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if the intermiffion is fhort, the same quantity is to be taken, as if it was long.'

The publishing of this grand practical secret, then, as Mr. Hawkridge probably thought it, having been the avowed purpose of his treatise, he observes, verbatim.- If the least degree of self-interest had been moving, it might, with many of the secret-mongers, been kept close. But we hope we shall occafion more pleasure than disappointment to a gentleman of his professed humanity, by assuring him this has by no means been an extensive secret for near forty years past: but that patients in London and its environs, and many thousand miles beyond them, have taken nearly the same quantities, in the same interval of an intermitting fever; and have also repeated the like precautionary doses, (a term which has escaped Mr. H.) seven or eight days after, just as he advises them. So that these patients have been full as speedily and effectually cured in all those places, as his patients in Yorkshire, and probably before some of these last were born. But supposing this unknown to our Author, mankind are not the less obliged to him, for intending

to let them into so salutary a secret. We may add too, that this practice seems to have been full as cautiously exercised in those different places, by very generally, if not always, premifing a vomit to the Bark, which our Author only advises

if the liver gives bile sharper than common, and hence velli. cates the stomach so as to caft up its contents.'

His title-page, which we have contracted, and his introduction, gave us fome expectation of his entering upon the rationale of the operation and efficacy of the Bark, and even of mercury, as he says, p. 6, I hope we shall cease to speak any longer of their specific uses, as their effects are no more occult, but manifest and self-evident,'— whence perhaps he thought it fuperfluous to enter upon such a disquisition, as could disclose no fecrct. Yet with regard to the Bark he says, in a note, p. 30, . It is well worth observing, if this valuable medicine doth not disturb the prime viæ, but pass the lacteals, bread itself is not more friendly to our conftitution. It is never known to vellicate any one secretion, during its whole abode in the mass of Auids.'

We confess we were at a loss to understand this vellication of a secretion : but we apprehend Mr. H. mcant, that the Bark did not increase any secretion by irritating the glands and ducts employed in the fecretions and excretions. Yet we may observe, by the way, that although the Bark does not increase any fenfible fecretion or excretion by stimulation, as vomirs, purges, diuretics, and sudorifics do, it is probable, that in consequence of its strengthening the tone, and promoting the oscil


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fation, of the fibres, (by which the offending fiziness of the bumours may be attenuated) it restores infenfible perfpiration to its usual falutary degree.

It were but too easy to give several instances, beside the few hinted, in which the language of this pamphlet (for we are not speaking of its style) differs both from the true idiom and grammar of the English wrote and spoke in Middlesex, &c. But some allowance perhaps ihould be made for the habit of a provincial dialect, and manner of expreflion ; especially in a gentleman, who seems to have attended more to his business, than his language. He will be deemed we imagine, upon the whole, by his competent medical Readers, a considerate man, and a safe useful practitioner. This may sufficiently content a writer, who avers that, — if his endeavours should prove of the least service to either professor or patient, fufficient recompence will recur to the Author.'

But we should observe here, that by profelor, this gentleman certainly meant any other physical, and perhaps, country practitioner; and never imagined his work could illuminate the academical professors of any branch or department in physics, in any of our universities.

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A Review of the London Difpenfatory. Wherein are considered the

Inconsistencies of some Medicines, and the real merit of others. Addressed to the College of Physicians. 8vo. Is. 6d. Cooke. HIS Addresser will lose no credit, we imagine, by sup

prefsing his name; since at whatever rate he may estimate his own abilities, his Readers will generally suppose them exceeded by his ill manners. His title page gave us some hopes of such a degree of candour, as might be exercised in censuring, where there was real occafion for it, like a friend and a gentleman. But his manner of reprehending is extremely abrupt, dogmatic, and arrogant; and proves the less tolerable, as his strictures, in our opinion, are far from being constantly right. To evince this, we shall compare a few of his very laconic ones, (whose brevity is sometimes their only recommendacion) with the judgment of a medical writer, who is allowed to have given fatisfactory proofs of his pharmaceutical and chemical abilities, as well as of his intimate acquaintance with the Materia Medica.

