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company him, and engaged two Draughtsmen to affift him int the execution of his defign; he fet fail from Venice in the month of July 1757, on his intended expedition. In this, we are told, he fucceeded, in a few weeks*, to his fatisfaction: and being encouraged, by the favourable reception which has been given of late to works of this kind, particularly to the Ruins of Palmyra and Balbec, he hath now presented the fruits of his labour to the public.
I am far, continues Mr. Adam, from comparing my undertaking with that of Meffrs. Dawkins, Bouverie, and Wood, one of the moft fplendid and liberal that was ever attempted by private perfons. I was not, like thefe Gentlemen, obliged to traverse defarts, or to expofe myfelf to the infults of Barbarianst; nor can the remains of a fingle palace, vie with those furprizing and almoft unknown monuments of fequeftered grandeur which they have brought to light: but at a time when the admiration of the Grecian and Roman Architecture hath rifen to fuch a height in Britain, as to banifh, in a great measure, all fantastic and frivolous taftest, and to make it neceffary for every Architect, to ftudy and to imitate the ancient manner, I flatter myself that this work, executed at a confiderable expence, the effect of great labour and perfeverance, and which contains the only full and accurate defigns that have hitherto been published, of any private edifice of the antients, will be received with indulgence, and may, perhaps, be esteemed an acquifition of fome importance.'
We perfectly agree with Mr. Adam in the importance of the object of his work; as we fee with pleasure the numerous and relpectable lift of Subfcribers, who have done themfelves and their country honour, by encouraging fo capital a performance. At the fame time, it is with equal pleasure, we can congratulate the Lovers of the fine arts, with this valuable addition to the late Defcriptions of ancient Architecture .
Five weeks, fays our Author. A very short time, indeed, to take fuch a number and variety of views and admeasurements as are contained in this performance: but as, according to Mr. Adam, they were spent in unwearied application, and the accuracy of his labours were fo very fatisfactory to himself, we have only to admire his great fedulity and expedition.
+ Spalatro, is in Venetian Dalmatia.
Is this strictly true? We hope our Author doth not compliment his Patrons here, at the expence of his fincerity. It is, however, no matter, as the inference he draws, is not affected by it.
As well fuch as have been actually published, as those we have reafon to expect, in the future volumes of Mr. Stuart's Antiquities of Athens.
The number of plates contained in this work are feventy-one, all executed in the most mafterly manner; the engravings of the Architecture in particular, frequently ftriking the uncommon beauty,
To the whole is prefixed, a verbal defcription of the general plan of Dioclefian's palace as reftored; explaining the manner of difpofing the apartments in the houfes of the antients. this defcription, however, is chiefly explanatory of the several plates, and would be unintelligible without them, any extract from it would be ufclefs.
MONTHLY CATALOGUE, For J U L Y, 1764.
RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL.
Art. 1. A View of human Life, in a Series of Sermons on the following Subjects, viz. The Duty of Parents to their Childrenthe Mortality of Children confidered and improved-the Poffibility of a young Man's preferving his Virtue-the young Man must take heed to his Way-perfonal Care, without a principle of Piety, infufficient-the Word of God the young Man's Guide-Creation, or our Obligations to God our Maker-Providence, or our Obligations to God our Preferver and Benefactor-the Goodness of God in former Life, a Ground of Encouragement in old Agethe Returns due to God for all his Benefits-the Fear of Death conquerable-how to conquer the Fear of Death-the great Duty of drawing near to God, confidered and explained the Happiness of drawing near to God-the gradual Workings and Product of Afflictions. By Samuel Eaton, D. D. For the Use of Families. Published at the Requeft of many of the Author's Friends. 8vo. 5s, bound. Waugh.
HESE Sermons being intended for the ufe of families, have nothing in them to gratify the prevailing rage for novelty, or the talle of thofe faftidious Readers, who are difgufted with every performance, that is not recommended by ftriking and lively imagery, or elegance of compofition. They are plain, eafy, fenfible Difcourfes, on important practical fubjects, and contain many obfervations which fhew that the Author is well acquainted with human life and manners.
