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HYMN OF A HEBREW MAIDEN.*
WHEN Israel, of the Lord beloved,
There rose the choral hymn of praise,
But present still, though now unseen
Our harps we left by Babel's streams,
Macintosh, Printer, Great New-street, London.
THE JEWISH ADVOCATE.
BIBLE HISTORY OF THE JEWS.
“ Informing them, by types And shadows, of that destined Seed.”—Milton. Secondly, of the PRIESTHOOD. The tribe of Levi were set apart for the service of God, instead of all the firstborn in each tribe. But to the family of Aaron was reserved exclusively the priestly office: so that all the priests were Levites, but all the Levites were not priests. · The duty of the Levites was, to wait upon the priests; to assist them in the service of the Tabernacle and the Temple; to take charge of all the things used in the Tabernacle; and to take it down and to carry it when the people journeyed, the priests appointing to each his service and his burden. - All the priests wore peculiar garments when they ministered at the altar: but some of the vestments of the “ HIGH PRIEST," without which he could not enter the holy of holies, are too remarkable to be passed over in silence. There was the “robe of the ephod,” with its golden bells and pomegranates, the “ ephod" itself splendidly wrought with purple and gold, reaching to the feet behind, and to each shoulder
of which was fastened a precious stone engraved with the names of the twelve tribes of Israel. Then we read of that wonderful “breast-plate of judgment,” which was a piece of cloth doubled, a span square, on which were set twelve precious stones, containing the names of the twelve sons of Jacob, and also the werds “ &Wrim and Thummim,” signifying “light and perfection,” and emblematical of Divine illumination. Learned men are not agreed upon the nature of this “breast-plate.” From Numbers xxvii. 21, and 1 Samuel xxviii. 6, it would appear that the Lord was wont to answer his people by means of it. Lastly, the High Priest wore upon his head a plate of pure gold, on which were engraved two Hebrew words, signifying, “Holiness to THE LoRD.” Thus equipped, he could appear before the Lord for the people, a type of “our great HIGH PRIEST, who ever liveth to make intercession for us.” Thirdly, of the Sacrifices. The Sacrifices were partly propitiatory ; that is, offered to secure the favour of God to the devout worshipper; partly eucharistic, or expressive of gratitude for Divine blessings; and lastly, eaniatory, or serving to atone for sin. These were Sacrifices of blood, intended to be symbolical of the blood of Jesus Christ. There were also Sacrifices, without blood, consisting of meal, bread, ears of corn, parched grain, oil, and frankincense. There were also drink-offerings. There were many particular. Sacrifices and offerings, from which not even the poorest were excluded. Even the small measure of flour, was not refused. These oblations were regulated by - circumstances of those who presented them. When Mary, the mother of our Lord, came to the Temple to present her first-born Son, she offered “a pair of turtle-doves, or two young pigeons;” which Saerifice, being the least expensive of all, was a proof of Joseph's poverty. Times of Sacrifice.—Every morning and evening the smoke from the Altar of Incense ascended in the name of the whole congregation. A Daily Sacrifice was offered of a lamb without spot or blemish. And on the Sabbath two lambs were slain: this was the Weekly Sacrifice. The Monthly Sacrifice was offered at the time of the new moon, and consisted of two young bullocks, one ram, seven lambs of a year old, a kid for a sin-offering, a bread and a drinkoffering. The Yearly Sacrifices were the Paschal Lamb, slain at the Feast of the Passover; and the offerings which were made on the Great Day of Atonement, the tenth day of the seventh month. The Day of Atonement was observed by the whole nation as a most strict fast, “afflicting their souls.” On this day only, was the High Priest allowed to enter the holy of holies, and not even then without much preparation: then it was, that besides offering a bullock as a sinoffering for himself and his household, he presented two young goats before the Lord; one of which was offered as a sin-offering for the people, the other was allowed to depart alive into the wilderness, bearing away the sins of the congregation, the High Priest having laid his hands upon its head and confessed over it the transgressions of the people. These Sacrifices are manifestly typical of a Saviour. Fourthly, of the Festivals.—There wer
three annual Festivals, at which it was expected that all the males above twelve years of age should attend ; not only whilst they were dwellers in the desert, with the Tabernacle in the midst of them, but also after they should have become inhabitants of the promised land. Yea, when settled in Canaan, they would have to go up to Jerusalem once a-year, leaving the frontiers of their country open to the inroads of enemies. But this danger was provided for according to the promise of God, who said, “I will cast out the nations before thee, and enlarge thy border; neither shall any man desire thy land when thou shalt go up to appear before the Lord three times in every year.” The first and greatest of these Festivals, the Passover, has been already mentioned in its sacrificial character. It was the commencement. of the religious year, the day of deliverance from Egypt. On the fiftieth day after it, the second Festival, the Pentecost, or national harvesthome, was celebrated. The harvest being gathered in, bread made of the new corn was to be offered as its first-fruits. At this feast they commemorated the giving of the law from Mount Sinai. * The third of these feasts, that of Tabernacles, was held at the end of Autumn. It lasted a week, during which time they dwelt in tents, to remind them of their life in the wilderness. These tents were pitched on the flat roofs of their houses. It was a joyous time, a time of music and dancing and feasting. They returned thanks to God for the fruits of the vine, bearing in their hands branches of palm-trees, olives, citrons, myrtles, ind willows, singing “Hosannah I save, I be