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It frith morePIeafure tohimfelf, in the fineft Pictures and Statues; and I am forced to have recouife to
The Hair, either bright, black, or brown; not thin, but full and waving; and if it falls in moderate Curls, the better. The Black is particularly ufeful for fetting off the Whitenefs of the Neck and Skin.
The Eyes, black, chefnut, or blue; clear, bright, and lively; and rather large in Proportion than fmall.
The Eyebrows, well divided, rather full than thin; femicircular, and broader in the Middle than at the Ends; of a neat Turn, but not formal.
The Cheeks fnculd not be wide; fhould have a Degree of Plumpnefs with the Red and White finely blended together; and fliould lock 'firm and foft.
Tne Ear flrould be rather fmall then large; well folded, and with in agreeable Tinge of Red.
The Nofe fliould be placed fo as to divide the Face into Two equal Parts; fhould be of a moderate Size, flrait, and well-fquared; though fometimeS a little Rifing in the Nofe, which is but juft perceivable, may give a very graceful Look to it.
The Mouth fhould be fmall; and the Lips not of equal Thicknefs: They fliould be well-turned, fmall rather than grofs; foft, even to the Eye; and with a living R.ed in them. A truly pretty Mouth is like a Rofe-bud that is beginning to blow.
The Teeth fhould be middle-fized, white, well-ranged, and even.
The Chin, of a moderate Size; white, foft, and agreeably rounded.
The Neck fliould be white, flrait, and of a foft, eafy, and flexible Slake, lather long than fliort; lefs above, and encreafmg gently toward the Shoulders: The Whitenefs and Delicacy of its Skin fhould be continued, or rather go on improving, to the Bofom.
The Stiu in general Ihould be white, properly tinged w:th Red; with an apparent Softnefs, and a Look of thriving Health in it.
The Shwldcrt fhould be white, gently fpread, and with a much fofter Appearance of Strength, than in thofe of Men.
The Arm fliould be whire, round, firm, and fuft; and more particularly fo from the Elbow to the Hands.
The Hand fliould unite infenfibly with the Arm; juft as it doeS'in the Statue of the Venus of Medici. They fliould be long, and delicate; and even the Joint! and nervous Parts of them fliould be without either «ny Hardnefa or Drynefs.
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them fo Often, becaufe in Life we commonly fee but a fmall Part of the human Body; moft of it being either difguifed, or altered, by what we call Drefs.
I was acquainted, for fome Years, with a Lady who has as pretty a made Head and Neck as can be conceived; and never knew any thing of the Matter, till I happened one Morning to catch her at her Toilet, before fhe had deformed herfelf by putting on her Headcloaths.
If that beautiful round Oak, with fo fine and ftrait a Body, had a Tent or floping Building, coming down from the Top of its Trunk to the Ground, all ound it, and Two or Three Sheets flung over the greateft Part of its Head, we fhould fcarce be able to know, whether it was a beautiful Tree or not: And fuch is the circling Hoop, that the Women wear in fome Countries; and the vaft Wad of Linen, that they carry upon their Head in others.
The Fingers fhould be fine, long, round, and foft; fmall, and IcfTening towards the Tips of them: And the Nails long, rounded at the Ends, and pellucid.
The Bojom fhould be white, and charming; and the Breafts equal in Roundnefs, Whitenefs, and Firmnefs; neither too much elevated, nor too much depreffed; riling gently, and very diftinftly feparated; in one Word, juft like thofe of the Venus of Medici.
The Sides fliould be long, and the Hips wider than the Shoulders; and fliould turn off as they do in the fame Venus; and go down rounding, and leflening gradually to the Knee.
The Knee fliould be even, and well-rounded; the Legt ilrait, but varied by a proper Rounding of the more flefliy Part of them ; and the F:et finely turned, white, and little.
The old Heathens ufed to cover the fineft Statues of their Gods all over with long Robes on their greateft Feftivals: What a Figure would the Venus of Medici, or the Apulia Belvedere, make, in fuch a Drefs?
I do not, to this Day, know, whether the famous Lady of Loretto be well or ill fhaped; for, though I have feen her feveral times, I have never feen her without a fort of Hoop-petticoat, very much ftiffened with Pearls and Jewels, and reaching all down her Body; quite from her Neck, to her Feet. Queen Elizabeth might have been well fhaped to as little Purpofe, or ill-fhaped with as much Security, in the vaft Fardingal and pufft Robes, that we generally fee her fwell'd out with, in her Pi&ures.
And we do not only thusi 'in a great Meafure, hide Beauty; but even injure, and kill it, by fome Parts of our Drefs. A Child is no fooner born into the World, than it is bound up, almoft as firmly as •an old Egyptian Mummy, in feveral Folds of Linen. It is in vain for him to give all the Signs of Diftrefs that Nature has put in his Power, to fhew how much he fuffers whilft they are thus irnprifoning his Limbs; or all the Signs of Joy, every Time they are fet at Liberty. In a few Minutes, the old Witch, who prefides over his infirmeft Days, falls to tormenting him afrefh, and winds him up again in his deftined Confinement. When he comes to be dreft like a Man, he has Ligatures applied to his C 2 Arms. Arms, Legs, and Middle, in fhort, all over him; to prevent the natural Circulation of his Blood, and make him lefs a&ive and healthy; and if it be a Child of the tenderer Sex, fhe muf t be bound yet more ftreightly about the Waift and Stomach; to acquire a Difproportion, that Nature never meant in her Shape. I have heard a very nice Critic in Beauty fay, that he was never well acquainted with any Woman in England, that was not, in fome Degree, crooked; and I have often heard another Gentleman, that has been much in Africa, and in the Indies, affert, that he never faw any black Woman, that was crooked. The Reafon, no Doubt, is, that they keep to Nature; whereas our Ladies choofe to be lhaped by the Staymaker.
THE Two other conftituent Parts of Beauty, are, Expreffion and Grace: The former of which, is common to all Perfons and Faces; and the latter, is to be met with but in very few.
BY Expreffion, I mean the Expreffion of the Paffions; the Turns and Changes of the Mind, fo far as they are made vifible to the Eye, by our Looks or Geftures.
Though the Mind appears principally in the Face* and Attitudes of the Head; yet every Part almoft of the human Body, on fome Occafion or other, may become expreffive. Thus the languifhing Hanging
of of the Arm, or the vehement Exertion of it; the Pain expreffed by the Fingers of one of the Sons in the famous Group of Laocoon, and in the Toes of the dying Gladiator. But this again is often loft among us by our Drefs; and indeed is of the lefs Concern, becaufe the Expreffion of the Paffions pafles chiefly in the Face, which we (by good Luck) have not as yet concealed.
The Parts of the Face in which the Paffions moft frequently make their Appearance, are the Eyes, and Mouth; but from the Eyes, they diffufe themfelves (very ftrongly) about the Eyebrows; as, in the other Cafe, they appear often in the Parts all round the Mouth.
Philofophers may difpute, as much as they pleafe, about the Seat of the Soul; but, where-ever it refides, I am fure that it fpeaks in the Eyes.
I do not know, whether I have not injured the Eyebrows, in making them only Dependants on the Eye; for they, efpecially in lively Faces, have, as it were, a Language of their own; and are extremely varied, according to the different Sentiments and Paffions of the Mind.
1 have fometimes obferved a Degree of Difpleafure in a Lady's Eyebrow, when fhe had Addrefs enough not to let it appear in her Eyes; and, at other Times have difcovered fa much of her Thoughts, in the Line juft above her Eyebrows; that fhe has C 3 beer