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apathy, when the prospect of happiness which was recently enjoyed, is suddenly overcast, and before new objects have had leisure to excite new hopes, or to dazzle with new delu.. sions of bliss.

"My mind,' says Mr. Bruce, is so shocked, and the impressions of that dreadful scene at Paris so strongly fixed, that I have it every minute before 'my eyes, as distinctly as it was then happening.'- 'My poor girl dying before my eyes, three months gone with child, full of that affection and tenderness which marriage produces, when people feel the happiness but not the cares of it ; many of the Roman catholic clergy hovering about the doors ; myself unable to devise any expedient to keep them from disturbing her in last moments.' Having ordered the mourns ful solemnity (of her funeral) with as much decency as is allowed in that country to heretics, at midnight between the 10th and 11th ult. accompanied only by the chaplain, a brother, of my lord Foley's and our own servants we carried her body to the burying ground, at the Porte St. Martin, where I saw all, my comfort and happiness laid with her in the grave. From thence, almost frantic against the advice of every body, I got. on horseback, having ordered the servant to have' post horses ready, and set out in the most tempestuous night I ever saw for Boulogne, where I arrived next day without stopping. Here the riding without a great coat in the night time, in the rain, want of food, which for a long time I had not tasted, want of rest, fatigue, and excessive concern threw me into a fever, &c.'

The letters from Mr. Bruce to lord Halifax, while consul at Algiers, exhibit an interesting detail of his conduct at that place,' and of the violence, injustice, and ca. price of a despotic government. No, XVII. is a letter from Mr. Bruce, to a Mr, S. P. C*** who had acted as vice-consul at Algiers in the interval belween the death of Mr. Ford, and the arrival of Mr. Bruce. This Mr. S. P. C. had been einployed to receive the price of a cargo of coru, which had been sold to the regency of Tunis, in behalf of a widow in England to whose hus. band the corn bad belonged ; but Mr. Bruce was dissa.

tisfied with the account which this vice-consul rendered ,of his disbursements. This letter is so manly, spirited,

and characteristic of the integrity of Mr. B. that we wish we could spare room for the insertion of the whole...!

"I received your letter unjustly attempting to shift an account to. which you shall come here, or in Europe.' 'I said and now repeat it to you, that if you do not furnish me an account, or if you furnish a false one, the consequences will fall on yourself, or, as it is oftener called, upon your head. The conséqueuces of

band the 6 the account This letter is Mr. B.

false accounts Mr. C. are not capital, but whatever they are, do
not brave them.' In consideration of your family, I give
.you warning not to begin shuffling with me.' " I am a
trustee for widows and orphans. . Is it not more natural that I
should be so than a British subject of your principles.'
• Shall I send you a copy of some certificates of your character
out of my chancery book, to shew how proper a man you are
in point of morals for such a charge? You, Mr. Ç. as you con.
fess you have means to do it, are hereby enjoined to make out
your account. If you do not, I will adjudge you to pay the sum
of 8567 shillings, the sums which you charge Mrs. H. without
vouchers.'

The indignant feeling which Mr. Bruce thus expresses , at a fraudulent transaction, and his determination to see justice done to an unfriended and unknown individual, are highly honourable to his character.

No. XXIII. contains a letler from Mr. Bruce to Mr. Wood dated Tunis, giving an account of his excursions along the coast of Africa. It exhibits some curious particulars, while it evinces' a zeal for the arts which none of the inconveniences nor dangers of travelling in that inhospitable region could abate. We shall make one or two extracts from this letter.

• Here,' (at Gerba, the Meninx of the Lotophagi), “I was sur. prised to find myself among men of a different species, not living in tents or in mud-walled cottages as the Arabs do, but in caves under ground as the Troglodytes of old. Mela says of these that they lived in caves, and fed upon serpents ; if he had said, fed together with serpents, and fed upon serpents his description had been just, for there are so many in every habitation, and so familiar, that ac, each meal they come and pick what falls from the disb, like dogs, Some of them are seven feet in length, buć to these people smo harmless, that even trod upon accidentally, they do not sting ; and there is not any person of the family who will not with their hands life then out of the way when sleeping, or in any manner troublesome. No persuasion nor reward could induce them to let me carry away one of them,it being universally believed that they are a kind of good angels, whom it would be the highest impropriety, and of the worst consequence to the community, to remove from their dwellings.'

Mr. Bruce travelled by land from Tunis to Gerba, from Gerba to Tripoli, and from Tripoli to Cape Bon (the Promontorium Mercurii) and back again to Tuvis. In this journey, during which his constant dwelling was a tent, he delinealed numerous vestiges of antiquity. Among these were the ruins of the three principalities in Africa,

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Jol or Julia Cæsarea, the capital of Juba; Certa; and Car-
thage, the last of which I hope,' says Mr. Bruce,' will be
found to make a better figure than it does in the accounts of some
travellers, who would persuade us there are no traces of that city
remaining.' . . , '

'
Mr. Bruce says that the hardships, difficulties, and
dangers which he experienced in this journey, were such
that nothing would have induced him to repeat it.

Often,' says he, “beset with, and constantly in fear of, the
wandering Arabs, the most 'orutal set of barbarous wretches ever,
I believe, existed; constantly parched with heat or dying with
extreme cold, exposed many times to the risk of dying with
thirst, though perpetually in view of large quantities of water,
equal in saitness to the sea ; in the northern parts in constant
danger, from tigers, lions, and panthers; in the south afraid of
every creature, where the snallest insect is endowed with some
noxious quality; scorpions and horned vipers are in such abune,
dance that of the former thirty-five were killed in and about
my tent, ali hour after it was pitched.'

