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of Turretin's System. From hence it follows, that there is a Necessity of God's gracious Aflistance to incline and enable a Man to do his Duty. See the Eleventh and Twelfth Chapters of the Fourth Book of Limborch's System, and Dr.Whitby's Appendix to the Sixth Chapter of the Second Epiftle to the Corinthians,down to Secondly, to explain,asfar, &c.
But the very Heart of the whole Controversy, the Point upon which so many others do depend, and upon which the several Schemes do turn, is this, Whether the Operation of God's Grace be resistible, or no. Let me intreat you to consider it very carefully, and to compare the Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Questions of Turretin's Locus Decimus quintus, 'with the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Chapters of the Fourth Book of Limborch's System, and Dr. Whitby's Appendix before mention'd, from Secondly, to explain, as far, &c. to the end.
Nearly allied to this is the Controversy concerning the Perseverance of Saints, about which compare the Sixteenth Question of Turretin's Locus Decimus quintus, with the Eightieth, Eighty first, Eighty second, Eighty third and Eighty fourth Chapters of the Fifth Book of Limborch's System.
Being thus prepar'd, you inquire in the next Place, whether Predestination to Life Eternal be absolute or conditionate ; whether God vouchfafes all Men sufficient Means of Salvation ; and whether Christ has obtain'd an universal Redemption by his Death and Sufferings. Concerning these Particulars compare the Ten First Chapters of the Fourth Book of Limborch's System with part of Turretin's Locus Quartus, viz. from the Beginning of the Tenth, to the End of the Seventeenth Question ; and also the Two first Queftions of his Locus Decimus quintus.
Here 'twill be convenient to subjoin the Second, Third, Fourth and Fifth Questions of the Locus Duodecimus of Turretin's System, concerning the Nature of the Covenant of Grace ; and also the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, Eighth and Ninth Chapters of the Sixth Book of Limborch's System, concerning Justification, Sanctification, Oblignation of the Spirit, Certainty of Salvation, Actual Reprobationi, Excecation and Induration.
We are in the next place to consider the Nature, Unity and Com- OftheNature, Unity
and Communion of munion of the Catholic Church.
the Catholic Church. See Bishop Pearson on the Ninth Article.
The Distinction of Church Mem- of Clerical Powers. bers into Clergy and Laity, and the several Powers and Offices appropriated by God to the Clergy, are treated of in the Rights of the Clergy.
What Form of Goverment Christ has appointed in his Church, of the form of you'll learn in the Course of
Church Goverment. reading our Controversies with the Papists on the one hand, and our English Sectaries on the other.
For the Controversies with the Papists, 'tis possible the Confutation of the Popith Coxof Popery may at present suffice you.
troversies. But one thing I must add, which I ought indeed to have mention'd in the First Chapter of the Second Part, viz, that those who leave the Protestant Religion, and become Profelytes to the Church of Rome, are oblig'd to profess the Trent Creed. This appears from that (a) Advertisement which is
pre(a) Atque cadem profeslione uti tencntur, quicunque ab hæresi remeantes ad fidem Ecclefiæ Catholicæ revertuntur. P: 518. Lugdun. 1676.
fix'd to the Bull of Pius IV. at the End of the Catechismus ad Parochos. So that 'tis plain, that the Church of Rome allows not either the Clergy or the Laity any Liberty of Diffenting from her in any of those Errors and Practices, upon the account of which I have shewn it to be unlawful to join in Communion with her.
As for the Judgment of the ancient Fathers concerning those many Points which are controverted between ourselves and the Church of Rome ; I can by no means advise you to give your self any Trouble about it at present. An impartial Enquiry after it will cost more Time, than perhaps you are aware of. When you are at leisure to prosecute your Theological Studies, after your Ordination, 'twill be no difficult Matter for you to furnish your self with such Books as will asist
As for the Lutheran Doctrins, the of Confubftanti
only one that deserves your Confideation.
ration, is that of Consubftantiation; concerning which fee Turretin's Twenty eighth Question of his Locus Decimus nonus, and Limborch's Seventy first Chapter of the Fifth Book of his System.
