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the dormant Paffion. This feems to be the concealed Meaning of what the Poets tell us concerning Orpheus and his Lyre.
Thus, in every View, it feems evident, that it was Affection for the Species, which drew Men into Society; and that, without it, they never did, and never canfubfift. For could Nature intend to prefetve and propagate the Species, and not maintain Fellowfhip and mutual Affe&ion? Whence arifes that ftrict Agreement between the Sexes, in the Care of their growing Offspring, but from Love? And can you flop here? How (as I remember Lord Sbaftjbury clofely puts the Queftion) "How fhould Man break "off from this Society, if once begun? And that it « began thus, and grew into an Houfljold, is an in"conteftable Fact. And muft not this Houfbold "have foon grown into a Tribe? that Tribe into a «« Nation I"
Here Philocles paufed—when, looking ftedfaflly on his Friend — O Sophronius, faid he, is it poffible you can, in good Earneft, contend againft the Reality of the kind and generous Afte&ions? Is it poffible you cannot difcover a moral Attraction in our Natures, which unites Mankind to each other, previous to all Confiderations of Intereft or Convenience?
But I have long fufpected, that we are drawn into
Opinions from our conftitutional Propenfities, as the
Stream follows the feveral Declivities of the Ground,
through which it flows. Something, perhaps, of this
Y 4" Kind Kind may have given a Bjafs to my Friend's Sentiments, and turned them afide from that Scheme he is oppofing. But I will not defpair of reconciling you to more favorable Thoughts of the human Kind. No Method leems more probable to effedt this, than a Contemplation of Nature in thefe her vifible Operations. From her (it is confefled) the defigning and imitative Arts derive all their Energy and Grace. And yet fbe herfelf, it feems, (helplefs Parent!) is deftiiute of all thofe Charms and Delicacies, fhe confers on her acknowledged Offspring! But —
It is very poffible, interrupted Sopbronius, that the Opinions of Mankind may be influenced by their Tempers. The Fruit, no Doubt, will partake of the Nature of the Soil. But Philocles fhould remember, that the fame Obfervation will ferve to explain the Rile of his Sentiments, no lefs than mine. I am, however, very willing to confefs, that I am always afhamed of being pleafed, where I cannot affign the Caufe; and am extremely apt to fufpect my Judgment concerning any Object, that moves my Paffion. For this Reafon, I fhould hardly fend my Difciple to the School of Arts (for there, Philocles, you feemed to be pointing) for his lnftruction in the Truth of fevere Philofophy. A good Picture, a wellexecuted Statue, or a fine Style, give me (fo far as I am able to difcover clearly their refpe&ive Beauties) fome Degree of Pleafure. But when the profefled Admirers, the Connoifleurs in thefe feveral Arts, talk of their namelefs Graces, their certain inexplicable Delicacies, and I know not what other fine Terms,
of of which they themfelves do not pretend to explain the Meaning; there, I confefs, I am left behind, and referve my Rapture, till I receive my Conviction.
For tell me, Pbilocles, what is this Delicacy, either in the Arts or Conduct of Life, which you are conftantly extolling in fuch high Strains, and with fuch an Air of Earneftnefs, as if you were perfuaded that there is fomethingin it real and fubftantial?
Pbilocles was going to reply; when a Servant irir formed them that Supper was upon the Table. However, in their Way to the Houfe, he took Occafion, from the beautiful Scenes they pafled, to throw out fome general Reflexions in Support of his favourite Doctrine: for he was determined to omit no Opportunity of drawing his Friend into the Love and Study of Refinement; the Difregard to which Accomplimment, he looked upon as the chief Deficiency in the Character of Sophronius.
AS Sophronius is an early rifer, he was amufing himfelf in the Library, before Phi locles was yet ftirring. But his Friend, perceiving it now Day, foon followed him thither, being unwilling to lofe any Opportunity of enjoying a Converfation, in which he found himfelf often inftru&ed, and always entertained.
How happy (faid Pbilocles entering the Room) how happy would it be for the fafhionable World, were they as well acquainted "with this fweet Hour of "Prime," as you, Sophronius, are, who feldom fuffer the Sun to rife upon you in Bed!
Rather, replied Scpbronius, how much happier would it be for the World in general, would certain active Spirits be perfuaded to flumber Life away! fince they wake but to purfue their Ambition, or vent their Impertinences, and rife only to embroil or miflead Mankind.
Undoubtedly, faid Philocles, if many of thofe, whofe Actions fill our Hiftories, or whofe Specula
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