Our Author's stricture, then, on the antiscorbutic juices, is thus snarled out;- Not fit for a Dispensatory prescription, or to keep in the shop.' Now though it is inconteftible that the frelh juices, when procurable in their season, are preferable ;


yet as the inveterate and chronical disease, against which they are calculated, prevails too often when they are not so procurable, must the affiicted scorbutics be debarred from them in the best state in which they are to be had ? The accurate Editor of the improved edition of Quincy says of these juices, p. 244, (after having specified the best method of expressing and keeping them 243) . Preserved with the cautions above mentioned, they will keep good for a considerable time; though whatever care be taken, they are found to answer better when fresh. Of the Extract of Elecampane, the nameless Addreffer gives us his arsurance, and pretty confidently indeed, thus, -7 This is the worst extract among the whole.'--The gentleman just before cited says, p. 249, — This extract retains a great share of the virtues of the root, (which he had juftly recommended, p. 126) its taste is fomewhat warm, and not ungratefully bitterith. It is true this physician thinks this extract made from a spirituous menstruum rather more efficacious. Of the Extract of Jalap our Addresler, very egotistically, decrees, -' / know of no advantage this has over the powder. It is credible however, that a very different Writer will be thought to know fomething more on this subject, when he says, p. 250, of the book already cited, • This extract is an useful purgative, preferable to the crude root, as being of more uniform strength; and as the dose, by the rejection of the woody parts, is rendered fmaller : the mean dose is twelve grains.'- This is common and medical sense tor gether, which Hippocrates observes to be fo frequently united. Any apothecary who has seen jalap, muft see what different proportions of resin (its purging principle) are contained in different lices or parcels of the root; and the greater nauseousnefs of swallowing nearly a threefold weight of the powder. The milder common Caustic, this Reformer pronounces- Beneath all critici'm.' But may not a very tender subject, with a thinner skin, and more intolerant of pain, who would not submit to the stronger caustic, be prevailed on to submit to this, when necessary? He afirms of the Salt of Vitriol, p. 15, that it is only used externally,' but we have frequently known it given, even to children, as a safe and gentle puke; and as its operation is next to inftantaneous, and that of a moderate proper dose quickly over, it may be peculiarly eligible, immediately after swallowing any poison, or taking an exceliive dose of opium, whether by mistake or with defign. Under the article cf Spirit of Sal Animoniac, he thus compliments the collegiate compilers of the London Dispensatory-· The London Dispensatory was collected by those who never, in my opinion, made a medicinę in their lives. Now tho', ítrictly as phyficians, the manual composition of medicines is not their province ; yet, as accomplished hysicians, they cannot confiftently be ignorant of the general


prineiples of pharmacy, nor of chemistry: and we conceive our Author will not prevail on many competent Readers, to join in this very illiberal charge of ignorance, on such respectable persons as these compilers must decently be presumed. Of the Salt of Steel he very caninely growls out, nothing more than green vitriol or copperas.' But Dr. Lewis, to whom our Author is so often and so filently obliged, affirms, p. 301, 'The salt of steel is one of the most efficacious preparations of this metal.'

