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but we are here examining the prin- tions of his views, which, if the matciple alone which he developes, and ter were to be brought to the test of the inference to which it conducts, experiment, -of which, indeed, there without regard to other practical con- is but little chance,-he would be clusions which the author may illogi- compelled to admit. eally draw from it, or other modifica
MEETING OF PARLIAMENT. di Themeeting of Parliament, at all times he is irresistible. Our first object was da a matter of importance, has been, on to bewilder the mob—that we have
the present occasion, marked by results done ; our next is to crush the minisof eminent value.
try; and the power, once in the hands of Since the close of the late session the whiggism, radicalism must have the country has been kept in a state of con- lion's share. What may not the lowstant disturbance. "Ignorant passion est clamourer for reform expect from had been stirred up by every stimulant a ministry, when Lord Erskine holds of falsehood, pecuniary corruption, and the Seals, and my Lords Grey and Holrevolutionary frenzy. The rabble had land sit at the head of the Treasury?" been taught to look with contemp The House of Commons have met, tuous insolence, or to turn with daring and the defeat of faction has been unmenace on the administration of law, exampled. The coalition of the Foxreligion, and government, and the ites and the Radicals within doors, has strength of rebellion, flung upon the been worsted and thrown into utter ground, seemed to have caught strength contempt, by vast majorities; and from the contact, and to be rising with their defeat out of doors has been scarcesudden and formidable vigour within ly less striking. The King has apreach of public ruin. '
peared in public; and the homage maThe meeting of Parliament was to fac- nifested under the most public and tion the grand epoch. The major sæclo- impartial circumstances, has been rum ordo of insult to the Crown, and striking, universal, and decisive, in decay to the constitution, was to take the highest degree. A more open apits date from the hour when the House peal, or a more triumphant answer, of Commons opened its portals. It was could not possibly have been given. within the circle of this democratic The nation has thus, in the space of a portion of the state, that the democra- few days, cleared itself from all that tic orators were to sweep the sword of mass of degradation which it was the vengeance and of oratory, with “huge, labour of faction for half a year to two-handed sway ;” and an easy vic- heap upon it. The process in this tory was to be achieved by the Wil- matter, was the old customary course BONS and Woods, and their followers of the enemies of the legal order of and imitators, over the helpless and things, Rebellion, in its affectation supplicating feebleness of government of discovery, adheres to precedent with It is notorious, that this was the ex- the spirit of a drudge ; if it does not pectation and the language of faction hunt for it through the dust of libraries, throughout England, “Wait but till the practice lies ready in the corrupthe meeting of the House of Commons. tion and avidity of degraded human We have been foiled in the Lords; nature. The same statute in the book six-eighths of the peerage have voted of Republicanism, which overthrew that miserable woman guilty, whom the constitution in the days of our unwe had combined in taking up as a fortunate Charles, directed the overpretence for our combination, borough- throw of the government of France, mongers and radicals, aristocrats and in our own, and is the study of our sans culottes, as we are ; but the Peers jacobins at this hour. Its first prinate independent of popular passions, ciple is to vilify the sitter on the throne. they may be frightened, but they can- It is necessary to revolution, to break not be shaken from their seats, they up the natural course and current of may be menaced at their bar by a the affections. The heart in which it hired pleader, but they cannot be pelt- is to inhabit, must be cleared out of ed from the hustings by a hired rabble. all its old prepossessions of honour to In the House of Commons, the field is God and to the sovereign, and domestic our own, the ground is measured and love, and personal humanity. Revodivided, every orator has his part, in lution knows neither father nor mowhich, from practice and pertinacity, ther, nor brother nor sister. Moloch's
altar disdains all but the blood of kin- has condescended to succeed to the hodred. Revolution will have the heart, nours of the Countess of Oldi,) was put but it must first be made hard and forward on an occasion so pregnant sullen, reckless, and thirsty of blood. with defeat, contempt, and absurdity. Like the aspirant in the old Greek This nobleman, the feebleness of whose mystery, its devotee must steep in oratory forms a singular contrast to slaughter, and be dragged through the fierceness of his gesticulation, acflame, and be maddened with wild cordingly gave bold notice of a motion prediction, until his nature is turned, for restoring the Queen's name to the and he bears upon his brow the brand liturgy. But this was too rash a hazard, of a gloomy and desperate spirit to the and too giddy for the more rational hour of consummation.
