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face, a great circle, (as it must appear to us,) or rather a larger sphere, (as it in reality is,) to every individual point of which rays must flow from every individual point of the Sun's difk. This circle, or the surface of this sphere, must therefore be the region or abode of the most intense body of light of any round the Sun: for, at any distance nearer to the body of the Sun than it is, there can neither be the fame brightnefs, nor indeed precifely the fame compounded light; because rays do not there reach every individual point, from every individual point of the Sun's disk and at any distance beyond this 620. circle, or fphere, the light cannot be fo bright or intense; becaufe (although indeed rays come to every point there, from every individual point of the Sun's disk,) yet it is well known the intenseness of the light is continually diminishing as the fquares of the distances increase.

Since, therefore, there is one fuch sphere, and only one fuch fphere, of most intense light around the Sun; and that at the diftance of a diameter from it; fo far furpaffing any body of light either beneath it, and nearer to the Sun; or beyond it, and betwixt it and our Earth; it is most probable, that this very sphere of light, is what alone appears to us, and what we take for the Sun's body:-and that, in reality, the body of the Sun (being less bright, and concealed within this fphere of intenfe light,) is no more feen by us than the stars

or

or fuperior planets are, when the fun is fhining in the neighbourhood of them.

And if this be the cafe, it will follow, that the real diameter of the Sun is only one-third of the diameter which we take it to be of; and confequently, that its difk is nine times lefs, and its bulk twenty-feven times lefs, than has been hitherto fuppofed and that its denfity, instead of being, as we now compute it, much less than that of the earth, is in reality much greater; as it is perhaps more reasonable to expect it should be.

This matter, however, I only fubmit as a quære to the confideration of Aftronomers.

I cannot conclude, nevertheless, without obferving, that phenomena of a kind somewhat fimilar occur with us even on earth (if we may be allowed to compare the fmalleft and moft minute objects with the greateft): for, when we look at a candle, or a lamp, at a distance, we do not fee the wick, but the flame; and measure the magnitude of the light thereby; and this generally appears about three times the diameter of the wick. And when we look at a poor glow-worm in the field, we do not fee the part of its body that emits the light, but the utmost boundary of the intenseness of the surrounding light itself; which is also about three times the diameter of the body.

Vol. I. p. 157-and p. 100 in quarto edit.

An experiment of a fimilar kind to this mentioned by Dr. Hooper, was firft and originally invented by the celebrated Tycho Brahe, about 1590.

He fixed two convex glaffes, at the diftance of thirty-two feet from each other; and then placing fome tinder, or gunpowder, in the focus of the one, it took fire, by blowing on an hot coal in the focus of the other.

Here, therefore, the fame fort of effect was produced by refracted rays, as was produced by reflected rays, in the experiments I have defcribed. The glattes of Tycho Brahe, however, are faid to have been of a parabolical convexity.

This fact is mentioned by Keyfler in his Travels, Vol. IV. p. 253. And the fame author also informs us, p. 481, that the experiment was formerly made with two mirrors at Prague, where heat collected from burning coals was, by means of those mirrors, made to fet any thing on fire at the other end of the room. But the perfons who contrived this experiment, confidered it only as a trick, and kept the method of making it a fecret. He adds, alfo, that even found was reverberated and reflected by means of thefe mirrors; infomuch that a perfon whifpering foftly in a proper pofition against one, was heard moft plainly by a perfon placed in a proper pofition near the other: for fo I think we are to understand his words.

621.

622.

Vol. I.

p. 180-and p. 115 in the quarto edit. Dr. Owen's moft learned Account of the Comparative Excellency of the Hebrew and Samaritan Pentateuch, did not fall into my hands till after the half of this book was printed off. It would be a great omiffion, however, not to add from thence, that the part of the 14th verfe of the ift chapter of Genefis, which (as mentioned in my Note) is omitted in the Vatican copy of the Septuagint, is proved by Dr. Owen to have been moft unquestionably in the original Samaritan copy, to which he fo deservedly gives the preference beyond the Chaldee, or that which is now commonly called the Hebrew,

Vol. I. p. 203—and p. 131 in the quarto edit. Should any one object that the article To is not annexed to Xggov, in the first part of the vertes, (1 John, ch. iv. ver. 2 and 3 ;) and that therefore the expreffion has not the full energy, which it is concluded to have in the preceding Obfervations; I muft beg leave here shortly to add, in answer to fuch objection, that it ought to be taken into confideration,—that the word

ΧΡΙΣΤΟΝ,

in itself alone, without any article prefixed, is of fuch high import, that, if it be tranflated at all, it cannot be tranflated otherwise, than The Anointed

*

Page 66.

One and that the article feems indeed to have been added by the Apoftle, in the third verfe, folely for the fake of enforcing ftill more the energy of the expreffion.

Vol. I. p. 255.-and p. 167 in the quarto edit.

There is a very remarkable paffage in the Pfalms, wherein the word "Ayleλos is used in the plural number by the LXX, which was by accident omitted in the enumeration of the other paffages in Scripture. It is:

Pfalm cxxxyiii. ver. 1.

And the first words are the fame in both copies.

Ἐξομολογήσομαί σοι, Κύριε, ἐν ὅλῃ καρδία με,
Καὶ ἐναντίον ἀγέλων ψαλῶ σοι.

I will give thanks unto Thee, O Lord! with my whole heart;

Even before THE ANGELS will I fing praise unto Thee.

To which the Vatican copy adds still further:

Ὅτι ήκεσας πάντα τὰ ῥήματα τα τόματός με.

τα

Because Thou hast heard all the words of my mouth.

FINI S.

PRINTED BY J. DAVIS, CHANCERY-LANE.

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