It were not candid however to omit that our Author is fometimes disposed to short intervals of indulgence; for after his • not thinking there is any occasion for a spirituous as well as simple alexiterial water from the same plants,' he graciously nods out at last, "It may however stand.' So that if he should not prove even a Licentiate in Physic, it is plain he has appointed himself a Licencer of Medicines. The compound Aniseed Water, he observes, is very dif greeable. Dr. Lewis terms it, p. 381, a 'very elegant Aniseed Water, the angelica seeds greatly improving "the flavour of the anise.' Of the Cardamom feed water our Li.cencer remarks, ' The greater part of the virtue of the cardamom feed is not extracted by distillation with spirit.' But Dr. L. p. 382, calls this a grateful, cordial, carminative water, the cardamom seeds giving over, in this process, the whole of their favour;' indeed he does not say their whole virtue. They seem to agree however in preferring the simple Pepper-mint water to the spirituous, which, the Dr. says, is not near so strong of the herb, though distilled from an equal quantity of it. But they differ, toto cælo, about Viper-broth, which Dr. L. says, p. 394, is a very nutritious and restorative food, and, continued for a length of time, has sometimes done good in leprous and other obstinate cutaneous diseases :' while our dictatorial Author decides, that it has no advantage over chicken-broth; and that, from such medicines as there, phyfic has fallen into great disrepute.' He graciously ratifies the Chalk and Musk julaps juft in four words, . may

be still continued. After having commended the syrups of quinces, of lemon-juice, of mulberries, and very laconically confirmed the cautions of the college about making syrup of diacodium [which seems to repeal his former edict about their total ignorance of pharmacy] he says, 'the Syrup of Sugar is the most useful in the whole. Nevertheless he, immediately afier, thus subscribes to that of Ginger, 'A very good addition, and to Syrup of Violets, · A very pretty one for children.' The Oxymel of Garlic he absolutely proscribes, as 'too indelicate for any prescription: Of this however Dr. L. fays, it is doubtless a medicine of considerable efficacy, though very unpleasant.' Bue perhaps our pharmaceutical Coryphæus cannot difpenfe with the favour of a shallot himself; and would not allow even a coughing

Spaniard Spaniard, in our raw phlegmatic winter, a little of this oxymel. Yet were a disagreeable taste or scent sufficient to expunge every such drug from the Materia Medica, what must be done with aloes, alta sætida, valerian, and many more very efficacious ones? His abhorrence of cummin seeds is nearly as great as that of garlick; these good carminatives however may be fufficiently comforted with the approbation of the pigeons. He forbids fyrup of buckthorn, except in glysters, from the same delicate principle; though Sydenham thought, in his younger days, he had found in it a specific for dropfies; and indeed in such a chronical disease, while the conftitution is still moderately athletic, it is not without its use. Besides, de gustibus non eft disputandum. Of Ægyptiacum this Author (whom we do not chufe to affront with the ironical appellation of a Gentleman) favs, rather more diffusively than usual, “This is a very inelegant preparation of little use and less virtue :' subjoining in Italics, only fit for the physicians horses heels, and for them provided, I suppose: -But the poor horses, as well as their proprietors, must take a fmack of this Flagellator's lash; though we may certainly term this cruel severity, as Horace fays, Ærugo mera.

Having thus cursorily reviewed full two thirds of this Reviewer's Address, we have no doubt but our Medical Readers will think the foregoing specimen of it a very fufficient one. It is manifest this Momus sat down wiih a professed purpose to rail and reprehend as much as posible; his interspersed commendation of some articles being too probably intended to procure himself the character of an impartial estimator, and thence to make his coarse, inelegant, and frequently unwarrantable reflections fink the deeper. Certainly however, after the commendations he has here and there bestowed on a few of their prescriptions (though sometimes so expressed, as to make his readers dubious whether they are serious or ironical) it gives the College and the Public a right to enquire, who this individual Carper is, that hath thus erected himself into a Medical Inquisitor, a Censurer of Censors ? If his real knowledge and merit are equivalent to what he affumes, it must redound to his honour to inform the world, where such an oracular sage is situated ; and by what human appellation he chuses to be dreaded hereafter. Nevertheless, a majority of the gentlemen, whom he strains hard to depreciate, may probably entertain a still less formidable idea of his Galenical abilities than ourselves; and conclude, that a very moderate attention to all these documents, from an enemy, will fufficiently apprize them of the utmost he can teach : except their utter silence, to his many animadversions here, should provoke him to a speedy publication of that faultless, or incorrigible Dispensatory, we may presume he has long been meditating..


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