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An Essay on that Art which makes a Man happy in bimfelf, and agreeable to others.
He iaho intends f ackiife the young and gay,
Mitft quit the common Road——the formal Way,
Which hum-drum Pedants take to make Folks wife,
By praijtng Virtue, and decrying Vice. •
Let Paribns tell what dreadful Ills will fall
On fuch as liften when their Pajfions call:
We from fuch Things our Pupils to affright,
Say not they're Sins, but that they're unpolite.
To Jkew their Courage, Beaus wotfd often dare,
By blackejl Crimes, to brave old Lucifer:
But who, of Breeding nice, of Carriage ciiiil,
Wotfd trefpafs on good Manners for the Deuil \
Or, merely to difplay his Want of Fear,
Be damn'd hereafter, to be laugh''d at here?
Firft Printed in the Year 1734.
f O T H E
TH E Polite Philosopher was printed originally at Edinburgh^ and Part of the Edition fent up to London. The Novelty of the Title, and, to fay Truth, of the Performance itfelf, (for it is written in a Manner never before made ufe of in our Language) recommended it to fome, and prejudiced it in the Opinion of others •, but Time, which is the Touchftone of fuch Productions, did Juftice to this Work, and at laft procured it an Efteem, not only here, but abroad. This, together with my great Efteem for its ingenious Author, who is now in Italy, and who is allowed, by all who know him, to be truly a Polite Philosopher, occafioned my fending this Second Edition into the World.
The Intent of the Author (for I very well
knew his Intent) was, to make Men afhamed
Vol. I. Q_ of of their Vices, by fhewing them how ridiculous they were made by them, and how impoffible it was for a bad Man to be polite. It may be, graver Books have been written on this Subject, but few more to the Point; its Author being equally fkilled in Books and in Men, in the dead Languages and the living: I prefume therefore, that his Obfervations will be generally found true, and his Maxims juft.
At firft fight, it may feem that this Book is calculated only for a few; but I beg leave to obferve, that in Truth there are but few to whom it may not be ufeful. As every Man in his Station ought to be honeft, fo every Man in his Behaviour may be polite; nay, he ought to be fo, becaufe he will be fure to find his Account in it; fince it is a Quality eafier difcerned, and of confequence fooner rewarded, than the former. We muft know and converfe with a Man to be convinced of his Probity; whereas we perceive, at firft light, whether he has good Manners -, by this we are prejudiced in his Favour: And who then would not ftrive to learn an Art at qnce fo eafy, and To extenfive in its Ufe?