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various idioms of that extensive country, of merchandize are, tobacco, plattilias, beads and to determine whether there really is that of all kinds, cowries, small Dutch looking resemblance between them and the Sclavo. glasses, called in Holland Velt Spiegels, &c. nian and German languages which has been in the Desert they buy rock salt of the a pointed out by his theory. His intention is, Arabs, who bring it to them in camel loads, to visit afterwards the mountains of Cau- ready packed, which sells to great advancasus, the countries of Persia, and India tage at Timbuctoo, and in the several marbeyond the Ganges. He allows himself kets of Sudan. Shabeeny's caravan conthree years for this undertaking. Undoubt- sisted of five hundred loaded camels, of aedly, the conformity of dialects affords which about two hundred carried rock s strong proof of the consanguinity of na

salt. tions, where it can be effectively traced. : The returns are made in gold dust, * To this should be added, and we hope the slaves, ivory, gum sudan, and other things | Professor will not overlook it, a comparison of lesser consideration ; the gold dust is

of religious opinions, rites, and ceremo brought to Timbuctoo from Housa, in es nies, with the influence they have had on small leather bags ; cowries and gold dust Ja the manners, the expressions, and the still are the medium of traffic. The (Shereess) n remaining superstitions, preserved most Muhamedan princes, and other merchants, * strongly among the lower classes of the generally sell their goods to some of the s population.

principal native merchants, taking their The latest intelligence from M. Rask gold dust with them into other countries. states his progress towards mount Caucasus, The merchants residing at Timbuctoo have ES

and his personal safety: but adds, that he agents, or correspondents, in other countries, i finds himself under the necessity of waiting and are themselves agents in return. Tim. a till certain feuds among the natives have buctoo is visited by merchants from all the subsided.

negro countries; some of its inhabitants are Gas Lights, with Earthen-ware Reflec- extremely rich; a principal source of their is tors. These reflectors, proposed by Mr wealth is lending gold dust and slaves, at Millington, are now used in the city of high interest, to foreign merchants, which Bath. They are made of earthen-ware, is repaid by goods from Morocco or Mac with the common white glaze; are about rocco, as Mr Jackson calls it, and other eleven inches diameter, and cost about countries to which the gold dust and slaves seven shillings a dozen. They not only are conveyed. Shabeeny says that gold is

considerably increase the light, but materi found about sixteen miles from Housa. We a ally contribute to the protection of the head can hardly credit the description which this of the lamp, by preventing its being unsol muselman gives of the mode of collecting it. dered, or injured by the flame.

He says they go in the night with camels, Discovery of the mouth of the Niger. whose legs and feet are covered to protect The mouth of the Niger has been discover them from snakes; they take a bag of sand,

ed by M. Depuis. We understand, in and mark with it the places that glitter with addition to the information obtained by this gold; in the morning they collect the earth

traveller, that a gentleman in Jamaica, fond where marked, and carry it to the refiners, of geographical stadies, by his own research- who, for a small sum, separate the gold. womes, and by the examination of negroes, ar • Iron mines are in the desert; the iron prived theoretically at the same conclusion. is brought in small pieces by the Arabs, who

It would seem, that a little antiquarian lore melt and purify it; they cannot cast iron. in matters of this sort, is not unprofitable. They use charcoal fire, and form guns and The editor of a contemporary journal has an swords with a hammer and anvil. The atlas, published in the reign of Queen Eliza- points of their arrows are barbed with iron beth, in which the Niger is represented dis no man can draw the bow by his arm alone, charging itself by several mouths at the bot- but they have a kind of lever ; the bow tom of the great south-west bay of Africa. part is of steel, brought from Barbary, and

Account of Timbuctoo and Housa. manufactured at Timbuctoo.'”

