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in revenge of the repulses which his their usual bad taste, are constantly folly brings upon him--and what is pressing that discussion upon the true of individual vanity holds also country.

The motives of all men, in the case of its larger combinations. we believe, are upon such occasions, The whole world knows that the pre- somewhat of a mixed nature-- partly sent opposition have again and again selfish-partly social and patrioticproclaimed themselves the wisest, and the whigs can only make themwittiest, most liberal, and most in- selves ridiculous by claiming an extellectual of all political associations emption from the general law of all

that they claim not only a fair and public exertion. It is too much, handsome moiety, but entire exclu- surely, that the same men should arsive possession of all the talent in the rogate for themselves a sort of supercountry,-a proud distinction, which human purity of motive with an abis 'shared, too, by the meanest limb solute supremacy of talent—that to of the body whiggish, and freely de- one motley and rather unpromising scends to its most abject functionaries. division of our countrymen should No wonder, then, that persons thus belong at once all the moral and inconstituted, in point of self-compla- tellectual excellence of the land. Do cency, should be prepared for every they imagine that such professions bold and decisive enterprize - and the and assumptions can gain them a only cause of surprise must be that single convert out of the range of men, so consciously and highly gift- lunacy~or can have any other effect ed, should have abstained so long than to cover the whiggish cause with from vindicating their just ascenden- deep suspicion and enduring ridicy. But if the self-conceit of this cule? We really think that high of party explains why they should have fice and emolument might have tempseriously made their late attempt, it tations-subordinate, indeed, but still will explain in some degree also, to additional, to those of a nature purely all impartial persons, why it should so patriotic---even to the known disinsignally have failed. Very vain and terestedness and independence of Mr confident persons are not accustom Tierney himself---and we are not ed to measure difficulties or to take moved from our opinion by his most into due calculation the weight of sounding disclaimers. Nay, we should resistance they are doomed to en- not despair even of some of the demicounter-and so it has fared with gods of our own Pantheon here, stoopour friends the whigs, who seem to ing from their celestial elevation, if have had no just conception of their the way were once fairly cleared for own levity and nothingness, even them, to mere corrupt office and its when borne against their opponents accessory advantages.

The whigs by the stiffest gale of popular discon-, cannot afford to lose much on the tent and rabble delusion.

score of reputation for sincerity---and The hopes of the opposition were we should, therefore, if they would undoubtedly high, whatever inter- take any advice from us---seriously pretation their disappointment may recommend it to them to be silent for now endeavour to put upon their pro- the future on this delicate topic of ceedings. The movements made by disinterestedness---which cannot be them were intended not merely as named by them without recalling tentative, but decisive--they meant · some unhandsome recollections; and not only to sound the public feeling, frankly avow' at once that they are but expected to force their way to - afflicted in

with their fellow office upon its already ascertained de- mortals with the ordinary human cútermination in their favour: We pidity of influence and power---restshould not think it worth while to ing their claim to possession "singly examine the real motives which have - upon the greater wisdom and vigour led to all this preternatural activity with which, for public ends, they or to discuss for a moment the silly would exert them. question, whether so much intensity We think it every way important of exertion and hazard of ridicule that the pretensions of this party were encountered in the pure spirit should be calmly but scrupulously exof disinterested magnanimous patriot- amined, and that the nation should ism-were it not that the whigs, with be enabled accurately to appreciate the VOL. VIII.



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chances of public good which would consummating their crime, could be arise from their success. The coun

defence and protection. No form of try is, in some of its lower elements, tumult, or aspect of rebel array, has convulsed and disturbed --and al- deterred them from advocating what though the disease is, we believe, they have been pleased to term the neither so deep nor so formidable constitutional meetings of the people, as it has sometimes been represented, ---no libel, however atrocious upon we should, of all things, wish to see the constitution or religion of their it -removed. The opposition tell us country, has impeded their exertions exultingly, that the discontent has in support of what they injuriously been excited by, and is sternly and misname the liberty of the press. exclusively directed against the being The plotters of mischief have ever of the present administration,-and found succour, as efficient, at least, as if this be truly the case, we suppose the heartiest good-will could make it, the only remedy would be the acces

--in the men who affect to be the guar sion of the whigs to power.

