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and we are, on the whole, notwithstanding any flight inaccuracies, fo far satisfied with this Writer's abilities for an undertaking of this kind, that we are glad to learn, from an Advertisement, his intention of speedily publishing an History and Description of that part of Africa which is bounded on the West by the AtJantic Ocean, on the East by Nubia and Abyssinia, on the North by the southern frontiers of Morocco, Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli, and on the South by the rivers Timbuctu and Senegal : with an account of the Blacks inhabiting the banks of those rivers.
Ruins of the Palace of the Emperor Dioclefian, at Spalatro in Dal
motia. By R. Adam, F.R. S. F. S. A. Architect to the King, and to the Queen. Printed for the Author, 1764. Large Folio. 31. 10s. in Sheets. Becket, &c.
HE buildings of the antients are in architecture, as Mr.
Adam justly observes, what the works of nature are with respect to the others arts; serving as models for our imitation, and as standards of our judgment. Hence, those who aim at eminence, either in the theory or practice of this art, find it necessary to study the remains of antiquity on the spot, in order to catch those ideas of grandeur and beauty, which nothing else, perhaps, than such actual observation can suggest. Scarce any monuments, however, of Grecian or of Roman architecture still remain, except public buildings: temples, baths, and amphitheatres, having proved the only works of solidity enough to resist the injuries of time, and to defy the violence of Barbarians. The private edifices, however splendid and elegant, in which the Citizens of Rome and Athens resided, have all perished; few vestiges remaining, even of those innumerable villas with which Italy was crowded; though, in erecting and adorning them, the Romans lavished the wealth and spoils of the world.
It is with peculiar regret Mr. Adam considers the destruction of these buildings; some accidental allusions in the ancient Poets, and occasional defcriptions in their Historians, conveying ideas of their magnificence, which astonish the Artists of the present age. Conceiving, therefore, his knowlege of Architecture to be imperfect, unless he should be able to add the observation of a private edifice, of the antients to his study of their public works, he formed the scheme of visiting the ruins of the Emperor Dioclefian's palace at Spalatro in Dalmatia. To that end, having prevailed on Mr. Clerifleau, a French Artist, to ac2
company him, and engaged two Draughtsmen to affift him in the execution of his delign; he fet fail from Venice in the month of July 1757, on his intended expedition. In this, we are told, he succeeded, in a few weeks *, to his fatisfaction : and being encouraged, by the favourable reception which has been given of late to works of this kind, particularly to the Ruins of Palmyra and Balbec, he hath now presented the fruits of his labour to the public.
"am far, continues Mr. Adam, from comparing my undertaking with that of Messrs. Dawkins, Bouverie, and Wood, one of the most splendid and liberal that was ever attempted by private persons. I was not, like these Gentlemen, obliged to traverse desarts, or to expose myself to the insults of Barbarianst; nor can the remains of a single palace, vie with those surprizing and almost unknown monunients of sequestered grandeur which they have brought to light: but at a time when the admiration of the Grecian and Roman Architecture hath risen to such a height in Britain, as to banish, in a great measure, all fantastic and frivolous tastes I, and to make it necessary for every Architect, to study and to imitate the ancient manner, I flatter myself that this work, executed at a considerable expence, the effect of great labour and perseverance, and which contains the only full and accurate designs that have hitherto been published, of any private edifice of the antients, will be received with indulgence, and may, perhaps, be esteemed an acquisition of some importance.'
We perfe&ly agree with Mr. Adam in the importance of the object of his work; as we see with pleasure the numerous and relpectable list of Subscribers, who have done themselves and their country honour, by encouraging so capital a performance. At the same time, it is with equal pleasure, we can congratulate the Lovers of the fine arts, with this valuable addition to the late Descriptions of ancient Architecture.
Five weeks, says our Author. A very short time, indeed, to take such a number and variety of views and admeasurements as are contained in this performance: but as, according to Mr. Adam, they were Speat in unwearied application, and the accuracy of his labours were 18 very satisfactory to himself, we have only to admire his great fedulicy and expedition.
† Spalatro, is in Venetian Dalmatia.
IIs this strictly true? We hope our Author doth not compliment bis Patrons here, at the expence of his sincerity. It is, however, no matter, as the inference he draws, is not affected by it.
| As well such as have been actually published, as those we have reafon to expect, in the future volumes of Mr. Stuari's Antiquities of Achens.
The number of plates contained in this work are seventy-one, all executed in the most masterly manner; the engravings of the Architecture in particular, frequently striking the eye with uncommon beauty,
To the whole is prefixed, a verbal description of the general plan of Dioclesian's palace as restored ; explaining the manner of disposing the apartments in the houses of the ancients. As this description, however, is chiefly explanatory of the several plates, and would be unintelligible without them, any extract from it would be useless.
For U L Y, 1764.
RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL. Art. 1. A View of human Life, in a Series of Sermons on the following Subje&ts, viz. The Duty of Parents to their Childrenthe Mortality of Children considered and improved—the Posibility of a young Man's preserving his Virtue—the young Man must take heed to his Way--personal Care, without a principle of Piety, insufficient—the Word of God the young Man's Guide Creation, or our Obligations to God our Maker--Providence, or our Obligations to God our Preserwer and Benefactor—the Goodness of God in former Life, a Ground of Encouragement in old Ågethe Returns due to God for all his Benefits the Fear of Death conquerable-how to conquer the Fear of Death-the great Duty of drawing near to God, considered and explained the Happiness of drawing near to God—the gradual Workings and Product of Afflictions. By Samuel Eaton, D.D. For the Use of Families. Published at the Request of many of the Author's Friends. 8vo. 5s, bound. 'Waugh.
