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poor man's pig: with an unfailing appetite, he possesses incessant industry, and a universal taste or relish for almost any substances, animal or vegetable, of the select or refuse kind, which come under the cognizance of his oblique judicious eye, and his accurate and laborious nose.
If swine be a treasure to the cottager, they can scarcely be less so to the farmer, whose yard and stubble-fields are strewed with scattered food, which, but for the hogs, would be entirely lost.
But these creatures, naturally roaming, though herding together, do not confine themselves to their owner's domain. In the autumn they sometimes absent themselves for weeks in the woods and thickets, in search of their natural food, the fruits of the oak, the hazel, and the beech, and those earth-nuts and esculent roots, which their acute sense of
smell and ploughing snout enable them to find.
As the flesh of pigs is in high request, when young, for the table; and, when large, forms a staple commodity, cured and dried as bacon, we farmers, besides consuming a great deal ourselves, find an important advantage in this sort of stock; and he is a bad manager, or very poor indeed, who does not, at the
proper season, take care to be supplied with a sufficient store.
I have placed first such animals as are used for food, because they are the kind of produce, of the live sort, to which the farmer chiefly looks for a return in money. If, however, animals are to be ranked according to their apparent station in sagacity, dignity, and
beauty, the horse should certainly be the first on the list. But I am only treating of animals as they concern the farm ; and, therefore, do not profess to class or describe them as the naturalist would do.
I know not how our stubborn British soils would be tilled at all, without the power and patience, the docility, and fitness for labour, of the horse. Eastern lands are generally light and loose; so that oxen, nay swine, can plough them up with ease; but here, though oxen are sometimes used, we must have horses, and those of a very powerful kind, to turn and break our ponderous and loamy clods.
Farming horses, therefore, should be of the larger sort.
Their labour on the road, as well as in the field, is heavy. Loads of hay, corn, manure, &c. generally try their strength much, and require a good team. We have about twelve plough or cart horses; three, of lighter make, for market carts; a chaise horse; and ponies, which are worth altogether about 3001. Pray, is it not exceedingly candid in me, to accommodate my young friends with these particulars, which we should certainly refuse to a neighbour, if he were impertinent enough to ask questions ?
There is much in the care and management of horses, whether at work or in the stable, which makes the difference in their usefulness and condition. Plenty of food is one thing, but by no means the only point of importance. With regard to their work, judgment and gentleness in those who guide them will get more service out of this sensitive animal, than all the blows and ill usage which can be resorted to. The carman, waggoner, ploughman, horseman, or whoever he may be that
attends them, should, to be master of his business, understand the mechanical means, as to the harness and machine, by which his horses' strength is applied. He should understand the language which the animal also understands; and find out the temper of the different animals, which varies much, and cultivate a good understanding with each of his speechless but sensible companions in toil. It is well known, that where one man can do nothing with a horse, another can with ease induce him to perform wonders.
The management of these and other animals, is, indeed, quite a talent, and a very valuable one, in a farming
The carter or waggoner always walks (ride he ought not) on the left, or near side of the horse, or vehicle; because, as the rule is to let things pass him on the right, or off side, he