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important words express what has to be said, and that plainly. They do thus advance allegations as facts, which are not such; and by such invented premises, they draw conclusions of the most unfavourable kind.................The evil lies in this, not that opinions of a peculiar kind are held, but that facts are misrepresented—facts, which are the true basis of all argument.......This it is that requires that plain words should be spoken; for the uninformed are actually misled, though it may be to the instructed sufficient refutation of those allegations for them to be stated plainly."-(The above extracts are fragmentarily abridged from Dr S. TREGELLES's "Account of the Printed Text of the New Testament”- -a work of the most sterling value for integrity and for learning, though containing1 some things with which I can only wish myself able to agree.)


One thing more there is to be added as an instance to the simplicity of religion; and that is, that we never deny our religion, or lie concerning our faith, nor tell our propositions and articles deceitfully, nor instruct novices or catechumens with fraud; but that when we teach them, we do it honestly, justly, and severely; not always to speak all, but never to speak otherwise than it is; nor to hide a truth from them whose souls are concerned in it that it be known. Neque enim id est celare, quicquid reticeas; sed cùm, quod taceas, id ignorare emolumenti tui causâ velis eos quoram intersit id scire'-so Cicero determines the case of prudence and simplicity. The discovery of pious frauds, and the disclaiming of


1 Quotations may sometimes be only illustrations; and generally are not to be understood as claiming a wider agreement on the part of the author from whom they are taken than is expressed in the words adopted. As to some of the notes, it may be added, that while the latter part of this volume was being printed, I was removed by journeying, or by change of residence, from almost all means of reference to books. For candid readers this explanation, and for others none, will be sufficient. So, by appending the dates of the earlier Sermons, I shew some probability of their not being borrowed from a work first published at a later date : but I do not expect this will avail me with those who declare the "basis" of my views to be in a book which I never happen even now to have seen, and which report at least represents as of very opposite object and different methods.

false but profitable and rich propositions; the quitting honours fraudulently gotten and unjustly detained; the reducing every man to the perfect understanding of his own religion, so far as can concern his duty; the disallowing false miracles, legends, and fabulous stories, to cozen the people into awfulness, fear, and superstition; these are parts of Christian simplicity which do integrate this duty....

"For religion hath strengths enough of its own to support itself; it needs not a devil for its advocate; it is the breath of God; and as it is purer than the beams of the morning, so it is stronger than a tempest, or the combination of all the winds, though united by the prince that ruleth in the air....... And he that tells a lie for his religion, or goes about by fraud and imposture to gain proselytes', either dares not trust his cause, or dares not trust God. True religion is open in its articles, honest in its prosecutions, just in its conduct, innocent when it is accused, ignorant of falsehood, sure in its truth, simple in its sayings, and (as Julius Capitolinus said of the emperor Verus) it is 'morum simplicium, et quæ adumbrare nihil possit.'"JEREMY TAYLOR, Sermon on Christian Simplicity.

"Many ways have been attempted to reconcile the differences of the Church in matters of religion, and all the counsels of man have yet proved ineffective; let us now try God's method; let us betake ourselves to live holily, and then the Spirit of God will lead us into all truth."-Id., Sermon preached to the University of Dublin.

"God made man after his own image; that is, secundum imaginem et ideam quam concepit ipse; he made him by a new idea of his own."-Id., Sermon XIX.

"This labour is so far from being a curse, that without it our bread would not be so great a blessing."-Id., Sermon XXV.

"Was it not an infinite mercy that God should predestinate all mankind to salvation by Jesus Christ, when He had no other reason to move Him to it, but because man needed pity?"— Ibid.

1 The remarks of Archbishop Whately, in an Essay in the later editions of his Rhetoric, upon the temptation of religious teachers to support truth by false arguments, are not unworthy of consideration.

"Whenever any of you are tempted violently, or grow weary in your spirits, you may be cured, if you will please but to remember and rejoice that now you have something of your own to give to God; something that He will be pleased to accept; something that He hath given thee, that thou mayest give it to Him.”—Ibid.

"God will not fail in any thing that is necessary to them that honestly and heartily desire to obtain it; if very good men, that do all their duty to the getting of truth, perish, it is certain they cannot help it; and that is demonstration enough that they cannot perish, considering the justice and goodness of our Lord and Judge.”—Id. Sermon XXII.

"God had mercy on all mankind before Christ's manifestation... and they were saved, as we are.......We may publicly worship this mercy of God which is kept in secret, and be not too forward in sentencing all heathens, and prevaricating Jews, to the eternal pains of hell; but hope that they too have a portion in the divine mercy.......In the assemblies of heretics there are persons innocently and invincibly mistaken, and who mean nothing but truth, while in the simplicity of their heart they talk nothing but error."-Id., Sermons XXVII. and XXVI.


Almighty God, by whose providence thy servant John Baptist was wonderfully born, and sent to prepare the way of thy Son our Saviour, by preaching of repentance; Make us so to follow his doctrine and holy life, that we may truly repent according to his preaching; and after his example constantly speak the truth, boldly rebuke vice, and patiently suffer for the truth's sake; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

God, who didst teach the hearts of thy faithful people, by the sending to them the light of thy Holy Spirit; Grant us by the same Spirit to have a right judgment in all things, and evermore to rejoice in his holy comfort; through the merits of Christ Jesus our Saviour, who liveth and reigneth with thee, in the unity of the same Spirit, one God, world without end. Amen.

O Lord, from whom all good things do come; Grant to us thy humble servants, that by thy holy inspiration we may think those things that be good, and by thy merciful guiding may perform the same; through our Lord Jesus Christ. Amen.

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