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in doing the last homage to suffering spirit has spread through every kingassassination on scaffolds-was rapidly dom of Europe, and by a desperate i sinking into that fatal obscurity," from perversion of the bounties of Provie whose bourne" no demagogue returns. dence, has spread with the most com

But the possibility of making a tool of prehensive malignity, through the most the Queen, awoke the tribe from their prosperous and best governed of all its 1 deep sleep on that slough of despond, kingdoms. To this danger, all the old

and they rose with freshened energies. trials of administrative wisdom were Her Majesty was tampered with to but the play of children. War, to it,

come to England, and the temptation was but the casual burst of a storm to s was the promise of the mob. As she the earthquake. The ground sounds

approached the coast, Lord Hutchin- hollow and shakes under the foot. son found his ground pre-occupied by The great statesman is fatigued Mr Alderman Wood, and the mea with baffled opportunities, and the sured movements of the royal diplo- noble and benevolent minds that have u matist were turned into contempt by struggled through good and evil re

the gallant rapidity of the representa- port, for the public welfare, are disK tive of the majesty of St. Giles's. Even posed to give up the contest with this * Mr Brougham felt the mastery of this capricious and general corruption. But a active politician, and was spurned from the vigour of government had not been the presence of offended sovereignty. carelessly exerted, and the punishment The name of Mr Alderman Wood has of the leading disturbers had been folbeen so prominent in all matters of lowed by fear and silence. The ele* public disturbance for some years, that ments of mischief were not destroyed,

he defies all novelty of description. for they live in the very breath of disHe is a man of no education and no solute poverty. talents. He is certainly the most con The Queen in the embrace of ratemptible among all the practisers on dicalism, was equivalent to a victory. the rabble of London, since the days The libels which the boldest hand of of Tyler and Cade. Wilkes is pro- rebellion dared not scatter in its own bably his model, but Wilkes had behalf, had now the sanctifying sema: scholarship, manners, and considerable blance of being the lawful defence public ability. Wood is as helpless in of an injured woman. The grossest public, as his cause -and means are and most virulent paragraphs of Cobuniformly base. But he knows the arts bet were not more atrocious than that- stir the refuse of society. If a the language which this misguided culprit is to be hanged, he makes a individual suffered to appear as anparade of indignation against his op swers to addresses. pressors, and takes leave of him at the Nothing could have a stronger odour gallows ; if a mob is assembled, he of their degraded sources than the takes an opportunity of riding through composition of those revolutionary bilthem, before they proceed to the day's lets. Their outrages on common sense riot, and bears off their congratula- and grammar, were proofs that their tions. These are the arts only of the scribes were of the populace-their most miserable minds, and it is almost principles were the common jargon of burlesque to lift up this petty and Jacobinism. It is a matter of justice, struggling agitator to the dignity of that their writers should be maile acbeing an object of public suspicion. countable to the law. If they are Demit honorem æmulus Ajaci. The passed over, Cobbet may be entitled mere contest with such men is a degra. to cry out against his prison hours ; dation.

But it is into such hands if not, to take his action against that the Queen flung herself without the judge that flung him into chains. remorse and without resource.

The defiance which the queen's Jacobinism never dies; it is crushed coming threw out, absolutely demandand cut up from time to time; but the ed some public answer. The clamos seed always finds soil prepared in the rous disaffection of her rabble leadprofligacy and poverty and restless cu ers, has made the country echo with pidity of the baser human mind. It can their contempt of royal feelings. But scarcely be flung upon the air, without the principles of English loyalty are finding a spot for its vegetation. This not yet “thin air”-the whole fabric great evil forms the great present dife of that generous homage, that manly ficulty of legislation. A disaffected and liberal fidelity, that dignified and

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constitutional obedience, which, com was stigmatized with imputations bining personal attachment with law, which no woman of virtue could ful honour, once turned the hearts of name ? Between all this, and bringEnglishmen to their monarch, is not ing the charges to public' examinaquite dissolved. All England has not tion, there was no alternative. The been baptized into the new church of privileges of the Queen of England, the rights of the rabble. We have not are matter not of grace but of law. changed the colour and spirit of our She must have all the rights and hominds for the sallow sophistries, and nours of her virtuous predecessor, or grim superstitions of French demo none. And what measure of ignocracy. There were, in this country, a miny would not have justly fallen on vast majority, who thought that the the heads, that through fear of perfeelings of the monarch were entitled sonal consequences, turned away from to deference that the same justice the duty that was ás plain as noonday. which should not be denied to a pau This measure was brought forward. per, should not be denied to the first Lord Liverpool has, with a spirit conman of the realm.

