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4. Table of the ecclesiastical divisions of France.


3. AUCH.




8. LYON.

(XIIth-XIIIth centuries.)

Suffragan bishops. Apt, Riez, Fréjus, Gap, Siste

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ron, Antibes.

Marseille, Saint-Paul-trois-Châteaux, Toulon, Avignon, Cavaillon, Carpentras, Orange. Dax, Lectoure, Comminges, Conserans, Aire, Bazas, Tarbes, Oleron, Lescar, Bayonne. Belley, Lausanne, Bâle.

Agen, Angoulême, Saintes, Poi-
tiers, Périgueux.

Clermont, Limoges, Le Puy,
Albi, Mende, Cahors, Rodez,
Toulouse (till 508)

Digne, Vence, Glandève, Senez,
Grasse, Nice.

Autun, Langres,

Saône, Mâçon.


Toulouse (was detached in 1318,
and made an archbishopric),
Béziers, Nimes, Lodève, Uzès,
Maguelone, Carcassonne, Elne,
Saint Pons de Tomières, Alais.
Cambrai, Soissons, Laon, Châ-
lons, Beauvais, Noyon, Amiens,
Senlis, Arras, Térouanne, Tour-

Bayeux, Avranches, Évreux, Séez,
Lisieux, Coutances.

Paris, Chartres, Auxerre, Troyes,
Orléans, Meaux, Nevers.
Pamiers, Montauban, Lavaur,
Rieux, Lombez, Saint-Papoul.
Le Mans, Angers, Rennes, Nantes,
Vannes, Quimper, Saint-Pol-de-
Léon, Tréguier, Saint-Brieuc,
Saint Malo (or Aleth), Dol.
Genève, Grenoble, Viviers, Die,
Valence, Saint Jean de Mau-


ADRIAN IV (Nicholas Breakspere), pope from 1154 to 1159.
ALBERT DE ROYE, bishop of Laon, 1324-April 1338.

ANQUETIL (Louis Pierre), 1723-1806. His history of France en-
joyed great popularity. Even Augustin Thierry says of him : “c'était un
homme de grand sens, et capable de s'élever plus haut.”

ARNAUD, bishop of Le Mans, 1067-1081.

AUBRY DE HAUT-VILLIERS, archbishop of Reims, July 1207-De-
cember 1218.

BAUDOUIN V, surnamed the courageous, count of Hainault, 1171-1195.
BAUDRI DE SARCHAINVILLE, first, archdeacon, and then bishop of
Noyon, 1098-1113.

BERNARD (Saint), founder and first abbot of Clairvaux, 1091–1153.
"Un des plus grands esprits du moyen-âge."

BRÉQUIGNY (Louis George Oudart Feudrix de), 1716-1795. Dis-
tinguished as a scholar and historian, published a collection of charters,
and other documents in eight folio volumes.

CHARLES IV, 1294-1328; king of France, 1322.

CHARLES LE CHAUVE (the bald), 823-877; king 829.

COUCY (Enguerrand de Boves or de la Fère), count of Amiens, was
lord of Coucy in 1086.

ÉTIENNE D'ORLEANS, bishop of Tournay, 1191-Sept. 1203.
EUDES III, duke of Burgundy in 1193.

EUGÈNE III, monk at Clairvaux, pope, 1145-1153.

FENELON (François de Salignac de la Motte), 1651-1715; tutor to
the duke of Burgundy (1689); archb. of Cambrai (1695); a member of the
Académie Française; a conscientious prelate, and an enlightened man.
GAUDRI, bishop of Laon, 1106-April 1112.

GEFFROY DE MAYENNE, eleventh century.

GEOFFROY I D'Eu, bishop of Amiens, Feb. 1223-Nov. 1236.
GÉRARD DE ROUSSILLON, one of the heroes of the Carlovingian
romances, supposed to have been count of Bourges from 838 to 872.
GERARD II, bishop of Cambrai, 1076-August 1092.

GUILLAUME LE CONQUÉRANT, 1027-1087, duke of Normandy (1035),
king of England (1066).

GUILLAUME DE LA FERTÉ, governor of the citadel of Le Mans,
eleventh century.

mains), archb. of Reims, 1176-Sept. 1202.

GUILLAUME III, count of Auxerre, and in 1147 count of Nevers.
GUY, count of Auxerre, 1167.

