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ment upon every Thing of the Kind hitherto published; &c. &c, By the Rev. Hugh Gaston, 8vo. 6s. Becket.
VERY work that tends to facilitate the knowlege of Scrip-.
ture, and to render the important truths contained in it familiar to the mind, is entitled to a candid and favourable reception from every serious Reader.-We need say nothing, therefore, in regard to the design of Mr. Gaston's performance : the method in which he procceds is as follows:
The several articles of revealed religion are ranged under diftinet heads or chapters. The subject of each chapter is only mentioned at the beginning of it; and the scripture account of the subject is afterwards given at large, in a numerous collection of express and pertinent texts of Scripture, with which the chapter is filled up. Care is taken to insert every article of revealed religion, and every express and pertinent text upon every one, in order to make it full and complear. The feveral different words by which any article of religion is exprefled in the Bible, are exhibited under distinct sections, and these sections are
with those places in the Bible where the word occurs upon that subject, and produced mostly in the order in which they lie in the Bible; so that the work, in some measure, answers the ends of both a Common-place Book and Concordance upon the articles of religion. Every doctrine or duty of revealed religion is laid down first, and the motives to the belief or practice of them, are made so'many distin er sections in the chapter, and generally come under the heads of threatening, promises, examples, &c. So much is transcribed of the places quoted, as expresses the principal part of the text, and is sufficient to direct the Reader to the places to be consulted at large in the Bible upon the fube ject; more would have needlessly swelled the size of the book, and not have left suficient room for inserting every pertinent text upon every subject. Art. 2. The indispensible Duty of frequenting the public 1701 Mhip of
God, and the Behaviour required therein. By Thomas Talbot, D.D. Rector of the Parishes of Ullingswick and Little Cowarn, in Herefordshire. 12mo. 6d. Buckland.
The subject of this small treatise is certainly of the utmost import, ance, both to the happiness of individuals, the peace and comfort of families, and the welfare of society in general. Without public worMip, even the practice of moral virtue cannot be duly supported amongit mankind, nor encouraged and enforced by such motives as are suficient to balance those powerful temptations to vice, with which every age, and every nation, so plentifu ly abound.
We do not remember to have seen any performance upon this fubjeet to well calculated to do good, as that now before us. It is writtce with great plainnels and perspicuity; with candour and judgment: the feri. 0:18 Cirikian, of every denomination, will perule it with pleasure. Art. 3. An Almonition to the younger Clergy; fh:wing the Expedi
ency of Propriety, Temperance, Alsiduity, and Candour. 8vo. is. Rivington.
A very candid and sensible admonition ; containing many things that deserve the serious attention of the Clergy, boch young and old. Art. 4. A Treatise upon the Life of Faith. By William Ro
maine, M. A Lecturer of St. Dunftan's in the West. 12mo. 2s. Worrall.
There is a certain class of Readers which, no doubt, will look upon, this as a sweet treatise, a comfirtable treatise, a precisus treatise, a jouto reviving, Soui-refreshing treatife, &c. &c. To us it appears a fil'y treatise, a stupid treatise, a norjanfical treatise, a fana:ical treatise, &c. &c. Art.5. Bufy-Bodies anatomized; or a succiner Defcriðtion of one
of the most mischievous Charallers of the present Age. With a prefatory Address to the Public. ` By James Flow, M. A. Rector of St. Margaret's Lothbury, London, Author of The Re* formed Prodigal. 8vo. 15. Dilly, &c.
We have here cwo sensible and well-meant Discourses against Gossiping, which, the Author says, is now grown one of the most falhionable and reigning vices in the kingdom. Art. 6. A Letter to the Rev. Mr. Samuel Pike, occafioned by his very
unfair and partial Publication of one to the Author, without any notice of his Reply to the fume; with some Remarks on his Four Sermons on the Nature and Evidence of Saving Faith. By T.
