naked with a garment; he that hath not given forth upon usury, neither hath taken any, increase; that hath withdrawn his hand from iniquity, hath executed true judgment between man and man, hath walked in my statutes, and hath kept my


18. 5 to 9.


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