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• Lincoln was now stored,' says a poet of that lated from Dorchester, in 1088, St. Remigius de age, “with good things, and became the support Fescamp, the first bishop, founded a cathedral of the neighbouring country.' When, in 1140, church, which in four years was ready for conthe empress Maud came to England, to assert her secration; and all the bishops of England were title to the crown, she took up her residence at summoned to attend on the occasion. Remigius Lincoln, as a place of safety, and conveniently died two days before the solemnity. His sucsituated for communication with her friends. cessor, Robert Bloet, finished the building, and Stephen on this marched quickly hither, and dedicated it to the Virgin Mary. Having been besieged the city, and took it: but the empress destroyed by fire, it was rebuilt by Alexander de had escaped. During the contest, Lincoln ac- Blois in 1124, who arched the new fabric with quired great notoriety. This city and its castle stone, and greatly increased the size of it. were materially concerned in the contentions Bishop Hugh Burgundus, who died in 1200, between king John and his barons. They con- enlarged it by what is called the New Work, and tinued in the occupation of the crown till the the chapter-house. Kings John of England and time of Edward I., when Henry de Lacy died William of Scotland assisted to carry his body seised of them, and they passed, with other parts to the cathedral, where it was enshrined in silver, of his inheritance, to the earl of Lincoln, and so according to Stukeley; but, according to Sanbecame annexed to the duchy of Lancaster. derson, the shrine was of beaten gold. Bishop John of Gaunt greatly improved the castle, and Gynewell added the chapel of St. Mary Magmade it his · sumnier residence. Parliaments dalen. Bishop Fleming, a chapel on the north were beld at Lincoln in the reigns of Edward I. side, in which he was buried : on his monument II. and III. In 1348 the weavers of Lincoln is his figure in free-stone. Bishop Alnwick was obtained a charter from Edward III., of what also a considerable benefactor to the cathedral, they considered and called their liberties. By and built the stately porch at the great south this they were invested with the power of depriv- door. It at present consists of a nave, with its ing any weaver not of their guild, of the privi- aisles; a transept at the west end; and two lege of working at his trade within twelve leagues other transepts, one near the centre and the of the city. This and other monopolies were other towards the eastern end; and a choir and abolished in 1351, by an act called the Statute chancel, with their aisles, of corresponding height of Cloths. In the year following the staple of and width with the nave and aisles. The great wool was removed from Flanders to England; transept has a nave towards the east : attached and Lincoln was one of the staple towns. It was to the western side of this transept is a gallilee, also made a staple for leather, lead, and various or grand porch; and on the southern side of the other articles; and ranked the second of those eastern aisle are two oratories, or private chatowns for the quantity exported, as appears by pels; while the northern side has one of nearly the record of the sums collected for the king's similar shape and character. Diverging from duties. At the commencement of the civil war, the northern side are the cloisters, which combetween Charles I. and his parliament, the king municate with the chapter-house. The whole is came to Lincoln, and convened the freeholders surmounted with three lofty towers; one at the
centre, and two at the western end, decorated The diocese of Lincoln early included so many with varied tracery, pillars, pilasters, &c. The counties, that it is described as being ready to dimensions of the whole structure are as follow. sink under the weight of its own greatness; and The height of the two western towers 180 feet. though Henry II. took out of it the diocese of Previous to the year 1808 each of these was Ely, and Henry VIII, those of Peterborough surmounted by a central spire of 101 feet high. and Oxford, it is still the largest in England, The great tower in the centre of the church, and except the two archbishoprics, and the from the top of the corner pinnacle to the principality bishoprics of Winchester, Durham, ground, is 300 feet; its width fifty-three feet. and Ely, no see has been so well endowed. Exterior length of the church, with its buttresses, Prior to the time of Elizabeth, there is no in- 524 feet; interior length 482 feet; width of the stance of a bishop of this see being translated to western front 174 feet; exterior length of great another, except Winchester. It is remarkable transept 250 feet; interior 222; width 66 ; the for the number of its episcopal palaces. In less or eastern transept 170 feet in length, 1547 it had eight. In this county, Lincoln, forty-four in width, including the side chapels; Sleaford, and Nettlebam; in Rutlandshire, Lid- width of the cathedral eighty feet; height of the dington ; in lluntingdonshire, Buckden, now the vaulting of the nave eighty feet. The chapter usual residence of the bishops; in Bedfordshire, house is a decagon, and measures, interior diaWoburn ; in Buckinghamshire, Fingest; in Ox- meter, sixty feet six inches. The cloisters fordshire, Banbury Castle; two at Newark in measure 118 feet on the north and south sides, Nottinghamshire ; and Lincoln Place, Chancery and ninety-one on the eastern and western sides. Lane, London. All these, except that at Lin- The grand western front, wherein the greatest coln, with about thirty manors, were given up variety of styles prevails, is certainly the workin the first year of Edward VI., by Holbech, manship of three, if not more, distinct and diethe first married bishop; so that now only four
It consists of a large square-shaped manors remain of the ancient demesnes.
