Essentials of Physical Anthropology

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Cengage Learning, Mar 20, 2008 - Social Science - 416 pages
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Concise, well-balanced, and comprehensive, ESSENTIALS OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, Seventh Edition introduces you to physical anthropology with the goal of helping you understand the big picture of human evolution. Supported by vibrant visuals that include abundant illustrations, photographs, and photo-enhanced maps, the text focuses on human evolution and biology to help you master basic biological principles of physical anthropology so you'll be able to better understand human origins and our place in the biological world. Offering balanced coverage of the topic areas you'll cover in class (heredity and evolution, primates, hominid evolution, and contemporary human evolution) this edition emphasizes the chronology of fossil finds instead of just describing the fossils and the sites where they were found. The authors also interpret each fossil within the framework of the story of human evolution. New features like Why It Matters further emphasize the fossils' evolutionary significance, and often even propose the relevance of chapter materials to our everyday lives. The seventh edition provides thorough coverage of cutting-edge advances in molecular biology and expanded coverage of population biology and human variation. It also includes powerful learning tools, including a robust text website. Altogether, ESSENTIALS OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, Seventh Edition, integrates up-to-date coverage of the latest finds and relevant technologies in a format and writing style designed to help all students master the material.
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Contents

Introduction to Physical Anthropology
1
The Development of Evolutionary Theory
17
The Biological Basis of Life
37
Heredity and Evolution
56
Macroevolution Processes of Vertebrate and Mammalian Evolution
77
An Overview of the Primates
98
Primate Behavior
131
Hominid Origins
157
The Anthropological Perspective on the Human Life Course
298
Lessons from the Past Lessons for the Future
318
Atlas of Primate Skeletal Anatomy
333
Summary of Early Hominid Fossil Finds from Africa
341
Population Genetics
346
Sexing and Aging the Skeleton
349
Glossary
354
Bibliography
363

The First Dispersal of the Genus Homo Homo erectus and Contemporaries
194
Premodern Humans
216
The Origin and Dispersal of Modern Humans
244
Human Variation and Adaptation
269
Credits
375
Index
377
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About the author (2008)

Robert Jurmain received an A.B. in Anthropology from UCLA and a Ph.D. in Biological Anthropology from Harvard. He taught at San Jose State University from 1975 to 2004 and is now Professor Emeritus. During his teaching career, he taught courses in all major branches of physical anthropology, including osteology and human evolution, with the greatest concentration in general education teaching for introductory students. His research interests are skeletal biology of humans and non-human primates, paleopathology, and paleoanthropology. In addition to his three textbooks, which together have appeared in 30 editions, he is the author of STORIES FROM THE SKELETON: BEHAVIORAL RECONSTRUCTION IN HUMAN OSTEOLOGY (1999, Gordon Breach Publishers), as well as numerous articles in research journals.

Lynn Kilgore earned her Ph.D. from the University of Colorado, Boulder, where she now holds an affiliate faculty position. Her primary research interests are osteology and paleopathology. She has taught numerous undergraduate and graduate courses in human osteology, primate behavior, human heredity and evolution, and general physical anthropology. Her research focuses on developmental defects as well as on disease and trauma in human and great ape skeletons.

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