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This could not be the case, if the London public would take the trouble of sending to the market for the commodity. As it is, the price obtained by the grower seldom affords him a fair profit, unless his land suits them uncommonly well, and he possesses great facilities for procuring the requisite manure.
TURNIPS, also, are taken up, and sent to London in great quantities during the winter. Those grown on farms are chiefly of the larger sort, and intended for dairy cows. These roots, as we all have seen, are piled in carts and waggons, in the most exact roof-like forms;
the stalks and leaves turned and built inwards, by which means the roots are tied so as to prevent them from falling about.
WHEN land which has been under tillage is to be converted into pasture, some skill is required to select such species of grasses in due proportions as may be best suited to the soil, and consequently afford the greatest quantity of produce during the year. The farmer knows from observation that nature has provided in all permanent pastures a mixture of various grasses, the produce of which differs at different seasons; and his object should be to imitate nature in this department of his
business. Many of my London friends, when on a visit in the country, have thought the blades of grass, constituting the sward under their feet, to be so nearly alike, as not to require the particular attention of the agriculturist. By grasses we generally understand such plants as have a rounded, jointed, and hollow stem, surrounded at each joint with a single leaf, long, narrow, and pointed, and the flowers of which are a kind of chaffy husk. According to this definition it will be seen, that the plants we have already spoken of, namely, wheat, barley, oats, and rye, properly belong to the grasses, although they are known as corn or grain.
The grass, whose tender blades and finely interwoven roots cover so large a portion of the habitable globe, consists of too many varieties to be distinctly described. More
than a hundred sorts are recognised by naturalists, but farmers chiefly concern themselves with two or three kinds. I have endeavoured to give a description, with accompanying cuts, of a few of the many species of plants, which are grown as herbage for cattle, more clearly to shew you how very distinct. is their form upon a close examination of them.
1. The Fox-tail grass. It is said this grass is more suited for sheep and horses, who appear to relish it much, than for oxen. Next to the Fescue-grass, it is the highest in repute to make hay,
2. The Spiked Fescue grass. This grass is the best either for hay or permanent pasture, and in an important particular it differs from most other grasses, as it improves in proportion to its age.