façade ; the whole of which is decorated with The cathedral is a magnificent structure, raised door-ways, windows, arcades, niches, &c., an:0 at a vast expense by the munificence of several has a pediment in the centre, and two octange'prelates; and its western front attracts the atten- lar stair-case turrets at the extreme anglos, surtion of every traveller. On the see being 'rans- 'nounted by plain spire-shaped pinnacles. The
of the county.
upper transept and the choir appear the next in The Dissenters' chapels are, 1. A Presbyteriar, point of date. These are in the sharp-pointed or Unitarian meeting, erected early in the last style ; and their architecture is very irregular. century:
2. The Particular Baptist meetingThe vaulting is generally simple; the ribs of a house in Mint Lane, a very neat and recto few groins only have a filleted moulding: A erection. 3. The Catholic chapel in New Street double row of arches or arcades, one placed be- a small, neat, brick building, erected in 1799, fore the other, is continued round the inside of contains a good painting brought from the corze the aisles, beneath the lower tier of windows. vent at Gravelines by the English puas of that The windows are lofty and narrow, placed two place when expelled at the Revolution. 4. The or three together; the greater buttresses in front general Baptist meeting, behind St. Benedict's are ornamented in a singular manner with de- church, near the High-bridge: they have also tached shafts, terminating in rich foliage. The now erected (1827) a small building for public great transept, the gallilee porch, and the vestry, worship, about a mile distant from the old one, are nearly of the same, but in a later style. The or near Newport Gate at the northern extremity vestry is vaulted, the groining having strong ribs; of the city. 5. The Wesleyan Methodists have and beneath it is a crypt with groins, converging a handsome chapel in St. Swithin's Lane, erectinto pointed arches. The nave and central tower ed in 1816. 6. The Independents have two were next rebuilt, probably begun by bishop congregations, one meeting in Zion Chapel near Hugh de Welles, as the style of their architec- ly adjoining the Catholic Chapel, and erected inlure is that of the latter part of the reign of 1802 ; and another meeting in a spacious brick John, or the beginning of Henry III. The part edifice erected in the year 1820, towards the extending from the smaller transept to the east south end of the city. 7. The Society of Friends end appears to have been built by bishops have also a small building in Newland, made use Gravesend, Sutton, and D'Alderby, about the of for their quarterly meetings. commencement of the fourteenth century. The The number of parishes in the city of Lincoln latter prelate built the upper story of the rood is twelve, which, with the four townships within tower, and added a lofty wooden spire, which its jurisdiction, make sixteen. It has an extenwas blown down in a' violent storm in the sive trade in corn and wool, of which great quanyear 1547 : the damages then sustained were tities are exported into Yorkshire and Lancashire, not wholly repaired till 1775. Dugdale says by vessels which obtain a back freightage of that Henry VIII. took away from this church coals, &c. This city is a county of itself, having 2621 ounces of gold, and 4285 ounces of silver, subject to it four townships in the vicinity, besides precious stones of great value : at the Bracebridge, Canwick, Branston, and WaddingReformation, indeed, what the ravages of time ton; and in official acts it is denominated The had left, the zealots pulled down or defaced; so city and county of the city of Lincoln. Its visthat at the close of the year 1548 there was countial jurisdiction extends over twenty miles scarcely a perfect tomb remaining. Among in circumference. In the history of the boroughs illustrious persons buried here, who had monu- of Great Britain, it is said, “This city had summents erected to their memory, were Catharine mons, with London and York, to send members Swinford, wife of John of Gaunt; Joan, coun- to parliament, the forty-ninth of Henry III." tess of Westmoreland, their daughter; and Bar- The right of election is considered to be in the tholomew, lord Burghersh, brother to the bishop freemen, and the number of voters is about 1300. of that name. On the north side of, and con- The civil government is vested in a corporation, nected with the cathedral, are the cloisters, of consisting of a mayor, twelve aldermen, two which only three sides remain in the origival sheriffs, twenty-eight common-council-men, and state.