Art. 2, Grace and Truth; or, the Glory and Fulness of the Re deemer difplayed. In an Attempt to explain, illuflrate, and enforce the most remarkable Types, Figures, and Allegories of the Old Teflament. To which is added, Thoughts on various Subjects. By the late Rev. Mr. William M'Ewen, Minister of the Gospel at Dundee. 12mo. 2s. 6d. Dilly,
The fober and judicious Chriftian will find many ridiculous and trifling conceits in this performance, and very little to edify or entertain
Art. 3. A fovereign Remedy for the Cure of Hypocrify and blind Zeal, &c. &c. By an Enemy to pious Fraud. 8vo. IS.
Attacks the Methodists with more zeal than ability. Much better tracts have been written against these Enthufiafts; and therefore we cannot recommend the prefent feeble attempt.
Art. 4. Two Letters, from a late Diffenting Teacher; with an Anfwer to the former, and Animadverfions upon the latter: Proving, from the beft Authorities, that the Doctrine, Difcipline, and Government of the Church of England, are truly primitive and apoftolical. By Thomas Fofter, Rector of Hafleworth with Chedifton in Suffolk, and Chaplain to the Right Honourable and Reverend the Earl of Home. 8vo. 2s. 6d. Bathurft.
We have here a controverfy of very inconfiderable moment, between Mr. Fofter and Mr. Crompton, a late Diffenting Minister. The subject of the difpute has been often agitated; and those who are well acquainted with it, will find fcarce any thing new in what Mr. Fofter or Mr. Crompton have advanced.
Art. 5. A Paraphrafe on the Books of Job, Pfalms, Proverbs, and Ecclefiaftes, with Notes critical, hiftorical, and practical. In Four Volumes. By Lawrence Holden, of Maldon in Effex. 8vo. 4 Vols. 11. Is. in boards. Henderfon, &c.
To what clafs of Readers this performance will be useful, or agreeable, we really know not; but this we verily believe, that perfons of tafte, learning, or judgment, will fiud very little in it to engage their
Art. 6. The Temptation; being the Second Book of the Meffiah, a facred Poem. 4to. 2s. Coote.
We gave our opinion of the first book of this facred Poem, as the Author ftyles it, in the Review for November laft, page 399; and then and there did we charitably advife the mistaken Writer, to proceed no farther in a defign for which he is totally unqualified: but, in regard to a paffion for writing, as to that of love, Advice is feldom regarded.
Art. 7. The Crucifixion.
a facred Poem.
Being the Third Part of the Meffiah,
Over fhoes, over boots. The Author feems now to have done his worft; and may go on-having nothing farther, except his money, to lofe by perfevering
After all, we are forry to fee facred fubjects in danger of being turned into ridicule, by the mistaken zeal of those who think they are doing good, while, in reality, they are doing mischief to the cause they efpouse, and which can never be fo much hurt by any open attacks, as by a weak and injudicious defence.
Art. 8. The Hiftories of Lady Frances S, and Lady Caroline S. Written by the Mifs Minifies, of Fair-water in Somersetfhire. 12mo. Vol. IVth. 35. Dodfley.
We have nothing to add, on the publication of this additional volume, to the little we had to fay on the appearance of the former three. See Review for August 1763, p. 163,
Art. 9. An Alarm to the Stock-Holders; neceffary to be perused by thefe who have any Property in the Bank, &c. 8vo. 6d. Cooke. .:
Occafioned by a late refolution of the Bank-Directors, not to difcount the bills of Merchants, &c. The Author feverely arraigns the conduct and management of thofe to whom the direction of the Bank of England is entrusted: and proposes fome methods for redreffing the grievances complained of.
Art. io. A Letter from the Elephant to the People of England. 4to. Is. Sumpter.
A ridiculous attempt at political fatire.
Art. 11. The Wallet, a fupplementary Expofition of the Budget. 4to. Is. 6d. Williams and Co.
