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The TWENTY EIGHTH ARTICLE.
Of the Lord's Supper.
HE Supper of the Lord is not only a sign of
the love that Christians ought to have among themfelves one to another; but rather it is a facrament of our redemption by Christ's death: infomuch that to such as rightly, worthily, and with faith receive the same, the bread which we break, is a partaking of the body of Christ ; and likewise the cup of blefing is a partaking of the blood of Christ.
Tranfubftantiation (or the change of the substance of bread and wine) in the supper of the Lord, cannot be proved by boly writ; but it is repugnant to the plain words of scripture, overthroweth the nature of a sacrament, and bath given occasion to many superstitions.
The body of Christ is given, taken, and eaten in the supper only after an heavenly and Spiritual manner. And the mean whereby the body of Christ is received and eaten in the supper, is faith.
The facrament of the Lord's Supper was not by Christ's ordinance reserved, carried about, lifted up, or worshipped.
Of the Phrase but rather see p. 127.
This Article contains Eight Propositions.
Christians ought to have among themselves
one to another. 2. The Lord's Supper is a Sacrament of our Re
demption by Christ's Death.
3. To such as rightly, worthily, and with Faith
receive the Lord's Supper, the Bread which we break, is a partaking of the Body of Christ ; and likewise the Cup of Blessing is a partak
ing of the Blood of Christ. 4. Transubstantiation (or the Change of the
Substance of Bread and Wine) in the Supper
of the Lord, cannot be prov'd by Holy Writ. 5. Transubstantiation is repugnant to the plain
Words of Scripture, overthroweth the Nature of a Sacrament, and hath given occasion to
many Superstitions. 6. The Body of Christ is given, taken, and eat
en in the Supper only after an Heavenly and
Spiritual Manner. 7. The Mean whereby the Body of Christ is re
ceived and eaten in the Supper, is Faith. 8. The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper was not
by Christ's Ordinance reserved, carried about,
lifted up, and worshipped. The First Proposition. See the Three laft Paragraphs save one, of the First Chapter of the Firft Part of Mr. Kettlewell on the Sacrament, which begin at Thirdly, and that is in Ratification of a League of Love and Friendship, &c.
The Second Propofition. See the First Chapter of the First Part of Mr, Kettlewell on the Sacrament, and Bishop Wake's Commentary on the Catechism, Sect. 46.
The Third Proposition. Of Worthiness and Unworthiness to receive, see the Second, Third and Fourth Chapters of the First Part of Mr. Kettlewell on the Sacrament, and the Fifty first Section of BiTop Wake's Commentary on the Sacrament. The Blesfing bestowed on Worthy Receivers, our Article
expresses in St. Paul's own Words, 1. Cor. 10. 16. See Article 25. Prop. 9. and the Forty eighth Section of Bishop Wake's Commentary on the Catechism.
The Fourth Proposition. See the Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Seventh and Eighth Chapters of the Second Part of the Confutation of Popery.
The Fifth Proposition. 1. That Transubstantiation is repugnant to the plain Words of Scripture, appears from St. Paul's Saying, we are all Partakers of that one Bread, 1 Cor. 10. 17. and as often as ye eat this Bread, i Cor. 11. 26. so that 'tis Bread, and not Christ's Flesh, even when we eat and partake thereof. Parity of Reason proves the same of the Wine. See also the Forty ninth Section of Bishop Wake's Commentary on the Catechism. 2. That Transubstantiation overthrows the Nature of a Sacrament, is evident, because it supposes what we eat and drink to be, not the Sign, but the Thing signified. 3. It has also given Occasion to many Superstitions.
