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With renovated strength may fill our frames ; .
With light and jocund hearts'our cheerful sport.'
Art. V.-Chronicle of the Cid, continued from p. 18. WE left the Cid on his departure from the realm of Cas. tile, and in the succeeding books we, accompany him and the brave companions of his banishment into the territories of the Moors, where they signalize their valour by acts of the most exalted daring. Robin Hood and little John, so famous in our own traditional stories, are inere vulgar out. laws in comparison with “Ruy Diaz the Campeador, and Alvar Fañez Minaya, Pero Bermudez, Martin Antolinez, Alvar Salvadores, and the rest of this illustrious band of adventurers. Their first grand exploit is the taking of Al. cocer, a castle on the confines. of Valencia, which brings against them the whole power of Galve, the Moorish king; and a battle ensues, of wbich we are presented with a description, so lively and animated, that we can hardly refrain from laying it before our readers. But it is necessary to recollect that it is our province to give only a general idea of the work and point out its principal merits and defects. To select for quotation all that we have admired in the perusal would be lo reprint very nearly the whole volume, and we inust content ourselves with referring to the battle of Coim. bra, (see our former number) for a specimen of the spirit with which our chroniclers have related that of Alcocer.
The remainder of the history of the Cid's banishment is soinewhat confused. "A certain count of Barcelona, Rainon Berenguer, (Ramond Berenger) is introduced, joining forces with the Moorish king Abenalfange to wrest froin our fortu. nale plunderer the rich spoil won by the prowess of bis arm, They meet with the same fate that is reserved for all the ene.
mies of the Cid, being utterly discomfited by him and his
little band of brothers. But it is extraordinary that in a subsequent part of the Chronicle, the same expedition and deseat (or at least so pearly similar that Mr. Southey him. self suspects it to be the same) is told over again with very inconsiderable variations in the circumstances.. Perhaps it would have given the history, a more connected and credible form if Mr. Southey had only selected that relation which appeared io him founded on the greatest degree of proba. bility, and omitted the mention of the other except in a nole, The reason of count Ramon's conduct is also very imperfectly given, and an historian of the Barcelonese dynasty has concluded (perhaps a little too hastily, that the whole story is mere romance. However this may be, it is a very characteristic narrative, especially that part of it which represents the Cid's conduct towards the count when he had made himn prisoner, after the battle. K "Thus, was Count Ramon Berenguer made prisoner,and my Cid won from him that day the good sword Coloda, which was worth more than a thousand marks of silver. That night did my Cid and his įnen make merry, rejoicing over their gains. And the Count was taken to my Cid's tent, and a good supper was set before him, nevertheless he would not cat, though my Cid besought, him so to do. And ou the morrow my Cid ordered a feast 10 be made, that he might do pleasure to the Count, but the Count sairl, thar for all Spain he would not eat one mouthful, but would rather die, since he had been beaten in battle by such a set of ragged fellows. And Ruy Diaz said to him, eat and drink, Count, of this bread and of this: wine, for this is the chance of war; if you do as I say, you shall be free ; and if not you will never return again into your own lands. And Don Ramon answered, eat you, Don Rodrigo, for your fortune is fair and you deserve ir; take you your pleasure, but leave me to die. And in this mood he continued for three days, refusing all food. But then my Cid said to him, take food, Count, and be sure that I will set you free, you and any two of your knights, and give you wherewith to return into your own country. And when Don Ramon heard this, he took comfort and said, if you will indeed do this thing I shall marvel at you as long as I live. Eat then, said Ruy Diaz, and I will do it: but mark you, of the spoil which we have taken from you, I will give you nothing; for to that you, have no claim, neither by right nor custom, and besides we want it for ourselves, being banished men, who must live by taking from you and from others as long as it shall please God. Theit was the Count full joyful, being well pleased that what should be given him was not of the spoils which he had lost, and he called for water, and washed his hands, and chose two of his kinsmen to be set free with bim ; the one was named Don Hugo, and the other Guillen
Bunalto. And my Cid sate at the table with them, and said, If you do not eat well, Count, you and I shall not part yet. Never since he was Count, did he eat with better will than that day! And when they had done he said, now Cid, if it be your pleasure let us depart. And my Cid clothed him and his kinsmen well with goodly skins and mintles, and gave them each a goodly palfrey with rich caparisons, and he rode out with them on their way. And when he took leave of the Count he said to him, now go freely,and I thank you for what you have left behind ; if you wish to play for it again let me know, and you shall either have something back in its stead, br leave what you bring to be added to it. The Count answered, Cid, you jest safely now, for I have paid you and all your company for this twelvemonths, and shall not be coming to see you again soʻsoon. Then Count Ramon pricked on niore than apace, and many times looked behind him, 'fearing that my Cid would repent what he had done, and send to take him back to prison, which the perfect one woúld not have done for the whole world, for never did he do disloyal a thing to
soy,' ; . ii. Soon after this, certain events take place in the kingdom of Castile, which prove to Alphonso the folly of his conduct in disobliging the Cid, and make him very anxious for his relurn. The loyal knight obeys the first intimation of his king's desire, making only these generous and patriotic stia pulations preparatory to resuming his station in the court."
