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ers, as otherwise may be totally at a loss how, or in what manner, to find out an agrecable Companion to join in the sacred ties of wedlock.' For the particulars of this notable device, we refer to the pamphlet ; of which we here take leave, with our hearty wishes, that the unknown patriot Undertakers may be able to carry their design into execution, and to support it effectually, without the least injury to that unquestionable repute and probity they are hereby going to hazard, in the moft effential fervice of their country. Art. 19. A new and compleat General History of the World; from

the Creation to the present Time. By Question and Answer. By the Rev. George Reeves, A. M. Author of the History of London, and of the History of the Holy Bible, both by Question and Answer. 12mo. 3s. Kearly.

Compilations like this, intended for the entertainment and instruction of Youth, vary so little from each other, that what has been faid of one, will serve for one thousand, viz. That the plan is undoubtedly useful; and if the work be but tolerably executed, it cannot fail of an{wering, in some measure, the end proposed. Art. 20. C. Cornelius Tacitus a falso impietatis crimine vindicatus :

Oratio ex inftituto viri Cl. Francisci Bridgman militis habita in Sacello Collegii Onei Nasi Oxon. 12. Kalendas Januarias, A. D. 1762. A. Joanne Kynaston, A.M. Collegii ejusdem Socio. 4to. Is. Flexney.

This is a candid and generous attempt to vindicate Tacitus from the severe censure of Famianus Strada, and particularly from the charge of impiety. Mr. Kynaston's language is elegant, and his manner fpirited and liberal.

SE R M O N S. 1. BEFORE the Sons of the Clergy, at St. Paul's. By Richard Hind, D. D. Rector of Shering in Effex, and Chaplain to the Bishop of London. To which is annexed a list of the annual amount of this charity, from the year 1731. Bathurst.

2. Sin reigns not, nor shall reign, in the Saints. At a monthly exercise of Prayer, April 20, 1764: By John Brine. Keith,

3. At the anniversary meeting of the Governors of the City of London Lying-Inn Hospital for married women, May 17, 1764. To which is added, an account of the Hospital. By Glocelter Ridley, L. L. B. Minister of Poplar. Brotherton.

4. The serious confideration of a future judgment, a very powerful argument to dissuade youth from the pursuit of unlawful pleasures.at Warwick, on a Lord's Day Evening Lecture, 1763. By John Knight. Fuller.

5. At the Cathedral church at Norwich, June 19, 1764 ; being the Guild-day. By John Green, M. A. Minister of St. George's, in Norwich, Crowder, &c.

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MONTHLY REVIEW,

For AUGUST, 1764.

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The History of the Life of Jesus Christ, taken from the New Testa

ment; with Observations and Reflections proper to illusirate the Excellence of his Character, and the Divinity of his Mision and Religion. By the late Rev. George Benton, D. D. 4to. 17 s. bound.' Buckland, &c.

HE Rev. Mr. Amory, who has prefixed to this history a

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racter, and writings of the Author, acquaints us, that it was Dr. Benson's ambition to close his learned labours for serving the Christian cause, with his History of the Life of Christ; that he applied to this work for some years before his death; that it is published from his manuscript, which had undergone the correction of several of his friends, and which he himself bad transcribed for the press.—The work is not one continued narrative, but composed of distinct differtations, on the principal parts and circumstances of our Saviour's life and character. In these differtations, several of which might with more propriety be intitled Sermons, the Reader will find frequent repetitions, not a few things that are to be met with in the Doctor's other writings, and but little that is new. There are, indeed, many excellent observations in them, many passages of Scripture well illustrated, and abundant proofs of the Author's being well acquainted with his subje&t, of his being a diligent Searcher after truth, and a sincere friend to freedom of enquiry. His manner of writing is far from being (prightly and animated : he seems, indeed, to have had little or no imagination; and he appears in this, as in all his other works, rather in the charaster of a judicious and laborious Compiler, than in that of a saga. cious Critic, or original Writer. Vol. XXXI,

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As the candid Reader will not expect a regular abftract of so large a work, he will, perhaps, be satisfied with a short view.of its contents. It is divided into fifteen chapters; in the first of which the Doctor enquires into the nature, end, and design of our Saviour's baptism, which Critics and Commentators have exercised their talents upon, he says, but have not elucidated so much as might be wished. He assigns the following reasons for Christ's submitting to, and chusing this ceremony of initiatiòn.

1. John the Baptist's mission, ministry, and baptism, were of God. He was raised up as a Prophet in Israel, to point out Jefus, as the Messiah, or to introduce him into the world in that character. And Jesus defiring to be baptized by John, tended to give weight and confirmation to the mission, ministry, and bapeism of John... John was, indeed, 'generally believed to be a Prophet; but he worked no miracles : now, the being owned by his principal, who worked many miracles, must give weight to his character. John's ministry was of God; and to comply with any, and every, thing of divine appointment, was to fulhll all righteoufness.

2. It is possible that our blessed Lord might be baptized, partly, with a view to set an example to his followers, of the manner in which they were to be initiated into his church, or religion. And accordingly the Apostles, and great numbers of the first Christians, were first baptized with water; and afterwards with the holy Spirit.--In like manner, some Kings and Generals have entered themselves, or their own names, at the head of the muster-roll, or list of their own foldiers, or army.