Our limits will not admit of many ex Double Refraction.-M. Soret has, in the tracts from this work ; but as our manufac. Journal de Physique, (xc. p. 353), given tures are on the decline, and the nation is two simple methods of ascertaining the anxiously looking out for new markets, and double refraction of mineral substances. as we know that the mind of the country The apparatus for the first method is simand of the government are now strongly di- ply two plates of tourmaline, cut parallel to rected to a quarter of the world, in which, the axes of the crystal, and placed crossways, at no distant period, we anticipate a great so as to absorb all the light. The suboutlet for British manufactures and indus. stance to be examined is to be placed betry, which, if the nation loses it, the fault tween these plates : if it be doubly refractive, must be her's alone. We cannot refrain the light re-appears through the tourma

from quoting the following passage respect- lines: if not, all remains dark. The second ing the trade to Africa :

method consists in placing the mineral to Timbuctoo is the great cmporium for all be examined over a hole in a card, and exthe country of the blacks, and even for Ma amining the light transmitted through it by rocco and Alexandria ; the principal articles an achromatic prism of Iceland spar. If

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the two images produced are coloured dif. ler is found to clear the stone from the ferently, it indicates double refraction. printing ink at each impression, and the

British Silver.- Tuesday the 10th Octo- labour of winding the bed through is much ber, a block of silver of the value of £1,500 less than by the method hitherto used. By was smelted at Wheal Rose Mine, in New- this machine a greater number of impreslyn, the sole property of Sir C. Hawkins, sions may also be obtained in a day than Bart.

formerly. One of them has been for some Lithography. We are glad to find that time at work at the Lithographic Estathis interesting art continues to attract the blishment of Mr Charles M. Willich, No 6, public attention in this country, and we Dartmouth-street, Westminster, where we hope ere long to see it succeed still more have inspected it, to satisfy ourselves of its than it has done in Germany and France. merit, and where we believe it may be seen The perfection of the machinery employed by the admirers of this interesting art. This is of the greatest consequence; and we press has also the advantage of being aptherefore take an opportunity of laying plicable to copperplate printing. before our readers a sketch of a new inquiry we learnt, that at length English Lithographic Printing Press, construct stone has been found to answer the pur. ed by Mr J. Ruthven of Edinburgh, on poses of lithography. In the above esta. the principle of his patent, and which an blishment it has been used with perfect swers perfectly for printing from stone. It success for Transfer Lithography, in which is represented as free from the disadvantages branch it is even thought to be superior to that have hitherto attended lithographic the German stone. The press from which presses, and as thus promising to render the the sketch has been made is intended for art very generally adopted. Any degree printing from stones 10 inches by 15 inches. of pressure is at once brought to bear on It is extremely neat, and works with great the stone, by means of the lever. The rol- facility.

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Agriculture, fc.-M. Cadet de Vaux flour from each was made into bread : that has lately recommended, as an important made from the corn reaped green gave seven and useful innovation, the reaping of corn pounds of bread more than the other, in six before it is perfectly ripe. This practice decalitres. The weevil attacked the ripe originated with M. Salles of the Agricultu- corn, but not the green. The proper time ral Society of Beziers : grain thus reaped, for reaping is when the grain, pressed be. (say, eight days before it is ripe) is fuller, tween the fingers, has a doughy appearance, larger, finer, and is never attacked by the like crumb of bread just hot from the oven, weevil. This was proved by reaping one when pressed in the same way. half of a piece of corn field, as recommend. It has long been believed that leaves of ed, and leaving the other till the usual time. the elder-tree put into the subterraneous The early reaped portion gave a hectolitre paths of moles, drive them away; but it is of corn more, for half a hectar of land, than

not so generally known, that if fruit-trees, the later reaped. An equal quantity of flowering shrubs, corn, or vegetables, be

wiped with the green leaves of elder Horse-dung, clay, sand, and pitch-tar, e branches, insects will not attach to them. form a composition, which, when applied to Tres An infusion of elder leaves in water is good the trunks and stems of fruit-trees, after Cry for sprinkling over rose-buds, and flowers they are properly cleaned, prevents that kaeti subject to blights and the devastations of spontaneous exudation called gumming, minde! caterpillars.

which is very injurious to the growth of If pieces of woollen rags be placed in cur2018 rant-bushes or other shrubs, &c. it is found Knight's opinion in regard to Oak ment that the caterpillars uniformly take shelter Mr Knight is of opinion, founded on acl.fi under them in the night. By this means tual experiment, that oak timber would be Erste: thousands of these leaf-devouring insects much improved, if the tree, after being e may be destroyed every morning, by remov barked in the spring, was permitted to stand

er ing these traps, with their tenants, at an till the following winter.
erate early hour, and replacing the rags for the
que destruction of others.

trees.

WORKS PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION.