The Budget was a notable pamphlet, and had a good fale; and fuch pieces feldom go without an Anfver, whether they are anfwerable or not; for which an eternally unanfwerable reafon might be affigned; but it is too obvious to need mentioning.
The Wallet, whatever were the Writer's motives for producing it, is not unworthy the attention of those who were ftruck with the contents of the Budget. The Author fets out with an encomium on the meafures of the prefent Adminiftration, enters into a particular difcuffion of a celebrated Advertisement, defends the affair of the Smuggling Cutters, and wards off from the Miniftry the charge of the great Fall of Stocks, 15 per Cent. below Par, and fixes it upon the Albemarle Club, and their Agents, who, fays he, like this Writer, exert their utmost to imprefs the people with wrong ideas of thofe national meafures, that ought to meet with the most univerfal approbation. To them is to be imputed that mean opinion of the prefent methods ufed for fupporting and preferving our credit, for they are the perfons that propagate thofe falfe apprehenfions: and if their Votaries in the monied part of the nation, fuffer by their own adopted tenets, they are felones de fe: they fuffer by their own hands.'
He then answers the allegation, That the army is greater than after the last peace, and that the over-proportion of Officers kept on the establishment, is a tacit acknowlegement of the inftability of this greatly extolled peace. He proceeds to confider the third charge upon the Miniftry, for fetting up falfe pretences, whereon to build an unmerited fame; and with regard to the fifth charge, That the Navy Debt always provided for, formerly, out of a particular fund, is, by the late Miniftry, thrown upon the Sinking Fund, and, by this, continued on it; the answer is (for the kingdom in general) too unfortunately obvious. They ought to anfwer for it, who anticipated all our funds, and threw us into ten millions of unfunded debt, by the moft enormous prodigality that Europe ever witneffed! Without new taxes we cannot have a particular fund referved for the Navy Debt; and the nation has been fo bled by former Adminiftrations, that they can no longer bear fuch increafing burdens. The Sinking Fund will foon relieve itself. Its increafing funds are a certain pledge of the restoration of our credit, by a proper fyttem of Frugality: an unpopular, but, in our circumftances, a neceffary fyftem of Government, which will gradually, but certainly, relieve us from the merciless hands of those Money-Jobbers, that, in former Adminiftrations, preyed on the vitals of the State; but, by the vigilant tendernefs of the prefent Miniftry, are precluded from devouring the last remains of national faith and national honesty.'
He concludes with fome remarks on what he calls the primary View of the Budget-Writer, viz. To incenfe the Landed Interest against the Miniftry, on account of their continuing the Land Tax at Four fhillings in the pound, when it had been the rule, in former administrations, in the most early dawn of Peace, to reduce it to Two.
Specious, however, as this argument may be at firft fight, it will not, it is to be hoped, delude the judicious part of the Landholders, to conceive an ill opinion of, or entertain the least resentment to, the Miniftry, at this neceflary and equitable measure of Government. They will confider, that the Landholders have, for many years paft, paid much less than they ought to have done, provided the amount of their rent-rolls had been truly ftated in the Freeholders Book. Some few of them, indeed, may pay rather more than is adequate to their real rent; Occafioned by the vanity and over abundant loyalty of their predeceffors, who gave in, at the time of the Revolution, the annual return of their eftates larger than it truly was. But this is not a very common cafe. In general, the fact is as above reprefented; namely, that the Landholders pay much lefs than they ought. Rents in this kingdom are greatly increased. Farms, that about half a century ago, annually produced to the Landlord only One hundred and fifty pounds, are, in various parts, now rifen to Two hundred and fifty: and, notwithstanding this amazing increase of rent, thofe eftates are charged in the Freeholders books no more than formerly. Again, in the time of King William, others (and thefe, it is to be feared, compofed, the major part of the nation) leis fired by vanity, and lefs animated by loyalty, gave in, on the contrary, an exceeding low account of their inheritance; infomuch, that it is now a well known fact, that many (very many!) Estates, I had almost faid many Counties, in this kingdom, do not pay, when the land tax ftands at Four fhillings in the pound, above Nine . Pence or One Shilling. So that the Landholders, though charged by