And the king bade bim make his demand : and my Cid demand. ed, that when aiiy hidalgo should be banished, in time to come, he should have thirty days, which were his right, allowed him, and not nine only, as had been his case; and that neither hidalgo nor citi. zen should be proceeded against till they had been fairly and lawfully heard ; also, ihat the king should not go ayainst the privileges and charters and good customs of any town or other place, nor impose taxes upon them against their right ; and if he did, that it should be lawful for the laud to rise against him till he had amended the misdeed.' p. 128.
That portion of the history which succeeds the recall of the Cid is somewhat uninteresting. It relates to the cap. *ture of Toledo by king Alfonso (whose vow to Alimavaron had expired by the deaths of that prince and his soi, and the accession of his grandson Yabia) and to the revolutions of the Moorish kingdom of Valencia, .
The Cid is banished again by the capricious jealousy of bis master, and resorting to his old mode of life, seeks to avail bimself of the dissentions in that part of Spain. At last he collects a sufficient number of adventurous retainers to invest the capital city of Valencia, which lie at length Tedaces to a blockade. The picture of the miseries endured
by the starving inhabitants is in some respects very forcibly coloured, but the most curious part of the detail is the poem of lamentations composed by a noble Moor residing in the city, which Mr. S. pronounces with some confidence to be Strictly genuine.
• Then was there a Moor in the city who was a learned man and a wise, and he went upon the highest tower, and made a lamentation, and the words with which he lamented he put in writing, and it was rendered afterwards from the Arabic into the Castillian tongue, and the lamentation which he made was this.''
· Valencia! Valencia ! trouble is come upon thee, and thou art in the bour of death; and if peradventure Ibou should'st escape, it will be a wonder to all that shall behold thee. . .
But if ever God has shown mercy to any place let him be pleased to show mercy unto thee ; for thy name was joy and all Mours delighted in thee and took their pleasure in thee ,
And if it should please Göd utterly to destroy thee now, it will be for thy great sins, and for the great presumption which thou had'st in thy pride. The four corner stones whereon thou art founded, would meet together and lament for thee if they could!
Thy strong wall which is founded upon these four stones trem: bles, and is about to fall, and hath lust all its strength..
Thy lofty and fair towers which were seen from far, and rejoiced the hearts of the people, little by little they are falling. : )
Thy white battlements which glittered afar off, have lost their troth, with which they shone like the sun-beams.
• Thy noble river Guadalaver, with all the other waters with - which thou hast been served so well, have left their channel, and now they run where they should not. ! Thy water-courses, which were so clear and of such great profit to so many, for lack of cleansing are choked with mud.
Thy pleasant gardens which were round about thee, the ravenous wolf hath gnawn at the roots, and the trees can yield thee no fruit.
• Thy goudly fields with so many and such fair flowers, wherein thy people were wont to take their pastime, are all dried up.
Thy noble harbour, which was so great honour to thee, is deprived of all the nobleness which was wont to come into it for thy sake.
• The fire hath laid waste the lands of which thou wer't called mistress, and the great smoke thereof reacheth thee.
• There is no medicine for thy sore infirmity, and the physicians despair of healing thee.
• Valencia! Valencia! from a broken heart have I uttered all these things which I have said of thee.
"And ihis grief would I keep unto myself that none should know it, if it were not needsul that it should be known to all.'
We would willingly quote, besides the story of how the Cid made Martin Pelaez, of a coward a good knight ;' because it redounds most highly to the credit of the Cid's patient and generous disposition, and of his knowledge of human nature. This Martin Pelaez, a man of excellent principles but constitutionally prone to fear, was by the prudent and mild management of the Cid, effectually cured of his only fault, and became afterwards one of the most active, as well as most zealous, companions of his exploits,,
In the Cid's conduct after the surrender of Valencia, we' are presented with the revei se of this delightful picture, in another instance of treachery and regardlessness of promises. Among all the strange inconsistences of human nature one of the most striking is this very peculiarity in the Spanish character, which, in various passages of history, seems to be marked at the same time with a inost roinaptic sense of honour, and with the most flagrant breach of it, in, the violation of solemn treaties. How often do these instances occur, in the eventful story of the revolution in Holland, and in that of the conquest of South America ! The convention which followed the battle of Baylen is, we fear, only a more recent example of the same remarkable contradiction ; and, as moralists, we still feel ourselves obliged to condemn the violation of that treaty even at the moment that we join with the most heartfelt enthusiasm in praising the heroic exertions by which it was preceded. How happy should the spirit of patriotism (which, we hope, still lives, though re-_' pressed, not extinguished, in the minds of the Spaniards), blaze out afresh in the person of some second Cid, even though the flame were partially obscured by errors and fa. culties, from which the bighest degree of human perfection can vever be totally exempt.
The martial bishop of Saint Andero may be supposed to have forined himself on the model of Don Hieronymo, " he of the shaven crown," who came from the regions of the east, and on account of his good qualities was promoted by the Cid to the bishopric of bis newly acquired dominion.. These qualities are thus enumerated. « He was a full learned man and a wise, and one who was mighty both on horseback and a'foot: and he came enquiring for the Cid, wish. ing that he might see himself with the Moors in the tield, for if he could once have his bill of smiling and slaying them, Christians should never lameni nim." * * * «r God! how jov:ul was all Christendom that there was a lord bistup in .. lhe land of Valencia!"
There follows a most interesting account of the message