The dians of the British constitution, and country is not yet ripe, we take it, for the radicals know, that they can count a radical administration, and would upon the whigs in their extremest penot readily succumb to the vagabond ril

, and utmost outrage upon the laws. supremacy of a faction which disgraces The leaning of these gracious and forits very name. To the whigs, then, giving persons is ever in favour of the we must look in our perils and dis- enemies of public order,--and whattresses,--and this, we presume, is ex- ever is blackest in the conduct of the actly the inference which they are am- latter, is sure to be palliated by some bitious to deduce. Now, we think gratuitous explanation or apology from it easy to show, that the elevation of opposition. The entire gang of asthe whigs would not satisfy that por- piring rebellion, know too well, that tion of the people which is tainted they can count on the patriotic genewith discontent, -that, in the mean- rosity of the whigs, duly to appreciate while, it would alarm and revolt that the value of so lofty a connection,--far stronger portion on which alone they have the whigs enslaved, in fact, reliance can be placed for repressing and, like other tyrants, they despise the projects of disaffection; and, final- their slaves.---Of all the attacks, in ly, that this unhappy, party have so prose or verse, made upon that most far descended from their high place assailable of all human exhibitions, in the constitution, and mingled so the farce at the Edinburgh Pantheon, dangerously with whatever is aimed -by far the most contemptuous and at its ruin, thật they could not at resistless has come from the great fapresent be lifted up to power without ther of radicalism, Mr Cobbett, who carrying with them much of the ad- really has more talent, we suspect, hesive feculence which they have con- than the entire whig constellation of tracted in their descent,--and soil- this metropolis. ing, perhaps incurably, the dignity of Mr Jeffrey is reported to have said high office, and the current of consti- at a public meeting here, that so far tutional influence and power.

from disclaiming, he rejoiced in the Every one knows the submissive as- connection formed betwixt the whigs siduity with which the opposition have and radicals ---that he looked to this of late been courting the avowed dis- union as the instrument of passing the turbers of the public tranquillity- latter from the grossness of their preand their reception among these sa- sent being, so far, at least, as the gacious anarchs is no less matter of middle and purgatorial state of whignotoriety. Many an anxious glance gism,-and that a chance was thus have they cast upon the rude workmen afforded of their being ultimately of revolution, and under pretence of translated even to the paradise of the seducing them into the speculative tories. This was well enough in Mr moderation of whiggery, they have Jeffrey's light and jocular strain.--lent them much indirect and not in- but if he truly meant to announce effective aid in their projects. They under this a grave expectation, we defended the Manchester insurgents, would advise him to turn to Cobbett's so far, at least, as the bitterest reproach strictures on the Pantheon meeting, upon that exercise of power which, in in the course of which, by the way, all probability, prevented them from that noted person has amply avenged

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upon the Edinburgh Reviewers their or the incarcerated Hunt, say to this former expose of his tergiversations. magnificence of concession--to this Triumphant alike in fact and argu- true whiggish radical reform? The ment, this singular individual dis- tide of their derision and disdain will sects, with inimitable and unfaltering mount to its height upon so strange hand, the whole bill of whig grievan- an occasion--and sweep in imagination ces, as embodied in the resolutions at the drivelling propounder of such a the Pantheon,---and ardently pursu- scheme far beyond the sphere of raing the hypocrisy of the whigs to its tional being. It was not for this that 'meanest and narrowest recesses, he they have plodded and plotted so long; shows that they have not brought one and we doubt much whether, if they single charge against the tories which were able at last to make prize of the may not be turned with extreme and vessel of the state, their ineffable conoverwhelming facility against them- tempt would permit them to notice for selvès ---down even to the summary the purposes of vengeance, even the removal of the venerable Lord Lieu author of so feeble and foolish an ebultenant of the West Riding of York- lition of insult to their cause. shire, who had, upon a former occa- This is not a season for middle and sion, assisted in paying the same com- moderate courses--the country feels pliment to his Grace of Norfolk. The that it is not-and they can never hope whole developement, indeed, is at once for its confidence who stand upon neuamusing and instructive ---but it is tral and treacherous ground. If all despair to Mr Jeffrey's ingenious and that the whigs had ever done could considerate proposal for passing Cob- be buried in oblivion and remembered bett and his multitudinous followers no more--if all their petty meannesses into the whiggish purgatory, which, and political delinquencies in the times to their eyes, appears blacker and that are past, could be blotted out fouler than the baleful region of tory- from the page of history--the shufism itself.

