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τὴν φιάλην αὑτᾶ ἐπὶ τὸν θρόνον τε θηρίε καὶ ἐγένειο ἡ βασιλεία αὐτῇ ἐσκολωμένη κα ἐμασσῶν]ο τὰς γλώσσας αὐτῶν ἐκ τε πόνε

I I. καὶ ἐβλασφήμησαν τὸν Θεὸν τὸ ἐρανᾶ ἐκ τῶν πόνων αὑτῶν καὶ ἐκ τῶν ἑλκῶν αὐτῶν· καὶ ἐ μετενόησαν ἐκ τῶν ἔργων αὑτῶν.

10. And the fifth Angel poured out bis vial 442. upon the throne of the wild beaft; and his kingdom became darkened, and they gnawed their tongues for grief:

11. And blafphemed the God of heaven, becaufe of their griefs, and becaufe of their fores, and did not repent of their works.

If the words of prophecy really have their completion near our own times, we ought with integrity to fpeak out, when we can at all apprehend their interpretation; and that, without fear or referve.

And if the corruptions of the Chriftian Church are indeed (as they appear to have been) most unquestionably the confequence of the ufurpations of the See of Rome; and if at Rome has been the great feat and fource of all oppreffion and perfecution, both Pagan and Chriflian;

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Chriftian; (and therefore the feat, or throne, of the emblematical wild beaft has continually been there ;) then nothing can answer more fully to the defcription given of the effects of the pouring out of the Fifth Vial, than the events relating to the Church of Rome, and its power, in every part of Europe have done, from 1713 to 1780.

Its power is now almoft every-where nearly taken away; and the glory of the kingdom has been truly darkened, by a fucceffion of most marvellous events.

The body of the Jefuits, who had been the moft ftrenuous affertors of the utmost extent of its dominion, and the great means of caufing crowned heads to be most subject to it, were first of all others deprived of power and influence; their rich and most extraor443. dinary kingdom in the Weft, in Paraguay in South America, was taken from them; and in the Eaft, they were driven from access to the throne of China, and deprived of the influence they had long artfully supported even amongst unbelievers: and at home, in Europe,

* There are many very excellent obfervations on this fubject, in an Effay concerning the Numbers of Daniel and St. John, p. 305, 317. by the Rev. George Burton of Elden, printed in 1766.


they were plundered, and perfecuted by those

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into whofe hands they had perfecution; and at laft are funk into a state of annihilation, scorned and despised. They have been utterly driven out of Spain, which was the most bigoted of all kingdoms; and alfo out of France and Germany, where they had moft influence.

The disgrace and the darkening of the glory of this furprising and dreadful body of men, has been alfo followed by the abolishing the influence of all the other religious orders dependant upon the Court of Rome; and that, in France, and in Germany, and even in Spain itself.

And, at the fame time, men's eyes have been greatly opened to receive philofophical truths; and, although the human mind (moving too rapidly, like a pendulum, from extreme to extreme) hath, in several instances, whilft fleeing from error on the one hand, rushed into error on the other; by which means mankind have failed, as yet, of availing themselves of the full benefit of the light dawning upon the world; and have, in many parts, become infidels and fcoffers, rather than enlightened Chriftians, freed from bigotry and falfehood; and do ftill blafpheme, by substitut

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ing merely atheistical tenets in the room of fuperftitious prejudices: yet the original feat of perfecution and oppreffion, and of the impofition of error, is effectually darkened, and prevented from having any influence to occafion further mischief.

Certainly then we may finally affirm, that there never was any other period, yet in the world, that would anfwer fo completely to the emblematical description which we have on the pouring out of the Fifth Vial, as that in which we ourselves have lately lived; nor 444. can it well be imagined that any other period, yet to come, can by any means more effectually accord with it in all circumftances.

We mult, therefore, before we finish our reading of this tremendous hieroglyphical writing, venture to proceed a little further; and acknowledge, that the end of all things is perhaps nearer at hand than most men are willing to fuppofe.

We ought at leaft to read the words concerning the pouring out of the Sixth Vial with great attention and caution, and to enquire whether we can yet at all rightly apprehend


For truly it seems as if the characteristick


marks of the prefent years were fuch as could not indeed be applied to any other emblematical description in the whole book with fo much propriety as to that of the Sixth Vial, and yet fuch as do very compleatly accord with it.

Revelations, ch. xvi. ver. 12.


12. Καὶ ὁ ἕλλος [ἄγελος] ἐξέχεε τὴν φιάλην αὑτῷ ἐπὶ τὸν πολαμὸν τὸν μέγαν τὸν Εὐφράτην· καὶ ἐξηράνθη τὸ ὕδωρ αὐτῇ, ἵνα ἑτοιμασθῇ ἡ ὁδὸς τῶν βασιλέων τῶν ἀπὸ ἀνατολῶν ἡλία.

12. And the fixth Angel poured out bis vial upon the river, the great river, the Euphrates : and its water was dried up; that the way of the kings, who are from the eaftward, [FROM THE RISING OF THE SUN,] might be MADE READY for them,

The river Euphrates (if we consider the emblem as describing a mere boundary) is the great bar, that has cut off all communication between the kingdoms of Europe and thofe of the Eaft: and this we are told is to

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