HENRI, Count of Troyes, 1175.

HENRI IV, emperor of Germany (1056), died in 1106.
HENRI V, 1081-1125, emperor of Germany in 1106.
HENRI I, king of England, 1068-1135; king 1100.

HENRI II, DE DREUX, or DE BRENNE, archb. of Reims, March
1227-July 1240.

HENRI DE FRANCE, bishop of Beauvais, 1149-1162; archb. of
Reims, 1162-Nov. 1175.

HENRI IV, king of France, born 1553; king of Navarre (1562);
ascends the throne of France (1589); murdered (1610).

HERBERT, Wake-dog (éveille chiens), count of Maine, 1015-1036.
HUGUES DE SILLE, eleventh century.

HUGUES III, duke of Burgundy, 1162-1193.

INNOCENT III (Lothario Conti), pope, 1198–1216.

Joscelin DE VIERZI, bishop of Soissons, 1126-October 1152.
LAUDOIN, Count of Mans, eleventh century.

LIEBERT, bishop of Cambrai, 1049–1076.

LOUIS VI, le gros (the Fat), 1081-1137; king of France, 1108.
LOUIS VII, 1120-1180; king of France, 1137.

LOUIS IX (Saint Louis), 1215-1270; king of France, 1226.

MÉZERAY (François Eudes de), 1610-1683, an excellent historian.
"Style nerveux, pensées judicieuses, caractère indépendant."

MILON 1er DE CHÂTILLON-NANTEUIL, bishop of Beauvais, 1217-

MONTMORENCY (Henri II, duke of), born 1596; marshal of France,
1630; beheaded 1632.

PHILIPPE I, 1052-1108; king of France, 1069.

PHILIPPE II, Augustus, 1165-1223; king of France, 1180.
PHILIPPE IV, the Fair, 1268-1314; king of France, 1285.
PHILIPPE VI, DE VALOIS, 1293-1350; king of France, 1325.
PHILIPPE D'ALSACE, count of Flanders, 1168-1191.

PONS DE MONTBOISSIER, abbot of Vézelay, twelfth century.
RAOUL, Count of Vermandois, 1102.

RAOUL II, DE MARTIGNY, or DES PRÉS, archb. of Reims, 1124-1139.
ROBERT I, Count of Flanders, 1071-1093.

ROGER 1er DE Rosoy, bishop of Laon, August 1175-May 1201.
SAINT-REMI, in Latin Remigius or Remidius, 437-533, archb. of
Reims, 459-533. Baptized Clovis king of the Franks in 496.

SANSON DE MALVOISIN, archb. of Reims, 1140-Sept. 1161.
SECOUSSE (Denis François), 1691-1754. Member of the Académie
des Inscriptions et belles lettres (1722), celebrated as an antiquarian.

Published the first nine volumes of the Ordonnances des rois de France.

SISMONDI (Charles Simonde de), 1773-1842, a distinguished historian
and political economist. His history of France (1821-1844, 31 vols. 8vo.)
goes as far as the reign of Louis XVI. M. Renée (Amédée), the
author's son in law, has published a sequel to it.

SUGER, 1082-1152, abbot of Saint Denis (1122), minister of
Louis VII, and regent of France (1147-49) during the king's absence in
the Holy Land.

THOMAS DE BEAUMETZ, archb. of Reims, March 1251-Feb. 1263.

THOMAS DE MARLE, lord of Coucy in 1116.

TURGIS DE TRACY, governor of the citadel of Le Mans, together
with Guillaume de la Ferté. Eleventh century.

VELLY (the abbé Paul François), 1709-1759. His history of France,
which is far beneath its reputation, was continued by Villaret and
Garnier as far as the reign of Charles IX, and by Fantin-Désodoards,
as far as the death of Louis XVI. It forms 43 vols. 12mo.


AIGUES-MORTES (L. Aquæ-mortuæ), a town of France in the de-
partment of Gard.

AMIENS (L. Samarobriva, then Ambiani), chief town of the depart-
ment of Somme, formerly capital of Picardy, in France.

ANJOU (L. Andecavi), a province of France, situated between those
of Maine, Touraine, Normandy, Poitou, and Brittany.

