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a fairer character, or perhaps in more studied language. In the chaos of his manuscripts, some of the original sketches were found, and as these sketches, though less perfect, are fairly to be considered as the offspring of his mind, where they have seemed in themselves worthy of a place in this volume, we have not hesitated to insert them, though they may not always correspond exactly with the letters transmitted, which have been lost,

or withheld.

Our author appears at one time to have formed an intention of making a collection of his letters, for the amusement of a friend. Accordingly, he copied an inconsiderable number of them into a book, which he presented to Robert Riddell, of Glenriddell, Esq. Among these was the account of his life, addressed to Dr. Moore, and printed in the first volume. In copying from his imperfect sketches (it does not appear that he had the

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letters actually sent to his correspondents before him) he seems to have occasionally enlarged his observations, and altered his expressions. In such instances his emendations have been adopted ; but in truth there are but five of the letters thus se

lected by the poet, to be found in the present volume, the rest being thought of inferior merit, or otherwise unfit for the public eye.

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In printing this volume, the editor has found some corrections of grammar necessary; but these have been very few, and such as may be supposed to occur in the careless effusions, even of literary characters, who have not been in the habit of carrying their compositions to the press. These corrections have never been extended to any habitual modes of expression of the poet, even where his phraseology may seem to violate the delicacies of taste, or the idiom of our language, which he wrote in general with great accuracy. Some difference will indeed be found in this respect in his earlier, and in his later compositions; and this volume will exhibit the progress of his stile, as well as the his

tory of his mind.

To diversify the volume, and to illustrate the character or the history of the poet, a few of the letters of his correspondents have been introduced. In general, this has been done with the permission of the writers ; in one or two instances, it has been done without leave, for which the editor begs pardon ; trusting that the liberal minds of the persons concerned will overlook an omission, arising from the pressure of important engagements, which prevented the error from being discovered until it

was too late.

In the eleventh page of this volume, the reader will find an apology offered on this subject to Mr. Ramsay, of Ochtertyre, if still alive. Since that sheet was printed, the editor has heard from that respectable gentleman and elegant scholar, and has obtained his consent to the publication of his letters.
Long may he enjoy the sweets of literature and of

tained INDEX

retirement on the banks of his parent stream !

- Fortunatus et ille, Deos qui novit agrestes,
“ Panaque, Sylvanumque senem, Nymphasque sorores!
“ Illum non populi fasces, non purpura regum
“ Flexit, & infidos agitans discordia fratres ;
“ Aut conjurato descendens Dacus ab Istro.

Had the whole of the letters of Burns been

collected and examined before any part of them
was sent to the press, a better arrangement, and
perhaps a better selection of them, might have
been made. But many of the letters, which were
at length sent voluntarily, could not at first be
procured by the most urgent solicitation, and
there are now in the editor's possession several
which arrived after this volume was printed off.


Page 108, Line 8, fr. bottom, for quadam read, quodam.

luenies luinigs.

347, last line

dele no.

359, Line 10, fr. bottom, pour


deep-shaping deep-shaking.
See the remainder of the Errata p. 28.



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IV. TO THE SAME. On ker rejection of bis suit, 9


1783. Burns' former teacher; giving an
account of bis present studies, and temper of
mind, .


VI. EXTRACTS FROM MSS. Observations on

various subjects,


VII. TO MR. AIKEN. 1786. Written under
distress of mind,


VIII. TO Mrs. DUNLOP. Thanks for her no-

tice. Praise of her ancestor, Sir William



closing a poem on Miss A


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