even among the whigs; in the teeth In England, two centuries ago, re of all their declarations that the Queen bellion began by insulting the sove must be cleared on the first trial of the reign. In France, the person and question before the Commons, they habits of Louis, were the first derision dared not burthen themselves with the of those who, at length, brenght their weight of her alleged criminality, and king to the scaffold. In England every the question was modified into the species of low insolence has been levied inexpediency and ill-advisedness of against the monarch as an individual. omitting her name in the liturgy." Every pen and pencil of abomination The secret history of this curious prohas been busy to give a false and de- ceeding goes on to state, that Lord grading impression of his principles, Archibald remonstrated on this occahis manners, and even of his form and sion with infinite fury and unproduccountenance. The etiquette by which tiveness ; that he was finally forced to the King was restrained from appear- swallow his notice, on pain of being ing in public, except on matters of thrown out of his new employment as state, for a year after the death of the orator ; and that he was further comlate Sovereign, assisted this insolent manded to say nothing from which the imposture. But his visit to the thea- party could not subsequently withdraw tres at once gave to the multitude an its neck, by evasion, shuffling, or subopportunity of judging for themselves, serviency. The true object of Oppoand gave to the enemies alike of King sition was, as it has always been, place. and people, the most unanswerable But the adoption of the Queen's cause, proof that the heart of the nation is in all its blackness, must have acted as loyal at the core. But let the history a disqualification in the highest quarof this decline and fall of whiggism ter. The difficulty, then, lay in using proceed in its order. The commence the Queen's question so as to throw out ment of the session had been for some ministers, without involving themmonths pronounced on by the whigs selves in it so far as to offend the as the moment of victory; their trum source of authority. This problem pet was already blown through the might fairly try the most practised land. This confidence certainly im- brains; it was the more absurd to posed upon a considerable number, trust its manipulation to the touch of and petitions and remonstrances were
Lord Archibald. But after his Lordprepared to follow up the charge of the ship had consented to pare his oritriumphant Opposition ; that, after ginal motion, he had the parental the strength of government had been mortification of seeing its spirit altrampled down, the rabble might together abandoned, and the quesbe upon the spot, to share in the tion turned solely upon the right true and original cause of the at- in law, to exclude the Queen's name. tack--the plunder. But if their con- This was the most disastrous dwindfidence deceived others, it lulled them- ling down of the subject-matter that selves; and at the commencement could be conceived; the debate was at of the session they still had to arrange
once thrown into the hands of the a plan of offence. The address passed lawyers, who perplexed the House till without an amendment or a division. daybreak, and concluded by drawing This shewed the genuine feebleness of on their party a consummate and the cause ; but their lapse was now to crushing defeat. Such was the result be recovered byany means, however ha- of the whole system of menace, and zardous, and Lord Archibald Hamilton, tumultuary processions, and ostentabrother, as he is ludicrously called, tó tious insult to the throne. And this Her Majesty's court, (Lady Anne Ha- defeat was not less an exposure of the milton being the only female who actual weakness of whiggism, than of
the paltry and vulgar spirit of subter- hired advocacy. But assurance has since fuge, in which their whole tactique has been made double sure. The committee consisted. They actually abandoned on the Queen's pension gave the deaththe Queen, from the beginning of the blow to all hopes of involving the debate. Whatever chivalry might have House of Commons in the mire of the fired Lord Archibald's northern blood Queen's interest, either of love or poin giving his notice, it cooled as sud- litics. Fifty thousand pounds, the oridenly as it had heated, and the hope ginal offer, were proposed as her penof throwing out ministers usurped at sion. She was bold enough to send once the whole space which had been down, on the opening of the business, devoted in the magnanimous bosoms a note, impudently called a message, of Opposition, to the sufferings of the refusing to receive the bounty of the purest of her sex. The whole topic House, unless her name should have was laid by, like the frippery of the been previously inserted in the liturlast Lord Mayor's day, till the rabble gy. All the strength of whiggism was were to be summoned up to another mustered, and it was all helpless. In season of licentiousness, idleness, and a full assemblage of the intelligence, clamorous folly. The course of the wealth, and public feeling of the nadebate was actually one of the most tion; in a House of four hundred and ludicrous distress. The lips of all the fifty members, the whigs did not dare usual haranguers, were padlocked by to divide, upon the Speaker's leaving the strong hand of the Whig Council, the chair. The measure of government which had sat upon the measure two was carried, with no objections, but nights before. All the pathetic appeals, from those whose experience suspected and furious invectives, and schoolboy the abuse of so large a sum in irresponmetaphors, which the long vacation sible hands, and naturally contemplated had sublimated in the breast of the new processions, placards, Italian counoratorical aspirants, were rigorously tesses, and estates for other Bergamis. corked up, and the whole course of
