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"Then came his disciples, and said unto him, Knowest thou that the Pharisees were offended, after they heard this saying? But he answered and said, Every planting, which my heavenly Father hath not planted, shall be rooted up."-St Matthew, xv.

"Nicodemus answered and said unto him, How can these things be? Jesus answered and said unto him, Art thou a master of Israel, and knowest not these things?"-St John, iii.

"Your faith should not stand in the wisdom of men, but in the power of God. Howbeit, we speak wisdom among them that are perfect......Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?......Know ye not that your bodies are the members of Christ?......I think that I also have the Spirit of God.......I speak as unto wise men; judge ye what I say; the bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?......No man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost. Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit. But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man......By one Spirit are we all baptized into one body...and have all been made to drink into one Spirit...... Now ye are the body of Christ, and members in particular......Charity never faileth; but whether there be prophecies, they shall fail; whether there be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be knowledge, it shall vanish away. For we know in part, and we prophesy in part... we see through a glass by way of figure: but then face to face; now I know in part......

If I pray in a (strange?) tongue, my spirit prayeth, but my understanding remaineth unfruitful. What is it, then? I will pray with the spirit (i. e. with the deep breathing of affection?) and I will pray with the understanding also."-St Paul, 1st Epistle to the Corinthians (passim et sparsim).

"In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only-begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him.......And we have known and believed the love that God hath to us. God is love; and he that dwelleth in love dwelleth in God, and God in him. Herein is our love made perfect, that we may have boldness in the day of judgment."-St John's 1st Epistle.

"Desire the pure milk of the understanding, that ye may grow thereby. If so be ye have tasted that the Lord is gracious; by coming to whom, a living stone, rejected indeed of men, but elect of God, and precious, ye also, as living stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God, through Jesus Christ."-St Peter's 1st Epistle.

"Practical Christianity is a plain thing. The more distinct knowledge of those things, the study of which the Apostle calls going on unto perfection, may require very exact thought and careful consideration. And as it is owned, the whole scheme of Scripture is not yet understood, so, if it ever comes to be so without miraculous interposition, it must be by the continuance and progress of learning and of liberty, and by particular persons attending to, comparing, and pursuing, intimations scattered up and down it, which are overlooked by the generality of the world. For this is the way in which all improvements are made; by thoughtful men tracing on obscure hints, as it were dropt us by nature accidentally, or which seem to come into our minds by chance. Nor is it at all incredible that a book, which has been so long in possession of mankind, should contain many truths as yet undiscovered....... Reason can and it ought to judge not only of the meaning, but also of the morality and


the evidence of revelation...... There might be wise and good reasons that miraculous interpositions should be by general laws.......As it is manifest that Christianity is a scheme revealed but in part, and a scheme in which means are made use of to accomplish ends, so the credibility, that it may all along have been carried on by general laws, has been distinctly proved....... But we are greatly ignorant how far things are considered by the Author of nature under the single notion of means and ends; so as that it may be said, this is merely an end, and that merely means, in his regard...... There is no absurdity in supposing future punishment may follow wickedness of course, as we speak, or in the way of natural consequence, from God's original constitution of the world. It may follow in a way analogous to poverty, sickness, infamy, untimely death by diseases, death from the hands of civil justice ...Men should remember that when things come to pass according to the course of nature, this does not hinder them from being his doing, who is the God of nature; and that the Scripture ascribes those punishments to divine justice, which are known to be natural, and which must be called so...... In this darkness, or this light of nature, call it which you please, revelation comes in; confirms every doubting fear, which could enter into the heart of man, concerning the future, unprevented, consequences of wickedness; supposes the world to be in a state of ruin, a supposition which seems the very groundwork of Christianity, and which, if it is not provable by reason, yet is in no wise contrary to it.......But it is not Christianity which has put us into this state. Whoever will consider the manifold miseries, and the extreme wickedness of the world; that the best have great wrongnesses within themselves, which they complain of, and endeavour to amend; but that the generality grow more profligate and corrupt with age, &c. &c.; will think he has little reason to object against the Scripture account...... The Son of God 'loved us, and gave Himself for us,' with a love which He Himself compares to that of human friendship; though, in this case, all comparisons must fall infinitely short of the thing intended to be illustrated by them....... How, and in what particular way, the sacrifice of Christ had this


efficacy, there are not wanting persons who have endeavoured to explain; but I do not find that the Scripture has explained it. We seem to be very much in the dark concerning the manner in which the ancients understood atonement to be made; i. e. pardon to be obtained by sacrifices......Some have endeavoured to explain beyond what the Scripture has authorised.............In the daily course of natural Providence it is appointed that innocent people should suffer for the faults of the guilty. Men, by their follies, run themselves into extreme distress; into difficulties which would be fatal to them, were it not for the interposition of others. God commands by the law of nature, that we afford them this assistance, in many cases where we cannot do it without very great pains, and labour, and sufferings to ourselves. And we see in what variety of ways one person's sufferings contribute to the relief of another, and how this comes to pass from the constitution of nature...... What has been often alleged, even from the tendency of this method of our redemption, to vindicate the authority of God's laws, has never yet been answered, and is, I think, unanswerable, though I am far from thinking it an account of the whole case.......Not only the reason of the thing, but the whole analogy of nature, should teach us not to expect to have the like information concerning the divine conduct as concerning our own duty."-BUTLER's Analogy, Part II. Chapters IV. and v. (much abridged).

"The general and perpetual voice of men is as the sentence of God Himself. For that which all men have at all times learned, Nature herself must needs have taught; and God being the Author of Nature, her voice is but his instrument. By her from Him we receive whatsoever in such sort we learn....... The Apostle St Paul having speech concerning the heathen, saith of them, 'They are a law unto themselves.' His meaning is, that by the force of the light of Reason, wherewith God illuminateth every one which cometh into the world, men being enabled to know truth from falsehood, and good from evil, do thereby learn in many things what the will of God is; which will Himself not revealing by any extraordinary

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