fling and tremulous conduct which This middle state of being, which they have betrayed in the case of the has been predicated of the opposition most formidable enemies that have by an individual who, in pre-eminent ever assailed their country's peace and and various talent, is by far the most honour, would consign them to preillustrious of their northern phalanx, sent exclusion, and to future reproach. is, of itself, an utter disqualification of Moderation is magnanimous, only them for the conduct of public affairs, when the delinquent has confessed his so long, at least, as a vestige of the sins, or is at the mercy of the avenrebellious spirit remains in the land. ger-but it is crouching and base, They must be blind, indeed, who have while the enemy maintains his lownot long since discovered that this is ering port; and, instead of implonot a spirit of compromise and concili- ring, threatens to extend an humiliaation, nor one with which parley and' ting amnesty to the imaginary suppliconcession can be admitted without ant. Such is still the attitude of that equal hazard and humiliation. The radical reform which is rebellion, plunproffered boon would be rejected in der, and interminable anarchy. The scom--the poor trusting messenger spirit of the whigs has been mingled of concord would become the object with this most malignant spirit; and of eternal and grinning infamy to the the foul commixture--if its offspring audacious, flattered, and unrelenting should be permitted to see the light genius of ruin and crime.The Edin- will be found prolific only of preburgh Review, the great oracle of the ternatural crimes. whiggish wisdom of the north, has, Every one indeed knows, that moin its last truly brilliant and effective deration is, in the abstract, a virexhibition, formally proposed terms to tue, and that a theme is thereby furthe radicals on the subject of parlia- nished, quite inexhaustible to juvenile mentary reform ; and, with a view to declamation, and to the mature imbeconciliation, summoned up the mar- cility which descends to mere schoolvellous liberality of adding a score of boy emulation. The moderation of fresh members to the House of Com- the whigs, besides, as to all that commons, to sit for some of the most po- bats existing authority, in whatever pulous and now unrepresented places. "form---whether with the sharp, but What will the yet unshackled Cobbett, polished weapons of the constitution,

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or with the rude and poisoned instru- and that all the measures adopted by ments of jacobinism, is cheaply afford- the legislature, were mere artifice, cuned on their parts---for they know well ning, and oppression ? Would they that the errors of their own profuse venture to repeal these acts, not abridgforbearance will be adequately cor- ing, but truly defining the privileges rected by the alacrity of those to whom of British subjects and that, too, the immediate protection of the state while discontent, impatient and scowl., is committed. They know the part ing, yet meets them at every cornerthey have to play well enough, but and enthroned in popular delusion, they are apt to overact it. They know menaces more than ever the tranquilthat if they should indiscreetly fan lity of the state? Would they dare, the flame of rebellion till it had glided with the entire array of the Queen's over the ramparts of the constitution, addressers before them, breathing retheir opponents, not themselves, would venge and revolution, to relax the vibe responsible for its opportune extinc gour of the law, as it was created betion; and much of their giddy tamper- fore radicalism had assumed the asing and wantonness, therefore, is most pect of chivalry, so uncongenial to its ungenerously hazarded, in the confi- nature, and become ennobled in apdence that the very power which they pearance by the generous defence of a assail will be able to avert its con- woman and a Queen ? sequences. But their wild and heed- Never, indeed, was there so fortuless conduct in opposition is of small nate an accident, as the arrival of this consequence, compared with the ques- illustrious personage upon English tion as to their accession to power, ground, to lift low-born, malignant, and after what the country has seen and savage profligacy from its native as to their countenance, direct and in- level-or to give it the semblance and direct, of the cabals which menace sanction of generous virtue. The peoits existence, we cannot suppose that ple have, beyond' all question, been it will pass the serious thought of a tainted by this novel and interesting moment upon their claims. Will exhibition ; they have been corrupted the property, rank, and talent of and maddened by the arts of those the nation, submit to have their fate who would sacrifice the Queen with disposed of by men who have avow- the most undisturbed cheerfulness, edly fraternised-or who pant at any provided only they could gain a rate for the alliance-of those who glance of office and authority by the are the confederated enemies of all treacherous immolation.-- Who, we existing power, and all honourable would ask, are at this moment the distinction ? Will they voluntarily most vehement and active of the cast their fortunes into the hands of Queen's friends ? There is Sir Robert persons who, by their own confession, Wilson, the gallant, but spurious have planted themselves on the very knight, of whose equestrian dignity confines of the rebel and outcast re- the sharpest questioning has not been gions, and stand but midway betwixt able to elicit the authentication; a pertreason and loyalty? We believe this son so enamoured of sedition, that afis neither the cast of character which ter making his first essay of service in the times require, nor that which the foreign lands, he has returned to his hopes and wishes of the British people native country to head the legions of demand.