This vote was a direct sentence of opposition rhetoric was, with whatever the House. If their opinion had been, agony, confided to the hands of Messrs that the Queen was innocent, this vote Scarlett, Brougham, Wetherell, and would have furnished the plainest of Mackintosh, men who, if they talked all remonstrances—it would have been nonsense, were at least the only ones offering to the acquitted the bounty able to talk it technically. The Queen which had been offered to the accused. was, during this dry discussion, left to The allowance to the Queen of Engthe silent memory of her wrongs. Her land, purified of all stain, and holding injuries were as little told as her love. her place at the head of English moOne of her orators has described her as, rals and society, would have been the “Patience on a monument;" but if her same sum allotted to the Princess of patience smiled on this occasion, it was Wales, travelling obscurely in a foreign in contempt at the hollowness, feeble- country, stained with degrading accuness and poverty of heart, that had sations, and humiliating herself to the made a traffic of her cause. The whigs familiar intercourse of chambermaids had from the commencement, made and footmen. We must for once conbut a ladder of her rights and wrongs, gratulate the country on the conduct such as they were; but the moment of the Queen. The politics of Branthat seemed to raise them within reach denburgh House are intricate, but it of power, shewed them flinging away is obvious that there, too, is the ladder, and they now oscillate, a thing behind the throne more powercommon scorn to government and peo- ful than the throne.” The fifty thouple. The result of the legal oratory sand pounds have been saved to the was a majority of 101 against their Treasury. That this desperate refusal
This decision left no doubt of should have proceeded from the whigs, the feeling of the House of Commons, their notorious avidity forbids us to bethe great democratic assembly in which lieve; and to pension the opposers
of the ruin of administration was to fol government with its own money, would low the opening of the doors. The have been a contrivance too exhilaratprediction is now only ridiculous. ing not to have captivated the most “ The charge was prepared,
obtuse of their rhetoricians, down to 66 And the lawyers were met,"
Mr Wetherell himself. But the spe
cial adviser who brought her Majesty and the old culprit was the culprit still, through the trial, while her hired after all the clamour and boasting of counsel were exhausting their inge
litics and inveterate gambling, and the from ouis is, that the national
nuity in vain, the Man of Mobs is un A curious review of the list of the derstood to have stood up triumphant- majority, states the following results ly against the host of those more sus in answer to the charge of pensioned picious friends, who advised her to voting. take the money and thank her fortune. On Lord Tavistock's' motion there The hope of a subscription to ten times voted 131 county members. the amount was played before the royal For ministers 83 against them 48 eye. There were strong examples in majority 35. ! point, and many a desperado was in Of members for cities, towns, and box the revolutionary books, thriving on the roughs, where the number of voters is subscription which peers and baronets great, and the elections are free voted had down to heap upon him, at the mo- 149. sini Dar et u ment of his conviction for crimes against For ministers 92-against them 57religion and the state. The Man of majority 35. V. imit Mobs prevailed, the pension was in an Thus, of the members who are alevil hour refused, her Majesty is now lowed on all hands to represent the thrown upon the bounty of the whigs people, , 175 out of 280 vote an apthe emptypurses at Brookes'sare, at this proval of the conduct of Ministers in hour, undergoing a thorough search for the whole course of the late meathe in them by . true and rational feeling
hired advocates must go without their mind has been disabused, that the fees. This is the measure of true mis- gross and virulent falsehoods which fortune-the L.50,000 was to have heal had inflamed the multitude, and filled all thelwounds of hurt pride and beg- ed our streets with mountebank exgared avarice. But the day of this con hibitions of sympathy for the associate summation is now thrown to a hopeless of her own menials, had either never distance-the fate of the subscription reached the highet orders of the Eng for the pension will be like that for the 'lish mind, or had altogether perished plate, of which Alderman Wood was from it—that revolution is postponed the treasurer, and of which no account sine die, and that the men of England has yet reached the public eye. may return to their homes and occu+ The defeat of Opposition, fighting pations, without fearl of finding the under pretext of the Queen's calamities, guillotine at the entrance of their vilwas too complete for a second experi- lages. *fia pofontasun orft prope ment under that shelter. A motion The close of this debate was characwas brought forward in the subsequent terized by a striking dircumstance. week, which endeavoured to succeed by The attack on ministers had been rea bold and open declaration of hostility pelled, and it was suddenly changed to ministers. The Queen's name was still into a charge upon their acousers. Mr used for the whigs, the aristocrats Brougham
was openlys summoned by of the House, willingly stoop to the mob Lord Castlereagh to answer to a series -but the course of the debate set full of imputations, the most direct and upon the expulsion of ministers from most painful that could be pointed to their places. Here again the attack was the feelings of a man of honour. It weak, wavering, and repelled with total had been remarked, that this advocate, discomfiture. Afteradebate, continued in contradiction to his usual fondness till seven in the morning of the second for the foreground, had suffered the day, the motion was rejected by 334, debate to proceed till an extraordinary to 178.
late hour without making his speech.