Descend we now to the Controof the Quaker verlies with our English Sectaries. Controversies.
The Errors of the Quakers are treated of in the Confutation of Quakerism.
Touching Infant Baptism read the of the Contro Fifth Chapter of the Abridgment of versy with the the London Cases. Then reflect upon Anabaptifts About Infant Bap
the following Hints. First, kec.Inleverv tism.
(the Word used in Matth. 28.19.) sig
nifies, not to teach, but to disciple or make Disciples of. This is evident from the use of it in the New Testament. Secondly, Infants are in their own Nature capable of being discipled or made
Disciples of. This is evident from the Circumcision of Infants under the Law; for they thereby entred into a Covenant with God, and were made the Disciples of Mofes. Thirdly, 'Tis acknowledged, that they are not exprefly excluded by Christ. Nor, Fourtbly, is actual Faith or actual Repentance absolutely and indispensably required in order to Baptism. This is prov'd in the aforesaid Chapter of the Abridgment. And consequently Infants are not virtually excluded by Christ. Wherefore, Fifthly, the Command to disciple or make Disciples of all Nations, Matth. 28.19. extends to the Infants of those Nations ; because it extends to all that are capable of Baptism. By this Means it appears, that we have a divine Precept for the Baptism of Infants.
Concerning the Observation of the Lord's Day as the Christian of the Controversy Sabbath, see the First Chapter of with the Saturday
Sabbatarians about Mr. Nelson’s Companion for the Festi- the Christian Sabvals and Fasts of our Church, and the bath. Thirteenth and Fourteenth Queftions of Turretin's Locus Undecimus,
Our Controversies with other Diffenters respect, First, Lay Con- of the Controver
fies with other Dif formity, Secondly, Ministerial Con
senters. formity. With respect to Lay Conformi.
First, About Lay ty, you are to consider in the first
Conformity. Place the Disputes about a precompos'd Liturgy in general, and our own Liturgy in particular. See the Brief History of the joint Use of precompos’d set Forms of Prayer, with the Discourse of the Gift of Prayer annex'd to it, the Discourse of joint Prayer, and the Paraphrase with Annotations upon the Book of Common Prayer. Then add what Mr. Nelson
has written concerning the Piety and Prudence of our Church in her Festivals and Fafts, and the religious Improvement of them, in his Companion for them. Only you may now omit the First Chapter, because you have already perused it, when you consider'd the Christian Sabbath. The Terms of Lay Conformity being vindicated, the Neceffity of joining in Communion with the Establish'd Church of England, is shewn in the Discourse of Schism, with the Answer to Thomas against Bennet annex'd to it, down to P. 140. the Two first Chapters of M. Hoadly's Defence of Episcopal Ordination, and his Reply to Dr, Calamy's Introduction, You may then add Chapters the Second, Eighth, Ninth, &c. down to the end of the Abridgment of the London Cases.
Touching the Lawfulness of Secondly, about mi- Ministerial Conformity, see Mr. nisterial Conformity.
Hoadly's Reasonableness of it. Of the Churcb Cate
'Twill now be proper for you chifm.
to read some Exposition of the
Church Catechism. There is indeed a great Number of that sort of Books; but I am apt to think, that Bishop Wake's Commentary is best futed to your Purpose.
The Casuistical and Practical Part of Cafuiftical and of Divinity ought to entertain you
upon the Lord's Days, and other Days of Retirement and Devotion. You'll do well to begin with Mr. Kettlewell's Measures of Obedience, and the Whole Duty of Man. To these you may add (or as Opportunity offers, you may consult) Bishop Sanderson's Prele£tions and Cafes of Conscience, Dr. Hammond's Pračtical Catechism, the other Works of the Author of the Whole Duty of Man, the Sermons which Arch-bishop Tillotson publish'd in his Life-time, Mr. Ketilewell on the Sacrament, and of Christian Pru