Page images
PDF
EPUB
[graphic][merged small][merged small]

MUSTARD SEED.

61

cabagge; the leaves being few, and extended, and destitute of the heart which is obtained by culture.

MUSTARD, COLE, and RAPE, are produced on some lands, particularly in the north, in considerable quantities; but we have little of them in our vicinity. The Durham mustard is reputed the best; but it is much adulterated with other seeds, before it reaches our tables. It is frequently used in medicine, as well as in food.

Rape and cole-seed,” says Mr. Bingley, “ are sown intermixed in many parts of England; the plants being distinguishable in their growth, by the cole exceeding the rape in height, and by being more soft, tender, and less branched and bushy. When sown separately, the cole is usually consumed as food

for sheep and cattle : the rape is allowed to stand for seed. The harvest commences about the month of July; and as the seed, when ripe, is easily shed, the threshing is often performed in the field. The operation is a sort of play to the people employed, and is considered a season of festivity.”

The chief use of rape-seed consists in the oil it contains, which is employed largely in our cloth manufactories. That portion of the seed which remains after pressure is called oil-cake, and is given to oxen for food.

Vegetables in less demand than those I have named, or which are grown for the purposes of medicine or manufactures, do not form usual crops on farms in general; such as saffron madder, coriander, caraway, and some others. Besides these, there are plants of vast importance for their respective uses, which are not to

« PreviousContinue »