That it has given Occasion to abominable Idolatry, is evident from the Adoration of the Holt, which is grounded on it. But tho' Idolatry is worse than Superstition, yet ’tis different from it. Wherefore for the Proof of this Branch of the Proposition, let it be consider'd, 1. That in Cafes of imminent Danger, or great Calamities, the Host is expos'd by the Papists to appease God's Anger, and prevent or remove his Judgments. 2. Consider the following Passage of a most eminent Saint and Scholar of the Roman Communion. Si mus aut aliud anima! propter negligentem cuftodiam species sacramenti comederit: ille percujus negligentiam hoc accidit, debet quadraginta diebus penitere ut dicitur, de Confecr. dift. 2. Qui bene. Debet autem bis diebus penitere modo dieto in Sect. Si Sanguis Christi, ait Thomas in Scriptis. Et debet mus capi, si
poteft, & comburi, & cinis juxta altare roponi. Sed Petrus de Palude dicit, quod mus exenterari debet : & mus quidem comburi, & cinis in piscinam projici ; pars autem hostie, si homo eam borret sumere, debet in tabernaculo reverenter poni, & tamdiu ibi dimitti, quousque naturaliter confumetur. Ipsa autem bostia nequaquam debet in piscinam projici ; sicut fecit quidam facerdos de musca reperta post confecrationem in calice. Nec etiam debet cumburi, ficut fecit alius facerdos de boftiis mucidis consecratis, & cinis ipfarum in piscinam projici : quia boc est immane sacrilegium. Et ideo quantumcunque modica particula inveniatur, debet reponi cum reverentia ; quod in ea totus est Christus. Et fiquidem bomo ejet tanti fervoris, quod hujusmodi non borreret, sed sumeret, commendandus esset ; si tamen effet jejunus. Sic beatus Augo Cluniacus commendavit Goderanum fumendo partiunculas hostiæ, quas leprosus cum vilisimo sputo evomuerat, dicens craticulam Laurentii fuisse tolerabiliorem. Anton. Florent. de Defećtibus Misa, Vol. 3. Tit. 13. Chap. 6. Sect. 3. The same Author has a great deal more of the fame Trash in and near the jame Place.
But least it should be imagined by such as are Strangers to the Roman Corruptions, that these are only the Fansies of private Men, of how great Character foever in that Church, I will therefore subjoin some few. Passages from the Misal it self.
Si Sacerdos evomat Eucharistiam, si species integra appareant, reverenter Jumantur, nisi nausea fiat: tunc enim Speciesconfecratæ caute separentur, & in aliquo loco facro reponantur, donec corrumpantur, & poftea in facrarium projiciantur. Quod fi Species non appareant, combura. tur Vomitus, & cineres in facrarium mittantur,
Si bostia confecrata, vel aliqua ejus particula dilabatur in terram, reverenter accipiatur, & locus ubi cecidit, mundetur, & aliquantum abradatur, & pulvis seu abrasio bujusmodi in sacrarium immittatur. Si ceciderit extra corporale in mappam, seu alio quovis modo in aliquod linteum, mappa vel linteum hujusmodi diligenter lavetur, & lotio ipfa in sacrarium effundatur. De defect. circa miffam occurrentibus, feet. 10. num. 14, 15. I forbear to mention other Particulars of the fame Kind.
Only I will subjoin a Passage of Gavantus's Comment on Numb. 12. of this very Section. Saies he, Quid fi-cadat fanguis super Barbam? Bartholomæus ab Angelo, Dialog. 5. Sect. 713. vult eam ablui & comburi: Jed videtur fufficere, si barba pluries lavetur, cui parcendum est magis quam tapetibus, de quibus supra.
Let the Reader now judge, whether Transubftantiation has given Occasion to many Superstitions, or no. Our reformers were too well acquainted with them ; tho' blessed be God, we have not Instances so ready at Hand.
The Sixth and Seventh Propositions. Of the Falfhood of Transubstantiation fee the Fourth and Fifth Propositions. Of Consubftantiation see the Twenty eighth Question of Turretin's Locus Decimus
Whence the Truth of these Two Propofitions necessarily follows. See Bishop Wake's Commentary on the Catechism, Sect. 49.
The Eighth Proposition. See the Eighth Proposition of the Twenty fifth Article.