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Page 57.

RYE.

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tionary, that oats were “food for horses in England, and for men in Scotland.”

I have said that wheat will grow almost any where; but there are many places where it does not thrive, and yet oats will do very well. In poor lands and wet seasons, these take less harm than other corn; and good oats may make even better bread than bad wheat. They are sown here in February and March.

Rye is an inferior grain, the ear of which somewhat resembles that of barley. It is, however, much used for bread, with or without a mixture of wheat, in many parts of Europe. In England it is sown chiefly as pasture food for cattle. Rye, of a bad quality, has, it is said, proved poisonous to its consumers,

in some seasons.

58

PULSE CROPS, &c.

THESE are so called, because they are supposed to be gathered by pulling, not by mowing or reaping; but, considered as farming produce, the meaning does not in that respect apply.

The chief pulse crops are peas, beans, and vetches, or tares. These all grow in pods.

The Peas cultivated for the table, and used in a green state, are chiefly grown by the market-gardeners ; though some farms near London supply them. With us they are designed for use, or sale, as food for cattle, principally hogs; or the better sorts, which will split, skin, and boil well, are sold to the

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