Philosophy of Śrī Madhvācārya

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Motilal Banarsidass Publ., 1986 - Philosophy - 483 pages
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The volume is a good presentation of the philosophy of Sri Madhvacarya, complete in its architectonic unity. The author probes its ontological and epistemological foundations, and critcally examines the structure erected on them. The discussion focuses on crucial doctrines of theism, and brings to light for the first time the striking parallelisms of thought between Madhva and his Western contemporary St. Thomas Aquinas. Light is also thrown on how Madhva and his commentators anticipated the views of modern philosophers like Spencer, Russell and Hobhouse on the nature of time, space and memory. The latest researches on Madhvacarya's role in the Vedantic Bhakti movement and his attempt to harmonize the Upanisadic texts on monism and dualism are substantially drawn upon.
 

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Contents

The Function and Goal of Philosophy
3
Madhvas Thought in Relation to Earlier and Contemporary Schools
11
Madhvas Samanvaya of Upanisadic Philosophy
24
Madhvas Contribution to Indian Thought
41
ONTOLOGY
49
Madhvas Ontological Theory
51
Madhvas Ontological Scheme
69
The Concept of Viseṣas
73
Selfluminosity of Souls
264
Svabhāvā jñānavāda
268
Plurality of Selves and Their Svarūpabheda
281
Rational Basis of Intrinsic Gradation Among Souls and Their Tripartite Classification
289
Textual Evidence of Intrinsic Gradation
300
of Souls
302
The Souls Relation to Brahman
306
DOCTRINE OF BRAHMAN
321

Madhvas Doctrine of Difference
92
Visiṣṭa Amsi and Sakti
102
Sådṛśya Vs the Universal
106
Space and Time
111
Causation
118
Negation
121
EPISTEMOLOGY
125
Theory of Pramāņas
127
Perception Inference and Verbal Testimony
131
Status of Memory
139
Doctrine of Validity
147
Doctrine of Sākṣi
159
Sākṣi as the Ultimate Criterion of Truth
169
Theories of Error in Indian Thought
173
Abhinavānya thakhyāti
190
THE WORLD OF EXPERIENCE
199
Reality of WorldExperience
201
Objections to the Reality of the World Answered
208
Textual Evidence in Support of the Reality of the World
215
The Meaning and Nature of Creation
218
Doctrine of Eternal Creation Thro Parādhinaviseṣāpti
222
Madhvas Theory of the Evolution of the World
233
Critique of BrahmaPariņāma and Vivarta Vådas
237
DOCTRINE OF ATMAN
251
Essence of Selfhood
253
Metaphysical Dependence of Souls
259
Independence of Brahman
323
Attributes of Brahman
329
Knowability of Brahman
340
Brahman as a Saviśeşa Personality
343
Cosmic Activities of Brahman
349
Manifestations of Brahman
353
Freedom and Freewill in Madhvas Philosophy
359
Problem of Evil in Relation to Ethical Advancement
370
Classification of Adhikarins
374
General Scheme of Sdhaanas
376
KarmaYoga and JñanaYoga
383
Conception of Bhakti Its Orders and Kinds
389
Dhyana and Its Place
407
Pratikopāsanā
410
Bimbopāsanā
415
Place of Grace in Redemption
417
Aparokṣajñāna or GodRealization
425
DOCTRINE OF MUKTI
429
Nature of the Released State and Its Stages
433
Critique of the Conception of Mokşa in Other Schools
442
Madhvas View of Mukti
447
Rationale of AnandaTäratamya in Mokṣa
454
Conclusion
470
Select Bibliography
473
General Index
477
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