mult-a thorough renegade, who, If the whigs, however, had actual- from the most abusive libeller of the ly been successful in their late ardu- “child and champion of Jacobinism," ous attempt, we cannot imagine that has crept into the meanness, not only a greater misfortune could have been of panegyrizing, but of protecting and inflicted upon them than this success. serving its vilest slaves. The memWhat would they have done when in ber for Southwark is, indeed, a sad office, with all their recent pledges as example of the forturies of radicalan opposition, with their memora- ism, and a brief, but touching, epible and unceasing denunciations of the tome of the instability of human will. course of measures adopted during the -Then comes the werthy alderman, last Session of Parliament, for the who, from the repose of civic honours, conservation of the public peace, has been summoned to undertake a with their recorded asseverations, that prominent part in the mysteries of there was no ground to justify alarm, à court. The royal presence must

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be profusely sported with, and wan- of the country, and have embodied tonly degraded indeed, when a citizen themselves with her betrayers, known buffoon of this description is permitted and unknown--we should like to unto hold the nearest and the highest derstand what degree of confidence in places to it-and by a palpable vio- their councils, that portion of the peo

lation of the laws of our social exist- ple could repose, who have the most t tence, is transformed at once, in the substantial interest in repelling all

strength of mere pertness and audaci-: violence and innovation-who have a le ty, from the most plebeian vocations, pre-eminent right to be heard on so

to a region where polish and manners great a question--who will be heard were once held indispensable. The too-and must finally prevail ? 15 other friends and champions of her But it is unnecessary to argue a Majesty, in the encounter which she question which the legislature has alhas for months been maintaining with ready decided, and upon which the the law and institutions of the land, final seal of the representative wisare hardly worth mentioning--and it dom of the nation has, perhaps, been is only with a view to the part which set, while we are committing to paper the whigs have acted on this occa- these hasty reflections. The dream sion, that we have deigned to notice of the whigs has passed away—their the subject at all.

sanguine hope and boundless pretenThis once formidable, but now shat- sion have been withered while in tered party, may scruple perhaps to their highest bloom—the frown of admit the Woods and Wilsons, and a people's displeasure, expressed by Hobhouses and Felloweses, as belong- the organ which the constitution has ing to their band-but they can ne- appointed, has already descended like ver deny, that-by a singular—even if a frost upon their new-blown hopes, it should be an unpremeditated coin- and left them to dissolution and decidence of opinion--they have, upon cay. To the whigs this world's amthis noisy, although truly unimport- bition is all vanity; and their pantant question, done all that was in ing and toiling after its enjoyments, their power to exemplify a perfect com- in spite of the despair that is set bination with these worthies. Here they before them, is a proof of superhave marched in line with the radi- abundant and miraculous zeal, such cals--they have fought side by side as no faction has ever before set even with them, and admitted themselves in the most heated and hopeful contento be a part of the same invasive host tions. It is well, indeed, for them to -against which, if the better senti- turn in their dismay from tlie people's ment and nobler resolution of the representatives to the aggregate concountry has maintained itself with stituent body itself, and to reclaim decisive firmness, the defensive victory with their wonted violence from the is surely to be ascribed to any class of sense and spirit which disown them men, rather than to those of whom to the deluded turbulence on which Mr Tierney is the nominal head, who their final hope is rested. They declared against the Queen by sullen would fain postpone their doom, or and sordid anticipation--and made escape from the notoriety of its inflicthe mere floating rumours against tion, by appealing from the representaher, a ground for announcing re- tive intelligence of Britain to the grosser solution to deprive her even of her elements out of which it is extracted, small pecuniary claims, while, with and casting themselves for support devious policy, he now insists on load- upon the plebeian insolence which ing her with honours. Without their own arts have evoked, deny the Tierney and Earl Grey, the whigs competency of the legislature to award are nothing they could not pretend the decree of exclusion which it has to form an administration, nor, in- given against them. Lord Holland deed, any other rational scheme of had the modesty to say at the Lonunion--and while these potent lead- don Fox dinner, that in the expediency ers, by the part which they have ta- question as to the Liturgy, which was ken in the case of the Queen, have so manfully proposed by his friends, made themselves accessories after he had discovered three hundred and or it may be before the fact to the ten reasons for Parliamentary Reform; countless insults which that unhap- a stupid and pointless joke at the best, py lady has offered to the constitution but, in this particular case, indicative

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