four chamberlains; with a recorder, deputy reThe chapter-house forms a decagon, the groin- corder, steward of the courts of borough-mote, ed roof of which is supported by an umbilical a town-clerk, four coroners, four serjeants of the pillar, consisting of a circular shaft, with ten key, or bailiffs, and other inferior officers. The small fluted columns attached to it; having a city was incorporated so early as the seventh band in the centre, with foliated capitals. One year of Edward II.; Henry Best being then the of the ten sides forms the entrance : in the other first mavor. sides are rine windows, having pointed arches Of the castle, built by William I., little rewith two lights each. Over the north side of mains; but the few vestiges remaining exhibit the cloisters is the library, which contains a large the same riginal structure as that of York. The collection of books, and some curious specimens keep stood half without and half within the of Roman antiquities. It was built by dean castle wall, which ascended up the slopes of the Honeywood. A magnificent work containing hill, and joined the great tower. It was nearly several finely engraved views of this cathedral, round, and covered the summit of a high artifand a concise well written history of it, was pub- cial mount. The walls are above seven feet in lished in 1819 by Mr. C. Wild.
thickness. In the north-east corner of the castle Lincoln had formerly more than fifty churches, yard is a curious small building, appearing on Eleven only, exclusive of the cathedral, now re- the outside lik; a tower, called Cob's Hall; main; scarcely any of which merit a particular which Mr. King thinks was originally used as a description. The most remarkable are, St. chapel; it is now made use of as a place of Benedict's, St. Mary de Wigford's, and St. Peter's execution for criminals by a drop machine. The
Go s: having lofty square No van towers. mint-wall, mentioned by M Gough, is still St. Peter's is an ancient structure, and appears remaining, and forms part of the enclosure of a to have been the chapel of some religious house. garden.
Checquer gate, at the west end of the cathe- no school on the British or Lancasterian system dral, had two gate-houses; the western one has in Lincoln. The lunatic asylum, a handsome been taken down about thirty-five years ; the edifice with a stuccoed front, standing conspicuremaining one to the east has three gateways, and ously on the hill, rather west of the city, the front two turrets betweer them. In Eastgate Street is 260 feet long, and the area, with gardens, &c. were two very ancient gateways, both of which occupies about three acres and a half of ground. are now removed. At the bottom of the town, it was erected in 1820, at an expense of upwards near Brayford water, are remains of a fort, called of £15,000. Lucy Tower. An oblong building in Broadgate The judges lodgings is an elegant mansion, Street was appropriated to the gray friars, and erected at the expense of the county for the acstill displays much of its ancient architecture : commodation of the judges during the assizes; part of this edifice is now used as a free-school. the magistrates of the district also hold their On the south side of the hill is the bishop's weekly meetings there : it is situated on the castle palace, which, from being situated near the hill. The race stand, erected in 1826, on Carsummit, Leland describes as hanging in declivio,' holm Hill, upon the west common (where the and was built by bishop Chesney, to whom the races are held), has cost the corporation, together site was granted by Henry II. It was enlarged with other improvements of the course, nearly by succeeding prelates, and was scarcely at one £5000. The race course is now one of the finest time exceeded in grandeur by any of our ancient in the kingdom, as well for the convenience of castles. Nearly opposite to the church of St. running, as for its beautiful panoramic effect Peter, at Gowes, formerly stood the palace of the upon the spectator; the annual meetings are said, celebrated John of Gaunt. Opposite to this however, to be but indifferently attended. house is a large building, called John of Gaunt's Though not the seat of any fixed manufacture, stables. It was a large structure, probably con- Lincoln possesses considerable advautages as an ventual, in the Norman style ; the north and inland commercial station, communicating with west fronts remain. The Jew's house, on the the sea-port of Boston, thirty-two miles distant, side of the hill, is a curious object, and is orna- by means of the Witham and with the Trent, mented in front, and in some of its mouldings Humber, and their tributaries; by the Fossdyke similar to the west doors of the cathedral: in Canal from Lincoln to Torksey on the Trent, the centre of the front is a semicircular arched twelve miles distant. The river Witham, from door-way, with a projecting pilaster. It is Lincoln to Boston, is placed in the hands of a recorded to have been originally possessed by joint-stock company, and after many years of Belaset de Wallingford, a Jewess, who was vast expenditure the works may now (1827) be hanged for clipping in the 18th of Edward I. considered as very nearly completed; the channel Formerly here were two grammar schools, one through the town is undergoing most important in the close, the other in the city: they were improvements in respect of width and depth and united in 1583.