LONDON. In the press, a new edition of the Rev. T. William III. ; never before published ; ilH. Horne's Introduction to the Critical Study lustrated with historical and biographical and Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures, in narratives from original documents; by the four vols 8vo. As the third volume will Rev. Archdeacon Coxe. consist principally of new matter, it is in An Account of a new method of making tended to print an extra number of copies dried Anatomical Preparations; by Mr of that volume, for such purchasers of the Joshua Swan. first edition as may order the same on or Society and Solitude, a novel ; by Innes before January 1, 1821. No more extra co Hoole, Esq. ; in 3 vols. pies will be printed than are actually ordered. A new and improved edition of the Her

The new satirical novel, entitled Edin- mit in London. burgh, by the author of London, or a Month The Prospectus of a new work, to be at Stevens's, will shortly appear.

called Physiognomical Portraits, to consist In the press, an Account of the most me of plates and letter-press. morable Battles and Sieges since the fall of Intellectual Powers, by Mr Martin of Troy, with a view of their consequences on Liverpool. the moral condition of mankind; by Mr J. A History of the Zodians, an ancient Hallison.

people; by Rev. T. Clarke, author of the A new edition of the Vicar of Wakefield, Wandering Jew. illustrated with 24 coloured engravings by In the press, an original work, by Mr T. Rowlandson.

James Jennings; designed to contain a The Feuds of Luna and Perollo, a ro concise account of every thing most necesmantic tale of the sixteenth century ; in sary and useful both in science and art; four volumes.

embracing the most recent discoveries and Scheming, a novel, from the pen of à improvements in Agriculture, Chemistry, person of fashion,

Domestic Economy, Gardening, Medicine, Illustrations of the Geology, Antiquities, Moral Philosophy, &c. It will extend to and Scenery of the Shetland Islands, with a about 1100 pages in octavo. geological map and other engravings; by A new edition of the Clerical Guide, or Dr S. Hibbert,

Ecclesiastical Register, corrected throughDivine Meditations and Holy Contempla- out with

great care.
tions, by the late R. Sibbes, D.D.

The Portfolio, an original miscellany ;
The Universe, a poem; by the Rev. to be published every two months.
Robert Matur in, author of Bertram, &c. A Practical Treatise on the Nature, Ma-

Two volum es of Practical Sermons; by nagement, and Improvement of Country
Dr Abraham Rees.

Residences, Rural Scenes and Objects; by Miss Benger will shortly publish the Life Mr Pontey, author of " The Profitable of Anne Boleyn, Queen of Henry VIII. Planter and Forest Pruner.” being the first of a Series of Historical Fe The Books of Genesis and Daniel demale Portraits.

fended against Count Volney and Dr FranA new edātion of the Odes and other cis ; by John Overton. he Poems of Henry Neele.

An Essay on the Medical Application of
The Conchology of Great Britain and Electricity and Galvanism ; by Mr Price,
Ireland, arranged according to the Linnæan surgeon and electrician.
method ; by Thomas Brown, Esq. F.R.S.E. A new and improved edition of Cherpil.

In preparation, the private and confiden- loud's Book of Versions, or Guide to the
tial Correspondence of Charles Talbot, Duke French Language ; also a new edition of
of Shrewsbury, during the reign of King the Key.

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A Treatise of the Law of Common Re Oliver Cromwell and his Times ; by coveries, containing the whole modern the- Thomas Cromwell, in 8vo. ory and practice of Conveyancing ; by a Tales of Ton, (first series) containing Gentleman of Lincoln's Inn.

Fashionable Characters; by Miss M.Leod, Vindiciæ Hebraicæ ; a Defence of the in 4 volumes. Hebrew Scriptures, as a vehicle of revealed Desultory Thoughts in London, with religion ; in confutation of Mr Bellamy's other Poems, in one volume, 12mo; by attacks on all preceding translations, and on Charles Lloyd, author of Nugæ Canora, the established version in particular ; by &c. Hyman Hurwitz.

Anecdotes and Characters of the House The Crucifix exchanged for the Cross, of Brunswick, illustrative of the Courts of illustrated in the memoir of Miss Margaret Hanover and London, from the Act of Leader, of Dublin.