sistent with his whole sincere and The panegyric of the king not honourable life, vindicateil this prothe purpose of these pages-but a ceeding for himself. It was brought calmer time will find itself impelled forward in justice, but also in mercy. to do honour to the forbearance, dig- It was not a trial of the Queen, but - nity, and impartiality of the sovereign, of the charges-not a struggle between in the whole course of transactions, advocates, each zealous to criminate which might well have stirred up his or defend—but a solemn previous inindignation. But there was a duty to quiry, whether the crimination should

the nation, and that was laid upon the stand. It was a grand jury with the - king's ministers. Whatever question great and singular advantages of an .there might have been of the national open court, and the permission to the evil of bearing with the rumour accused to retort the evidence at the of profligacy a thousand miles off, moment. The history of the process there could be but one sentiment is now familiar to the public. All the u on its danger and offence in the main points are now proved by the rea immediate presence of the people. luctunt confession of the Queen's oun Was a royal palace to be stained and witnesses. Her two principal witinfested by the presence of a court of nesses were openly declared by Lord Italian harlots and mountebanks? The Lauderdale to be perjured by their own example of the late queen was of the showing, and were besides contradicted most powerful influence in sustaining by men whose veracity was not imthe morality of England. Was every peached even by the petulance of the libertine female, in high and low life, Queen's advocates. Amidst all the connow to findan example and an authority tradiction and absurdity of the other in the unpunished dissoluteness of her witnesses on both sides, it was proved queen? Were the nation to be hourly beyond all contradiction, that theQueen

, met by some revolting repetition of after raising her footman with suspio the continental scenes ? Was the tent cious celerity to the highest rank in at Aum to be but a rehearsal of the which she could place him, had made display on Richmond Hill ?-was the him the companion of her private royal barge to navigate the Thames hours, in a mode that would have for five week, together with the royal irresistibly obtained a verdict against pilgrim, and her attenılant Bergami so her in any criminal court;—that she ta’d by her side ? or, was it to be pre- had given the especial superintendence sumed, that the miserable infatuation of her person to this obscure individual

, that had survived the snows of and that all his family were brought Inspruck, would have died away into her household, -- with the single in the visitations of an English exception of his wife.-The voyage up winter? Were the nobility of Eng- the Mediterranean seemed to have land to be elbowed by Italian foot- been undertaken for the chief purpose men, and fabricated knights of Malta? of indulgence, apart from English Were the wives and daughters of the eyes; and her Italian footman was for English nobility to be presented to tive weeks the solitary tent-companion this woman; and was their induction of the Queen, day and night. On these into courtly life to be only through grounds, an overwhelming majority of the instrumentality of one whose nune the Loris declared the charges to be

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established. But the question 'was would have all at once started 'up, twofold; it involved, first, the truth and clustered themselves round the of the charges; and, secondly, the banner of a Queen. The minispolitical necessity for pursuing them ter who had dared to promulgate to trial. There is an obvious dis.. this heretic faith, would have been tinction between the knowledge of assailed by all the radical orthoguilt, and the risk of eyil in its doxy of the house. Lord Grosvenor punishment. On this point, a great would have doubled his plan of connumber of those who declared their viction, and ordered the archbishop full conviction of the Queen's crimina- of Canterbury to fling the history of lity stopped. The second hearing was England in the prophet's face. Lord thus carried by only a majority of 28. Holland would have growled exulting The divorce clause impeded others; the jacobinism at him, and quoted the majority was thus reduced to nine; heaviest paragraphs of his own deand the minister, after having proved funct speeches without mercy; he all that the preamble of his bill con- would have been immersed in the tained, and after having attained, at diluted vinegar of Lord King's joculeast the one important object of mark- larity, and stood a mark for the laboriing the sense of the Lords, by a ver ous expectoration of “sound and fury” dict of guilty, withdrew the bill. from Iord Carnarvon, that personifi