No. XXIV. is a narrative of Mr. Bruce's journies to
Baalbeck and Palmyra. From this we shall extract the fol

lowing description of Mount Libanus.
Cr. The form of Mount Libanus, as seen from the plain of Beleka,"

(the Cælo-Syria of the ancients) “is this ; first a ridge of mountains
extremely proper for culture, and of no considerable height, sloping
easily to the plain, anii covered with trees that are not very thickly
planted ; on the other side of these rises a chain of mountains of an
extraordinary height, bare for the most part and story, cut in every
direction by deep rain, and covered with snow, unless in the summer.
Thus they continue till they descend much more steeply on the
other side towards the sear. The vallies within these high chains of
mountains, which on one side rim parallel to the sea-coast, and
on the other forin the east side of the plain of Beleka, are mostly
narruw, but abundancly fertile, were they in the hands of better
people, under a beiter government; industry being always here
followed by oppression.'

- Of the twelve drawings which Mr. Bruce made of Palmyra , and four of Baalbeck, he says in a confidential letter to Mr.

Stranger “they are by much the inost magnilicent views
that have ever appeared. Every drawing has been purcha-
sed by the risk of my lie; for we were on returning saved
from assassination as by a miracle. No, XXIII, which is
à letter, supposed to be written by Mr. R. Wood, from..
Gondar in Abyssinia, gives the earliest account of Mr.

Bruce's journey into that country. It contains a succinct description of his route from Cairo to Goodar, interspersed with some interesting particulars. No. XXVIII. contains various letters, principally, recommendatory which were written in favour of Mr. Bruce, by Metical Aga, prime minister to the sheriffe of Mecca; by Bajarand Jauni, deputy governor to Ras Michael, by Imail king of Semuaar, and by Shekh Adelar, vizier to the king of Sennaar. We shall ex-' tract one of these letters as a curious specimen of the eastern epistolary style. It is from Shekh Adelar to Ali Bey, announcing the departure of Mr. Bruce from Sennaar to Egypt, ' 1772.

• Ių the name of the most mercisul God, the Lord of both worlds, blessing and peace be upon our Lord Mahommed, his family and friends, the supporters, who are majestic, pure, illustrious, and radiant. [The seal with the inscription on it above-mentioned] May it come with the sprinkling dew of perfume, scented with ainbergris and odours, to the presence excelling in bounty, that speaks virtue and piety, the fountain of excellence and perfections, the spring of honours and favors, the horse that first reaches the goal, the chief of the masters of exalted eloquence, whose way of life increases his power, the drawn sword of God over every commander, and the arrow of prudence over every conqueror. So be it. The resplendent majesty, the chief of the chiefs of Cairo (Messir al Cahira) may God exalt his high rank, and make the backs of his ene. inies the place of his sword ; may the arrows of his orvops never forsake his flying enemies, and the armies of his terror be in their dejected hearts; may the bridle of his firin purpose train them to. obedience, and the wisdom of his policy tame all their skill.

"The Shekh super-excellent and illustrious, glorious in his benefits toʻall mankind, bright in the love of his heart towari's the explaina ers of what is dark, the prince of the city of Cairo the fortified, may God make the tree of peace fourish in his heart! Omir Allawai, the Sanjack Ali Bey, God is with him, Amen. Your friend Shoklı Adelan salutes you with exceeding peace, and prays for an increase of your power and honour, Next. What calls us to the intercourse of these letters, and the cause of our compusing them is, that your servant, El llattim Yagoube, came to us from the land of Habbesh with letters from the Sultan of Mecca and Netical dgia, and leiters also from the Sultan of Habbesh, that we shouid treat with kindness and civilities, and forward hini speedily on bis way to your presence; and we desired him to stay until we might be beneficient to him, but he refused and would not, fearing blame from you and your authority over all. So he is gone from us to seek you, with friend. ship and peace, and we hope that he will obtain is desire from those that know what is hid, in order that your friendship may be fully esiablished towards us, and that you may be joincil to us more nearly,

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" and that amity may be between our house and your house; and let us not be deprived of letters from you, for correspondence is half an interview. ..

No. XXXIX. contains two letters from Dr. Blair to Mr. Bruce ; in the first of which there are some judicious ob- ; servations on the travels of Mr. B. The following remark, with respect to the appearances of egotism which there are in that work, seem sensible and discriminating.

With regard,' says the Doctor, ' to your being so much the hero of your own tale, which all the petty critics will be laying hold of, · this is what I find not the least fault with. On the contrary, I have been always of opinion, that the personal adventures of a tra. veller in a strange country, are not only the most entertaining, but among the most instructive parts of the work, and let us more into the manners and circumstances of the country, than any informa. tion and general observation can give us.'

No. XLIV. is a short but apparently copious account of the Abyssinian court and governinent. The civil list of the Abyssinian court hardly appears to yield to those of Europe in the variety or frivolity of the appointments. We shall extract a few particulars of the domestic establishment of Abyssinian royalty.

The Serach Maseri, or chamberlain, who sets the crown on the king's head, sees his apartments properly ordered, and awakens him early in the morning, by his servants cracking their whips around his tent or palace.'

"The Hazgue or Lik Magwass, who has the charge of the king's mule, an office of great honour. The Negus rides usually on that animal, making a point never to alight while out of doors, except on extraordinary occasions. He even rides into the presence chamber to the foot of his throne,

All the household officers were formerly created in pairs, one for the right hand, and another for the left. .

The king usually appointed two Bahwudels, each of whom was his lieutenant-general over half the troops in the kingdom. The word signifies the only gate, or by him alone the gate, as the army had access to the sovereign through the medium of this of ficer only.'

• In a full council of the nation, or business of importance, the king sits in an alcove adjoining to ihe council room, behind a lartice called shekshek. An officer, called the Af.negus, or mouth of the king, carries to him the deliberations, and receives his answers,

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