Settlement, to the Death of George the A new Edition of Walton and Cotton's Third, with various documents ; by John Complete Angler, is preparing for the press Brown, author of Northern Courts, &c. by Mr Bagster. It will be printed in a Tea-Table Chat; or, Religious Allegosize for the pocket, with entire new Em. ries, told at the Tea-Table in a Seminary bellishments. Wale's designs for the Edi. for Ladies ; by Robert Burnside, A. M. tion of 1760, will be engraved upon a re Author of the Religion of Mankind. duced scale, as well as the portraits of Recollections of a Classical Tour, made Walton and Cotton. Other fresh prints, in 1818, 1819, in different parts of Turfrom the real scenery of both parts of the key, Greece, and Italy; by P. E. Laurent, work, will be introduced, and among them Esq. 4to, with plates. an exterior View of the Palace of Theo. A Narrative of the Persecution of the balds in its present state, from an ancient Protestants, of the South of France, in painting. This Edition will be accom the years 1814, 1815, and 1816; by Mark panied by new lives of Walton and Cotton ; Wilks. and great improvements and additions will The works of Sir Richard Blackmore, be made to the Notes throughout. The now first collected with his Life and Notes; representations of the Fish, with numerous by Mr Chalmers, in 10 vols 8vo. smaller Embellishments, will be cut in A Sketch of the Life of Galeacius Cawood. It will be published under the care macciolus, Marquis of Vicco, who died in of the Gentleman who edited the last Edi. 1592. tion.

Transactions of the Associations of the In the course of November will be pub- Fellows and Licentiates of the King's and lished, in 1 vol. 8vo, “ Augustus, or the Queen's College of Physicians in Ireland. Ambitious Student."

Vol. III. A Second Edition of Mr Lloyd's Transla The Dark Secret; Embellished Facts, tion of Alfieri's Tragedies ; to which will be Collected from Letters lately found among added, Memoirs of the Life and Writings the Family Papers, of the first wife of the of Alfieri.

late M. L. (formerly M. P. for G-n) Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Al. to whose mother they were written ; by A. fieri, in 1 vol. 12mo, with his Portrait, T. Palmer, author of Authentic Memoirs finely Engraved by Cooper.

of the Life of John Sobieski, King of PoA new edition of Dr Lawrence's Ser. land. mons, preached at St Mary's Oxford, at The Travels of Cosmo III. through a the Bampton Lecture, in the year 1804, on large part of England, with 40 Engravthose Articles of the Church, improperly ings. considered Calvinistic,

A History of the Various Species of Illustrations of the capital Operations of Palsy, with the Method of Cure ; being Surgery, Trephine, Hernia, &c. By the first part of the second volume of Dr Charles Bell, in five parts.

Cooke's Treatise on Nervous Diseases. The Theological works of the famous Dr The Young Arithmetician's Class-Book ; James Arminius, now first translated into by J. W. Davenport. English, from the Latin Original, with an A Scriptural View of True and False account of his Life, by Brandt, in three Religion ; by the Rev. G. Scraggs. large octavo volumes.

The Young Navigator's Guide to the Poems, by Bernard Barton. Second Sidereal and Planetary Parts of Nautical edition.

Astronomy ; by Mr Kerrigan, of the Royal A Journey round the Library of a Bibli. Navy. omaniac; or, Century of Notes and Remem The Practice of the Court of Insolvent brances, concerning Rare and Valuable Debtors ; by Richard Hatt, late Agent, Books; by William Davis, Bookseller, now Clerk. author of the Olio of Bibliographical and Anston Park; a Tale, in one volume Literary Anecdotes and Memoranda. 12mo.

The Midnight Wanderer ; or, a Legend Remarks made during a Tour through of the Houses of Altenberg and Lindendorf; the United States of America, in the years by Margaret Campbell, in 4 volumes. 1817, 1818, 1819 ; by W. T. Harris.

EDINBURGH.
We have the pleasure of informing our fitable and pleasant speculation, the

superreaders, that the author of “ The Ayrshire intendence of a new edition of THE CHALLegatees, or the Correspondence of the DEE MS. in the original tongue, with Pringle Family,” has nearly ready for pub- notes and illustrations. lication, “ The Earthquake, a Tale,” in 3 “ Hebrew, Chaldaic, Syriac, Greek, and vols.