a new lock of great dimensions and excellent The principal modern buildings are a good workmanship is in course of erection. The market house, with assembly rooms over, erected Fossdyke Canal, mentioned above, had in times in 1736 ; the county hospital, a large brick edi- past been suffered to fall into such disuse and fice on the brow of the hill, erected in 1769, and decay as to have been assigned by the corporaaccommodating yearly about 200 in-patients, and tion of Lincoln to a Mr. Elliston of Thorne, in 170 out-patients on an average, at an expenditure 1741, for a term of 999 years, at the trifling anof about £1300 per annum; Christ's Hospital, nual rent of £75; a comparatively insignificant situated near the last mentioned, is a blue-coat outlay soon sufficed to render it again navigable, school, which maintains, educates, and appren- and the descendants of that gentleman now detices sixty poor boys; the county jail, built in rive an annual income of between £10,000 and 1788, within the area of the castle walls, a neat £12,000 from the tolls. In consequence, howand strong building: nearly adjoining to which, ever, of the shallow and very inefficient state into within the same area, is a splendid county hall, which it was suffered to fall, dry seasons and erected in 1823-6, from a Gothic design by floods alike rendering it almost impassable, a forSmirke, at an expense of about £40,000, in- midable opposition was organised about the year cluding decorations; the county assembly rooms 1826, and a close scrutiny disclosed, in the are in the bail ; a good theatre, below the hill, opinion of eminent counsel, some very serious where a respectable company perform from the defects in the title of the lessees. The conselast week in September to about the second week quence of the agitation of the subject, and of the in November. The city jail and sessions house strong general feeling produced, has been the is a new brick structure, finished in 1809, and offer of such concessions on their part as resituated by the side of the new road, at the foot garded the necessary improvements required, of the hill : it is to be regretted that increasing provided that an act of parliament were procured crime proves the great want of room in this expressly confirming their ,title; and it appears building, there being no means of classing or probable that an agreement of this kind will be separating prisoners, nor any system of employ- effected. ment for them. The national school, a good The picturesque beauty of the city, viewed in brick building, near St. Peter's church, was almost any direction, together with the pecuerected about 1814, from funds collected from liar interest attached to many of its antiquities, various parts of the county, but maintained by induces a considerable annual resort of travellers the annual subscriptions of the inhabitants. It to Lincoln. This is much aided by the greatly receives about 300 boys and 200 giils: there is improved state of travelling in the district : while, from the great facility with which passen- another extrac:dinary circumstance in the northgers are steam-ferried over the Humber at Bar- west corner of the county: agues were formerly iu several times a day, Lincoln has become a commonly known upon the Trent and Humot favorite line of connexion from the south, with side; at present they are rare, and nothing has the east of Yorkshire, and the northern parts of been effected on the Lincoln side of the Huber England. There is, perhaps, no point between to which it can be attributed ; but there was a London and York which better repays a day's coincidence of time with the draining of Wellin delay to a traveller. Lincoln is 131 miles north fen in Yorkshire; and this effect Mr. A. Youag by west from London.
very justly conjectures to have been the cause of Lincoln, a county in the south part of Maine, this remarkable change bounded north by Kennebeck county, east by The face of the country presents many feaHancock county, south by the Atlantic, and west tures of beautiful and picturesque scenery. The by Cumberland county: the chief towns, Wise indefatigable author already quoted observes, casset and Bath. 2. A county in the central that about Belton are fine views from the tower part of Kentucky: chief town, Stanford. 3. on Belmont. Lynn and the Norfolk Cliffs are A county on the south side of west Tennessee: visible, Nottingham Castle, the Vale of Belvoir, chief town, Fayetteville. 4. A county in the &c.; and on going by the Cliff-towns to Linwest part of North Carolina : chief town Lin- coln there are many fine views. Various places colntown. 5. A county north part of Georgia: are pointed out which cannot be here enumechief towns, Lincolnton and Goshen.
rated; but it may be sufficient to add, that the LINCOLNSHIRE.—This county was called country round Grantham, in the vicinity of oy the Saxons Lincollnscyre, and by the Nor- Louth, and that more particularly between Boum man invaders Nicholshire: but its etymology is and the former place, including the noble and extremely doubtful. Before the Roman invasion very spacious woods of Grimsthorpe, abounds it belonged to a people whom the invaders called with that inequality of surface, that diversified Coritani ; but when the Romans took possession interchange of hill and dale, wood and lawn, of it they made it a part of the divis.on called which constitute the picturesque and beautiful in Britannia Prima. By the Anglo-Saxons it was natural scenery. Of the soil of this county it attached to the kingdom of Mercia, but was sub- has been observed, that it may be truly said to sequently incorporated with that of Wessex. The include all sorts of land that are to be found in Norman conqueror divided the whole county the whole kingdom. The county naturally diamong his followers.
