Evolutionary Psychology and Violence: A Primer for Policymakers and Public Policy Advocates

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2003 - Political Science - 288 pages


Each chapter in this volume poses a public policy issue related to violence, describes aspects of evolutionary psychology that are relative, and then posits public policy recommendations based on this psychological model. Topics covered also include psychopathy, despotism, and suicide bombings. This volume is designed as an accessible way for policymakers outside of academia to learn about new theoretical developments.

Evolutionary psychology--a relatively new theoretical model of psychology--provides valuable and exciting insights on human violence and public policy issues related to human violence, from war and terrorism to rape and criminality. To this end, each chapter in this volume poses a public policy issues related to violence, describes aspects of evolutionary psychology that are relative and then posits public policy recommendations based on this psychological model. Topics covered also include psycopathy, despotism, and suicide bombings. This volume, designed as an accessible way for policymakers outside of academia to learn about new theoretical developments, also explodes the myths about evolutionary psychology, such as the false claim that it justifies immoral behavior or focuses only on humans' ugly underbelly.

While appealing to policymakers across foundations and agencies, this collection will also interest scholars and teachers focused on evolutionary psychology, public policy, criminal justice, security, public affairs, sociology, and anthropology.

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Contents

The Evolution of Scientific Psychology and Public Policy On Violence and Its Antidotes
1
The Social Implications of Evolutionary Psychology Linking Brain Biochemistry Toxins and Violent Crime
23
Psychopathy as an Adaptation Implications for Society and Social Policy
55
Combating Rape Views of an Evolutionary Psychologist
81
Homicide An Evolutionary Psychological Perspective and Implications for Public Policy
113
Fear of Death and Social Behavior The Anatomy of Human Destructiveness
127
An Evolutionary Perspective on Intercultural Conflict Basic Mechanisms and Implications for Immigration Policy
155
Global Conflict Resolution An Anthropological Diagnosis of Problems with World Governance
199
Violence and Its Antidotes Promises and Pitfalls of Evolutionarily Aware Policy Development
235
Index
263
About the Editors and Contributors
279
Copyright

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Page 186 - In the war in which we are now engaged racial affinities are not severed by migration. The Japanese race is an enemy race and while many second and third generation Japanese born on United States soil, possessed of United States citizenship, have become "Americanized", the racial strains are undiluted.
Page 130 - In thrilling regions of thick-ribbed ice ; To be imprison'd in the viewless winds, And blown with restless violence round about The pendent world ; or to be worse than worst Of those, that lawless and incertain...
Page 85 - The courtship of animals is by no means so simple and short an affair as might be thought. The females are most excited by, or prefer pairing with, the more ornamented males or those which are the best songsters, or play the best antics...
Page 127 - Concentration camps, mass exterminations, world wars, and atom bombs are no "relapse into barbarism," but the unrepressed implementation of the achievements of modern science, technology, and domination. And the most effective subjugation and destruction of man by man takes place at the height of civilization, when the material and intellectual attainments of mankind seem to allow the creation of a truly free world.
Page 186 - The very fact that no sabotage has taken place to date is a disturbing and confirming indication that such action will be taken.
Page 19 - If we take in our hand any volume, of divinity or school metaphysics, for instance; let us ask, Does it contain any abstract reasoning concerning quantity or number? No. Does it contain any experimental reasoning concerning matter of fact and existence? No. Commit it then to the flames: for it can contain nothing but sophistry and illusion.
Page 68 - A person is not criminally responsible for an act or omission if at the time of doing the act or making the omission he is in such a state of mental disease or natural mental infirmity as to deprive him of capacity to understand what he is doing, or of capacity to control his actions, or of capacity to know that he ought not to do the act or make the omission.
Page 130 - Most of us can observe at least moments of our own spontaneity which are at the same time moments of genuine happiness. Whether it be the fresh and spontaneous perception of a landscape, or the dawning of some truth as the result of our thinking, or a sensuous pleasure that is not stereotyped, or the welling up of love for another person...
Page 85 - Thus the more vigorous females, which are the first to breed, will have the choice of many males ; and though they may not always select the strongest or best armed, they will select those which are vigorous and well armed, and in other respects the most attractive.
Page 135 - I will state it thus: There is no doubt about the presence of aggressive and destructive tendencies in the human psyche which are of the nature of biological drives. However, the most pernicious phenomena of aggression, transcending self-preservation and self-defense...

About the author (2003)

RICHARD W. BLOOM is Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, where he is Director of Terrorism, Intelligence, and Security Studies there. He is a member of the Association of Former Intelligence Officers.

NANCY DESS is a Professor of Psychology at Occidental College.

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