Whitewood. 8vo. 6d. Keith, &c. . We have, with great patience, perused both Mr. Pike's publication, and these remarks on it; and, on the whole, it is our opinion, that if these spiricual Champions would amicably sit down together, over a mo. derate bowl of good wholesome rum and water, without any acid, but as much sugar as they will, it would be the most efficacious expedient they could have recourse to, for putting an end to this unpleasant and unprofitable controversy. Art. 9. Comfort to the afflicted, under every Distress. IWith suit
able Devotions. By William Dodd, M. A. Prebendary of Brecon, and Chaplain to the Lord Bishop of St. Davids. 8vo. 55. Dilly
Chiefly compiled, as the Author ingenuously profeffes, from old Bi. shop Hall's Balm of Gilead, and Grosvenor's Holy Mourner. The generality of this kind of compositions are, by fome, considered as a jort of religious quackery; but we think there are in these forms, a variety of wholesome, tho' not elegant, prescriptions, and many uleful medicines for fickly minds. Art. 8. A Defence of the Oiservations on the Charter and Conduct
of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in foreigr. Parts, against an anonymous Pamphlet falsly entitled, A candid Exa
mination of Dr. Mayhew's Obiervations, &c. By Jonathan Rev. Sep. 1764
Mayhew, D. D. Paftor of the West Church in Boston, New. England. 8vo. 25. Nicoll.
Having never seen the Candid Examination which hath occasioned this Defence, and which, in all probability, never was re-printed in England, as Dr. Mayhew's performance (now before us) hath been, we cannot enter into the merits of the controversy, on the prefent occafion. See more of the subject, Review, vol. XXX. p. 45. Art. 9. The Claims of the Church of England seriously examined,
in á Letter to the Author of An Answer to Dr. Mayhew's Observations on the Charter and Conduct of the Society for propagating the Gospel in foreign Parts. By a Protestant Difsenter of Old England. 8vo. 6d. Nicoll.
Of the Answer to Dr. Mayhew here controverted, we gave some account in our thirtieth volume, p. 284. Several passages in the faid Anfwer seeming to bear too hard upon the Disfenters, the Author of the present Letter has undertaken their defence; and he has managed their cause very smartly. We avoid particulars, as we are no friends to such disputes; and therefore shall observe, en passant, that the Letter-Writer contends, for the honour of the Disfenters, shat the great Mr. Locke was not a member of the established church, altho' he had been claimed as such by the Answerer.
Art. 10. An Antidote to Arianism; or, the Arian Foundation razed,
and the Doctrine of the Co-equality of the Father, Word, and Holy Ghost establiford on the plain Testimony of Scripture. In a Letter to the Livery Servant, Author of the Attempt to restore the fupreme Worship of God the Father Almighty. By J W. -. 8vo. 6d. Bishop. Mr.
JW falls very foul upon poor George Williams, the honeft Unitarian, whole Attempt was mentioned in our last Review, . art. I. of the Catalogue. This Answer to it is penned in so angry and uncharitable a strain, that we think it is below even the notice of a Livery Servant. It is well if such abusive productions do not sometimes prove (what the Authors, ro doubt, are little aware of) an Antidote to Chrisiianity: we mean in regard to such unskilful Readers as know not how to separate the corn from the cares. Art, u. Religio Laici ; or, a Layman's Thoughts upon his Duty to
God, his Neighbour, and himself. 8vo. 2s. Crowder. Though this performance has neither accuracy of method, nor elegance of composition, to recommend it, every sensible reader will peruse it with pleasure. The Author's design is to promote the practice of focial and moral duties; his sentiments arc, in general, just and manly; he appears to be well acquainted with mankind, and to be a friend io freedom of enquiry, to virtue, and to religion.
He sets out with a few plain thoughts on the theory of religion in general.- I look upon this world, says he, as a large extensive coun. fry, through which I mult pals before I can arrive at that bleired one,
• for the enjoyment of which I was created ; and that there are many
paths leading cross it; and as but one only can be direct, where shall • I find a sure guide capable of pointing it out?
. God hath been so good as to give me one, to wit, my Reason; • which though that of no man can be infallible, yet it is an infallible
guide to me to all intents and purposes, as far as it regards myself ; be• cause, if by that I examine with care, fincerity and impartiality, and • attend to what it dictates, God will most certainly, as he is both good ' and just, accompany my endeavours with his all-saving grace, and I • shall go on securely and chearfully in the road to eternal happiness ; • because his justice can never require more of me than to make use of
this reason in all its extent, to enquire which is the true religion, and • afterwards to believe and act as I am convinced. No man can pollibly I believe otherwise, and God never commanded impossibilities.