vides itself into the wolds, the heaths, and the It is a large maritime county, the third with fens. The last occupy the south-east parts of respect to size in the kingdom, bounded on the the county, and were formerly a swampy and north by Yorkshire, from which it is separated unprofitable waste. The heaths, now enclosed, by the Humber; on the east by the German are north and south of Lincoln; and the volds Ocean, by that arm of the sea called the Wash; extend, somewhat diagonally, from Spilsby to on the west by Nottinghamshire, Leicestershire, very near the Humber; they are in lengih about and Yorkshire; and on the south by Rutland, forty miles, and their greatest breadth about ten. Northamptonshire, and Cambridgeshire. Its Both the heaths and the wolds are calcareous form is an irregular oblong. The late ingenious hills. The fens consist of lands which at secretary to the board of agriculture gives the some former period ' have been covered by the following estimate of the extent of the county in sea, and by human art have been recovered square miles, including the wolds, the heath north from it.' Some, however, have entertained the and south of Lincoln, the lowland tracts, and a opinion that this fen-land was formerly a woody remainder or miscellaneous tract of 1122 miles: country; but concerning the grounds of this in all 2888 square miles, or 1,848,320 acres. Its opinion we have here no room to enquire. circumference is about 160 miles. The county The principal rivers belonging to or passing consists of three divisions, viz. Lindsey, Kesteven, through this county are the Trent, the Ancholme, and Holland ; thirty hundreds, five sokes, one the Witham, the Welland, and the Glen. The city, thirty-one market towns, and 630 parishes. first of these has but very little connexion with It is in the diocese of its own name, in the pro- Lincolnshire, more properly belonging to Stafvince of Canterbury, and 's included in the mid- fordshire. It forms nearly the north-western land circuit.
boundary from North Clifford to Stockworth, The climate of this county has long been con- and thus constitutes the eastern boundary of the sidered cold, damp, and unhealthy; but these Isle of Axholme. The Witham is the only ridisadvantages have, for some years, been de- ver that strictly belongs to this county. It rises creasing. The progress of drainage, and conse- near South Witham, about ten miles north of quent cultivation, las gradually, operated to Stamford, and pursues a line deviating but a render the air more mild and dry. It has, little from the north by Grantham to Lincolo. however, been observed,' that immediately after It then turns eastward, and, joined by a stream the Witham drainage, the climate of the lowland from the wolds in the north, proceeds southdistrict was rendered more agueish than before; ward through the fens to Taltershall, where it but, upon the drainage being completed, this is met by the Bain from Horncastle, and aftereffect disappeared, and it became much healthier wards to Boston, soon falling into the great bay than it had ever been. Still, however, the people between Lincolnshire and Norfolk, at the mouth are subject to agues occasionally. The north- of the Fossdyke Wash. This river is defended east winds in the spring also are more sharp and against the incursions of the sea by a curiously prevalent than further inland.' There is also constructed sluice, just before it reaches Boston.
It is the last of those numerous streams which gist, the celebrated author of the Acts and Mony. contribute to forin the great gulf between the ments of the Church, in which he was greatly two above-named counties; the Boston Deeps assisted by Dr. Grindal, afterwards archbishop or being at its mouth nearly opposite to those of Canterbury. Born at Boston, 1517. Died Lynn across the bay. Much of the present bed 1587.–Mr. Alexander Kilham, founder of a new of the river, from Boston upwards, is a new ar- sect, or rather division, of Arminian Methodists, tificial cut, made for the purpose of widening was born at Epworth.—Admiral Sir W. Monson. and straightening the channel, rendering it more Born at South Carlton, 1569. Died 1642-3. commodious for navigation, and better adapted - Francis Peck, an eminent antiquary, biograto receive and carry off the water of the conti- pher, and critic. Born at Stamford, 1692. guous fens. The coast north of Boston is not Died 1743.— The Patriotic Thomas Sutton, distinguished by any remarkable streams to the founder of the Charterhouse-School, London. mouth of the Humber; the rivers which reach Born at Knaith, 1532. Died 1611.-The two the sea at Wainfleet and Saltfeet being consi- Wesleys, John and Charles, founders of the Arrable, though the latter is navigable to Louth. minian Methodists. They were born at Epworth.