German Languages. Mr Ferstandig, (late The Mountain Bard, consisting of Bal Student at the University of Halle, Profeslads and Legendary Tales ; by James sor of Oriental Literature,) begs leave to Hogg, the Ettrick Shepherd, Third Edi- acquaint the Nobility, Gentry, Students of tion, with Corrections and Additions, and Divinity, and the Public at large of Scota Life of the Author, written by himself. land, that, as he has travelled through every

A Digest of the Law of Scotland ; by College Town in Scotland (St Andrew's Edward Lothian, Esq. advocate.

excepted), and he is sincerely convinced, A Reply to a Letter addressed by the that there is not one Professor in any of the Superintendent of Police to the Lord Pro. Universities, or Private Individual in Scotvost, relative to the late Proceedings and In- land, who has any competent knowledge vestigation carried on in that Establishment. of Oriental Literature; and as that branch

Observations Explanatory of a Decimal of study is so essentially necessary to the Interest Table, constructed

on a New Prin- knowledge of Divinity, he has been requestciple; Shewing, on the Face of a single ed by several of his Friends to reside in

Sheet, the Interest of any Sum from £l to Edinburgh during the Winter Season, and = £9,000,000, for any number of Days, from to open Classes for the above Languages. 1 to 365, at the rate of Five per Cent. To He will, therefore, open his Classes from 9 which is annexed, Rules for converting the to 11 Forenoon, and from 4 to 9 Evening, Decimals to Sterling Money by Inspection, on Monday the 20th of November, at Mr and for shewing the Application of the Falkner's Class-Rooms, No 63, South Table to every other rate per Cent; by Bridge, and continue to teach in Edinburgh Ebenezer Miller, accountant.

during the Winter, on Mondays, Tuesdays, ¿ The Second Volume of Professor Leslie's and Wednesdays; and in Glasgow, on Course of Mathematics, containing Geo. Fridays and Saturdays.-Tickets for the metrical Analysis, and the Geometry of Season, Five Guineas for each of the above Curve Lines, will be published in December. Languages, or Twenty Guineas for the

Dr Ure has in the press a Comprehen- above five Languages.-N. B.-Should the sive Work on Chemistry, on the Model of Public suppose that the above charges Nicholson's Dictionary, some of the Prac- against the reputation of their Professors tical Parts of which will be retained, but are vague and extravagant, Mr F. will the great body of the present Publication meet any of them in public, and pledge will be printed from Dr Ure's own Mana. himself to vindicate the truth of his asserEscript, containing an Investigation of the tions.-Mr F. will commence his favourite

Principles of the Science, and its Applica- Public Lectures, on the different Translation to the Phenomena of Nature, Medi

tions of the Old and New Testaments, in cine, Mineralogy, Agriculture, and Manu. February, by Subscription.” factures.

Dr Brewster has nearly ready for publication a new edition of Ferguson's Astrono We have so much respect and regard for my. In accommodating it to the present our worthy friend the proprietor of OLD state of the science, by means of Notes and MORTALITY, that we willingly give a place Supplementary Chapters, he has studiously to the following notice, though not strictly endeavoured to imitate the plainness of the literary. original work.

In this new edition, many “ Extraordinary Robbery.- Early in the alterations and additions have been made in morning of Friday last, Mr Ballantyne's the notes and supplementary matter; and stable, at Boroughmuirhead, was broken the work put into a form more convenient into, and every thing stolen except the and less expensive, with the view to its being horse ; whether it is, that our notice has renmore generally introduced into public schools. dered OLD MORTALITY so classical that the

New editions of Ferguson's Electricity, thieves could not hope to get off with him his Perspective, and his Ladies' and Gentle.' undetected, or that the noise of DOMINIE men's Astronomy, edited by Dr Brewster, SAMPSON (house-dog as well as déer-hound) will speedily be published.

scared them, cannot yet be ascertained; It would appear from the following handbut as the police are in active search after the bill, that a new miracle of erudition has rogues, we trust the point will be determinarrived in Edinburgh. We have not yet ed before our next Number is ready. heard with what series of Lectures this re “ The theft was accomplished by the use markable person intends to commence his of one of the numerous barrier stools, which career, but shall adopt measures to secure were used when the road was repairing ; the earliest and most accurate intelligence and which are now left, very handily, to concerning that, and all other matters con enable thieves to surmount walls, and get nected with him. We would, in the mean into houses by the first floor windows

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