• This Reason tells me, that the only true religion is that one which
was instituted by Jesus Christ, and left to his apostles, (for I am sure . he could not leave two) and from them is handed down to us, by a • succession of pastors, teachers, and ministers of bis gospel; and · against which church, or religion, he has promised the gates of hell
jhall net prevail. * Bat it will be objected, That the profeffors of every different religion
in the world pretend to this, and positively inlilt upon it that this is . theirs; and consequently, though there can be but one true religion, • we shall still be at a loss where to find it. However, I have a comfort ' in this perplexity, which has always been a very satisfactory one to me, ' and I think should, in reason, be fo to all mankind; and thus II 6 answer :
• That if (for example) John, after a diligent and impartial examination (and this is an affair of no less confequence than eternal happiness, or eternal misery, in the life to come): If, I say, John, with
out regard to any temporal interest, after the most ftri&t examination, ' in which he has employed the whole strength of his reason, is really
and fincerely of opinion, that the religion called A, which he pro' lesses, is that which Jesus Christ left to his apostles; then I say that • John is, to all intents and purposes, as far as regards his own falva
tion, of the religion which Jelus Christ left to his apostles, and con' sequently a member of the one true church ; and if his actions corre• spond, by his obedience to the laws of that faith, it will conduct him
to eternal happiness in the world to come. And I say the fame of Themas, Willian, Edward, &c. in respect of the religions called B, C.
D, which they prosess, and I call upon St. Paul, Romans, ch. 2. v. 14. < to back this affertion.
• Buc pray take notice, that if any thing is wanting in this examina
tion which might have been performed; if John chuses to protess him• self of the religion A, only because he was brought up in it, or be* cause the practice of it is more agreeable to his humour, more conve.. • nient to his worldly circumstances, less contradicting to his appetites,
or out of any other temporal motive; then I say John is acting infine cerely, nay wickedly, and carries about wiih him a fam concience,
which will one day fly in his face, and, without a sincere repentance, ' must conduct him to eternal perdition. And I say the fame of The• ma', William, Edward, &c. regarding the religions B, C, D.
. But if, to the best of my capacity, I am diligent and careful in my • examination, and sincere in my choice, God's justice (as I said above) . cannot condemn me for believing, as I was convinced. And as this
must be reasonable even to demonstration, I cannot but hold up my * hands in wonder, when I sce any power upon earth persecuting a man ' for the profession or praitice of that religion in which he is fincere.' .
After delivering his sentiments bricfly on the theory of religion, our Author goes on to treat of the practice of it, and gives a great deal of very useful and pertinent advice to persons in the highest ftations of life, in regard to their most important duties. Art. 12. Four Sermons preached at the Meeting in White-Heart
Court, Grace-Church-street. By Thomas Story.—Taken in Short-hand; and, after being transcribed at length, examined by the said T. Story, and published by his Permillion.
Hinde. The subjects of these sermons are: The nature and necessity of knowing one's-felf.—The insufficiency of natural knowledge, and the benefits arising from that which is spiritual.—The fall of man in the first Adam, and his restoration by Chrilt
, the second Adam.-The mere ciful invitation of God to all mankind, to come unto him for salvation:
As few of our readers will give themselves the trouble of peruling them, we shall only fay, that they are fuch rhapsodies as one generally hears in Quaker-meetings. Art. 13. A Charge delivered to the Clergy of the Archdeaconry of
Berks, at the late Visitation in May 1764. By William Dodwell, D. D. Archdeacon of Berks.' 8vo. is. Whifton.
In this charge the Doctor points out the several adversaries, and their several methods of opposition, which the miniilers of our established church are surrounded with, and suggests the proper principles and prac-, tices by which they may best hope to support their insults, and defeat their influence. Many of his reflections are very just, but what is chiefly, oblervable, is his zeal for the doctrines and constitutions of the church, to which he says, we cannot conform too rigorously.
The end of Christianity, we are told, has been as effectually defeated by corrupting its doctrines, as by undermining its evidence. When • natural religion, says the Doctor, could not be maintained in oppofi-. • tion to this revelation, it was artfully said to be the same, and the gof-.
pel was asserted to be nothing more than a republication of the law of. nature. Every thing peculiar to this dispensation as a new covenant, as a scheme of reco: cliation of offending creatures to their offended,
creator, is exploded, even by some who pretend to receive the Bible; • and force is offered to the express letter of scripture, and to the com
mon sense of every impartial reader of it, to explain away whatever • is said upon, or implied in the doctrine of redemption. The founda. • tion of it in the fall of man, and the corruption of his nature, is po
sitively denied; the necessity of it is evaded by attempts to prove that repentance and amendment for the future is a ruíñicient expiation for palt offences; the fubititution of a vicarious facrifice is represented 25 3