HESE Sermons being intended for the use of families, have no. T in taite of those faitidious Readers, who are disgusted with every performance, that is not recommended by striking and lively imagery, or elegance of coni position.-They are plain, easy, fenfible Discourses, on important practical subjects, and contain many observations which thew that the Author is well acquainted with human life and manners. Art, 2. Grace and Truth ; (*, the Glory and Fulness of the Re
deemer displayed. In an Aitempt to explain, illufirate, and enforce the most remarkable Types, Figures, and Allegories of the 0:2 Téliament. To which is added, Thoughts on various Subjects. By the late Rev. Mr. William M'Ewen, Minister of the Gospel at Dundee. 1200.- 25. 6d. Dilly,
The sober and judicious Christian will find many ridiculous and trifling conceits in this performance, and very little to edify or entertain kim. Art. 3. A sovereign Remedy for the Cure of Hypocrisy and blind
Zeal, &c. &c. By an Enemy to pious Fraud. 8vo. Is. Becket.
Attacks the Methodists with more zeal than ability. Much better tracts have been written against these Enthusiasts; and therefore we cannot recommend the present feeble attempt. Art. 4. Two Letters, from a late Disenting Teacher ; with an An
swer to the former, and Animadversions upon the latter : Proving, from the best Authorities, that the Do£trine, Discipline, and Government of the Church of England, are truly primitive and apoftolical. By Thomas Foster, Rector of Hasleworth with Chedifton in Suffolk, and Chaplain to the Right Honourable and Reverend the Earl of Home. 8vo. 23. 6d. Bathurst.
We have here a controversy of very inconsiderable moment, between Mr. Foster and Mr. Crompton, a late Dissenting Minister. The subject of the dispute has been often agitated ; and those who are well acquainted with it, will find scarce any thing new in what Mr. Foster or Mr. Crompton have advanced. Art. 5. A Paraphrase on the Books of Job, Psalms, Proverbs, and
Ecclefiaftes, with Notes critical, historical, and practical. In Four Volumes. By Lawrence Holden, of Maldon in Essex.
Vols. 11. is. in boards. Henderson, &c. To what clafs of Readers this performance will be useful, or agreeable, we really know not; but this we verily believe, that persons of tafte, learning, or judgment, will fiud very little in it to engage their attention.
PoE тіс A L. Art. 6. The Temptation ; being the Second Book of the Messiah,
a sacred Poem. 4to. 2s. Coote. We
gave our opinion of the first book of this sacred Poem, as the Author styles it, in the Review for November last, page 399; and then and there did we charitably advise the mistaken Writer, to proceed no farther in a design for which he is totally unqualified : but, in regard to a passion for writing, as to that of love, Advice is seldom regarded. Art. 7. The Crucifixion. Being the Third Part of the Mefiah,
a sacred Poem. 4to. 2 s. 6 d. Coote. Over shoes, over boots. The Author seems now to have done his worst; and may go on-having nothing farther, except his money, to lose by persevering
After all, we are sorry to see sacred subjects in danger of being turned into ridicule, by the mistaken zeal of those who think they are doing good, while, in reality, they are doing mischief to the cause they espouse, and which can never be so much hurt by any open attacks, as by a weak and injudicious defencea,
NOVEL s. Art. 8. The Histories of Lady Frances S—, and Lady Caro
line S Written by the Miss Minifies, of Fair-water in Somersetfhire.
Vol. IV th. 35. Dodfley. We have nothing to add, on the publication of this additional volume, to the little we had to say on the appearance of the former three. See Review for Auguit 1763, P. 163.
POLITICAL, Art. 9. An Alarm to the Stock-Holders; necessary to be perused ling
those who bave any Property in the Bank, &c. 8vo. 6 d. Cooke. :
Occasioned by a late resolution of the Bank-Directors, not to difcount the bills of Merchants, &c. The Author severely arraigns the conduct and management of those to whom the direction of the Bank of England is entrusted: and propoles fome methods for redressing the grievances complained of. Art. 1o. A Letter from the Elephant to the People of England.
4to. IS. Sumpter. A ridiculous attempt at political satire. Art. 11. The Wallet, a supplementary Exposition of the Budget.
4to. Is. 6d. Williams and Co. The Budget was a notable pamphlet, and had a good fale; and such pieces seldom go without an Anfver, whether they are answerable or not ;,for which an eternally unanswerable reason might be alligned; but it is too obvious to need mentioning.
The Wallet, whatever were the Writer's motives for producing it, is not unworthy the attention of those who were struck with the contents of the Budget. The Author sets out with an encomium on the meafures of the present Administration, enters into a particular discussion of a celebrated Advertisement, defends the affair of the Smuggling Cutters, and wards off from the Ministry the charge of the great Fall of Scocks, 15 per Cent. below Par, and fixes it upon the Albemarle Club, and their Agents, who, says he, like this Writer, exert their utmost to impress the people with wrong ideas of those national measures, that ought to meet with the most universal approbation. To them is to be imputed that mean opinion of the present methods used for fupporting and preserving our credit, for they are the persons that propagate those false apprehensions: and if their Votaries in the monied part of the nation, fuffer by their own adopted tenets, they are felones de fe: they suffer by their own hands.'