This has been called a defeat of the cation of an idiot's tale;"-Lord Grey, minister, and a triumph of the Queen. would have sat in grim repose, It is as much the one as the other. ing his evening prey,” and prepared It is neither. The Queen is in the to strike the coup de grace, after his state of a convict who has obtained a victim had been sufficiently tortured reprieve-the minister in that of a by the minor avengers of the good man, who, after having redeemed his name of England. pledges, has given up his personal In fact, the cause was judged out of opinion to public expediency. The doors. The tribunal under the roof smallness of the majority would not of the house of Lords, was a mere cerehave justified the further proceedings monial ; the true judgment court was against the hazards of public agitation, in the work-shops and alehouses, and during the session. The division upon receptacles of low debauchery and hag. the expediency of punishment, would gard disaffection. This cause was dehave still farther broken down the di- cided in drunkenness and riot, and vision on the guilt; and party, and bitterness of heart and visions of popular clamour, would have been blood and plunder. This was the sustained in dangerous excitement till original covenant, and it was rigidly the catastrophe. But why was not this kept. The most desperate arts were result foreseen in the introduction of the adopted to make the mob look upon bill? The answer is, that it could not the cause as their own. The walls have been foreseen by any man who were covered with infamous allegaentertained an honourable prejudice tions against the king, the hierarchy, in favour of the common sense of the and the nobles. The radical news English character. Three months papers were bribed into daring activisince, it would have been an impeach- ty. The proceedings in the house of ment of any man's patriotism, to have Lords were every morning sent among stood up in the house of Lords, and the populace in handbills, which supdared to predict, that the whole lower pressed all the truth, and magnified population of London would have take all the falsehood. Signatures and suben up the cause of a woman, solemn, scriptions were openly canvassed from ly

, and on the gravest authority charg- house to house; and processions, with ed with adultery ; that the whole lowinsulting banners, were the display of er population of the country, would every week. A day's excursion, the have echoed this monstrous and profliglory of being in any

mode a public per. gate clamour; that the whole press, sonage, the vanity of being in royal with a few exceptions, would pledge presence, led

considerable number itself to a course of ribaldry, blas- of decently dressed exhibitors inphemy, and rebellion in this cause; to this indecency. ; But every procesand that the whole force and corporate sion was for the express purpose of inind of revolution, the crushed and intimidation ; and in the beginning, maimed conspiracy against the throne, and towards the close of the system, the haters of the

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of royalty

when the experiment was new. and

when the resource was nearly exhausted, but he can speak with the power and those pageants were alike reinforced by fervour of true eloquence. No man every rank of notorious profligacy, and in the House condenses more into common harlots and felons stalked a- his speech, no man brings a larger mong the foremost in those pomps of fund of information to his subject, national zeal. The impression outside no man in speaking maintains a the House gave the key to the Queen's more immediate communication with advocates within. Every popular shout the mind and heart of the hearer. found its response in the increased ef- His style is the model of a noble frontery of the defence - and the and lofty sincerity. The Lord Chancounsel defied the House with a feeble, cellor's presidency has forced praise ness of argument and an excess of in- from all sides. Under circumstances solence unparalleled in the history of of peculiar difficulty he exhibited legislature, either of judicial or of legis- great presence of mind, and the most latorial proceedings. The Whigs played profound knowledge. The opinion of

ft their usual part; while the populace these two men has been plain and unwere fluctuating, they talked with their hesitating on the guilt of the Queen ; old pomp of indecision. But when St and their opinion comes with a force Giles's raised its roar, they took the which, as it seems to us, nothing can tone of St Giles's. And the most withstand but the rankest prejudice, strenuous abettors of the Queen were or the most incapable folly. What those whose habits led them into the the end of the whole matter may be, most perfect cognizance of female vire time will shew. Enough has passed to tue. And Lord Holland's superior make all men sick of the very name of memory of Italian intrigue qualified prophesy. In the mean time, so far as him to decide in an authoritative man the Queen herself is concerned, wethink ner on the opportunities necessary to there should really be much moderaadultery. And the example might be tion observed in all such journals as extended, but for the disgusting na-, do not wish to be considered as mere ture of the subject. The two prin- party publications. In spite of all the cipal speakers, on the opposite strength of evidence that has been side, formed an admirable contrast brought forward-in spite of all the to the intemperance and feebleness weight of opinion which has been proof opposition.

