Major World Religions: From Their Origins to the Present

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Lloyd V. J. Ridgeon
Psychology Press, 2003 - Religion - 386 pages
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This work seeks to answer questions about the great religious traditions in the contemporary age. It focuses upon those religions that continue to demand the attention of the Western world. Following an introduction on the philosophy of religion, attention is focused on Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam which are religions that have had (and probably continue to have) the greatest number of followers in Western society. In addition to the lasting impact that religion has had in society, we are witnesses to the development of secularism on the one hand and the revival of religious sentiment on the other, thus chapters on modernity, postmodernism, and 'fundamentalism' have also been included. The distinctive feature of the book is its modern feel. Each chapter brings the reader up-to-date with recent developments and commentaries upon recent religious thought, theology and religious-political movements. Moreover, the length of the chapters permits a detailed analysis which is so often lacking in books on world religions.
 

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Contents

Hinduism in history
14
Hinduism in history 14 4 3 offeemaſon by caste 44
15
Karma rebirth and cyclic time
33
Karma rebirth and cyclic time 33 5 4 Avataras and Saints 53
34
norms of conduct
40
BUDDHSM
59
The Four Noble Truths
65
The emergence of Mahayana Buddhism
72
The Church beyond Europe
218
ISLAM
230
Prayer salat
238
Fasting sawm
247
The alms tax zakat
257
Pilgrimage haff
264
Islam and the state
271
FROM MODERNISM TO POSTMODERNISM
289

From India to China
93
Philosophization and simplification
99
Transcendentalism again
112
The roots of Judaism
125
The medieval flowering of Judaism
139
Messianism
154
AntiSemitism and the Holocaust
165
Zionism and the land of Israel
171
CHRISTIANITY
178
a variety of approaches
191
Western Christianity and the challenges of the modern world
205
Modern prophets and the death of God
295
the linguistic turn
302
Postmodern theologies
310
the future of theological thinking
319
Secularization and religious fundamentalists political involvement
334
Christianity Islam Judaism Hinduism Buddhism
343
WHAT IS HINDUISM?
360
SUBJECT INDEX
376
INDEX OF PERSONS AND DEITIES
382
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