There are several valuable canals in this county, John, 1703. Died 1791. Charles, 1708. Died particularly an inland navigation from Boston by 1788.— The zealous and intrepid archbishop Brothertoft farm on the Witham, cut to Lincoln, Whitgift
. Born at Great Grimsby, 1530. Died and thence by Fossdyke Canal into the Trent; February 29th, 1603. and thence again to all parts of Yorkshire, Lan
There are here no manufactures of any great cashire, &c. There is also a canal from Wit
Woollen and woollen yarn have been ham to Boston, finished in 1796; and another considered the staple trade of the county. Ships from Grantham into the Trent, near Holm Pierre- are built at Gainsborough; and “a pretiy fabric point. The Ancholme cut is navigable from for brushes' is also manufactured there; also Bishop's Bridge to the Humber, at Ferraby coarse hemp-sacking. There are also some facSluice. There is another from Horncastle to the lories for the spinning and weaving of fax river Witham, at Dogdyke, near Tattershall; and linen. Its chief trade, however, is in fat and another from Louth to the Blumber. There catile. is another from Grantham to Nottingham, thirty- LIN'DEN, n. s. Sax. lind. The lime-tree. three miles, a very fine canal, completed in 1796, See LIME. which cost £100,000. It passes near some fine
Hard box, and linden of a softer grain. Dryden. beds of plaster; and lime is brought in large LINDEN TREE. See Tilla. quantities from Criche in Derbyshire. Caistor LINDSAY (Sir David), a celebrated Scottish Canal joins the river Ancholme in the parish of poet, descended of an ancient family, and born south Kelsey, and proceeds in a direct course in the reign of James IV., near Cupar in Fifenearly to the town of Caistor, being a distance of shire. He was educated at St. Andrew's; and, abuut nine miles. The Stainforth and Keadley after making the tour of Europe, returned to Canal commences at the river Dun, about a mile Scotland in 1514. Soon after bis arrival he was to the west of Fishlake, and runs parallel with appointed gentleman of the bed-chamber to the that river opposite to Thorn; from whence, in a king, and tutor to the prince, afterwards James line nearly due east, it passes Crowle ard Kead- V. He enjoyed several other honorable employley, whence it forms a junction with che river ments at court; but, in 1533, was deprived of Trent. A branch from this canal, about a mile them all, except that of lyon king at arms, which across Thorn Common to Hangman H II, joins he held till his death. His disgrace was proba the river Dun. The total length of this canal bly owing to his invectives against the clergy. is between fourteen and fifteen miles; and, run- Atter the decease of James V. Sir David be. ving through a fen part of the cour try, has came a favorite of the regent earl of Arran; but liitle elevation, and no lockage, except out of the abbot of Paisley did not suffer him to conthe rivers, and at the extremities. Lincolnshire tinue long in favor with the earl. He then rebeing so completely a grazing county, there is tired to his paternal estate, and spent the remainbut little else to notice with respect to its natural der of his days in rural tranquillity. He died in productions. Some of the cattle raised in this 1553. His poetical talents, considering the age county are of the most surprising and almost in which he wrote, were not contemptible; he incredible size. This county returns twelve treats the Romish clergy with great severity, and members to parliament; viz. two for the shire, writes with humor : but he takes such liberties two for the city of Lincoln, two for Stamford, with words, lengthening shortening them for two for Boston, two for Grantham, and two for measure or rhime, that the Scotch have to this Grimsby. No other name need be mentioned day a proverb, for an unusual expression, There to establish the biographical honor of this county is nae sic a word in a' Davie Lindsay. He wrote than that of Sir Isaac Newton, who was born several tragedies and comedies, and first introat the manor house of Woolsthorpe, in the duced dramatic poetry into Scotland.
His village of Colterworth. The house is still stand- poems are printed in one volume ; and fragments ing.– The accomplished Anne Askewe, who was of his plays in MS. are in Mr. William Carmihorn at Kelsey about 1520, and martyred at chael's collection. Smithfield 1546, going to heaven, as Fuller ex- LINDSAY (John), a learned English clergyman, presses it, ' in a chariot of fire.'—The patriotic born in 1686, and educated at Oxford. He and loyal Cecil, lord Burleigh. Born at Bourn, preached many years to a dissenting congregation 1321. Died 1598.- John Fox, the martyrolo- in Aldersgate Street. He published, 1. The