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with partiality and human passions ; it will secrerly bring malice, under the name of zeal, into your minds and words; in a word, it is a secret but deadly enemy to Christian love and peace. Let them that are wiser, and more orthodox and godly than others, shew it as the Holy Ghost directeth them, James, chap. iii. ver. 13, 14, &c. Who is a wise man, and endued with knowledge among you ? Let him phew out of a good conversation his works, with meekness of wisdom. But if ye have bitter envying (or zeal) and firife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth. This wisdom descendeth not from above, but is earthly, Jensual, and devilish: for where envying and strife is, there is confusion, and every evil work. But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, easy to be intreuted, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality (or wrangling) and without hypocrisy. And the fruit of righteousness is fown in peace of them that make peace.
ROBERT BARCLAY, APOLOGIST FOR THE QUAKERS.-DIED 1691. CHI HRIST abundantly hath shewn by his ex
ample, whom we are chiefly to imitate in religious matters; that is, by persuasion and the
power of God, not by whips, imprisonments, banishments, and murderings, that the gofrel is to be propagated; and that those that are the propagators of it, are often to suffer by the wicked, but never to cause the wicked to suffer. When he sends forth the disciples, he tells them, he sends them forth as lambs among wolves, to be willing to be devoured, not to devour; he tells them of their being whipped, imprisoned, and killed for their conscience, but never that they shall either whip, imprison, or kill--and, indeed, if Christians must be as lambs, it is not the nature of lambs to destroy or devour any.
It was contrary to the nature of Christ's gofpel and ministry to use any force and violence in the gathering of fouls to him. This he abundantly expressed in his reproof to the two sons of Zebedee, who would have been calling for fire from heaven to burn those that refused to receive Chrift. It is not to be doubted but this was as great a crime as now to be in an error concerning the faith and doctrine of Christ. That there was not power wanting to have punished those refusers of Christ, cannot be doubted; for they that could do other miracles might have done this also. And, fmoreover, they wanted not the precedent of an holy man under the law, as did Elias-yet we see what Christ faith to them-Ye know not what Spirit ye are of ; for the son of man is not come to destroy men's lives, but to save them. Here Christ shews that such kind of zeal was no ways approved by him; and such as think to make way for Christ, or his gospel, by this means, do not understand what Spirit they are of. But if it was not lawful to call for fire from heaven to destroy such as refused to receive Christ, it is far less lawful to kindle fire upon earth to defiroy those that believe in Chrift, because they will not believe, nor can believe, as the magistrates do, for conscience fake. And if it was not lawful for the apostles, who had so large a measure of the spirit, and were so little liable to mistake, to force others to their judgment-it can be far less lawful now for men that, as experience declareth, and many of themfelves confefs, are fallible, and often mistaken, to kill and destroy all such as cannot, because otherwise persuaded in their minds, judge, and believe in matters of conscience, just as they do. And if it was not according to the wisdom of Christ, who was, and is, King of Kings, by outward force to constrain others to believe in him or receive him, as being a thing inconsistent with the nature of his ministry and spiritual government, do not they grossly offend him that will needs be wiser than he, and think to force men, against their persuasion, to conform to their doctrine and worship? The word of the Lord said, not by power and by might, but by the fruirit of the Lord; but these say, not by the spirit of the Lord, but by might and carnal power.
Apology for the Quakers.
WILLIAM BATES, D. D.
E are commanded, above all things, to have
fervent charity among ourselves. This principally respects Christians, who are united by so many facred and amiable bands, as being formed of the same eternal seed, children of the same heavenly Father, and joint heirs of the same glorious inheritance. Christian charity hath a more noble principle than the affections of nature; for it proceeds from the love of God, shed abroad in believers, to make them one heart and one foul, and from a more divine pattern, the example of Christ, who hath by his sufferings restored us to the favour of God, that we should love another even as he hath loved us. is most strictly enjoined, for without love, angelical eloquence is but an empty noise (1 Cor. 13.) and all other virtues have but a false lustre: prophesy, faith, knowledge, miracles, the highest outward acts of charity or self-denial, the giving our estates to the poor, or bodies to mar
This duty tyrdom, are neither pleasing to God, nor profitable to him that does them.
God discovers his nature, that we may imitate him, and his works, that we may glorify him. All the precepts of the gospel are to embrace Christ by a lively faith, to seek for righteousness and holiness in him ; to live godly, righteously, and soberly, in the present world. When our Saviour was on earth, the end of his fermons, as appears in the gospels, was to regulate the lives of men; to correct their vicious pasions, rather than to explicate the greatest mysteries. Other religions oblige their disciples, either to some external actions that have no moral worth in them, so that it is impossible for any one that is guided by reason to be taken with such vanities, or they require things incommodious and burthenfoine. The priests of Baal cut themselves; and among the Chinese, though in great reputation for wisdom, their penitents expose themselves, half-naked, to the injuries of the sharpest weather, with a double cruelty and pleasure of the devil, who makes them freeze here, and expects they should burn for ever hereafter. It is not the most strict observance of serious trifles, nor submitting to rigorous austerities, that ennobles human nature, and commends us to God. The most zealous performers of things indifferent, and that chastife themselves with a bloody discipline, labour for nothing, and may pass to hell through purga