ARLES (L. Arelate), a town in France, department of Bouches du

AUVERGNE (L. Arverni), a province in the South-East of France.
AUXERRE (L. Altissiodurum, Autissiodurum), a city in the old
province of Burgundy, now chief town of the department of Yonne.
AVESNES (L. Avesnæ), a town in the department of Nord (province
of Artois).

BAR-SUR-AUBE (L. Barrum-ad-Albulam), a small, but ancient town
in the department of Aube (province of Champagne).

BEAUVAIS (L. Caesaromagus, then Bellovaci), capital of the depart-
ment of Oise, in France.

BORDEAUX (L. Burdigala), capital, first of Aquitania Secunda, then,
of the province of Guyenne, and now of the department of Gironde.
BOURGOGNE (L. Ædui, Mandubii), an important province of France.
BRETAGNE (L. Britannia major, Armorica). This province, the
capital of which was Rennes, now forms five departments.

CAMBRAI (L. Cameracum), a town in the department of Nord, in

CARCASSONNE (L. Carcaso), capital of the department of Aude, in
the South of France.

CLAIRVAUX (L. Clara vallis), a village in the department of Aube.
The celebrated monastery of Benedictines which stood there was
founded by Saint Bernard.

CLUNY (L. Cluniacum), an abbey in Burgundy, founded (910) by
William, duke of Aquitaine.

COMPIÈGNE (L. Compendium, Carlopolis), a small French town, in
the department of Aisne.

CORBEIL (L. Corboleum, Josedum), a small town of Ile-de-France

CRESPY-EN-LAONNAIS, a small town, formerly fortified, in the
department of Aisne.

DAUPHINÉ, a province of South-Eastern France; occupied formerly
by the Vocontii, the Allobroges, the Tricastini and the Segalauni.
Corresponds now to the departments of Isère and Hautes Alpes.

DIJON (L. Dibio or Divio), chief town of the department of the
Côte d'Or in France, and formerly capital of Burgundy.

DOUAI (L. Duacum), a strong town in French Flanders, situated on
the Scarpe, in the department of Nord.

FISMES, a small town of the department of Marne in the province of

FLANDRE. This vast province, extending over Belgica Secunda, had
Ghent for its capital.

FRANCHE-COMTE (Maxima Sequanorum) belongs to France since
1678; forms the departments of Jura, Doubs, and Haute-Saône. Its
ancient capital was Besançon.

GATINAIS (Med. L. Vastiniensis pagus), a small province in Central
France. Chief towns: Nemours, and Montargis.

GRANDE CHARTREUSE (LA), the well known Carthusian monastery,
in the department of Isère. Built in 1134, it was reconstructed in 1678.
GRENOBLE (L. Cularo, Gratianopolis), in Dauphiné, is now the
capital of the department of Isère.

GUYENNE, formerly a province in the South-West of France, to the
North of Gascony.

HAINAUT (L. Hanogovensis Comitatus), a province of Belgium.

LA FÈRE (L. Fera), a very old fortified town in Picardy, department
of Aisne.

LANGUEDOC (including the greater part of Septimania), was so
called because its inhabitants spoke the language in which oc is the sign
of affirmation.

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LAON (L. Bibrax, Lugdunum Clavatum), chief town in the depart-
ment of Aisne.

LE MANS (L. Suindinum, Cenomani), formerly capital of the pro-
vince of Maine, now chief town of the department of the Sarthe.
LILLE, the chief town of the department of Nord.
formerly was spelt L'Isle (L. Insula, Flemish Ryssel).

Its name

LIMOUSIN, a province in France, formerly occupied by the Lemovices.
Includes the department of Corrèze, and part of that of Haute-Vienne.
Its capital was Limoges (L. Bastiatum, Augustoritum, or Lemovices).

LOIRE (L. Liger, Ligeris), the largest river in France; has its source
in the Velay, and falls into the Atlantic Ocean at Saint Nazaire; has
an extent of about 1000 kilometres.

LORRAINE (L. Lotharingia), a large province, formerly a duchy,
now belongs to Germany.

LORRIS (L. Lauriacum), a small town of the province of Orléanais,
department of Loiret.

MARSEILLES (L. Massilia), an important French seaport town, capital
of the department of Bouches du Rhône.

MONTDIDIER (Med. L. Mons Desiderii), a small town of Picardy,
department of Somme.

NAPLES (L. Parthenope, Ital. Napoli, Neapoli), formerly capital of
the kingdom of Two Sicilies.

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