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Page 63.

SAFFRON.

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be met with like corn and hay; as hops, hemp, flax, and teasels. I shall notice these in their place, however, lest it should be thought that I am quite ignorant of or indifferent to all farming products which are not grown on our own land at Gablesides.

SAFFRON is a kind of crocus; a preparation of which is used in medicine, and in the art of dyeing. In Cambridgeshire, near the borders of Essex, this plant has long been cultivated to a great extent. Saffron Walden derives its name from this product of its vicinity. As soon as the flowers of this plant appear, they are gathered by hand, in the morning, before they open; a part of the flower is afterwards picked out; this being subjected to heat and pressure, forms a cake, which is the drug that bears the name. The management of a plant of this sort, of course, is best understood in the places where it is most generally cultivated. I suppose our folks here know as much of skinning nutmegs as of preparing this article for use.

MADDER is produced in many parts of England and Holland; and the roots of it, when peeled, dried, and powdered, yield a beautiful red colour, without which those whose business it is to dye cloths would be put to considerable inconvenience. So insinuating is the colouring property of this plant, that animals who feed upon it have their very bones stained of a ruddy hue. Madder is also emloyed in medicine.

CORIANDER my neighbours grow; but our soil is not well suited to it. It is frequently

Page 64.

MADDER

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