* Mr Brougham has not denied, and therefore may fairly be said to have admitted, at least three damning circumstances. 1. That he, without the knowledge, ito say nothing of the authority of the Queen, carried on, for eighteen months, a secret negociation with his Majesty's Ministers, the projected close of which was, all along the Queen's assumption of the title of Duchess of Cornwall a step which Mr Brougham has always talked of in Parliament as utterly unworthy of the said Queenie
“2. That Mr Brougham put an end to this negociation merely because Ministers insisted upon seeing his commission or authority from the Queen in other words, that he begun it entirely on his own bottom, and ended it merely because he was compelled
* 3. That Mr Brougham had, for months, in his pocket, a private, express, distinct, and authoritative offer from his Majesty's Ministers to the Queen, which he never took
to do so.
And it is notorious, that a speech deli- luntary on the part of her Majesty or vered at four in the morning has no not, the evil is the same; and until chance of being published at any length she openly disclaims all connexion in the newspapers, which are all then with these profligate disturbers, she on the point of being put to press. In must hope for no share of the conficonsequence, the report of his answer dence of the nation. to those most obnoxious charges defies The King's visit to the theatres was
all intelligibility. It is obscure, nar- like an unintentional and final appeal 5 row, and feeble, for which, in all po to public opinion. The finding of the i liteness, we must throw the blame on Bill of Pains and Penalties, in the
the newspapers, or rather on the ill Lords, was not more decisive than the
luck which postponed his defence till rejection of the Queen's name from # it was beyond their power to detail it. the Liturgy, in the Commons. The
Among the minor convictions of op: theatres added to those the testimony position it is to be observed, that all of the people. Nothing can express their doubts of the truth of the wit- the affectionate eagerness of the King's nesses against the Queen have been reception at both Drury-Lane and cosuffered to glide out of view. While vent-Garden. It has been attempted the trial lasted, Majocchi, and the rest, to say, that the audiences were packa were indiscriminately treated as pre- ed. But how can an audience be packvaricators and perjurers of the blackest ed in London, when every one may rlescription, and Ministers were com- force his way? The audiences were of manded, on the severest responsibility, the most general description. At Drus not to suffer one of the culprits to ry-Lane, there were but few persons escape. Those menaces have turned of rank, from the shortness of the to air,--the witnesses have been in the notice, which precluded the taking hands of their slanderers, and no pro- of places; and the boxes, like every cess has been ventured on, to atone other part of the house, were filled by to the indignant majesty of opposition the multitude. At Covent-Garden, the justice. This is decisive of two things, interval of a day gave time for an
-it shews the veracity of the witnesses, easier arrangement, and a great numa and it shews to what base and fraudus ber of persons of distinction were prelent practices the public mind has been sent: Still the multitude, who were exposed, for the mere purpose of pre- not to be restrained, formed the imjudging the question by clamour. Ac mense majority, and by those, who tions would have been brought, if the could have no motive but their feelparty dared to try the evidence; for, ings, the King was received with the with all their boasted aversion to call- most unwearied and enthusiastic aping in the arm of the law, actions have plause. The Queen's name was occabeen brought against individuals and sionally called out, and instantly suppublic journals, and that too, by the pressed by shouts of indignation. His most suspicious mode of indictment, Majesty's appearance was stately and where the accused is not permitted to noble in the highest degree. If there rest his defence on the guilt of the ac was no more in his thus coming beas
fore his people, than this living anIt is painful to be forced still to ad swer to the degrading and infamous vert to the conduct of a wretched wo caricatures which had insulted his perman, whom it is hopeless to redeem son, a desirable object would have from the situation which has brought been effected—but the manifestation of her so unfortunately before the people. opinion is of infinitely higher importBut she is the point of union to a party ance. The lies of Radicalism have combined of all the elements of dis- been refuted in a night--the revolua order. Rebellion looks upon her, un-' tionary instigators feel that their core authorized or not, as its most import- ruption of the popular mind has been ant ally; every hater of King and law, but narrow and superficial and the from the pilferer in the streets up to friends of law, freedom, and good ore the more culpable ruffian who uses his der, have received an additional and influence fo popular inflammation, resistless proof, that, in the hours of looks upon the Queen's name as the emergency, as the people may trust to outwork from which the constitution the King, the King may trust to the is to be battered. Whether this is vo- people.
any measure whatever to place in her hands, and which, in point of fact, he did not place in her hands till he himself had left St Omer's, and she had re-entered London. How,