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4. The Church may not so expound one Place
of Scripture, that it be repugnant to another. 5. The Church is a Witness and Keeper of Holy
Writ. 6. As it ought not to decree any thing against
Holy Writ, so besides the same ought it not to enforce any thing to be believed for Necessity of Salvation.
The First, Second, Third and Fourth Propositions are establish'd in the present Order, in the Second Part of the Rights of the Clergy, Chap.
The Fifth is a notorious Matter of Fact. For it appears by historical Evidence, that the Holy Scriptures have been constantly Extant in the Church, and that she has in all Ages receivid the same Scriptures which we now enjoy, and therefore she is a Witness and Keeper of them.
The Sixth Proposition has two Branches. 1. The Church ought not to decree any thing against Holy Writ. This is a Repetition of the Third Proposition. 2. She ought not to enforce any thing to be believ'd for Necessity of Salvation, which is not contain’d in Scripture. See the Two first Propositions of the Sixth Article.
The TWENTY FIRST ARTICLE. Of the Authority of General Councils.
ENERAL Councils may not be gathered together
without the commandment and will of Princes. And when they be gathered together (forasmuch as theybe an afSembly of men, whereof all be not governed with ibe fpirit
ånd word of God) they mayerr, and sometime have erred, even in things pertaining unto God. Wherefore things ordained by them as necessary to salvation, have neither strength nor authority, unless it may be declared, that they be taken out of boly Scripture.
This Article contains Five Propositions.
ther without the Commandment and Will of
Princes. 2. General Councils be an Assembly of Men,
whereof all be not govern'd with the Spirit
and Word of God. 3. General Councils may err even in things per
taining to God. 4. General Councils sometime have erred even
in things pertaining to God. 5. Things ordained by general Councils as ne
cessary to Salvation, have neither Strength nor Authority, unless it may be declared that they be taken out of Holy Scripture.
The First Proposition manifestly supposes, that the Princes be Christian. Otherwise the Apostles themselves could not lawfully have held a Council at Jerusalem ; nor could the Christian Church have lawfully held so many Councils before the Conversion of Constantine. For those Reasons, which make it unlawful to hold General Councils, do equally prove it unlawful to hold Provincial ones, without the Will and Commandment of Princes. Again, the Church in this Article manifestly opposes General Councils to Particular, that is, National or Provincial ones. And consequently, by that P. rase she does not understand those only, which we commonly call General ones, viz, such as were not
only gathered out of many Nations, but were also Orthodox in their Definitions ; but any great Alsemblies of Bishops from different Quarters of the World, even tho their Definitions were heretical. Otherwise she could not say in this very Article, that General (Souncils have erred in things pertaining to God. These Observations being premised, see what I have written touching this point in the Discourse of the Independency of the Church on the State, Chap.
The Second Propofition. The Reason of the thing, and constant Experience, confirm the Truth of this Affertion,
The Third Proposition. That they may err, see the Fourth Chapter of the First Part of the Confutation of Popery ; which may easily be applied to general Councils ; and compare the Nineteenth Chapter of the Seventh Book of Limborch's System, from Sect. 25; to Sect. 33. inclusively. And that they may err in Things pertaining to God, is evident, because there is no Promise of their being secured from Error, in those, more than in other Matters.
The Fourth Proposition. For the Proof of this take a remarkable Instance. The Council of Ariminum consisted of above Four Hundred Bishops from all Parts of the Christian World, a Number much superior to that which alíembled at Nice. And yet, tho''twas Orthodox at first, it fell in at last with the Arians; and consequently erred even in Things pertaining to God.
The Fifth Proposition. See the First and Second Propofitions of the Sixth Article.
The TWENTY SECOND ARTICLE.
Of Purgatory. T dons, toorjuipping and adoration, as well of images,
as of relicks, and also invocation of saints, is a fond thing, vainly invented, and grounded upon no warranty of scripture, but rather repugnant to the word of God.
Touching the Phrase but rather, see p. 87.
a fond thing, vainly feigned, and grounded
upon no Warranty of Scripture. 2. The Romis Doctrin concerning Pardons is a
fond thing, vainly feigned, and grounded up
on no Warranty of Scripture. 3. The Romißh Doctrin concerning Worshipping
and Adoration, as well of Images as of Re licks, is a fond thing, vainly feigned, and ·
grounded upon no Warranty of Scripture. 4. The Romish Doctrin concerning Invocation of
Saints, is a fond thing, vainly feigned, and grounded upon no Warranty of Scripture. 5. The Romiß Doctrin concerning Purgatory is
repugnant to the Word of God. 6. The Romish Doctrin concerning Pardons is
repugnant to the Word of God. 7. The Romiß Doctrin concerning Worshipping
and Adoration, as well of Images as of Re
licks, is repugnant to the Word of God. 8. The Romish Doctrin concerning Invocation of Saints, is repugnant to the Word of God.
The First Proposition. See the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Chapters of the Second Part of the Confutation of Popery.
The Second Proposition. See the Nineteenth Chapter of the Second Part of the Confutation of Popery.
The Third Proposition. What the Romiß Doctrin concerning the Worship and Adoration of Images is, you may see in the Twenty first Article of the Trent Creed, which you'll find In the Confutation of Popery, Part 2. Chap. 1. p. 81. As for the Worship and Adoration of Relicks, 'tis manifestly compriz'd in the Thirty first Article of the fame Creed, which you'll find ibid. p. 79. Now that che Worship and Adoration of Images is not only a fond thing, vainly feigned, and grounded upon no Warranty of Scripture ; but also repugnant to the Word of God, see the Ninth Question of Turretin's Locus Undecimus. And that the Worship and Adoration of Relicks is a fond thing, vainly feigned, and grounded upon no Warranty of Scripture, see the eighth Question of the same Locus of Turretin, from Sect. 6. down to the End.
The Fourth Proposition. See the Thirteenth Chapter of the Second Part of the Confutation of Popery.
The Fifth Proposition. See the Tenth Chapter of the Sixth Book of Limborch's System; Sect. 12, , 13, 14, 15.
The Sixth Proposition. See Ezech. 18. 21, 22, Ifaiah 53. 4. 5. In which, and in many other Places of Scripture, the Declarations of Forgiveness are so very large and comprehensive, that 'tis utterly absurd to suppose, that any Temporal Punish ment remains due for Sin after Repentance. And