3. The principal reason for our Lord's being baptized, seems to have been, that he might be folemnly initiated into the high, facred, and important office of the Messiah, or the great Teacher and Saviour of mankind.

In the second chapter, the Doctor endeavours to explain the texts relating to our Lord's temptation, and makes remarks and observations upon it; he has advanced nothing, however, in our opinion, that tends to remove the difficulties which attend this subject. In the third, he confiders the doctrine preached by Chrift; and observes, that the promoting of piety and virtue, the giving men wise and useful instructions, was the design of all his miniftry, of all his preaching, and of all his doctrine ; not only of his fet and folemn discourses, but of his occafional ones. The Gospel, however, we are told, is not a mere republication of the law of nature. It contains the true doctrine, concerning the perfon, nature, and offices of our Lord Jesus; teaches us what we ought to believe concerning him, what relation we stand in to him, and what duties he requires of us.' As there is only one God; the Father, so there is only one Men diator between God and man, the man Christ Jesus: we are also taught to worship God, even the Father, through Jefus Christ our Lord. Christians are to be initiated into his religion by baptism; whereby they are bound to all the obligations, (we use the Author's own words) and intitled to all the privileges, of his Disciples. They are also, afterwards, to observe the Lord's supper; and in that manner to shew forth Christ's death till he come. They are to look upon themselyes always, as his servants"; uniformly to behave as the subjects of his kingdom of righteousness; and to make conscience of observing whatever he has commanded. And in this way, they may look forward to the bleffed hope, the grand and glorious appearance of the Lord Jesus Christ; when he comes to be glorified of his Saints, and to be honoured and adored by all those who have loved and obeyed him.

After considering the example of Christ, in the fourth chapter, our Author proceeds, in the fifth, to treat of his extensive knowlege. And here the judicious Reader will be pleased with the explication of several texts of Scripture, from the consideration, that Jesus knew the hearts of all men, and could talk to their thoughts, as we do to each other's words or actions. The Doctor produces many remarkable proofs of our Saviour's pencIrating knowlege, and draws many just inferences from it. He observes, that it must have been of the greatest service, int the preaching of his doctrine. He knew every man; not only his outward appearance and profeffion, but his real views, and inward difpofition. He could, therefore, fuit his doctrine exactly to the characters of his hearers; could instruct fuch as were really ignorant; solve the scruples of the honest enquirer; cona demn criminal prejudices; patiently bear with such as were dull of apprehension, but prevailingly honest; throw comfort into the minds of the disconfolate; unmask the hypocrite; preach repentance to fuch as were fecretly vicious, as well as to ibose who were openly fo‘; applaud and confirm the wise' and good, and enable them to carry their piety and virtue to a much greater height; convey instruction into the minds of unexperis enced youth, and add wisdom to grey hairs.

The Doctor obferves farther, that our Saviour, by his extensive knowlege of men, and their characters, knew perfectly well when, where, upon whom, and in what circumftances, to work any of his miracles; that he could easily tell, whom to receive as faithful Disciples, and whom to reject, as unfaithful ;-that he knew, from among the multitude of his disciples, whom to feledt for Apostles, how to train them up for that high and used

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ful office, and likewise when they were thoroughly prepared, and fit to be sent out.

The choice of Judas Iscariot to be one of the twelve Apoftles, and our Lord's treatment of him, is not only capable, we are told, of a just defence, but is one of the strongest and most striking proofs of Christ's extensive knowlege, spotless innocence, high dignity, and consummate character. The clear and full testimony of such a determined villain, as Judas Iscariot was in reality, our Author says, the testimony of an enemy, who proclaimed our Lord's innocence, even after he had betrayed him, and had the most pressing occasion, to have cleared himself, and condemned Jesus, if he had known any thing criminal in his conduct.

Our Author observes still farther, that our Saviour, by his clear and comprehensive knowlege, was constantly aware of the secret views of his enemies, saw through all their dark designs and pretences; was always able to avoid the snares laid for him ; had a proper answer ready for every question; confounded all their devices, exposed their ignorance, weakness, hypocrisy, and malice ; rendered them contemptible in the eyes of the multitude ; and gave them the most faithful admonitions, and kindest advice.

Of the several passages which the Doctor explains from the confideration of our Saviour's amazing knowlege, there is one that appears to receive a remarkable illustration from it, viz, the conversation with Nicodemus. By bearing in our minds what is intimated, in the conclusion of the second chapter of St. John's Gospel, namely, that Jesus knew every man's heart, and most secret thoughts; and supposing that he talked to Nicodemus's thoughts, the third chapter, we are told, will con. tain a perfe&t dialoguc, between Nicodemus and our Lord. But, upon any other supposition, the whole conversation will appear like cross questions, or like two persons talking to one another, upon different subjects, and, by no means, attending and replying to one another.--The whole of what our Author adyances upon this subject deserves attention, and is, indeed, in. our opinion, the most valuable part of his performance.

After treating of our Saviour's miracles and parables, in the sixth and seventh chapters, the Doctor proceeds, in the eighth, to consider the nature of his Kingdom, and bestows a long fection on his Transfiguration. He observes, that in our common English version, the Scriptures are, in several places, 'injudiciously divided into chapters and verses, and that the connection is thereby greatly obscured. The chapters which give an account of the Transfiguration of our Lord, ought to have begun, he

says,

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