How are the nounced-it seems likely (to say the mighty fallen !"-How would the spi- least of it) that we may never hear rit of Fox, if he were now to rise any more of this disgusting subject in from his grave, look upon the strug- any shape of authoritative nature. gling and diminished remnant of the We do not say what we should have once colossal party ?-its ranks aban- wished a few weeks ago; but we do doned by every man of honour and say now, that we wish most heartily it British feeling, and its vacancies re were possible to bury the whole affair cruited from the mob, the Woods and in utter oblivion. We fear it is not Hobhouses, and Wilsons, and Joseph possible to do so. But, at all events, Humes, and Peter Moores, and all if the bad spirit and the good must be that brainless and nameless crowd, that arrayed against each other in open beggary drives into the gulph of polić warfare, we would fain have them tics.

contend on some ground where it is With the Whigs the question of the not absolutely necessary that victors, Queen's guilt was transformed into a and vanquished, and byėstanders, question of party. With the minis- should als alike be defiled. If the ters it retained the dignity of a ques- Queen be innocent, “ God bless her," tion of justice. Lord Liverpool's con- say we: never was woman so injured, duct has done him high honour with not by enemies only, but by friends. the rational public. He was forced If she be guilty, “ God pity her," we more forward, on this occasion, than say ;-and if, being guilty, the voice usual, and has distinguished himself of the whole nation shall decree that by a possession of temper, a clearness she has already been punished suffiof view, and a manly deliberation, that ciently, why should we stand by our. might give an invaluable lesson to his selves, and refuse to join in her own opponents. The mildness and mode- Counsel's happy quotation“Woman, ration of this minister's manners are go and sin no more ?" almost prejudicial to his public fame;


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ai MR HAYDON has just arrived in Edinburgh for the purpose of exhibiting

his great picture of Christ's Entry into Jerusalem. It is to be seen in 1 Bruce's Room, on the Waterloo Bridge ; and as the best judges inform us,

with much greater advantages of light and situation than it ever enjoyed in London.

It is probable, that the absurd style of language in which this picture has been lauded by the critics of Cockaigne, may have inspired many of our readers (as we confess it had ourselves), with many doubts and suspicions; but, in order to do away with these, we are quite sure, nothing more can be necessary than a single glance at this wonderful performance itself.

We have no room now, to enter upon either description or critique Ľ indeed, had we all the room in the world, we doubt very much whether if we should venture to do so. It is quite evident, that Mr Haydon is already !? by far the greatest historical painter that England has as yet produced.

In time, those that have observed this masterpiece, can have no doubt he may take his place by the side of the very greatest painters of Italy.

His picture possesses, indeed, all the fire and energy of a first conception ; but nothing can be more absurd than what is said in the Edinburgh Review --that it exhibits, namely, nothing more than the ground-work of a fine picture. On the contrary, we do not remember ever to have seen any thing richer than the colouring of almost the whole piece, or more perfectly

brought out than its minutest details. We believe many portraits are introInduced. On the left hand of our Saviour there is a fine groupe of Sir Isaac

Newton, in calm contemplation--Wordsworth, with his head bowed down in sublime humility--and Voltaire, with a terrible sneer upon his counte

The groupe, on the other side of the foreground, of the Repentant Girl brought to the Saviour by her Mother and Sister, with the Roman Centurion kneeling beside them, struck us as the most graceful conception in the

The room contains many splendid drawings, chiefly from the Elgin Marbles, by Mr Haydon and his pupils.


whole picture.

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REMARKS ON CAPTAIN PARRY'S EXPEDITION,* The expedition, under the command Baffin's Bay, it must be somewhere in of Captain Ross, although very impor- that quarter. In order to determine tant and interesting, from the nume- this important geographical problem, rous nautical observations it made in an expedition was fitted out last year, Baffin's Bay, still did not satisfy the consisting of two strong vessels, the expectations of men of science, and Hecla and Griper, which were placed tha public, in regard to the North-west under the command of Lieutenant Passage. The Lords of the Admiral- Parry. This gentleman, whose talents ty, as we are led to believe, from a and feelings are worthy of the best statement (we think a harsh one) in and most glorious days of nautical enthe Quarterly Review, were, on the terprise and discovery, was accompawhole, somewhat dissatisfied with nied by a chosen band of intrepid and Captain Ross's investigation of Sir experienced officers, and the vessels James Lancaster's Sound, and were of were manned by crews full of zeal and opinion, that if a passage existed in enthusiasm, and in the highest and

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In the annexed map, we have represented Baffin's Bay, as surveyed by Captain Ross, and laid down, in a general way, the discoveries of Captain Parry, extending from Lancaster sound to Melville island.

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